Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 43rd Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Monmouthshire (Light Infantry)

Regimental History

1741:

Raised by General Sir Thomas Fowke at Winchester as 54th Foot

1751:

Renumbered 43rd Foot

1803:

17 July – became Light Infantry

1804:

25 November – 2nd Battalion formed at Broomsgrove

1817:

3 April – 2nd Battalion disbanded at Baupaume.

 
Colonels

1792:

26 April

Edward Smith

1809:

7 January

Sir John Francis Cradock (Lord Howden), K.B, K.C. (till 1839)

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1793:

Ireland – Kilkenny; November – to West Indies

1794:

January – Barbados; Martinique; Fort Bourbon; April – St Lucia; September – 23 fit men left

1795:

Remaining men into other regiments, cadre to England; August – Monmouth; Exeter; draft of 500 men from Londonderry Fencibles; Portsmouth; Fareham; almost whole battalion drafted into 31st Foot; November – cadre to Exeter; received draft from 102nd Foot; received new colours

1796:

Hilsea; Isle of Wight; Southampton; Lymington

1797:

February – draft of 600 men from 16th Foot; March – 1000 men to West Indies; Martinique; Fort George; Fort Edward

1798:

January – St Pierre (260 men left)

1799:

St Pierre

1800:

February – Fort George; April – men into other regiments, 164 men to England; Portsmouth; Stroud; Tilbury

1801:

Portsmouth; Isle of Wight; Guernsey

1802:

Guernsey; received large draft from Tarbet Fencibles & Loyal Irish Fencibles

1803:

Guernsey; 17 July – became Light Infantry

1804:

January – Dover; Ashford; June – Shorncliffe

1805:

Shorncliffe; Saltwood; Brabourne Lees

1806:

Shorncliffe; Saltwood; Brabourne Lees

1807:

January – Downs; August – to Copenhagen as part of first Light Brigade under Wellesley; Kjǿge; October – to England; Yarmouth

1808:

Colchester; Maldon; Harwich; to Spain – Corunna; Salamanca; Sahagun

1809:

Retreat; Vigo; to England; Colchester; May – Harwich; June – Portsmouth; to Portugal; Villada; TALAVERA; Guadiana (110 fever deaths); Celorico

1810:

Pinbel; February – in Light Division; Coa; BUSSACO; Torres Vedras

1811:

Pombal; Redinha; Cazal Novo; Foz d’Arouce; Sabugal; FUENTES D’ONORO; received draft of 320 men from 2/43; Celorico

1812:

CIUDAD RODRIGO; BADAJOZ (355 casualties); SALAMANCA; Madrid; received draft of 216 men from 2/43; Huebra; Rodrigo

1813:

April – draft of 193 men from 2/43; VITTORIA; Vera; Echalar; San Sebastian; NIVELLE; NIVE

1814:

TOULOUSE; received draft of 210 men from 2/43; Bordeaux; July – to England; Portsmouth; Hythe; October – to North America; December – New Orleans

1815:

New Orleans; April – to England; June – Dover; Deal; received draft of 214 men from 2/43; to Netherlands; Ostend; Ghent; Paris; Army of Occupation

1818:

October – Calais; to England.

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1804:

25 November – formed at Broomsgrove; Hythe

1805:

Hythe; October – Dover; Hythe

1806:

Hythe; July – Brabourne Lees

1807:

Brabourne Lees

1808:

August – to Portugal; VIMIERO; Quelus; Coimbra; Salamanca; Sahagun

1809:

Retreat to Corunna; CORUNNA: to England; Plymouth; Colchester; received 500 recruits; June – Shorncliffe; Deal; August – to Walcheren; October – to England; Colchester; Sudbury; Weeley Barracks

1810:

Weeley Barracks; Colchester

1811:

Colchester; June – draft of 320 men to 1/43

1812:

Colchester or Brabourne (?)

1813:

Colchester or Brabourne (?); sent draft of 193 men to 1/43;

1814:

Colchester or Brabourne (?); sent draft of 210 men to 1/43; July – Hythe; Portsmouth

1815:

Colchester or Brabourne (?); sent draft of 214 men to 1/43

1817:

3 April – disbanded at Baupaume

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Major Duncan Cameron

Served in North America; Major in 43rd Foot 12 October 1787; served in West Indies; retired December 1793.

Lt Col George Hewett

Major in 43rd Foot 1 December 1787 (on transfer from 70th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 2 October 1787; Colonel 92nd Foot 1 October 1794; subsequently Major-General 3 May 1796; Lieutenant-General 25 September 1803; General 4 June 1813; Commander in India 1807 to 1811; died March 1840.

Lt Col James Drummond

Served in North America 1777 to 1783; Major in 43rd Foot 2 December 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel 31 December 1793; commanded 43rd Foot in West Indies 1793 to 1794; POW 1794 to 1795; Brigadier-General in West Indies 1796 to 1802; brevet Colonel 26 January 1797; Brigadier-General in Guernsey 1803; on staff in Gibraltar 1804; subsequently Major-General 25 September 1803; Colonel of 7th Garrison Battalion14 July 1807; Lieutenant-General 25 July 1810; General 19 July 1821; died June 1837.

Lt Col George Denniss

Major in 43rd Foot 12 May 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 May 1794; retired July 1799.

Major Henry Proctor

Major in 43rd Foot 13 February 1795; to Lieutenant-Colonel 41st Foot 9 October 1800.

Lt Col William Montgomery

Major in 3rd West India Regiment 4 October 1797; Lieutenant-Colonel in 43rd Foot 25 July 1799; died 25 October 1800.

Major William Robbins

Major in 43rd Foot 14 September 1797; died April 1799.

Major John Godfrey Drew

Major in 43rd Foot 12 April 1799 (on transfer from 45th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 30 March 1797; to Lieutenant-Colonel 3rd West India Regiment 23 January 1801; died May 1801.

Major Patrick Mackenzie

Major in 43rd Foot 23 January 1800 (on transfer from 1st Foot); to Lieutenant-Colonel 81st Foot 28 August 1804.

Major John Cameron

Major in 43rd Foot in October 1800; to Lieutenant-Colonel 7th West India Regiment 2 June 1807; subsequently brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; Major-General 19 July 1821; Lieutenant-General 10 July 1837; died 1844.

Lt Col Richard Stewart

Major in 72nd Foot 11 October 1798; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 30 November 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 43rd Foot 5 November 1800 (on transfer from 32nd Foot); brevet Colonel 25 September 1803; Major-General 1810; died at Lisbon October 1810 – fell from a balcony.

Lt Col Edward Hull

Major in 43rd Foot 10 August 1804; commanded 2/43 Foot in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel 8 September 1808; again in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot July 1810; killed in action at Coa, 24 July 1810.

Major William Sorell

Major in 43rd Foot 11 August 1804 (on transfer from 18th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 17 April 1807; commanded 2/43 Foot 1807; Deputy Adjutant-General Cape of Good Hope 1807; to 4th Garrison Battalion 28 May 1807; retired 1813.

Major Neil Campbell

Major in 43rd Foot 24 January 1805 (on transfer from 95th Foot); to Lieutenant-Colonel 54th Foot 20 June 1806; subsequently Major-General 27 May 1825; died Sierra Leone 1827.

Major John Macdonald

Major in 43rd Foot 20 February 1806 (on transfer from half-pay 10th West India Regiment); Military Secretary to Lord Cathcart in Copenhagen 1807; Lieutenant-Colonel in 51st Foot 15 March 1808; Adjutant-General of Reserve in Walcheren 1809; died 1850.

Lt Col Charles McLeod

Major in 43rd Foot 26 November 1806 (on transfer from 3rd West India Regiment); served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot October 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula July 1809 to December 1810; commanded 1/43 Foot at Coa; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 August 1810; again in Peninsula May 1811 to April 1812; killed in action at Badajoz 6 April 1812.

Major Thomas Proctor

Major in 43rd Foot 4 June 1807; served in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot July to August 1809; died Campo Major August 1809.

Lt Col Daniel James Hearn

Major in 43rd Foot 25 March 1808; served in Peninsula with 2/43 Foot August 1808; wounded at Vimiero; again in Peninsula July 1811 to May 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel 14 May 1812; again in Peninsula October 1812 to November 1813; retired August 1814.

Major Richard Hungerford Elers

Served in West Indies; served at Copenhagen 1807; Major in 43rd Foot 8 September 1808; served in Peninsula with 2/43 Foot October 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot April to August 1811; commanded 1/43 Foot at Fuentes d’Onoro; died at Celerico 29 August 1811.

Lt Col Christopher Clarges Patrickson

Born Ireland c. 1780; served in Irish Rebellion 1798; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot October 1808 to Jan 1809; again in Peninsula July 1809 to August 1811; Major in 43rd Foot 28 September 1809; again in Peninsula February to August 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel 17 June 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 30 May 1811; again in Peninsula Maren to April 1814; commanded 1/43 Foot at New Orleans 1815; brevet Colonel 19 July 1821; retired 1826; died Dublin 25 September 1856.

Major Peter Deshon

Born West Indies 1776; served in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot October 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula July 1809 to December 1810; wounded at Coa; Major in 43rd Foot 16 August 1810; to 85th Foot 25 January 1813; retired 22 May 1817; died June 1852.

Lt Col Joseph Wells

Served in West Indies 1799 to 1800; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot October 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula July 1809 to July 1812; Major in 43rd Foot 10 October 1811; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 August 1814; Inspecting Field Officer in Canada 16 November 1815; retired March 1827; died 1853.

Major William Francis Patrick Napier

Born Dublin 1785; served in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot October 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula July 1809 to August 1811 ; wounded at Coa; again in Peninsula April 1812 to February 1813; Major in 43rd Foot 14 May 1812 ; wounded at Cazal Nova; again in Peninsula August 1813 to March 1814; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 22 November 1813; wounded at Nive; served in Waterloo campaign; on half-pay 17 June 1819; subsequently Major-General 23 November 1841; Lieutenant-General 11 November 1851; General 17 October 1857; wrote History of Peninsula War; died 12 February 1860.

Major Nicholas Alexander Mein

Born Scotland c. 1780; served in India 1799 to 1800; served at Walcheren 1809; Major in 43rd Foot 25 January 1813 (on transfer from 85th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813; served in Peninsula December 1813 to April 1814; served at New Orleans 1815; retired 9 September 1819.

Lt Col John Duffy C.B. K.C.

Served in West Indies 1796; served in Netherlands 1756; served in Egypt 1807; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot October 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula July to December 1809; again in Peninsula March to July 1810; again in Peninsula December 1810 to May 1812; again in Peninsula February 1813 to January 1814 ; Major in 43rd Foot 17 June 1813; wounded at Vittoria; Lieutenant-Colonel 22 November 1813; to 8th Foot 9 September 1819; subsequently Major-General 23 November 1845; Lieutenant-General 11 November 1851; died October 1854.

Major William Haverfield

Served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula with 2/43 Foot August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula December 1810 to December 1811; again in Peninsula June to November 1812; again in Peninsula April 1813 to April 1814; Major in 43rd Foot 11 August 1814; on half-pay March 1817; Lieutenant-Colonel 29 August 1822; died Bath November 1830.

Lt Col Thomas Pearson, C.B., K.C.H.

Served in Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Major in 23rd Foot 8 December 1804; served in Copenhagen 1807; served in Martinique 1809; served in Peninsula December 1810 to November 1811; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1811; severely wounded at Aldea de Ponte; Inspecting Field Officer in Canada 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel in 43rd Foot 16 November 1815; on half-pay 1817; sun Major-General 1830; Lieutenant-General 1841; died 1847.

Maj Saumarez Brock

Born Guernsey 1785; served in Peninsula with 2/43 Foot August 1808 to January 1809;

again in Peninsula with 1/43 Foot February 1813 to April 1814; served in Louisiana1814 to 1815; Major in 43rd Foot 12 December 1815; on half-pay 25 March 1817; died Guernsey April 1854.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

Levinge, Sir Richard George Augustus, Bt. Historical Record of the Forty–third Regiment with a roll of officers & their services from the period of embodiment to the close of 1867. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1868.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

Westlake, Ray. English & Welsh Infantry Regiments - An Illustrated Record of Service 1662-1994. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 2002.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website. April 2010.

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: April 2010

 

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