Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 95th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Rifles

Regimental History

1800:

January – drafts from 13 regular and 33 Fencibles regiments form at Horsham Barracks as Experimental Corps of Riflemen

1800:

11 October – Rifle Corps

1803:

January – 95th (Rifle) Regiment of Foot

1805:

6 May – 2nd Battalion formed at Canterbury

1809:

4 May - 3rd Battalion formed at Canterbury

1816:

16 February – renamed Rifle Corps

1819:

11 January - 3rd Battalion disbanded.

Colonels

1800: 

25 August

Coote Manningham

1809:

31 August

Sir David Dundas, K.B.

Colonels-Commandant

1809:

31 August

Forbes Champagné (1st Battalion)

1809:

31 August

Sir Brent Spencer, K.B. (2nd Battalion)

1809:

31 August

Hon. Sir William Stewart, K.B. (3rd Battalion)

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1799:

Coote Manningham & William Stewart propose formation of a rifle regiment

1800:

January – 37 men each from 2/1, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 49, 69, 71, 72, 79, 85 and 92 Foot assemble at Horsham Barracks; plus 12 men each from 33 Fencibles regiments – as Experimental Corps of Riflemen; May – Swinley; July – 3 companies to Ferrol; August – Malta; some men discharged to original regiments; September – re-organised as 10 companies (897 men); October – Rifle Corps

1801:

January – green uniforms arrive; March – 3 companies in Egypt; Mandora; Alexandria; April – 1 company to COPENHAGEN

1802:

Blatchington; Chatham

1803:

January – officially 95th (Rifle) Regiment; Brabourne Lees; November – to Shorncliffe camp; instructed by Sir John Moore

1804:

Hythe

1805:

Hythe; May – Canterbury; Brabourne Lees; received 200 Irish volunteers; October – Ramsgate; to Hanover; Cuxhaven; Bremen

1806:

February – rearguard in retreat to Cuxhaven; Yarmouth; Woodbridge; October – Gravesend; 5 companies to South America

1807:

5 companies in South America; Buenos Aires - taken POW; July – 5 companies to Copenhagen; Kjoge; November – South American companies return

1808:

April – 3 companies to Sweden; redirected to Portugal, via Portsmouth; August – 2 more companies arrive Peniche; VIMIERO; 5 companies reunited; Lisbon; advance to Salamanca; October – 5 companies arrive at Corunna with Baird’s force; December – all 10 companies reunited at Sahagun

1809:

January – defence of Cacabelos; CORUNNA: 1/95 last to embark to England; call for 338 recruits, get 1282; June – to Portugal; July – arrive Villada; Lisbon; Abrantes; march to Talavera; Campo Mayor; 300 fever deaths

1810:

March – Barba del Puerco; April – Light Division formed; Establishment reduced from 10 to 8 companies; July – Coa; Lisbon; BUSSACO; Torres Vedras

1811:

March – Pursuit of Massena; Poimbal; Redinha; Casal Nova; Foz d’Aronce; Sabugal; Almeida; FUENTES D’ONORO; Badajoz (siege)

1812:

CIUDAD RODRIGO; BADAJOZ; SALAMANCA; Madrid

1813:

May – establishment reduced from 8 to 6 companies; VITTORIA; Pamplona; Echalar; Vera; NIVELLE; NIVE; 1 company to Netherlands in Graham’s force

1814:

January - 1 company at Antwerp with Graham; Donk; Merxem; ORTHEZ; Tarbes;.); TOULOUSE; Bordeaux; July –to England; Hilsea

1815:

Hilsea; May – 6 companies to Belgium; Brussels; reunited with company from Graham’s force; Quatre Bras; WATERLOO; Paris; Army of Occupation

1818:

October – Calais; to England.

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1805:

6 May – formed at Canterbury from 1st battalion drafts and militia volunteers; June – Shorncliffe; Brabourne Lees

1806:

Faversham; Brabourne Lees; Portsmouth; October – 3 companies to South America

1807:

3 companies in South America; MONTE VIDEO; Buenos Aires - taken POW; July – 7 companies to Deal; Copenhagen; Kjoge; October – Deal; Hythe; November – South American companies return

1808:

July – 4 companies to Ramsgate; to Portugal - covered Wellesley’ landings; Obidos; ROLICA; VIMIERO; Lisbon; advance to Salamanca; October - 4 companies arrive at Corunna with Baird’s force; December – 8 companies reunited at Sahagun

1809:

Retreat to Corunna; Vigo; to England; received draft of volunteers; July – to Walcheren; Flushing; September – to England, having lost 300 men to fever

1810:

Brabourne Lees; October – 1 company joins Light Division in Portugal; November – 2 companies at Cadiz

1811:

2 companies at Cadiz; Algeciras; March – BARROSA; October – 1 company joins Light Division; December - 1 company at Tarifa

1812:

May – 4 companies join Light Division (now 6 co.); SALAMANCA; Madrid

1813:

VITTORIA; Pamplona; Echalar; Vera; NIVELLE; NIVE; 1 company to Netherlands in Graham’s force

1814:

January - 1 company at Antwerp with Graham; Donk; Merxem; Villeneuve; ORTHEZ; Tarbes; TOULOUSE; Bordeaux; July –to England; Hythe & Ashford

1815:

Hythe; May – 5 companies to Belgium; Brussels; reunited with company from Graham’s force at Leuze; WATERLOO; 2/95 leads entry into Paris; Army of Occupation

1818:

October – Calais; to England.

Stations and Combats – 3rd Battalion

1809:

4 May – formed at Canterbury from 1st and 2nd Battalion drafts; Shorncliffe; Brabourne Lees

1810:

Brabourne Lees; November – 3 companies at Cadiz

1811:

Cadiz (3 companies); Algeciras; March – BARROSA; July – to main field army; August – join Light Division (now 5 co.); Badajoz (siege)

1812:

CIUDAD RODRIGO; BADAJOZ; SALAMANCA; Madrid

1813:

VITTORIA; Pamplona; Echalar; Vera; NIVELLE; NIVE; 2 companies to Netherlands in Graham’s force

1814:

January – 2 companies at Antwerp; Donk; Merxem; Villeneuve; ORTHEZ; Tarbes; TOULOUSE; Bordeaux; July –to England; Portsmouth; 2 companies at Antwerp with Graham ; September – 5 companies to North America; Barbados; Mobile

1815:

January – 5 companies at New Orleans; Fort Boyer; May - 2 companies at Brussels; WATERLOO;  Paris; Army of Occupation; June – 5 companies from North America at Plymouth; Deal; Shorncliffe; Dover; July - to Netherlands, battalion reunited; December – Calais; to England

1819:

11 January - disbanded.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt. Col. Hon. Sir William Stewart

Born Scotland 1774; served in West Indies 1793 to 1794; Major in 31st Foot 14 January 1795; served in Flanders 1795; served on San Domingo 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 31st Foot 14 January 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 67th Foot 1 September 1795; formed Experimental Corps of Riflemen and first Lieutenant-Colonel 25 August 1800; brevet Colonel 2 April 1801; served in Copenhagen 1801; Brigadier-General in Sicily 1806 and Egypt 1807; subsequently Major-General 25 April 1808; served at Walcheren 1809; commanded brigade in Peninsula January to February 1810; commanded Cadiz garrison February to July 1810; commanded 2nd Division July 1810 to May 1811; wounded at Albuera; commanded 1st Division November 1812 to March 1813; commanded 2nd Division March 1813 to April 1814; wounded at Vittoria and Nivelles; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1813; died Scotland January 1826.

Lt. Col. Alexander Houston

Major in 88th Foot 15 July 1795; Major in 57th Foot 27 June 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in Lochaber Fencibles 13 January 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in 95th Foot 26 August 1800; died Gibraltar 29 November 1800.

Lt. Col. J. (Robert?) Hugh McLeroth

Born 1760; served in American War of Independence; served on St Vincent 1796; served in Holland 1794 and 1799; Major in 63rd Foot 9 August 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in 95th Foot 1 December 1800; Inspecting Field Officer of Yeomanry September 1803;  retired 28 April 1807; seemingly came out of retirement to command a Portuguese brigade in Peninsula 1809; died Suffolk 1840.

Lt. Col. George Callander

Major in 62nd Foot 27 November 1799; transferred to 95th Foot 25 August 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel 31 March 1802; retired January 1803.

Lt. Col. Hamlet Wade, C.B.

Born Yorkshire c1775; served on Martinique and Grenada 1793 to 1795; served at Helder 1799; Major in 95th Foot 26 August 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel 6 May 1800; by reputation the ‘best shot in the regiment’; commanded 2/95 at Copenhagen 1807; commanded 2/95 in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; commanded 2/95 at Walcheren 1809; commanded 2/95 again in Peninsula September 1812 to August 1813; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; and again in Peninsula February to April 1814; retired 21 September 1815; died London February 1821.

Major Robert Travers

Born Ireland; served in Irish rebellion 1798; served at Helder 1799; Major in 95th Foot 6 May 1805; served at Hanover 1805; served at Maida 1806; served in South America 1807 (taken POW); commanded 3/95 in Portugal August 1808; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 10th Foot 15 February 1810; subsequently brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; Inspector of Militia in Ionian Islands 1819; died Ireland (after being thrown from his horse) 1835.

Major Thomas Christopher Gardner

Major in 95th Foot 7 May 1805; commanded 2/95 to South America 1806 to 1807; retired December 1807.

Lt. Col. Sir Thomas Sidney Beckwith, , Kt. K.C.B.

Born Northumberland 1772; served in India 1793; served in Ceylon 1795; served at Copenhagen 1801; Major in 95th Foot 28 April 1802; Lieutenant-Colonel 20 January 1803; commanded 1/95 Foot at Hanover 1805 and Copenhagen 1807; commanded 1/95 Foot in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; and again July 1809 to August 1810; commanded a brigade in Light Division August 1810 to April 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1811; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1814; Colonel-Commandant of Rifle Brigade 1827; Commander-in-Chief Bombay 1829; Lieutenant-General 1830; died Bombay 1831.

Major Alexander Stewart

Major in 95th Foot 17 February 1803; exchanged to half-pay of 4th Foot 2 June 1804; retired 1825.

Lt. Col. Norman MacLeod, C.B.

Served at Cape of Good Hope 1795; served at Helder 1799; Major in 4th Foot 25 February 1802; on half-pay 1802; Major in 95th Foot 2 June 1804; commanded 3/95 on raising 1805; served in Peninsula October 1808 to January 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 May 1809; exchanged to 1st Foot 29 March 1810; brevet Colonel 12 August 1819; subsequently Major-General 1830; drowned off Swansea 1831.

Lt. Col. Dugald Little Gilmour, C.B.

Served in Guyana 1795; on half-pay 1798; served at Helder 1799 – taken POW; Major in 95th Foot 23 May 1805 (on transfer from 4th Foot); served at Copenhagen 1807; commanded 1/95 to Sweden 1808; served in Peninsula with 1/95 August 1808 to January 1809; and again June 1809 to December 1810; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 30 May 1811; again in Peninsula August 1813 to April 1814; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 June 1814; brevet Colonel 19 July 1821; on half-pay 1824; subsequently Major-General 1830; Colonel-Commandant of Rifle Brigade 1842; died Rome 1847.

Major John Stewart

Served in Ferrol 1800; served in Egypt 1801; Major in 95th Foot 10 December 1807; served in Peninsula with 2/95 November 1808 to January 1809; and again with 1/95 June 1809 to March 1811; ADC to General Paget September 1809 to March 1811; died of wounds at Casal Nova 14 March 1811.

Major Amos Godsil Robert Norcott, C.B.

Born London 1777; served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; served at Cape of Good Hope 1797; served in Manila 1797; served in India 1797 to 1800; brevet Major 25 September 1803; served in South America 1807 – POW at Buenos Aires; served in Peninsula with 1/95 August 1808 to January 1809; Major in 95th Foot 22 December 1808; served at Walcheren 1809; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 July 1810; again in Peninsula with 2/95 August 1810 to February 1813; commanded 2/95 in Peninsula October 1813 to March 1814; commanded 2/95 and severely wounded at Waterloo; brevet Colonel 12 August 1819; Lieutenant-Colonel 9 September 1819; subsequently Major-General 1830; died Cork 1838.

Major Sir George Elder, Kt., C.B.

Served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; Major in 95th Foot 13 April 1809; EOPS in Portugal same day; Lieutenant-Colonel of 3rd Cacadores June 1809; wounded at Badajoz; Colonel 6th Portuguese Line July 1813; Colonel 7th Portuguese Line February 1814; on half-pay 1816; brevet Colonel 19 July 1821; Lieutenant-Governor of St Johns 1826; subsequently Major-General 1830; died Madras 1836.

Major George Wilkins, C.B.

Served in Irish rebellion 1798; served in West Indies 1801 to 1808; brevet Major 25 April 1808; Major in 95th Foot 10 May 1809 (on transfer from 85th Foot); served in Walcheren 1809; served in Peninsula with 2/95 March to July 1810; again in Peninsula May 1811 to September 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814; commanded 2/95 in latter stages of Waterloo and severely wounded; retired 23 December 1819, died Southampton 1862.

Major John Ross, C.B.

Served in Hanover 1805; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula with 1/95 August 1808 to January 1809; Major in 95th Foot 11 May 1809; again in Peninsula with 3/95 March 1810 to May 1811; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 6 March 1811; commanded 3/95 in Peninsula October 1812 to April 1814; commanded 3/95 at Waterloo; Lieutenant-Colonel in Cape Corps 8 January 1824; subsequently Major-General 1830; died April 1835.

Major Andrew Creagh

Served in West Indies 1797 to 1798; served at Helder 1799; served in Peninsula with 29th Foot July to October 1808; wounded at Vimiero; Major in 95th Foot 23 May 1809 (on transfer from 29th Foot); exchanged to 93rd Foot 16 October 1813.

Major Henry John

Major in 93rd Foot 17 August 1809; Major in 95th Foot 11 October 1810; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 60th Foot 9 August 1813; died Wiltshire 1848.

Major Peter O’Hare

 Served in South America 1807; served in Peninsula with 1/95 August 1808 to January 1809; and again July 1809 to April 1812; Major in 95th Foot 11 April 1811; killed at Badajoz 6 April 1812.

Lt. Col. Sir Andrew Francis Barnard, K.C.B.

Born Donegal 1773; served in West Indies 1795; served at Helder 1799; brevet Major in 1st Foot Guards 1 January 1805; served in Sicily 1806 to 1807; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 28 January 1808; Inspecting Field Officer of Militia in North America 1808; Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Foot 15 December 1808 (on transfer from 1st Foot Guards); exchanged to 95th Rifles 29 March 1810; commanded 3/95 Foot in Peninsula August 1810 to December 1811; severely wounded at Barrosa; commanded brigade in Light Division December 1811 to January 1812; commanded 3/95 January 1812 to July 1812; commanded brigade again July 1812 to May 1813; commanded 1/95 Foot in Peninsula May 1813 to February 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; severely wounded at Nivelle; commanded brigade again February to April 1814; commanded 1/95 Foot and wounded in Waterloo campaign; subsequently Major-General 12 August 1819; Colonel-Commandant of Rifle Brigade 1822; Lieutenant-General 1837; Lieutenant-Governor of Chelsea 1849; died London 1855.

Major William Balvaird, C.B.

Served in Peninsula with 1/95 July 1809 to October 1812; and again with 3/95 July 1813 to April 1814; Major in 95th Foot 21 July 1814; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 21 June 1817; on half-pay 1820; to 99th Foot 1824;  retired 1841.

Major Alexander Cameron, C.B.

Born Scotland 1781; served at Helder 1799; served in Ferrol and Egypt 1801; served in Hanover 1805; served at Copenhagen 1807;  served in Peninsula with 1/95 August 1808 to January 1809; and again June 1809 to April 1812; brevet Major 30 May 1811; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 27 April 1812; commanded 1/95 Foot in Peninsula August 1812 to May 1813; severely wounded at Vittoria; Major in 95th Foot 14 May 1812; commanded 1/95 Foot (part) and wounded at Waterloo; exchanged to half-pay of Greek Light Infantry 6 March 1817; subsequently Major-General 1838; Colonel 74th Foot 1846; died New Brunswick 1850.

Major Samuel Mitchell, C.B.

Served in South America 1807; served in Peninsula with 1/95 July 1809 to December 1810; with 2/95 January 1811 to February 1812; with Portuguese Army April 1812 to November 1813; brevet Major 21 June 1813; Major in 95th Foot 2 September 1813; wounded three times in the Peninsula; served in North America 1815; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 21 January 1819; Lieutenant-Colonel in 31st Foot 24 December 1829; died India 1833.

Captain William Perceval, C.B.

Served in West Indies 1795 to 1801; served at Walcheren 1809; served in Peninsula with 3/95 February to December 1810; brevet Major 21 June 1811; again in Peninsula September 1811 to November 1811; commanded 3/95 September 1811 to September 1813; lost left arm in Pyrenees; Major in 14th Foot 12 January 1814; Lieutenant-Colonel in 67th Foot 2 March 1815; on half-pay 1820; died Brussels 1837.

Captain Henry George Wakelyn Smith, C.B.

The famous Harry Smith. Born Cambridgeshire 1787; served in South America 1807; served in Peninsula with 1/95 August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula July 1809 to March 1811; Brigade-major in Light Division March 1811 to April 1814; severely wounded at Coa; brevet Major 29 September 1814; Military Secretary to Sir John Lambert at New Orleans; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; on staff at Waterloo; Major in 95th Foot 1826; Lieutenant-Colonel 1830; subsequently Major-General 1846; Colonel-Commandant of Rifle Brigade 1847; Lieutenant-General 1847; died 1860.

Major Charles Smyth

Served in Peninsula with 11th Foot August to November 1809; again in Peninsula with 3/95 July to September 1812; and with 1/95 October 1812 to April 1814; severely wounded at Nivelle; Major in 95th Foot 25 May 1815; Brigade-major to General Pack in 1815; died 18 June 1815 from wound received at Quatre Bras.

Captain William Hallen

Served in Peninsula with 1/95 August 1808 to January 1809; again with 3/95 July 1812 to April 1814; commanded 3/95 in Louisiana 1814; severely wounded outside New Orleans December 1814; retired September 1824.

Captain Jonathan Leach, C.B.

Born 1785; served in West Indies 1803 to 1805; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula with 2/95 August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula with 1/95 July 1809 to April 1814; brevet Major 21 June 1813; commanded 1/95 Foot in latter stages of Waterloo; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; Major 9 September 1819; retired 24 October 1821; died Sussex 1855.

Captain (John) Charles Beckwith, C.B.

Born Halifax Nova Scotia 1789; served in Peninsula with 1/95 August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula with 2/95 July 1810 to August 1811; Brigade-major to Light Division August 1811 to July 1812; Deputy Assistant Quartermaster-General August 1812 to April 1814; brevet Major in 95th Foot 3 March 1814; lost left leg at Waterloo; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; ran religious mission in Piedmont 1827 to 1862; brevet Colonel 1837; subsequently Major-General 1846; retired 1847; died Piedmont 1862.

Captain James Fullarton, C.B.

Born Scotland; served in Ceylon 1803 to 1807; served in Peninsula October 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula August 1801 to January 1812; served in Holland 1813 to 1814; brevet Major 7 April 1814; commanded 3/95 Foot during latter stages of Waterloo and severely wounded; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; Lieutenant-Colonel in 96th Foot 1827; died Halifax Nova Scotia 1827.

Captain George Miller, C.B.

Served in South America 1807, POW at Buenos Aires; Served in Peninsula with 1/95 November 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula with 2/95 March 1810 to July 1811; served at Barrosa; POW at Fuengirola but escaped; again in Peninsula September 1813 to April 1814; brevet Major 3 March 1814; wounded at Waterloo; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; Major 23 December 1819; Lieutenant-Colonel 25 May 1826; died 1843.

Lt. Col. John Duffy, C.B.

Served in West Indies 1796; served in Egypt 1801; served at Copenhagen 1807; served in Peninsula with 43rd Foot October 1808 to January 1809; and July to December 1809; and March to July 1810; and December 1810 to May 1812; and February 1813 to January 1814; Major in 43rd Foot 17 June 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 22 November 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel in 95th Foot 21 September 1815; on half-pay 1818; Lieutenant-Colonel in 8th Foot 9 September 1819; died 1854.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

Verner, Willoughby. The Rifle Brigade Chronicle for 1895.  London: R.H. Porter, 1896.

Westlake, Ray. English & Welsh Infantry Regiments - An Illustrated Record of Service 1662-1994. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 2002.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester , Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Fletcher, Ian. Wellington’s Regiments. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 1994.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

Short Barrel and Long Bumpers Website. November 2009.

London Gazette Website. March 2009.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. November 2009.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2009

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