Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 74th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Highland (until May 1809)

Regimental History

1787:

12 October – raised in Glasgow from highland recruits for service in the East Indies

Colonels

1791:

1 April

Charles O’Hara

1802:

21 March

John, Lord Hutchinson K.B.

1806:

8 September

Sir John Stuart, K.B., Count of Maida

1809:

29 December

Hon. Sir Alexander Hope, G.C.B.

1813:

26 April

James Montgomerie (until 1823)

Stations and Combats

1793:

India – Madras; July – Pondicherry

1794:

Pondicherry; Tanjore; Vellum

1795:

Pondicherry

1796:

Pondicherry

1797:

Pondicherry; Madras; expedition to Manila, did not embark; October – received 200 men from 71st Foot

1798:

Pondicherry

1799:

February – Mysore; Mallavelly; SERINGAPATAM; September – Bangalore; Madras

1800:

Wallahjabad; Panjalamoorchy

1801:

Panjalamoorchy; 6 companies to Bombay

1802:

Panjalamoorchy; Hurryhur; Hyderabad

1803:

March – Poonah; August – Ahmednuggur; ASSAYE (over 50% casualties); Argaum; Gawilghur

1804:

February – Neemgaum; Peshawar; August – Poonah; Chandore; Gaulnah; Hyderabad

1805:

May - Ahmednuggur; Bombay; July – Madras; September – men into other regiments, cadre to England

1806:

February – Portsmouth; approved use of third colour; ordered to resume kilt; Greenwich; to Scotland – Glasgow

1807:

Dumbarton

1808:

Dumbarton; Fort George

1809:

Fort George; Portpatrick; to Ireland – Drogheda; Newry; May – ordered to discontinue highland dress

1810:

January – Fermoy; Cork; to Peninsula; February – Lisbon; March – joined field army; Pinhel; Linhares; BUSSACO; Torres Vedras

1811:

Togarro; Pombal; Redinha; Cazal Novo; Foz do Arouce; Sabugal; FUENTES D’ONORO; Badajoz; El Bodon; Alde de Ponte; Albegaria

1812:

CIUDAD RODRIGO; BADAJOZ; Salamanca; Madrid; Burgos; Agueda

1813:

Sarzedo; VITTORIA; Pampeluna; NIVELLE: Nive

1814:

Adour; ORTHEZ; Vic Bigorre; Tarbes; TOULOUSE; Bordeaux; July – to Ireland; Cork; Galway

1815:

Galway; June – Cork; Limerick; Rathkeale.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col Hamilton Maxwell

Born Wigtown 1754; served in North America 1771; served in India 1774; Major in 73rd Foot 1 June 1779; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 26 August 1783; Lieutenant-Colonel in 74th Foot 15 December 1788; commanded 74th Foot 1788 to 1794; brevet Colonel and ADC to King George 16 October 1793; died in India 8 June 1794.

Major Francis Skelly

Major in 74th Foot 5 November 1788 (on transfer from 73rd Foot); died 30 November 1793.

Lt Col Marlborough Parsons Sterling

Born Dublin c1753; Major in 77th Foot 5 November 1788; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 9 September 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 74th Foot 9 June 1794 (on transfer from 77th Foot); commanded 74th Foot 1794 to 1795; died in India 4 December 1795.

Lt Col Alexander Ross

Major in 76th Foot 25 October 1787; Major in 74th Foot 28 March 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel 5 December 1795; commanded 74th Foot 1795 to 1796; died in India 3 December 1796.

Lt Col Robert Shawe

Major in 74th Foot 1 December 1793 (on transfer from 76th Foot); to Lieutenant-Colonel in 76th Foot 28 March 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 74th Foot 1 September 1795; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 12th Foot 24 December 1798; Lieutenant-Colonel in 74th Foot 7 June 1800; retired 1 December 1803.

Major William Wallace

Major in 74th Foot 25 September 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 9 January 1798; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 80th Foot 17 November 1804.

Lt Col Alexander Campbell, Bt., K.C.B.

Born Perthshire 1760; served in India 1793 to 1799; Major in 74th Foot 25 December 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 December 1796; commanded 74th Foot 1796 to 1809; brevet Colonel 25 December 1803; Adjutant-General in Ireland 1809; commanded a brigade in Peninsula April to June 1809; commanded 4th Division June and July 1809, wounded at Talavera; commanded a brigade in 4th Division February to October 1810; Major-General 25 July 1810; commanded 6th Division October 1810 to November 1811; Lieutenant-General in East Indies only 9 March 1812; Commander-in-Chief Mauritius 1813 to 1816; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; created Baronet 1814; Commander-in-Chief in Madras 1824; died there December 1824.

Note:

Alexander Campbell had two sons and three nephews in the 74th; his eldest son was killed at Assaye, whilst his younger son died of wounds commanding a Portuguese regiment in the battles of the Pyrenees. Two of his three nephews were killed in India in 1801; the third was killed at Assaye. A brother of these nephews served with the 78th in India, and later became Lt Gen Sir Colin Campbell, who served on the staff in the Peninsula and at Waterloo.

Major William Douglas

Served in Cape of Good Hope 1795; Major in 74th Foot 4 December 1796; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 85th Foot 17 May 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel in 91st Foot 25 November 1808; died Valenciennes 1818.

Lt Col William Harness

Born 1762; Major in 80th Foot 19 December 1793; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 3 May 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 74th Foot 24 December 1798; served in India 1798 to 1801; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 18th Foot 7 June 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel in 80th Foot 26 April 1801; served in Egypt 1801; commanded 2nd Brigade at Assaye; died India 1804.

Major Samuel Swinton

Major in 74th Foot 17 May 1799; to Lieutenant-Colonel in York Rangers 17 November 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Garrison Battalion 26 January 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel in 75th Foot 13 May 1805; died 1832.

Major Hon. McDonnell Murray

Major in 74th Foot 15 November 1804; died (or possibly retired) 10 March 1808.

Lt Col Malcolm McPherson

Major in 74th Foot 17 November 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel 14 May 1807; to Inspecting Field Officer in Canada 21 September 1809.

Major Edward Broughton

Major in 74th Foot 14 May 1807; retired 4 April 1810.

Major Russell Manners, C.B.

Born London 1771; served in India 1791 to 1793; Major in 74th Foot 11 March 1808; served in Peninsula February 1810 to February 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 6 February 1812; again in Peninsula January to April 1814; retired 18 April 1822; died January 1840.

Lt Col Hon. Sir Robert le Poer Trench, K.C.B.

Born Galway 1782; Major in 96th Foot 30 December 1806; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel and Inspecting Field Officer in Canada January 1808; Lieutenant-Colonel in 74th Foot 21 September 1809; commanded 74th Foot in Peninsula February 1810 to April 1814; wounded at Badajoz and in the Pyrenees; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; died March 1823.

Major Allan William Campbell

Born 1785, son of Lt Col Alexander Campbell; served on staff in Peninsula March to June 1809 (ADC to his father); Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General June 1809 to May 1810; Major in 74th Foot 5 April 1810; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Portuguese Line 4 June 1810; wounded in Pyrenees July 1813; died of wounds at Bilbao 9 November 1813.

Major John Alexander Mein

Born Scotland, brother of Nicholas (43rd) and William (52nd); served in India 1803 to 1805, wounded at Assaye; served in Peninsula February 1810 to June 1811; again in Peninsula January to May 1812; Major in 74th Foot 11 November 1813; subsequently Lieutenant-Colonel 20 March 1823; brevet Colonel 28 June 1838; acting Governor of Trinidad & Tobago 1838 to 1840; died at Madras November 1841.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

Cannon, Richard. Historical Record of the Seventy-Fourth Regiment (Highlanders). London: Parker, Furnivall & Parker, 1851.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Military – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Adams, Margaret. British Regiments in India. Sheffield, Yorkshire: The Indiaman Magazine, 2005.

London Gazette Website. September 2010.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. September 2010.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2010

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