Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 7th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Title:

Royal Fuzileers

 

Regimental History

1685:

Raised 11 June 1685 as Lord Dartmouth's Ordnance Regiment

1689:

Lord Churchill's Regiment of Foot (Royal Regiment of Fuzileers)

1692:

Fitzpatrick's Regiment of Foot

1696:

Lord Tyrawley's Regiment of Foot

1739:

Hargrave's Regiment of Foot

1751:

Mostyn's Regiment of Foot

1751:

Numbered as 7th Regiment of Foot

1782:

Secondary title: Derbyshire (never used); Royal Fuzileers

1795:

8 April - 2nd Battalion formed at Halifax

1796:

April – 2nd Battalion disbanded

1804:

15 August – 2nd Battalion re-formed in West Yorkshire

1815:

24 December – 2nd Battalion disbanded at Winchester.

1881:

The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)

Current:

1st Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

 

Colonels

1789: 

9 April

Edward, Duke of Kent, K.B.

1801: 

21 August

Sir Alured Clarke, K.B.

 

Significant Militia Volunteer Intakes:

1807: Cambridgeshire, Sussex, Westmoreland, Worcestershire, North Yorkshire, 1st West Yorkshire, County Armagh, County Down North, County Galway, County Sligo

1808: Cumberland, South Lancashire, Montgomeryshire, North Yorkshire, 1st West Yorkshire, County Armagh, County Sligo

1809: Cambridgeshire, Montgomeryshire, Worcestershire, North Yorkshire

1810: North Yorkshire, County Down North

1811: Carmarthenshire, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Northumberland, Surrey

1813: County Galway

1814: Cambridgeshire, Tower Hamlets

 

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1793:

Quebec

1794:

Quebec; October - Nova Scotia; Halifax

1795:

Halifax; received large draft of recruits from England

1796:

Halifax

1797:

Halifax

1798:

Halifax

1799:

Halifax

1800:

Halifax

1801:

Halifax

1802:

Halifax; Newfoundland; October - 5 companies each on Bermuda and Bahama

1803:

Bermuda and Bahama; September – Dutch West Indies

1804:

Bermuda and Bahama

1805:

Bermuda and Bahama

1806:

Bahama and Bermuda; July - Bermuda companies to England; August - Plymouth; Weymouth; October - Bahama companies reunited at Deal; to Ireland; November - Dublin

1807:

Dublin; to England; July – Liverpool; August - to Copenhagen; November – Deal; Portsmouth; Gosport

1808:

Lewes; received large draft from 2nd Battalion; Portsmouth; to Canada; April - Halifax; November - to West Indies; Barbados

1809:

Barbados; capture of MARTINIQUE; Fort Bourbon; April - Halifax

1810:

Halifax; June - to Portugal; July - Lisbon; BUSACO; Torres Vedras

1811:

Olivenca; ALBUERA; absorbed 2nd Battalion men; Almendralejo; Badajoz; Aldea de Ponte; Villa de Ceirvo

1812:

Ciudad Rodrigo; BADAJOZ; Castrejon; SALAMANCA; Madrid; Escurial; San Jao de Pesquiero

1813:

Received large draft from 2nd Battalion; VITTORIA; Roncesvalles; Sorauren; San Sebastian; Nivelle; Nive; Arcangues

1814:

ORTHEZ; Bordeaux; TOULOUSE; Bordeaux; June - Plymouth; Totnes; August - Portsmouth; absorbed 2nd Battalion men; October – to North America; Louisiana

1815:

January – New Orleans; Fort Bowyer; Havana; May - Portsmouth; June - Deal; to Ostend; Ghent; Paris; Army of Occupation

1818:

October - to England.

   

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1795:

8 April - formed at Halifax, Nova Scotia

1796:

April – disbanded at Halifax

1804:

15 August – re-formed in Wakefield, West Yorkshire from West Riding limited service men

1805:

Wakefield; June - Chelmsford; July - Colchester; December - Winchester

1806:

Winchester; March - Weymouth; April - Plymouth; May - Poole; June - Plymouth; November - Bexhill

1807:

Doncaster; October - Colchester

1808:

Colchester; March - Weeley; May - Tilbury Fort; to Ireland; Cork; Clonmel

1809:

Clonmel; Cork; March - to Portugal; April – Lisbon; Grijon; Oporto; Coimbra; TALAVERA; Olivenca

1810:

Guarda; Cea; BUSACO; Torres Vedras

1811:

Olivenca; ALBUERA; June - fit men into 1st battalion; July - cadre home to recruit; September - Maidstone; November - Jersey

1812:

Jersey; sent large draft (327 men) to 1st Battalion

1813:

Jersey

1814:

Jersey; August - Portsmouth; November - Winchester

1815:

Winchester; March - Fort Cumberland; April - Portsmouth; June - Hythe; July - Dover; 24 December – disbanded at Winchester.

 
 

Careers of Senior Officers

 

John DESPARD

Born: Dublin 1745

Relations: Brother of Edward Despard, also a soldier, who was executed in 1803 for his part in the Despard Plot

Regimental Service: Major in Earl of Moira’s Corps June 1778; Major in 7th Foot June 1788; Lieutenant-Colonel 13 July 1791; commanded 1/7th Foot 1791 to 1795; Colonel of 12th Royal Veteran Battalion 25 June 1808

Early Service: Deputy Adjutant-General in North America 1779

Service 1793-1815: Commandant on Cape Breton Island 1799 to 1807

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 21 August 1795; Major-General 18 June 1798; Lieutenant-General 30 October 1805; General 4 June 1814

Died: 1829.

 

Anthony Lewis LAYARD

Born: London 1750

Regimental Service: Major in 7th Foot 9 July 1791; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 13 April 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 April 1795; commanded 1/7th Foot 1798 to 1802; exchanged to the half-pay of 54th Foot 25 December 1803

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 29 April 1802; Major-General 25 October 1809; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814.

 

Walter CLIFFE

Born: Ireland 1757

Regimental Service: Major in 7th Foot 7 February 1798; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 31 March 1795; exchanged to the half-pay of 9th Foot 30 November 1802; Inspecting Field Officer of Yeomanry January 1804

Service 1793-1815: Adjutant-General in East Indies 18 January 1798

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 11 May 1802; Major-General 24 October 1809

Died: 1816.

 

James BURROES

Regimental Service: Major in 7th Foot 16 April 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1798; exchanged to 47th Foot 24 March 1804.

 

Charles DOMVILLE

Regimental Service: Major 16 September 1795

Died: January 1798.

 

Paul ANDERSON

Born: 1770

Regimental Service: Major in 9th Foot 25 July 1801; on half-pay 1802; Major in 7th Foot 25 November 1802; to half-pay Corsican Rangers March 1803; Major in 40th Foot 5 October 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel in Nova Scotia Fencibles 17 October 1805; on half-pay of 4th Foot 30 October 1806; Lieutenant-Colonel in 60th Foot 14 January 1808;

Service 1793-1815: Served in Corsica 1795; served in West Indies 1795 to 1796; served in Irish Rebellion 1798; served in Helder 1799 as ADC to Sir John Moore; served in Egypt 1801, again as Moore’s ADC; served in Sicily 1806; Deputy and Assistant Adjutant-General in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served in Walcheren 1809

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; Major-General 12 August 1819; Lieutenant-General 10 January 1837

Awards & Honours: C.B.

Died: 1851.

 

Fielder KING

Born: Sussex 1755

Regimental Service: Major in 98th Foot May 1796 (on transfer from 84th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel in 98th Foot 4 March 1797; Lieutenant-Colonel in 47th Foot 11 July 1803 (transferred from Cape Regiment); Lieutenant-Colonel in 7th Foot 21 January 1804; commanded 2/7th Foot 1804; Inspecting Field Officer of Yeomanry September 1804.

 

Lord Frederick CAVENDISH-BENTINCK

Born: 1781

Regimental Service: Major in 45th Foot 27 March 1804 (on transfer from 52nd Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel in 7th Foot 28 April 1804 (on transfer from 45th Foot); transferred back to 45th Foot 12 May 1804; to 1st Foot Guards January 1805.

 

Hon. Edward Michael PAKENHAM

Born: Ireland 1778

Regimental Service: Major in 64th Foot May 1800 (on transfer from 23rd Light Dragoons); Lieutenant-Colonel in 7th Foot 5 May 1804 (on transfer from 64th Foot); Colonel of 6th West India Regiment 21 May 1813

Service 1793-1815: Served in Copenhagen 1807; served in Martinique 1809; served in Peninsula August to September 1810, October 1810 to January 1811, July 1811 to July 1812 as brigade commander in 1st and 4th Divisions; commander of 3rd Division July 1812 to January 1813; commander of 6th Division February to April 1813; commander of British forces in North America 1814-1815

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 25 October 1809; Major-General 1 January 1812

Awards & Honours: G.C.B.

Died: Killed in action at New Orleans 8 January 1815.

 

Sir William James MYERS, Bt.

Born: 1783

Relations: Son of General Sir William Myers

Regimental Service: Lieutenant-Colonel in 62nd Foot 10 July 1802 (on transfer from 15th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel in 7th Foot 15 August 1804

Service 1793-1815: Commanded 2/7th Foot in Peninsula April to July 1809; commanded a brigade in 4th Division July 1809 to January 1810; commanded 1/7th Foot in Peninsula November 1810 to February 1811; commanded brigade again February to November 1811; severely wounded at Albuera

Awards & Honours: Has a memorial plate in St. Paul’s Cathedral

Died: Died of wounds at Valverde 17 May 1811.

 

Sir Theophilus PRITZLER

Regimental Service: Major in 7th Foot 1 September 1804 (on transfer from 21st Light Dragoons); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 16 April 1807; Lieutenant-Colonel in 22nd Light Dragoons 15 August 1811

Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; served on Sam Domingo 1796 to 1798; Assistant Adjutant-General in York 1805; Inspector-General of recruiting service 1806; Assistant Adjutant-General at Horse Guards 1807 to 1809; Assistant Adjutant-General for recruiting services 1809 to 1813

Staff & General Officer Service: Brigadier-General in India 1817; Major-General 19 July 1821; Lieutenant-General 10 January 1837

Awards & Honours: K.C.B. 1822

Died: France 1839.

 

Sir Edward BLAKENEY

Born: Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1778

Relations: Fourth son of Colonel William Blakeney

Regimental Service: Major in 7th Foot 24 March 1804 (on transfer from 47th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1808; Lieutenant-Colonel 20 June 1811; Colonel of 7th Foot 20 September 1832; Colonel of Rifle Brigade 28 August 1865

Service 1793-1815: Served in Copenhagen 1807; served in Martinique 1808; commanded 1/7th Foot in Peninsula August to October 1810; commanded 2/7th Foot in Peninsula November 1810 to June 1811; wounded at Albuera 1811; commanded 1/7th Foot in Peninsula again July 1811 to May 1812; severely wounded at Badajoz; again in Peninsula January 1813 to January 1814; commanded 1/7th Foot in North America and France 1814-1815

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; Major-General 27 May 1825; Lieutenant-General 28 June 1838; General 20 June 1854; Field Marshal 9 November 1862

Later Service: Commander-in-Chief in Ireland 1836 to 1855; Governor of Royal Hospital Chelsea 25 September 1856

Awards & Honours: G.C.B. (1849), G.C.H.

Died: Chelsea Hospital 1868.

 

Dennis HERBERT

Regimental Service: Major in Tarbert Fencibles; to half-pay; Major in 7th Foot 15 August 1804; Inspecting Field Officer of Militia in Nova Scotia January 1808.

 

John Augustus PREVOST

Regimental Service: Major 16 August 1804; to 8th West India Regiment December 1806

 

John Mervyn NOOTH

Regimental Service: Major in 7th Foot 30 December 1806; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 20 June 1811; Lieutenant-Colonel 2 January 1812; transferred to 21st Light Dragoons 6 June 1816

Service 1793-1815: Served in Martinique 1808; served in Peninsula with 1/7th Foot August 1810 to July 1811;

Awards & Honours: C.B.

 

William Henry DISNEY

Regimental Service: Major in 7th Foot 28 January 1808

Died: May 1809.

 

Robert Haly BURTON

Regimental Service: Lieutenant in 7th Foot 1794; Major 11 April 1809; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 26 August 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel in 13th Royal Veteran Battalion 21 October 1813

Early Service: Private in 30th Foot 1774; Sergeant by 1779; Assistant-Adjutant 25 August 1783; Quartermaster in 60th Foot 12 April 1786

Service 1793-1815: Barracks Master in Upper Canada 25 December 1801; served in Copenhagen 1807; served in Martinique 1808; served in Peninsula with 2/7th Foot February 1810 to July 1811; and again with 1/7th Foot September 1812 to October 1813; Town Major at Vittoria July 1813

 

John Welwyn BEATTY

Regimental Service: Major in 7th Foot 2 January 1812; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 12 April 1814

Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula with 1/7th Foot July to December 1810; attached to Portuguese service January 1811 to May 1812; with 1/7th Foot June to October 1812; again in Portuguese service November 1812 to July 1813; back with 1/7th Foot August 1813 to April 1814; served at Salamanca, Orthez and Toulouse

Awards & Honours: C.B.

Died: 1823.

 

Thomas WOOLDRIDGE

Regimental Service: Major 20 June 1811; to half-pay 91st Foot December 1811.

 

John, Lord BURGHERSH

Regimental Service: 91st Foot; to half-pay; Major in 7th Foot 15 December 1811; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 63rd Foot 12 December 1811.

 

James SINGER

Regimental Service: Major 9 January 1812

Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula with 2/7th Foot April to December 189; again with 1/7th Foot August 1810 to April 1812, wounded at Albuera

Died: Killed in action at Badajoz.

 

George KING

Regimental Service: Major 14 May 1812

Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula with 2/7th Foot April 1809 to January 1810; again with 1/7th Foot July 1810 to December 1812; and again January to April 1814

Died: Killed in action at New Orleans.

 

William DESPARD

Regimental Service: Major 15 August 1811

Service 1793-1815: Served on Martinique 1809; served in Peninsula with 1/7th Foot August 1810 to February 1812; commanded 2/7th Foot after Albuera; and again in Peninsula September 1812 to August 1813; wounded at Sorauren

Died: Died of wounds 16 August 1813.

 

John CROWDER

Regimental Service: Major 9 September 1813; exchanged to half-pay of 23rd Foot 25 May 1815

Service 1793-1815: Served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula with 2/7th Foot April 1809 to July 1810; with 1/7th Foot August 1810 to December 1811, wounded at Albuera; and again May 1812 to January 1814, wounded at Sorauren

Died: Cheltenham 27 August 1838.

 

Samuel Benjamin AUCHMUTY

Regimental Service: Major in 7th Foot 28 October 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 12 April 1814

Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula in staff positions April 1809 to November 1810; Brigade-Major in Campbell’s brigade December 1810 to July 1812; Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General March to November 1813; ADC to Gen. Cole December 1813 to April 1814

Awards & Honours: C.B.

Died: 1868.

 

John ORR

Regimental Service: Major 16 March 1815; to half-pay 1816.

Service 1793-1815: Served at Copenhagen 1807; served on Martinique 1809; in Peninsula with 2/7th Foot April to July 1811, wounded at Albuera; and again with 1/7th Foot August 1812 to April 1814, wounded at Sorauren; served at New Orleans 1815.

 

John Thomas LEAHY

Regimental Service: Major in 23rd Foot 17 June 1813; to half-pay; Major in 7th Foot 25 May 1815; to half-pay 1816.

Service 1793-1815: Served at Martinique 1809; served in Peninsula with 1/23rd Foot December 1810 to June 1812, wounded at Badajoz.

 
 

Sources:

WO379/6 - Monthly disposition of the Army, arranged chronologically or by regiment. National Archives.

 

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

 

Groves, Percy. The History of Our Royal Regiment of Fuzileers. Guernsey: Frederick B. Guerin. 1903. 

 

The Royal Fusiliers [The City of London Regiment]: Locations of Battalions 1685 - 1968. Compiled and Edited by J P Kelleher, City of London Headquarters RRF.

 

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

 

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

 

Fletcher, Ian. Wellington’s Regiments. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 1994.

 

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

 

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

 

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

 

London Gazette Website. March 2009.

 

The Napoleon Series –Peninsula Roll Call. March 2009.

 
 

Revised 19 August 2013.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2009; updated October 2009; revised October 2013

 

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