Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 75th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Highland (until April 1809)

Regimental History

1787:

October – raised at Stirling by Colonel Robert Abercromby

Colonels

1787:

12 October

Sir Robert Abercromby (until 1827)

Stations and Combats

1793:

India – Malabar; capture of Mahé

1794:

Mahé; Cochin

1795:

Poodicherram Ghaut; Seedaseer

1796:

Malabar coast

1797:

Cannanore; Poodicherram Ghaut; Seedapore; Seedaseer; received 388 men from 72nd Foot

1798:

Cannanore

1799:

March – flank companies at Ludasier; April - SERINGAPATAM; Malavelly; Seringapatam; September – Fort Jemanlabad; October - Mangalore

1800:

Malabar; Mangalore; Fort Jemanlabad

1801:

Malabar; Montana; November – Pychee; Goa

1802:

Goa; March – Cambay; Fort Kerria; August - Brodera

1803:

Brodera; Conojie’s Camp; May – Surat; Pamera; August – Soangurh

1804:

February – Surat; May – Calcutta; Fort William; Cawnpore; December - Deig

1805:

January – Bhurtpore; April – Fatehpur; received 300 men from 76th Foot; Nouringabad

1806:

Nouringabad; March – fit men to other regiments; cadre to Cawnpore; Calcutta; to England; August – Downs; Leith; Edinburgh

1807:

Edinburgh; July – Dunblane; received 300 volunteers; November – Haddington; Fort George

1808:

Dunblane

1809:

Dunblane; April – kilt discontinued, lost Highland title; May – Perth; September – Aberdeen

1810:

Aberdeen; April - Greenock; to Ireland; May – Larne; Newry; July – Dublin; November – to England; Liverpool; Horsham

1811:

Horsham; June – Portsmouth; Jersey and Alderney; October – to Sicily; November – Messina

1812:

Sicily; June – Messina and Melazzo; November – Faro

1813:

Sicily; February – 4 companies at Pietro Nero raid on Calabrian coast; March – Palermo; June – Castello Vetrano; Palermo; Messina

1814:

Sicily; July – to Ionian Islands; Corfu

1815:

Corfu

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col James Hartley

Born Scotland 1745; served with East India Company 1764 to 1781; to regular Army 1781; Lieutenant-Colonel in 75th Foot 24 October 1787; commanded 75th Foot 1787 to 1795; Quarter-Master General in Bombay 1788; brevet Colonel 1 March 1794; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 36th Foot 1 September 1795; subsequently Major-General 3 May 1796; died at Malabar 4 October 1799 after 35 years service in India.

Lt Col George Vaughan Hart

Born Donegal 1752; served in American War; served in India 1781 to 1795; Major in 75th Foot 12 October 1787; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 March 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 September 1795; commanded 75th Foot 1795 to 1801; brevet Colonel 1 January 1798; again in India 1798 to 1801; court-martialled in India in 1801 for grain irregularities and sent home; subsequently Brigadier-General in Ireland 1801; Major-General 1 January 1805; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1811; died Donegal June 1832.

Lt Col Hay McDowall

Major in 42nd Foot 24 March 1784; Lieutenant-Colonel in 57th Foot 6 April 1791; served in Flanders 1793; brevet Colonel 21 August 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 36th Foot August 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 75th Foot 1 September 1795; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 78th Foot 22 May 1797; subsequently Major-General 18 June 1798; Commander-in-Chief in Ceylon 1798 to 1804; Lieutenant-General 30 October 1805; Commander-in-Chief in Madras 1807; lost at sea near Cape of Good Hope March 1809.

Lt Col Alexander Cumine

Major in 75th Foot 1 September 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel 25 February 1800; commanded 75th Foot 1801 to 1804; exchanged to 1st West India Regiment 20 March 1804; retired April 1804; died London July 1815.

Major Samuel Auchmuty

Born New York 1756; served in American War; served in India 1783 to 1796; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 22 September 1794; Major in 75th Foot 2 September 1795; brevet Colonel 1 January 1800; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 10th Foot 25 September 1800; subsequently commanded a force to Cape of Good Hope and Egypt 1800 to 1802; Brigadier-General in South America 1806; Major-General 25 August 1809; Commander-in-Chief in Madras 1810; commanded expedition to Java 1811; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1813; Commander-in-Chief in Ireland 1821; died Dublin August 1822.

Major Zachariah Hall

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 21 February 1796; Major in 75th Foot 5 October 1799; exchanged to half-pay of 117th Foot 13 August 1801.

Major Charles Grey

Major in 75th Foot 25 September 1800 (on transfer from 77th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 11 May 1802; died in India October 1802.

Major John Popham Watson

Born 1773; Major in 75th Foot 13 August 1801; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1801; died in India 8 June 1804.

Lt Col James Maitland

Born British North America 1772; Major in 60th Foot 4 May 1802; Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st West India Regiment 23 April 1803; Lieutenant-Colonel in 75th Foot 20 March 1804; commanded 75th Foot 1804 to 1805; killed in action at Bhurtpore 4 January 1805;

Major James Dunsmure

Major in 75th Foot 8 October 1802; exchanged to Major in 10th Garrison Battalion June 1805; Lieutenant-Colonel in 10th garrison Battalion 25 July 1810; on stationary rank in 1820.

Major Colin McRae

Major in 75th Foot 30 March 1805; retired July 1809.

Major James Guthrie

Major in 10th Garrison Battalion 1804; exchanged to Major in 75th Foot 6 June 1805; retired October 1810.

Lt Col Samuel Swinton

Served in India 1789 to 1806; Major in 74th Foot 17 May 1799; to Lieutenant-Colonel in York Rangers 17 November 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Garrison Battalion 26 January 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel in 75th Foot 16 January 1806; commanded 75th Foot 1806 to 1815; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; to half-pay 8th Garrison Battalion 12 October 1815; subsequently Major-General 12 August 1819; died 1832.

Major Alexander Steuart

Major in 75th Foot 13 July 1809; killed in action at Pietro Nero 14 February 1813.

Major Stephen Gillman

Major in 75th Foot 11 October 1810; retired August 1811.

Major John Turner

Major in 75th Foot 1 August 1811; died August 1813.

Major Jonathan Brown

Major in 75th Foot 16 February 1813; retired 1816.

Major Allan MacLachlan

Major in 75th Foot 26 August 1813; retired before 1820.

Lt Col Patrick Ross

Served in Ireland 1794 to 1796; served in India 1797 to 1805; Major in 26th Foot 7 January 1806; Major in 23rd Light Dragoons 1 April 1806; Lieutenant-Colonel in 23rd Light Dragoons 9 April 1807; Lieutenant-Colonel in 10th Foot 8 April 1809; on half-pay 8th Garrison Battalion 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel in 48th Foot 30 June 1810; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; Lieutenant-Colonel in 75th Foot 12 October 1815; subsequently Major-General 19 July 1821; Governor and Commander-in-Chief in Antigua 1825; died St Helena August 1850.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1794 to 1815. London: various years.

Gardyne, Lt. Col. C Greenhill. The Story of a Regiment: The History of the Gordon Highlanders, Volume Two (including an Account of the 75th Regiment from 1787 to 1881).  London: The Medici Society, 1929.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Military – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website. September 2010.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. September 2010.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. October 2010. National Library of Australia.

19th Century British Newspapers Collection. October 2010. National Library of Australia.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2010

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