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Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 92nd Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Gordon Highlanders (until July 1807); afterwards Highland

Regimental History

1794:

10 February – raised by Alexander, 4th Duke of Gordon as 100th Foot

1798:

October - Re-numbered 92nd Foot

1803:

24 November – 2nd Battalion formed at Weeley Barracks

1814:

24 October – 2nd Battalion disbanded at Edinburgh

 
Lt Col-Commandant

1794:

10 February

George Gordon, Marquis of Huntly

Colonel

1796:

3 May

George Gordon, Marquis of Huntly

1806:

3 January

John, Lord Niddery, K.B.

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1794:

Raised at Aberdeen; Fort George; August – to England; Southampton; Netley; September – to Gibraltar; December – received colours

1795:

Gibraltar; June – Corsica; October – Gibraltar

1796:

Gibraltar

1797:

Gibraltar

1798:

Gibraltar; March – to England; May – Portsmouth; Hilsea; June – to Ireland; Dublin; August – Blessington; October – renumbered 92nd Foot; Athlone; December – received recruits from Perthshire Fencibles

1799:

Athlone; June – Cork; July – Dover; October – Barham Downs; August – Ramsgate; landing at Helder; Zyper-Sluis; EGMONT-OP-ZEE; Alkmaar; October – Yarmouth; Ipswich; Chelmsford

1800:

Chelmsford; April – Isle of Wight; Newport; May – Cowes; to Quiberon; Isle de Houat; August – Minorca; Gibraltar; December – Malta

1801:

Marmorice; March – Egypt; Aboukir; MANDORA; Alexandria; siege of Cairo; October – to Malta; November – to England; Gibraltar

1802:

January – Cork; February – Kilkenny; April – Dublin; June – to Scotland; Glasgow

1803:

Glasgow; June – Leith; to England; Harwich; Colchester; Weeley

1804:

Weeley; July – Colchester; August – Lexden; October - Weeley

1805:

Weeley; September – Colchester; November – Ospringe; Canterbury

1806:

January – London; Nelson’s Funeral; Colchester; July – Chatham; August – Weeley; October – Colchester

1807:

Weeley; Harwich; high number of ophthalmia cases; March – Colchester; July – received 103 men from 2/92nd; Harwich; August – Copenhagen; light company are first British troops to land; Roskilde; Kjǿge; November – Chatham; Weeley

1808:

Weeley; April – Harwich; Yarmouth; May – to Sweden; Gothenburg; July – Spithead; received 70 men from 2/92nd; to Portugal; August – Mondego Bay; Lisbon; Campo Sancta; retreat to Corunna; Benevente

1809:

CORUNNA; to England; Portsmouth; Weeley; June – Dover; received 220 men from 2/92nd; Deal; to Walcheren; Flushing; September – the Downs; Colchester; Woodbridge

1810:

Woodbridge; July – Ramsgate; Canterbury; Deal; September – to Peninsula; October – Lisbon; November – Sobral; Alcantrinho

1811:

Torres Vedras; Condeixa; Aldea Porte; FUENTES D’ONORO; Albegaria; June – Albuera; October – received 207 men from 2/92nd; Arroyo del Molinos; Portalegre

1812:

Castello Branco; Medellin; April – received 39 men from 2/92nd; siege of Badajoz; ALMARAZ; Llerena; Villafranca; Aranjuez; Madrid; Alba de Tormes; retreat to Burgos

1813:

Banos; VITTORIA; Bastan; Maya; Beunza; Dona Maria; NIVE; PYRENEES; St Pierre d’Irube

1814:

Garris; St Jean de Luz; ORTHEZ; Aire sur l’Adour; Toulouse; June – Bordeaux; to Ireland; Monkstown; Fermoy; received 2/92nd men

1815:

Fermoy; May – Cork; to Belgium; Ostend; Ghent; Brussels; Quatre Bras; WATERLOO; Paris; Army of Occupation; December – to England.

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1803:

24 November – formed at Weeley Barracks from 1st Battalion men

1804:

Weeley; July – Colchester; August – Lexden Heath; October – Weeley; December – Liverpool; to Ireland

1805:

Dublin; Eyrecourt

1806:

Birr; April – Dublin

1807:

Dublin; June – sent 103 men to 1/92nd; Drogheda; August – received recruits from Scots militia regiments in Ireland; November – Ballyshannon

1808:

Ballyshannon; July – sent 70 men to 1/92nd; November – Tuam

1809:

Athlone; June – sent 220 men to 1/92nd

1810:

Athlone

1811:

Athlone; August – sent 207 men to 1/92nd; October – to Scotland; Irvine

1812:

Banff; sent 39 men to 1/92nd; Glasgow; September - sent 39 men to 1/92nd

1813:

Glasgow

1814:

Glasgow; August – Edinburgh; 24 October – disbanded at Edinburgh; fit men to 1/92nd in Ireland.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

(Note: for simplicity all references are made to the 92nd Foot, although in the period 1794 to 1798 it was numbered the 100th)

Lt Col George Gordon, Marquis of Huntly

Born Edinburgh 1770, eldest son of Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel in 3rd Foot Guards 11 July 1792; served in Flanders 1793 to 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant of 100th Foot 10 February 1794; commanded 92nd Foot 1794 to 1798; Colonel 3 May 1796; served on Corsica 1796; Brigadier-General in Ireland 1798; served at Helder 1799, wounded at Bergen; subsequently Major-General 1 January 1801; on staff in North Britain 1803 to 1806; Colonel of 42nd Foot 3 January 1806; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; commanded a division at Walcheren 1809; General 12 August 1819; became 5th Duke of Gordon 1827; died London May 1836.

Lt Col Charles Erskine of Cardross

Major in 92nd Foot 10 February 1794 (on transfer from 41st Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 1 May 1795; served on Corsica 1796; served in Irish rebellion 1798; commanded 92nd Foot 1798 to 1801; wounded at Alexandria 13 March 1801 and died a few days later.

Major Donald MacDonald of Boisdale

Major in 92nd Foot 20 August 1794 (on transfer from 18th Foot); retired 11 March 1796.

Major Simon MacDonald of Morar

Served in North America 1781; on half-pay 1783; Major in 92nd Foot 1 May 1795; served on Corsica 1796; served in Irish Rebellion 1798; retired 16 January 1799.

Lt Col James Robertson

Born c1761; served in India 1779 to 1785 and 1788 to 1798; Major in 71st Foot 2 September 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 November 1795; Major in 72nd Foot April 1797; Lieutenant-Colonel in 92nd Foot 11 October 1798; served in India 1800 to 1802; Inspecting Field Officer of Recruiting District August 1804; Brigadier-General on Irish staff 1808; subsequently Major-General 25 July 1810; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; General 1837; died March 1845.

Lt Col Alexander Napier of Blackstone

Major in 92nd Foot 12 March 1796; served on Corsica 1796; served in Irish rebellion 1798; served at Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel 5 April 1801; commanded 1/92nd Foot 1801 to 1809; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; killed in action at Corunna 16 January 1809.

Major John Gordon

Born Aberdeenshire 1751; served on Corsica 1796; served in Irish Rebellion 1798; Major in 92nd Foot 17 January 1799; served at Helder 1799; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1805; retired late 1805; died 1827.

Lt Col John Cameron of Fassiefern

Born Inerscadale 1771; served on Corsica 1796; served in Irish rebellion 1798; served at Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Major in 92nd Foot 5 April 1801; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1808; Lieutenant-Colonel 23 June 1808; commanded 1/92nd Foot 1809 to 1815; served at Walcheren 1809; served in Peninsula October 1810 to April 1814, wounded four times; commanded brigade in 2nd Division in Peninsula June and July 1813; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; wounded and thrown from horse at Quatre Bras 1815, died shortly afterwards.

Major Hon. John Ramsay

Born Scotland 1775, youngest son of George, 8th Earl of Dalhousie; Major in 92nd Foot 10 September 1803; exchanged to Clan Alpine Fencibles 2 June 1804.

Lt Col James Willoughby Gordon

Born Hertfordshire 1772 as J W Grant (took Gordon surname 1788); served at Toulon 1793; Major in 66th Foot 9 November 1797; Lieutenant-Colonel in 85th Foot 22 May 1801; Assistant Quarter-Master General July 1803; Military Secretary to Commander-in-Chief 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel 92nd Foot 4 August 1804; Quarter-Master General to the Forces 1811 to 1851; served in Peninsula May 1811 to January 1813; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1813; Lieutenant-General 25 May 1825; died London January 1851.

Major William Morris

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1798; on half-pay 1 March 1798; Major in 73rd Foot 30 July 1803; Major in 92nd Foot 10 September 1803; to Major in 5th Royal Veteran Battalion 15 August 1805.

Lt Col John Lamont

Major in Clan Alpin Fencibles 7 September 1799; served at Helder 1799; on half-pay 1801; Major in 92nd Foot 2 June 1804; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1805; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel 30 March 1809; commanded 2/92nd Foot 1809 to 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; on half-pay 1814; subsequently Major-General 12 August 1819; retired 1824; died March 1829.

Major Archibald MacDonnell

Major in 92nd Foot 29 August 1805; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula October 1810 to March 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 30 May 1811; again in Peninsula April to July 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel in 9th Royal Veteran Battalion 9 September 1813; died late 1813.

Major James Watson

Major in 92nd Foot 23 January 1806; retired May 1810.

Major Peter Grant

Born Scotland 1768; Major in 92nd Foot 23 June 1806; served in Peninsula October 1810 to July 1813; lost left arm at Fuentes d’Onoro; lost left leg at Villa Formosa; retired 26 November 1812; died Banffshire 1817 due to wound complications.

Lt Col James Mitchell C.B.

Born Lochaber Scotland; served on Corsica 1796; served in Irish rebellion 1798; served at Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Major in 92nd Foot 20 March 1809; again in Peninsula October to November 1811; again in Peninsula July 1813 to April 1814, wounded in Pyrenees; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 June 1815; wounded at Quatre Bras; retired 1 September 1815; died Lochaber 1847.

Major Archibald Campbell

Served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Major in 92nd Foot 24 May 1810; retired 1813.

Major John MacPherson

A Highland Sharpe. Born Laggan Scotland c.1776; private in 92nd Foot 1794; Ensign 20 February 1799; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula October 1810 to January 1814, wounded four times; Major 5 April 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 26 August 1813; died at Cambio 1 January 1814 from wounds received at Nive.

Major Donald McDonald of Dalchosine C.B.

Born Scotland 1769; wounded at Helder 1799; wounded in Egypt 1801; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula October to March 1812, wounded at Arroyo del Molinos; Major in 92nd Foot 26 November 1812; wounded at Quatre Bras 1815; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; commanded 92nd Foot at Waterloo; to half-pay of Malta Regiment 26 November 1818.

Major William Phipps

Served in Peninsula May to October 1812 as ADC to Major-General John Hope; Major in 92nd Foot 7 January 1813; on half-pay 1814; to Major in 27th Foot 20 April 1815.

Major James Lee

Born 1780; served at Walcheren 1809; served in Peninsula October 1810 to April 1814; wounded in Pyrenees; on half-pay 1814; died 1848.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1792 to 1815. London: various years.

Gardyne, Lt. Col. C Greenhill. The Life of a Regiment: The History of the Gordon Highlanders. Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1901.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Military – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website. March 2011.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. March 2011.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. March 2011. National Library of Australia.

19th Century British Newspapers Collection. March 2011. National Library of Australia.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: April 2011

 

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