2 SSS

Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 79th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Cameronian Volunteers; 1806 – Cameronian Highlanders; 1809 – Cameron Highlanders

Regimental History

1793:

17 August – raised by Alan Cameron of Erracht at Fort William as Cameronian Volunteers

1805:

3 April – 2nd Battalion formed at Stirling

1815:

25 December – 2nd Battalion disbanded at Dundee

 
Major-Commandant

1793:

17 August

Alan Cameron of Erracht

Lt Col-Commandant

1794:

30 January

Alan Cameron of Erracht

Colonel

1805:

1 January

Alan Cameron of Erracht (until 1828)

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1793:

17 August – raised at Fort William

1794:

January – Stirling; February – received colours; Portpatrick; to Ireland – Belfast; June – to England; Southampton; Frome; August – to Flanders; Flushing; Arnhem; Nijmegen

1795:

Retreat to Bremen; April – England; Isle of Wight; Newport; July – to West Indies; September – Martinique

1796:

Martinique

1797:

Martinique; June – 229 men drafted into other regiments (mostly 42nd); August – Gravesend; Chatham; to Scotland – Inverness

1798:

Inverness; June – Stirling; July – Leith; August – Guernsey

1799:

Guernsey; June – Ramsgate; August – to Helder; Schagen; EGMONT-OP-ZEE; Beverwyck; Alkmaar; October – Yarmouth; Norwich

1800:

Chelmsford; April – Isle of Wight; June – Southampton; received 279 volunteers from Scots fencible regiments; August – Ferrol; Vigo; September – Gibraltar; Cadiz; November - Malta

1801:

January – Marmorice; to Egypt – Aboukir; Alexandria; Lake Mareotis; Rahmanieh; October – to Minorca

1802:

Minorca; June – to England; to Scotland; August – Kirkcaldy; Coupar; Dundee

1803:

Coupar; Dundee; February – to Ireland; Londonderry

1804:

Enniskillen

1805:

Enniskillen; Mullingar; August – Curragh; November – Limerick; Monkstown; to England; Ramsgate; Ospringe

1806:

Ospringe; London; Nelson’s Funeral; February - Colchester; August – Weeley; October - Colchester

1807:

Weeley; February – Harwich; 60 men lost in sea accident; received men from 2/79th; July – to Copenhagen; October – to England; November – Deal; Weeley

1808:

Weeley; May – Harwich; to Sweden; July – Spithead; August – to Peninsula; Lisbon; Sahagun; retreat to Corunna

1809:

CORUNNA; to England – Portsmouth; Weeley; received 258 men from 2/79th; July – Harwich; to Walcheren; Flushing; September – Harwich; Weeley; December – received 60 men from 2/79th; Portsmouth

1810:

To Peninsula; January – Lisbon; Cadiz; August – Lisbon; Bussaco; Torres Vedras; Cartaxo; received 85 men from 2/79th

1811:

March – Foz do Arouce; FUENTES D’ONORO; Aldea de Ponte; High fever rate; Vellades - received 236 men from 2/79th

1812:

Vizeu; Elvas; Llerena; Apalhao; received 118 men from 2/79th; SALAMANCA; Escurial; Burgos; December – Vodra; received 44 men from 2/79th

1813:

Sameice; April – Modoens; received 41 men from 2/79th; Valladolid; Vittoria; September – Maya; received 42 men from 2/79th; NIVELLE; received 50 men from 2/79th; NIVE

1814:

St Pierre; St Jean de Luz; TOULOUSE; Bordeaux; received 66 men from 2/79th; July – Cork; December - received 261 men from 2/79th

1815:

January – Cork; February – to North America, stalled due to winds; March – Newry; Belfast; Dublin; Downs; to Belgium – Ostend; Ghent; Brussels; Quatre Bras; WATERLOO; Paris; August - received 92 men from 2/79th; Army of Occupation

1818:

October – Calais; to England; Dover.

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1805:

3 April – formed at Stirling; June – Dundee

1806:

Dunbar; to England; February – Colchester; February - Colchester; high number of ophthalmia cases; August – Weeley; October - Colchester; Faversham

1807:

Sent men to 1/79th; July – Colchester; Weeley

1808:

Weeley

1809:

Weeley; July – Harwich; sent 258 men to 1/79th; August – Edinburgh; Linlithgow; Stirling; December – sent 60 men to 1/79th

1810:

Stirling; April – Dundee; sent 85 men to 1/79th

1811:

Dundee; sent 236 men to 1/79th; December – Glasgow

1812:

Glasgow; sent 118 men to 1/79th; sent 44 men to 1/79th

1813:

Glasgow; sent 133 men to 1/79th during the year in 3 drafts

1814:

Glasgow; sent 66 men to 1/79th; Greenock; sent 261 men to 1/79th; August – Edinburgh

1815:

Sent 92 men to 1/79th; 25 December – disbanded at Dundee.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col Alan Cameron of Erracht, K.C.B.

Born Erracht 1750; served in North America, POW 1775 to 1778; Major-Commandant on 79th Foot 17 August 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel 30 January 1794; commanded 79th Foot in Flanders 1794; served in West Indies 1795; served at Helder 1799; served at Ferrol and Cadiz 1800; served in Egypt 1801; brevet Colonel 1 January 1805; served at Copenhagen 1807; Brigadier-General in Peninsula August 1808; commanded a brigade in Peninsula April to June 1809; commanded a brigade in 1st Division June 1809 to November 1810; subsequently Major-General 25 July 1810; Lieutenant-General 12 August 1819; died London March 1828.

Major George Rowley

Major in 79th Foot 16 April 1794 (on transfer from 64th Foot); to 21st Foot 2 May 1794.

Lt Col Hon. Andrew Cochrane Johnstone

Born Edinburgh 1767; Major in 21st Foot 28 September 1793; Major in 79th Foot 2 May 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 18 September 1794; brevet Colonel 26 January 1797; to Colonel of 8th West India Regiment 23 January 1798; Brigadier-General in Leeward Islands 1799; Governor of Dominica; court-martialled 1803 for abuses of power whilst in command of 8th WIR, acquitted but resigned; died Paris 1833.

Lt Col William Ashton

Major ???; Lieutenant-Colonel in 79th Foot 18 September 1794; died September 1796.

Lt Col Patrick McDowall

Major in 79th Foot 20 December 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 May 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 November 1796; served at Ferrol 1800; wounded in Egypt 13 March 1801; died at Rosetta 19 March 1801.

Lt Col William Eden

Born Maryland 1768; served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; Major in 79th Foot 16 December 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel 15 August 1798; Assistant Quarter-Master General on staff April 1803; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 84th Foot 11 December 1806; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1811; Lieutenant-General 19 July 1821; General 28 June 1838; died Surrey May 1851.

Lt Col Archibald McLean

Major in 79th Foot 1 November 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel 3 September 1801; retired 28 May 1807; died Mull 1817.

Major George Smyth

Major in Corsican Regiment October 1795 (on transfer from 25th Foot); Major in 79th Foot 18 August 1799; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 20th Foot 5 August 1799.

Major Francis Stewart

Major in 125th Foot 13 October 1794; on half-pay 1796; Major in 79th Foot 9 August 1799; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; exchanged to half-pay 99th Foot 17 February 1800. 

Major Edward Barnes

Born 1776; Major in 99th Foot 16 November 1799; to half-pay; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; Major in 79th Foot 17 February 1800; served in Egypt 1801; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 46th Foot 23 April 1807; brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; served in Peninsula 1812 to 1814; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1813; Adjutant-General in Waterloo campaign; Lieutenant-General 27 May 1825; Governor of Ceylon 1824 to 1831; Commander-in-Chief in India 1831 to 1833; died London March 1838.

Lt Col Phillips Cameron

Born London 1782, son of Colonel Alan Cameron; served on Martinique 1796; served at Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Major in 79th Foot 3 September 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel 19 April 1804; commanded 2/79th Foot 1805 to 1806; commanded 1/79th Foot in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula January to December 1810; brevet Colonel 6 September 1810; again in Peninsula March to May 1811; wounded at Fuentes d’Onoro and died at Villa Formosa 13 May 1811.

Major Lord James Murray

Born Perthshire 1782; Major in 79th Foot 25 March 1805 (on transfer from 6th West India Regiment); to Lieutenant-Colonel in Manx Fencibles 27 February 1806; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; subsequently Major-General 12 August 1819; died London October 1837.

Major Robert Hamilton

Major in 79th Foot 25 April 1805; to Major in 78th Foot 21 April 1808; retired October 1810.

Lt Col John Murray

Major in 85th Foot 31 December 1782; ADC to Prince Regent & brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 October 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel in Independent Company 1 November 1793; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 84th Foot 31 May 1794; served at Cape of Good Hope 1796; Quarter-Master General in India 1801 to 1805; brevet Colonel 1 January 1800; Quarter-Master General in Egypt 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel in 79th Foot 11 December 1806; subsequently Major-General 30 October 1805; Colonel of Royal Malta Regiment 23 February 1808; served in Peninsula September 1808 to January 1809; 8th Baronet Murray 1811; Lieutenant-General 1 January 1812; commanded forces on east coast of Spain February to June 1813; General 27 May 1825; died Frankfurt October 1827.

Lt Col Robert Fulton

Served in Egypt 1801; Major in 79th Foot 25 March 1805; Lieutenant-Colonel 28 May 1807; commanded 1/79th Foot in Peninsula September 1811 to November 1812; retired 3 December 1812; died 1851.

Lt Col William Maundy Harvey

Born Kent 1774; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 24 December 1803; Major in 1st West India Regiment 4 June 1805; Major in 79th Foot 27 February 1806; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Baltic 1808; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Colonel of 6th Portuguese Line 26 August 1809; Brigadier-General in Portuguese service, commanded brigade January 1810 to April 1812; wounded at Badajoz; Lieutenant-Colonel in 79th Foot 30 May 1811; brevet Colonel 30 December 1811; died at sea 10 June 1813 on way home from Spain.

Major William Sullivan

Major in 79th Foot 23 April 1807; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula January to July 1810; retired October 1810.

Major Alexander Petrie

Served in Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Major in 79th Foot 28 May 1807; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula January 1810 to October 1811; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1811; commanded 1/79th Foot May 1811 to February 1812; retired 20 February 1812; died April 1844.

Major Henry James Riddell

Major in 50th Foot 12 December 1807; Major in 79th Foot 21 April 1808; permanent assistant at Quarter-Master General’s Department 4 January 1810; Assistant Quarter-Master General on staff in Peninsula November 1810 to April 1814.

Major Sir Richard Bourke, C.B.

Born Dublin 1777; wounded at Helder 1799; Deputy Quarter-Master General in South America 1806; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 16 September 1806; served in Peninsula with Spanish Army April to July 1809; Major in 79th Foot 4 January 1810; on half-pay 1 March 1810; British military agent in Galicia June 1812 to August 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; subsequently Major-General 19 July 1821; Lieutenant-General 10 January 1837; Lieutenant-Governor at Cape of Good Hope 1826 to 1828; Governor of New South Wales 1831 to 1837; died August 1855.

Major Andrew Lawrie

Born 1786; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served in Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula January to November 1810; Major in 79th Foot 4 October 1810; again in Peninsula January to September 1812; killed in action at Burgos 22 September 1812.

Lt Col Neil Douglas, C.B.

Born Glasgow 1783; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula January to December 1810, wounded at Bussaco; Major in 79th Foot 31 January 1811; Lieutenant-Colonel 3 December 1812; commanded 1/79th Foot in Peninsula June 1813 to April 1814; commanded 1/79th Foot in Waterloo campaign, wounded at Quatre Bras; brevet Colonel 27 May 1825; on half-pay August 1833; subsequently Major-General 10 January 1837; Lieutenant-General 9 November 1846; died Brussels September 1853.

Major Duncan Cameron

Major in 79th Foot 30 May 1811; retired April 1812.

Major Hon. Edward Charles Somers Cocks

Born London 1786; Intelligence officer in Peninsula April 1809 to February 1812; Major in 79th Foot 20 February 1812 (on transfer from 16th Light Dragoons); killed in action at Burgos 8 October 1812.

Lt Col Nathaniel Cameron

Born London 1787, third son of Colonel Alan Cameron; Major in 79th Foot 1 April 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel 24 June 1813; commanded 2/79th Foot 1813 to 1815; on half-pay 25 February 1816.

Major Andrew Brown, C.B.

Born Edinburgh 1766; served in West Indies 1795 to 1796; served in Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula January 1811 to April 1814; Major in 79th Foot 15 October 1812; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 26 August 1813; wounded at Waterloo; served in Canada 1825 to 1829; brevet Colonel 22 July 1830; retired 1831; died 1835.

Major Duncan Cameron of Camisky & Lindally

Served in Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula January 1810 to May 1812; Major in 79th Foot 29 October 1812; again in Peninsula January 1813 to April 1814; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 12 April 1814; served in Waterloo campaign, wounded at Quatre Bras; retired 1819; died Toronto 1842.

Major James Fergusson

Born Cork 1788; Major in 79th Foot 3 December 1812 (on transfer from 43rd Foot); to Major in 85th Foot 25 January 1813; died September 1865.

Major Ewan MacPherson

Served in Peninsula August to October 1808; Brigade Major November 1808 to January 1809; Brigade Major in 4th Division July 1809 to July 1812; Town Major of Lisbon August 1812 to April 1814; Major in 79th Foot 24 June 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 12 August 1819; on half-pay 1820; Governor of Sheerness 1823; died 1823.

Major Æneas McIntosh

Served at Helder 1799; Major in 85th Foot 7 April 1808; served at Walcheren 1809; served in Peninsula March to October 1811; court-martialled for dissension in 1813 and acquitted; Major in 79th Foot 25 January 1813; died Scotland January 1814. 

Major Donald Campbell

Served in Egypt 1801; served in Baltic 1807; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula January 1810 to April 1814; Major in 79th Foot 13 January 1814; on half-pay 1816; died December 1844.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1794 to 1815. London: various years.

Jameson, Captain Robert. Historical Record of the Seventy-Ninth Regiment of Foot, or Cameron Highlanders. Edinburgh: William Blackwood & Sons, 1863.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Military – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

London Gazette Website. October 2010.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. October 2010. National Library of Australia.

19th Century British Newspapers Collection. October 2010. National Library of Australia.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. October 2010.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: January 2011

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