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Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 93rd Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Sutherland Regiment (unofficial)

Regimental History

1799:

Raised in northern Scotland under the superintendence of the Earl of Sutherland

1813:

27 May - 2nd Battalion formed at Inverness

1815:

24 December – 2nd Battalion disbanded at Sunderland.

Colonel

1800

26 August

William Douglas Wemyss

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1799:

April – raised in north Scotland; Inverness

1800:

Inverness; September – Fort George; Guernsey

1801:

Guernsey

1802:

Guernsey; September – ordered to Scotland for disbandment; Kirkcaldy; disbandment rescinded; Aberdeen

1803:

Aberdeen; February – to Ireland; Newry; July – Dublin

1804:

Dublin; Enniskillen; Longford; Youghal

1805:

Youghal; ordered to Jamaica; put to sea, orders countermanded; Mallow; July – Cork; August – to Cape of Good Hope

1806:

January – CAPE OF GOOD HOPE (36 drowned on landing); Blauwe Berg; Cape Town

1807:

Cape Town

1808:

Cape Town

1809:

Cape Town

1810:

Cape Town

1811:

Cape Town

1812:

Cape Town

1813:

Cape Town

1814:

Cape Town; April – to England; August – Plymouth; September – to North America; Jamaica; Louisiana

1815:

New Orleans (542 casualties); Mobile; to England; May – Spithead; to Ireland - Cork; Birr; Athlone

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1813:

May – formed at Inverness

1814:

Inverness; March – Aberdeen; to Gravesend; Gosport; to Newfoundland; St Johns

1815:

St Johns; October – to England; Sunderland; December – disbanded, fit men into 1/93rd

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col Alexander Halkett

Born Dumfermline 1772; served in West Indies 1794; served at Ostend 1798; served in Helder 1799; Major in 15th Foot 27 November 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in 93rd Foot 25 August 1800; commanded 93rd Foot 1800 to 1810; served at Cape of Good Hope 1806; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in New Brunswick Fencibles (104th Foot) 3 May 1810; subsequently brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; Major-General 4 June 1813; Lieutenant-General 27 May 1825; General 23 November 1841; died Edinburgh 1851.

Major John Graham

Born Dundee 1778; served with Austrian Army in Italy 1797 to 1798; ADC to Lord Chatham at Helder 1799; Major in 93rd Foot 25 August 1800 (on transfer from 90th Foot); to Lieutenant-Colonel in Cape Regiment 26 January 1806; died South Africa 1821.

Major Robert Honeyman

Born West Lothian 1779; served in Irish rebellion with Reay Fencibles; served in Egypt 1801; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29 April 1802; Major in 93rd Foot 20 January 1803; served at Cape of Good Hope 1806, wounded; Lieutenant-Colonel in 18th Foot 27 November 1806; died of fever in Jamaica 1809.

Major Samuel Brown

Major in 93rd Foot 11 September 1806; retired 17 August 1809.

Lt Col Robert Dale

Major in 6th Garrison Battalion 22 November 1806 (on transfer from 39th Foot); Major in 93rd Foot 29 November 1806; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel 10 February 1814; commanded 1/93rd Foot 1814 to 1815; killed in action at New Orleans 8 January 1815.

Major Henry John

Major in 93rd Foot 17 August 1809 (on transfer from 10th Foot); to Major in 95th Foot 11 October 1810; died Wiltshire 1848.

Lt Col George Johnstone

Served in North America 1781; Served on Grenada 1795 to 1796; Major in 29th Foot 9 August 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in New Brunswick Fencibles 9 July 1803; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 93rd Foot 3 May 1810; commanded 93rd Foot 1810 to 1814; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1814; commanded a brigade in Waterloo campaign; at Hal 18 June 1815; died Edinburgh December 1825.

Lt Col Andrew Creagh

Born Limerick; served in West Indies 1797 to 1798; served at Helder 1799; served in Peninsula with 29th Foot July to October 1808; Major in 95th Foot 23 May 1809; Major in 93rd Foot 16 October 1810; Lieutenant-Colonel 23 September 1814; commanded 1/93rd after New Orleans; subsequently Lieutenant-Colonel in 81st Foot 22 July 1822; brevet Colonel 22 July 1830.

Lt Col William Wemyss

Born Fifeshire 1790, son of regimental Colonel William Douglas Wemyss; served in Peninsula as ADC to Major-General Erskine April 1810 to January 1812; Major in 93rd Foot 27 May 1813 (on transfer from 6th Garrison Battalion); commanded 2/93rd Foot 1813 to 1815; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 March 1815; on half-pay 25 February 1816; subsequently Major-General 23 November 1841; Lieutenant-General 17 November 1851; died Windsor 30 November 1852.

Major Alexander Gordon

Born Achness 1773; served at Cape of Good Hope 1806 to 1814; Major in 93rd Foot 10 February 1814; served at New Orleans 1815,  brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 19 July 1821; retired 1822; Barrack-master on Tobago until death there in 1835.

Major Alexander Mackay

Major in 93rd Foot 29 September 1814; retired 1817.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1792 to 1815. London: various years.

Burgoyne, Roderick Hamilton. Historical Records of the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders. London: Richard Bentley & Son, 1883.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Military – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website. March 2011.

The Napoleon Series. Peninsula Roll Call. March 2011.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2011; updated November 2012

 

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