1

Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 91st Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Argyllshire Highlanders (until April 1809)

Regimental History

1794:

10 February – raised by Duncan Campbell of Lochnell as 98th Foot

1798:

October - Re-numbered 91st Foot

1804:

August – 2nd Battalion formed at Perth under the Defence Act

1815:

25 December – 2nd Battalion disbanded at Perth

 
Lt Col-Commandant

1794:

10 February

Duncan Campbell of Lochnell

Colonel

1796:

3 May

Duncan Campbell of Lochnell (until 1837)

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1794:

March – Stirling; June – Leith; to England - Netley; November - Chippenham

1795:

January – Poole; Fareham; April – Gosport; Liskard; Spithead; to Cape of Good Hope; September – Simon’s Bay; Muisenberg; Wynberg; Cape Town

1796:

Cape Town; August – flank companies at Saldanha Bay

1797:

Cape Town

1798:

Cape Town; October – became 91st Foot

1799:

Cape Town

1800:

Cape Town; April – Wynberg

1801:

Wynberg; Cape Town

1802:

Cape Town; November – to England

1803:

February – Portsmouth; Hilsea; May – Bexhill; September – Guernsey

1804:

Guernsey; April – Shoreham; Lewes; August – Colchester; October – Weeley; Chelmsford

1805:

Weeley; September – Colchester; October – Bexhill; Ramsgate; December – to Hanover; Beverstadt

1806:

Bremen; February – Ramsgate; Faversham; March – Ashford; July – Shorncliffe; October – Hythe; December – Dover; to Ireland

1807:

January – Cork; Fermoy; Mallow; November – Cashel

1808:

Cashel; Enniscorthy; April – Dublin; May – Bandon; June – Monkstown; received 200 men from 2/91st; to Peninsula; ROLICA; VIMIERO; Salamanca; retreat to Corunna

1809:

CORUNNA: to England; April – kilt discontinued; Plymouth; Deal; Margate; Shoreham; July - Ramsgate; to Walcheren; Flushing; December – Deal; Shorncliffe

1810:

Canterbury; Ramsgate; Ashford

1811:

Ashford; May – received 150 men from 2/91st; October – Canterbury; received 150 men from 2/91st

1812:

Ashford; Chatham; September – to Peninsula; Corunna; November – Villafranca

1813:

Vittoria; Sorauren; Urdax; Pampeluna; NIVELLE; NIVE

1814:

ORTHEZ; Aire; TOULOUSE; Bordeaux; July – Cork; Athlone; Limerick; Clonmel

1815:

Clonmel; March – Middleton; April – Downs; to Belgium; Ostend; received 150 men from 2/91st; Oudenarde; Hal; Cambrai; Autel-de-Dieu; Paris; Army of Occupation

1818:

October – Calais; to England; Dover.

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1804:

August – formed at Perth

1805:

Crieff; March - Perth

1806:

Ayr; August – to England; Hilsea

1807:

Hilsea; January – Edinburgh; Glasgow; October – Ayr

1808:

Ayr; May – sent 200 men to 1/91st

1809:

Ayr (?); April – highland dress discontinued

1810:

October – Musselburgh

1811:

Musselburgh; sent 150 men to 1/91st; received large number of recruits from Scots militia; August – Glasgow; sent 150 men to 1/91st; December - Dundee

1812:

Dundee; Glasgow; August - Ayr

1813:

Ayr; July – to Germany; Stralsund; to England; December – Yarmouth; to Holland

1814:

March – Bergen-Op-Zoom; Ostend; to England; Deal; Canterbury; Gravesend; October – Ayr

1815:

Stirling; April – sent 150 men to 1/91st; 25 December – disbanded at Perth.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

(Note: for simplicity all references are made to the 91st Foot, although in the period 1794 to 1798 it was numbered the 98th)

Lt Col Duncan Campbell of Lochnell

Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 3rd Foot Guards 19 March 1783; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel in 91st Foot 10 February 1794; commanded 91st Foot 1794 to 1796; served at Cape of Good Hope 1795; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; local Brigadier-General at Cape 1796 to 1798; subsequently Major-General 29 April 1802; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; General 12 August 1819; died Edinburgh 1837.

Major Archibald Campbell

Major in 91st Foot 10 February 1794; nothing further known. (Note: the regimental history has this officer as a local Brigadier-General in Grenada 1795, which is probably incorrect – that was a different Archibald Campbell, serving as Lieutenant-Colonel with the 29th Foot).

Major Henry Mordaunt Clavering

Born Hampshire 1765; Major in 91st Foot 30 July 1794; to Colonel of Argyllshire Fencibles 25 October 1794; on half-pay March 1798; served in Irish rebellion 1798; brevet Colonel 29 August 1802; Inspecting Field Officer 1802; on half-pay of 98th Foot 1802 to 1820; appointed Brigadier-General in South America 1807 but appointment cancelled; died 1850.

Lt Col Henry Veitch

Major in 91st Foot August 1795 (on transfer from 57th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 14 May 1796; retired February 1797.

Lt Col Fielder King

Born Sussex 1755; served at Cape of Good Hope 1795; Major in 91st Foot 2 March 1796 (on transfer from 84th Foot); commanded 91st Foot 196 to 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 March 1797; to Lieutenant-Colonel in Cape Regiment 25 June 1801; Inspecting Field Officer of Yeomanry September 1804.

Major James Archibald Stuart-Wortley

Born Yorkshire 1776; Major in 91st Foot 14 May 1796; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 72nd Foot April 1797; 1st Baron Wharncliffe in 1826; died 1845.

Lt Col James Catlin Craufurd

Major in Independent Company 15 April 1795; Major in 91st Foot 18 May 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1797; brevet Colonel 30 October 1805; served in Peninsula as local Brigadier-General August 1808 to January 1809; commanded a brigade in 2nd Division in Peninsula September 1809 to September 1810; died at Abrantes 25 September 1810.

Lt Col Lord Frederick Montagu

Born London 1774; MP for Huntingdonshire 1796 to 1820; Lieutenant-Colonel in 91st Foot June 1797 (on transfer from Coldstream Foot Guards); to Lieutenant-Colonel in 29th Foot 19 July 1797; subsequently Postmaster-General 1826 to 1827; died October 1827.

Lt Col Birkenhead Glegg

Born Cheshire 1765; served West Indies 1795 to 1797; Major in 91st Foot 17 August 1797 (on transfer from 49th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 29 April 1802; brevet Colonel 4 June 1811; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1814; Lieutenant-General 22 July 1830; died Cheshire 1843.

Major Robert Nicholson

Born c.1750; served in West Indies 1790 to 1793; Major in 1st Foot October 1794; Major in 91st Foot 30 September 1797; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Foot 22 November 1797; subsequently Brigadier-General in Antigua 1809; died 1814.

Major James Campbell

Major in 91st Foot 19 July 1798 (on transfer from 86th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 September 1803; retired December 1806.

Lt Col Alexander Loraine

Assistant Military Secretary at Horse Guards 1798 to 1805; Major in 9th Foot 7 August 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in 91st Foot 25 June 1801; Deputy Governor of Southsea Castle June 1805; Commissioner for Barracks December 1807; died Edinburgh June 1839.

Lt Col Sir William Douglas K.C.B.

Served at Cape of Good Hope 1795; Major in 74th Foot 4 December 1796; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 85th Foot 17 May 1800; served in Hanover 1805; served in Peninsula August 1808 to June 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel in 91st Foot 25 November 1808; commanded 1/91st Foot 1808 to 1818; served in Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula January 1813 to April 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; served in Waterloo campaign; died Valenciennes August 1818.

Lt Col Benjamin Wynne Ottley

Born London 1765; served in West Indies 1795 to 1805; Major in 2nd West India Regiment 25 July 1801; on half-pay 27th Foot 1805; Major in 91st Foot 4 December 1806; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1808; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel 2 January 1812; commanded 2/91st Foot 1812 to 1815; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; on half-pay 1816; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 70th Foot 12 August 1819; died London 1840.

Major John McDougall

Major in 91st Foot 1 August 1804; exchanged to 27th Foot 4 December 1806; retired 1808.

Major Augustus Warburton

Major in 91st Foot 18 December 1806 (on transfer from 57th Foot); Inspecting Field Officer in Canada 7 August 1811.

Lt Col John Ross

Major in 52nd Foot 15 August 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel in 91st Foot 2 January 1808; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 52nd Foot 18 February 1808; subsequently Major-General 27 May 1825; Lieutenant-General 28 June 1838; died 1844.

Lt Col Kenneth McKenzie

Born Dundee 1754; Major in 90th Foot 1794; served in Flanders 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 90th Foot 19 November 1798; Deputy Adjutant-General in Mediterranean 1798; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 44th Foot 1801; served in Egypt 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel in 52nd Foot 24 February 1802; retired on half-pay 1805 due to a fall from his horse; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 91st Foot 18 February 1808; subsequently brevet Colonel 25 April 1808; commanded a brigade in Cadiz 1809; Major-General 4 June 1811; served on staff in Netherlands 1813 to 1814; garrison commander at Antwerp 1814; created Baronet Douglas 1831; died Hythe 1833.

Major John Blainey

Served in Hanover 1805; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Major in 91st Foot 25 November 1808; on half-pay Royal Regiment of Malta 28 February 1812; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814; to Major in 92nd Foot 26 November 1818.

Major Donald McNeill C.B.

Born c.1772; served at Cape of Good Hope 1795; served in Hanover 1805; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; Major in 91st Foot 1 August 1811; again in Peninsula September 1812 to October 1813, wounded in Pyrenees; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 26 August 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel 3 September 1818; retired 1824; died London 1846.

Major Robert McNab

Major in 91st Foot 2 January 1812; Inspecting Field Officer of a Recruiting District September 1812.

Major Donald Macdonald

Served in Peninsula with 91st Foot August 1808 to January 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel in 11th Portuguese Regiment 26 August 1809; served in Peninsula with Portuguese Army August 1809 to April 1812; Major in 91st Foot 16 January 1812; killed in action at Badajoz 6 April 1812.

Major Donald Gregorson

Born 1776; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; Major in 91st Foot 30 April 1812; served in Netherlands 1814; to half-pay of 31st Foot 9 November 1815; died 1829.

Major James Milford Sutherland

Served in Egypt 1801; served in Hanover 1805; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Major in 91st Foot 10 September 1812; again in Peninsula October 1812 to April 1813; on half-pay 1817 to 1827; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 August 1827; retired 1831.

Major Augustus Meade

Major in 91st Foot 28 February 1812 (on transfer from 48th Foot); served in Peninsula October 1812 to April 1814, wounded at Toulouse; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1811; retired 1818.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1792 to 1815. London: various years.

Goff, Gerald Lionel. Historical Records of the 91st Argyllshire Highlanders. London: William Clowes & Co., 1891.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Military – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website. March 2011.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. March 2011.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. March 2011. National Library of Australia.

19th Century British Newspapers Collection. March 2011. National Library of Australia.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: April 2011

 

More on the British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815 ]



© Copyright 1995-2017, The Napoleon Series, All Rights Reserved.

Top | Home ]