Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Scots Regiment of Foot Guards

Regimental History

1661:

January – formed in Scotland to garrison Edinburgh Castle

1688:

2nd Battalion formed

Colonels

1782: 

9 May

John, Duke of Argyll

1809:

26 May

William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester, K.G.

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1793:

February – London; Greenwich; May – St Amand; Famars; Valenciennes; LINCELLES; Dunkirk; Lannoy; November – Menin; December – Ghent

1794:

Ghent; March – drafts to Flanders; April – Vaux; Caesar’s Camp; Roubaix; Tourcoing; Nijmegen; Retreat to Bremen

1795:

April – Bremen to Greenwich; London

1796:

London

1797:

London

1798:

London; May – light company to Ostend (taken prisoner); Hilsea; June – to Ireland; Ross

1799:

Ireland; June – Portsmouth; Shirley Common; Barham Downs; August – to Holland; Zyper-Sluis; Bergen; Egmont-Op-Zee; Castricium; Alkmaar; October – Yarmouth; London

1800:

March – Portsmouth; to Ireland; Cork; August – Kinsale; Monkstown; Cork – to Egypt; September –Vigo Bay; October – Gibraltar; December – Malta; Marmorice

1801:

January – Egypt; March – Aboukir Bay; Lake Mareotis; Alexandria; Siege of Cairo; October – Malta; December – Portsmouth; Winchester

1802:

London

1803:

London

1804:

London

1805:

London; June – Chatham; August – Deal; Dover Castle; Ramsgate; October – to Bremen

1806:

February – disembarked Ramsgate

1807:

July – Sheerness; September – Copenhagen; November – Yarmouth; Chatham

1808:

December – Canterbury; Ramsgate; to Peninsula

1809:

January – Spithead; February – Cork; March – Lisbon; Belem; Grijon; Oporto; TALAVERA

1810:

Celerico; Bussaco

1811:

FUENTES D’ONORO; Celerico; Pinhel

1812:

Ciudad Rodrigo; SALAMANCA; Madrid; Burgos; Musquetello

1813:

Burgos; Vittoria; Tolosa; San Sebastian; Pyrenees; Bidassoa; Nivelle; Nive; Adour

1814:

Bayonne; Bordeaux; July – Spithead; London

1815:

London.

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1793:

London

1794:

London

1795:

London

1796:

London

1797:

London

1798:

London; May – light company to Ostend (taken prisoner); Hilsea; June – to Ireland

1799:

Ireland; June – Portsmouth; London

1800:

London

1801:

London; Chatham; Chelmsford

1802:

London; Winchester

1803:

London

1804:

London

1805:

London

1806:

London

1807:

London

1808:

London

1809:

London; July – Chatham; light companies to Walcheren; September – disembarked Chatham

1810:

London; March – 3 companies Portsmouth; August – 3 companies at Cadiz

1811:

London; 3 companies at Cadiz; BARROSA; May – 3 companies home

1812:

London

1813:

London; November – Greenwich; Ramsgate; to Holland

1814:

February – Steenbergen; August – Brussels

1815:

March – Brussels; Quatre Bras; WATERLOO; Paris; Army of Occupation

1816:

January – to England.

   

Note: The Guards also formed a composite light infantry battalion (combined from flank companies of all three Foot Guards regiments) which existed from July 1794 to April 1795. This was re-formed for the raid on Ostend in 1798 and broken up in April 1802.

Stations and Combats – Light Battalion

1794:

July – formed from flank companies; Flanders

1795:

April – Bremen to Greenwich; companies back to parent battalions

1798:

Re-formed; May – Margate to Ostend; taken prisoner

1799:

April – home on parole; London; Barham Downs

1800:

Swinley; Colchester

1801:

Colchester; Chatham

1802:

April - companies back to parent battalions.

There was also a composite grenadier battalion (formed in similar fashion) which existed from March 1793 to May 1795. This was re-formed for the 1799 campaign in the Helder and broken up in April 1802.

Stations and Combats – Grenadier Battalion

1793:

March – formed from flank companies; Greenwich; The Hague; Raismes; Famars; Valenciennes; Caesar’s Camp; LINCELLES; Rosendael; Dunkirk; Catillon; December – Ghent

1794:

Ghent; February – Courtrai; April – Vaux; Roubaix; Mouveaux; Tourcoing; Retreat to Bremen

1795:

April – Bremen to Greenwich; May – companies back to parent battalions

1799:

Re-formed; London; Shirley; Barham Downs; August – to Holland; Zyper-Sluis; Bergen; Egmont-Op-Zee; Castricum; Alkmaar; November - to England

1800:

Swinley; Colchester

1801:

Colchester; Chelmsford

1802:

April - companies back to parent battalions.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Note: In an army that embraced a commission system riddled with idiosyncrasies, the ranking of Foots Guards officers stands out as easily the most obfuscating.

Each Foot Guards regiment had in theory one Lieutenant-Colonel, plus one Major per battalion (therefore the 3rd Foot Guards had a 2nd and 1st Major); and company officers were styled ‘Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel’ to make their status above line officers clear to all. But in addition, many of these officers held these regimental ranks whilst also being general officers in the Army.

Therefore in theory a company in the Guards could have been commanded by a Captain who ranked the same as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the line, but who was also a Lieutenant-General in the Army. Hence why promotions through field officer and general ranks will appear intermingled in the chronological biographies below.

Because of this potentially confusing arrangement, I have omitted giving rank titles to officers in their headers - unlike the line regiments. This will avoid readers scratching their heads at the idea of captains commanding divisions. Readers will also no doubt note that a field command in the Guards was indeed a ticket to the top room.

All appointments between Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel and Lieutenant-Colonel are within the 3rd Foot Guards unless noted otherwise.

Cavendish Lister

Born Leicester 1735; served in North America 1775 to 1777; Major 13 September 1791; Major-General 12 October 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 April 1795; Lieutenant-General 1 January 1798; Colonel of 45th Foot 22 April 1802; General 25 September 1803; Governor of Landguard Fort 1820.

John Watson Tadwell-Watson

Born London 1748; brevet Colonel 22 August 1783; 1st Major 1 April 1795; Major-General 20 December 1793; Lieutenant-General 26 June 1799; Colonel 8th Royal Veteran Battalion 29 December 1804; General 25 April 1808; died France 1826.

Robert Manners

Born Lincolnshire 1758, son of Lord Robert Manners; Lieutenant-Colonel 84th Foot 1784; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 19 February 1787 (on transfer from 84th Foot); served with 1/3rd Foot Guards in Flanders 1793 to 1795; commanded Guards composite light battalion, wounded at Mouveaux; 2nd Major 1 April 1795; Major-General 3 May 1796; Colonel-Commandant 2/9th Foot 1799; Lieutenant-General 25 September 1803; General 4 June 1813; died London 1823.  

Henry Pigot

Born London 1751; Lieutenant-Colonel 14th Light Dragoons 1783; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 31 May 1787 (on transfer from 14th Light Dragoons); served in Holland 1793 to 1794; ADC to King 1794; brevet Colonel 20 December 1794; Major-General 26 February 1795; Colonel of 82nd Foot 23 October 1798; Commander-in-chief Malta 1800; Lieutenant-General 29 April 1802; General 1 January 1812.

Napier Christie Burton

Born British North America 1759; served in North America 1779 to 1781; POW at Yorktown; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 13 October 1789; served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; brevet Colonel 26 February 1795; Brigadier-General in Guernsey 1796; Major-General 1 January 1798; 2nd Major 5 August 1799; on staff in Canada 1799 to 1802; 1st Major 22 April 1802; Lieutenant-General 1 January 1805; General 4 June 1814; died England 1835.

George Milner

Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1792; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; on staff in Jersey 1800 to 1802; Major-General 1 January 1801; 2nd Major 21 May 1801; 1st Major 22 April 1802; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 January 1806; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; General 12 August 1819.

William Douglas-Maclean-Clephane

Born Scotland 1759; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 16 May 1792; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; Major-General 1 January 1801; 2nd Major 22 April 1802; died August 1803.

Charles Barnett

Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 11 July 1792; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; Major-General 1 January 1801; 2nd Major 10 January 1804; died October 1804.

Sir John Stuart, G.C.B., K.C.

Born Georgia (Nth America) 1759; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1793; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; Brigadier-General in Portugal 1796; Brigadier-General in Minorca 1799; Brigadier-General in Egypt 1801; Major-General 29 April 1802; commander of British forces at Maida 1806; made Count of Maida; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; served in Mediterranean 1807 to 1810; died England 1815.

Thomas Grosvenor

 Born Essex 1764; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1793; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; commanded Guards composite grenadier battalion in Helder 1799; commanded Guards light battalion in Cadiz 1800; Major-General 29 April 1802; commanded Guards brigade in Copenhagen 1807; Colonel of 97thFoot 25 February 1807; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; commanded 3rd Division in Walcheren 1809; General 12 August 1819; Field Marshal 1846; died Surrey 1851.

William Knollys (8th Earl of Banbury)

Born Hampshire 1763; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 27 September 1793; served in Flanders 1793; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; commanded Guards grenadier battalion in Helder 1799; Major-General 29 April 1802; 2nd Major 8 November 1804; 1st Major 16 January 1806; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; House of Lords declined his claim to Earl of Banbury in 1813; General 12 August 1819; died Paris 1834.

David Cunynghame, Bart.

Born Scotland 1769; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 15 January 1794 (on transfer from 95th Foot); brevet Colonel 26 January 1797; POW in Ostend raid 1798; paroled 1799; to Lieutenant-Colonel of 68th Foot 16 August 1799.

Samuel Dalrymple

Born Ayrshire 1760; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 11 March 1794; served in Ireland 1798; served in Helder 1799; brevet Colonel 1 January 1800; served in Egypt 1801; Brigadier-General in West Indies 1804; Major-General 30 October 1805; 2nd Major 16 January 1806; Lieutenant-General 1 January 1812; died 1832.

William Johnstone

Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 20 March 1794; brevet Colonel 1 January 1800; Major-General 30 October 1805; Lieutenant-General 1 January 1812; dead or retired by 1820.

Hon. John Ramsay

Born Scotland 1775, brother of General Dalhousie; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 16 September 1794; brevet Colonel 1 January 1800; Colonel-Commandant of Chasseurs Brittanique 10 February 1803; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1813; died 1842. 

Sir Tomkyns Hilgrove Turner, Kt.

Born Middlesex 1764; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 12 November 1794; served in Ireland 1800; brevet Colonel 1 January 1801; served in Egypt 1801, brought the Rosetta Stone to London; served in South America 1807; Major-General 25 April 1808; Colonel of 19th Foot 27 April 1811; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1813; Lieutenant-Governor of Jersey 1814 to 1816; died Jersey 1834.

William Thomas Dilkes

Born Leicester 1768; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 4 February 1797; served in Helder 1799; served in Ireland 1800; commanded 1/3rd Foot Guards 1804; brevet Colonel 30 October 1805; commanded Guards Brigade in East Spain April 1810 to April 1811; Major-General 4 June 1811; commanded Guards Brigade in London 1811; Lieutenant-General 12 August 1819; died 1842.

Hon. Edward Stopford, K.C.B.

Born Ireland 1766; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 28 May 1795; brevet Colonel 25 April 1808; served in Peninsula with 1/3rd Foot Guards March to July 1809; commanded brigade in 1st Division July 1809 to June 1811; MP 1810 to 1818; Major-General 4 June 1811; commanded brigade in 4th Division June to July 1811; commanded brigade in 1st Division July 1811 to March 1812; and also March 1813 to April 1814; Colonel of 41st Foot 14 June 1819; died 1837.

Sir John Dalrymple, Bart.

Born Ayrshire 1771; served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 6 December 1795; served in Hanover 1805; served in Copenhagen 1807; brevet Colonel 25 April 1808; commanded 2/3rd Foot Guards in Walcheren 1809; Major-General 4 June 1811; served on staff in Scotland 1814.

Sir George Murray, G.C.B.

Born Perthshire 1772; served in Flanders 1793 to 1795; served in West Indies 1795 to 1796; on staff 1797 to 1798; Quartermaster-General in Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Adjutant-General in West Indies 1802; Assistant Quartermaster-General at Horse Guards 1803; Deputy Quartermaster-General in Ireland 1804; Quartermaster-General in Copenhagen 1807; Quartermaster-General in Sweden 1808; Quartermaster-General in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; and again May 1809 to December 1811; Major-General 1 January 1812; Quartermaster-General in Peninsula March 1813 to April 1814; Quartermaster-General in Ireland 1814; Quartermaster-General in North America 1814; to Belgium in 1815, missed Waterloo; died 1846.

Hon. Thomas William Fermor

Born London 1770; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; served in Helder 1799; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 16 May 1800; commanded 1/3rd Foot Guards in Peninsula March 1809 to July 1812; brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; commanded a brigade in 1st Division July to October 1812; and again November 1812 to March 1813; Major-General 4 June 1813; Lieutenant-General 1825; 4th Earl of Pomfret 1830; died 1833.

Sir John Byng, G.C.B., G.C.H.

Born Middlesex 1772; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 4 August 1804 (on transfer from 29th Foot); served in Hanover 1805; served in Copenhagen 1807; served in Walcheren 1809; brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; commanded a brigade in 2nd Division in Peninsula September 1811 to April 1814; Major-General 4 June 1813; commanded 2nd Guards Brigade in Waterloo campaign; Lieutenant-General 1825; MP 1831 to 1835; General 1841; Field Marshal 1855; died London 1860.

Thomas Carey

Served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; served in Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 24 June 1803; Assistant Adjutant-General in Hanover 1805; Assistant Adjutant-General in Copenhagen 1807; Assistant Adjutant-General in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Military Secretary to Earl of Chatham in Walcheren 1809; brevet Colonel 1 January 1812; Major-General 4 June 1813; died 1825.

Sir Henry Torrens, K.C.B.

Born Ireland 1779; served in Peninsula August 1808 as Military Secretary; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 13 June 1811 (on transfer from 89th Foot); Military Secretary to Duke of York 1812; brevet Colonel 20 December 1812; Major-General 4 June 1814; Colonel of Royal Africa Corps 27 November 1815; died Hertfordshire 1829.

George Hill

Served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; served in Helder 1799; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 8 November 1804; served in Peninsula March 1809 to May 1811; taken POW at Fuentes d’Onoro; released April 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel 25 July 1814; Major-General 12 August 1819.

John Wright Guise, C.B.

Born Gloucestershire 1777; served in Egypt 1801; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 25 July 1805; served in Hanover 1805; served in Peninsula November 1809 to April 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; commanded 1/3rd Foot Guards in Peninsula July 1812 to April 1814; commanded a brigade in 1st Division April 1814; 1st Major 25 July 1814; Major-General 12 August 1819; died Gloucestershire 1865.

Thomas Cranley Onslow

Born Surrey 1778; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 26 September 1805; MP 1806 to 1818; commanded companies of 3rd Foot Guards at Barrosa; retired March 1812; died 1861.

Francis Hepburn, C.B.

Born Scotland 1773; served in Ireland 1798; served in Helder 1799; served in Naples & Sicily 1805 to 1807; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 23 July 1807; served in East Spain April 1810 to May 1811; severely wounded at Barrosa; and again in Peninsula September 1812 to February 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; 2nd Major 25 July 1814; commanded 2/3rd Foot Guards in Netherlands 1814 and in Waterloo campaign; died 1835.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Fletcher, Ian. Wellington’s Regiments. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 1994.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

London Gazette Website. May 2009.

TThe Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. May 2009.

Wikipedia. May 2009. Various pages.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2012

 

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