British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 73rd Regiment of Foot
By Steve Brown
Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion
Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)
Col. Norman McLeod
Lieutenant-Colonel in 42nd Foot 2 September 1780; Founding commanding officer of the 73rd ; Colonel 22 November 1780; died in 1801.
Lt. Col. Alexander Trotter
Major on half-pay of 73rd Foot 9 February 1785; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 March 1794; Brevet Colonel 1 March 1798; Major-General a January 1805; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1811. Was on half-pay from 1785 to 1820. His son Lieutenant Thomas Trotter of the Scots Greys was killed at waterloo.
Lt. Col. James Spens
Major in 73rd Foot 5 April 1791; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 21 April 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel 3 October 1795; Major-General March 1798; Retired in 1799.
Major Sir William James Cockburne, Bart.
Major in 73rd Foot September 1794 (on transfer from 1st Foot); Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 9 January 1798; exchanged to 4th Foot 27 April 1802.
Lt. Col. Michael Monypenny
Major in 78th Foot May 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 73rd Foot 23 July 1799; commanded the 73rd at Seringapatam; retired January 1807.
Col. The Hon. George St John
Major in 73rd Foot 3 October 1795; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 April 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel 5 September 1801; Colonel 11 May 1802; died 1806.
Col. Lachlan MacQuarie
Born in Mull; Major, 86th Foot 3 May 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel 73rd Foot 7 November 1801; to New South Wales as Governor & Commander-in-Chief from 1809 until 1821; Colonel 25 July 1810; Major-General 4 June 1813; returned to England 1821; died 1824.
Lt. Col. William George Harris, K.C.H.
Born 1782, son of General Harris, 1st Baron Harris. Major in 73rd Foot 15 October 1806; Lieutenant-Colonel 29 December 1806; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814; commanded 2/73rd Foot in Germany at and at Waterloo; Major-General 19 July 1821; succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Harris May 1829; died in May 1845.
Lt. Col. Maurice Charles O’Connell
Born 1766 in Ireland; Major in 5th West India Regiment 23 May 1805; transferred to 73rd Foot 15 October 1806; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 May 1809; married 8 May 1810 to Mary, daughter of Captain William Bligh of Bounty fame; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 12 August 1819; Major-General 22 July 1830; knighted in 1834; Lieutenant-General 23 November 1841; Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales; commanded the forces in Australia 1838-47; died 1848.
Lt. Col. Robert Crawford
Major in North Cork Militia 25 October 1803; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 July 1810; ADC to the Irish staff 1812; Captain in 73rd Foot 15 March 1814; commanded a brigade at Bergen-op-Zoom; commandant of the citadel of Antwerp 2 September 1814; Lieutenant-Colonel on the half-pay of the 73rd, June 1817.
Lt. Col. Andrew Geils
Major in 73rd Foot 7 July 1808; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813; exchanged to half-pay 30 April 1818 due to ill-health.
Lt. Col. George Alexander Gordon
Major in 73rd Foot 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel 7 June 1814; retired 24 June 1817.
Major Dawson Kelly, C.B.
Served in the Peninsula on staff from November 1808 to March 1812 as DAQMG (to November 1811) and AQMG; Major in 73rd Foot 31 October 1811 (on transfer from 27th Foot); Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; on half-pay in 1820; died 1837.
Cannon, Richard. Historical Record of the Seventy-third Regiment: Containing an Account of the Formation of the Regiment from the Period of its Being Raised as the Second Battalion of the Forty-second Royal Highlanders in 1780, and of its Subsequent Services to 1851. London: Parker, Furnivall & Parker, 1851.
Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.
London Gazette Website. March 2009.
The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. March 2009.
A History of the British Army in Malta. April 2009.
Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2009
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