Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 6th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

1st Warwickshire

Regimental History

1673:

12 December – raised for Dutch service

1804:

25 December - 2nd Battalion raised at Liverpool

1815:

24 December – 2nd Battalion disbanded at Winchester.

Colonels

1792: 

12 April

Sir Ralph Abercromby, K.B.

1795: 

4 November

William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester, K.G.

1806:

26 May

Sir George Nugent, Bart. K.B.

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1793:

Canada - New Brunswick; Nova Scotia

1794:

January – arrived Barbados; February – invasion of Martinique; April – St. Lucia, Guadeloupe; October – defence of Guadeloupe

1795:

Fit men drafted into 9th Foot; to England; July – Portsmouth; to Warwickshire to recruit

1796:

February – to Ireland; Waterford; May – Kilkenny; December – Bantry Bay to oppose French landing

1797:

January – Kilkenny; April – Loughlinstown

1798:

January – Nenagh; Galway; Irish rebellion; Laughlins Huts; 27 August – combat at Castlebar; December – Moate; Athlone

1799:

June – Cork; to Canada; 14 October – arrived Quebec; received drafts from 3/60th Foot

1800:

Quebec

1801:

Quebec

1802:

Quebec

1803:

Quebec; Montreal; Kingston; St. Johns

1804:

Quebec

1805:

Quebec

1806:

Quebec; June – to England; 7 September – arrived Portsmouth; Deal; received drafts from 2nd battalion; October – Dover Castle

1807:

January – Deal; April – to Gibraltar; 2 June - Gibraltar

1808:

Gibraltar; Cueta; Cadiz; Lisbon; Cadiz; Lisbon; 6 August – joined Peninsula Army; ROLICA; VIMIERO

1809:

CORUNNA; February - to England; received drafts from 2nd battalion; July – to Walcheren; December – arrived England

1810:

August – Dover; to Ireland; Cork; Kinsale

1811:

Cork; Kinsale

1812:

Cork; Kinsale; October – to Peninsula; 28 October – disembarked; 15 November – received 400 drafts from 2nd battalion

1813:

VITTORIA; PYRENEES; Heights of Echelar; Bidassoa; NIVELLE; Nive

1814:

Hastingues; Oyergave; ORTHEZ; Garonne; Dordogne; 5 May – embarked Bordeaux; July – arrived Canada; NIAGARA; Fort Erie

1815:

July – embarked Canada; 10 August – arrived Ostend; Ghent; Paris; Army of Occupation

1818:

October – to England.

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1804:

25 December - raised at Liverpool from Lancashire recruits as limited service battalion

1805:

Liverpool

1806:

Deal; provided drafts to 1st battalion

1807:

England - recruiting

1808:

England

1809:

England; provided drafts to 1st battalion

1810:

England

1811:

England

1812:

Jersey; sent 400 men to 1st battalion in Peninsula

1813:

Jersey

1814:

Jersey

1815:

24 December – disbanded at Winchester.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt. Col. John Whyte

Lieutenant-Colonel in 6th Foot c.1790 (?); brevet Colonel 17 September 1793; Brigadier-General in West Indies 1794.

Lt. Col. Colin Campbell

Major in 35th Foot April 1789; Transferred to 81st Foot; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 March 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 6th Foot 29 April 1795 (on transfer from 81st Foot); brevet Colonel 1 January 1798; commanded 1/6th Foot 1795 to 1798; Brigadier-General in Leeward Islands May 1799; subsequently Major-General 1 January 1805; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1811; Lieutenant-Governor of Gibraltar in 1812.

Lt. Col. William Frederick McBean

Born c.1768; Major in 6th Foot 2 September 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel 14 September 1804; commanded 2/6th Foot 1804 to 1808; retired May 1808; died 1821.

Lt. Col. Barnard Foord Bowes

Born Yorkshire 1769; Major in 85th Foot 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 6th Foot 1 December 1796 (on transfer from 85th Foot); commanded 1/6th Foot in Ireland 1798; Brevet Colonel 1 January 1805; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809 as commander 4th Brigade; subsequently Major-General 25 July 1810; and again in Peninsula February to June 1812 as brigade commander in 4th and 6th Divisions; killed in action 24 June 1812 at Salamanca forts. See fuller biography here.

Lt. Col. Alexander MacGregor Murray

Major in Clanalpine Fencibles 12 September 1800 (on transfer from 90th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel in 6th Foot 24 April 1808 (on transfer from 67th Foot); commanded 2/6th Foot 1808 to 1812; exchanged to 4th Ceylon Regiment 17 September 1812.

Lt. Col. William Wade

Major in 52nd Foot 13 December 1803; Lieutenant-Colonel in 52nd Foot 8 September 1808; served in Peninsula with 52nd Foot August to October 1808; Lieutenant-Colonel in 6th Foot 14 December 1808; commanded 1/6th Foot in Peninsula November 1812 to February 1813; died in Lisbon 26 February 1813.

Major John Gardiner, C.B.

Major in 9th Garrison Battalion 1806; transferred to 6th Foot 28 May 1807; Assistant Adjutant-General at Walcheren 1809; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29 October 1809; served in Peninsula with 1/6th Foot October to November 1813; commanded a brigade in 7th Division November 1813 to April 1814; brevet Colonel 12 August 1819; Assistant Adjutant-General at Horse Guards 1820; died 1851.

Lt. Col. Archibald Campbell, C.B.

Major in 84th Foot 14 February 1807; transferred to 4th Ceylon Regiment 8 March 1810; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 8 June 1810; Lieutenant-Colonel in 6th Foot 17 September 1812 (exchanged with Murray); served in Peninsula September 1812 to May 1814; commanded 1/6th Foot at Vittoria; brevet Colonel 12 August 1819.

Lt. Col. Thomas Carnie

Major in 6th Foot 14 September 1804; served in Peninsula with 1/6th Foot August 1808 to February 1809; with 2nd Battalion of Detachments March to April 1809; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1811; and again in Peninsula November 1812 to May 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel 18 March 1813; commanded 1/6th Foot in Peninsula February to May 1813; transferred to 12th Foot 11 January 1816; retired 24 December 1818.

Major Dive Jones

Born Ireland 1773; Major in 6th Foot 23 November 1804 (on transfer from 54th Foot); served with both battalions but never in Peninsula; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1811; retired 11 February 1812.

Major Sir Guy Campbell, Bart. C.B.

Born Scotland 1786 – son of Lieutenant-General Colin Campbell; served in Peninsula with 1/6th Foot August 1808 to January 1809; and again in Peninsula March to October 1813; Major 1 April 1813; wounded in Pyrenees 2 August 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 26 August 1813; Assistant Adjutant-General at Waterloo; on half-pay 1820; died Dublin 1849.

Captain Hugh Maurice Scott

Born Coventry 1779; Captain in 6th Foot 27 January 1799; served in Peninsula with 1/6th Foot August 1808 to January 1809; served in Walcheren 1809; brevet Major 4 June 1811; and again in Peninsula November 1812 to April 1814; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 26 August 1813; commanded advanced guard of 7th Division 1813; commanded 1/6th Foot at Orthez; Major 26 December 1816 (after 18 years a Captain!); died Bombay 1827.

Major Henry Gomm

Major in 6th Foot 18 May 1809; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 26 August 1813; never served in Peninsula; probably with 2nd battalion - shown as on detached duties in many Army Lists.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

Cannon, Richard. Historical Record of the Sixth or Royal First Warwickshire Regiment of Foot. London: William Clowes & Son, 1839.

Westlake, Ray. English & Welsh Infantry Regiments - An Illustrated Record of Service 1662-1994. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 2002.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester , Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Fletcher, Ian. Wellington’s Regiments. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 1994.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

London Gazette Website. March 2009.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. March 2009.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: April 2009; updated October 2009

 

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