Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Army Unit Strengths: 1808-1815
Northern Europe

By Andrew Bamford

Northern Europe

These are the returns for the various forces deployed to Northern Europe over the whole period: to Walcheren in 1809, to North Germany in 1813, and to Flanders in 1813-1815.

Walcheren Expedition

Due to the nature of the losses sustained in this campaign, a record has also been kept of the medical staff officers assigned to the Grand Expedition, and to the garrison forces left behond after the main body had been withdrawn.

Walcheren Monthly Return, August 1809

Walcheren Monthly Return, September 1809

Walcheren Monthly Return, October 1809

Walcheren Monthly Return, November 1809

Monthly total figures for this force can be found here:

Walcheren Monthly Totals

Sources: The National Archives, WO17/2478

North Germany

The main run of these returns covers the troops sent to the Baltic under Gibbs in 1813, elements of which remained behind under Gore and later marched overland to the Netherlands. The Return for September also contains details of Hanoverian troops serving under Walmoden, but not those of the KGL for which data can be found under KGL Detachment in Germany.

Germany Monthly Return, July 1813

Germany Monthly Return, August 1813

Germany Monthly Return, September 1813

Germany Monthly Return, October 1813

Germany Monthly Return, November 1813

Germany Monthly Return, December 1813

Monthly total figures for this force can be found here:

Germany Monthly Totals

Sources: The National Archives, WO17/1773

Low Countries

These are the troops originally sent out under Graham, retained under the peace as part of the army under the Prince of Orange, and eventually forming Wellington’s Waterloo command. The final return is in fact dated Paris, July 25th 1815, which gives a pleasing finality to the record.

Low Countries Monthly Return, December 1813

Low Countries Monthly Return, January 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, February 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, March 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, April 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, May 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, June 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, July 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, August 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, September 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, October 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, November 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, December 1814

Low Countries Monthly Return, January 1815

Low Countries Monthly Return, February 1815

Low Countries Monthly Return, March 1815

Low Countries Monthly Return, April 1815

Low Countries Monthly Return, May 1815

Low Countries Monthly Return, June 1815

Low Countries Monthly Return, July 1815

Monthly total figures for this force can be found here:

Low Countries Monthly Totals

Also recorded are the total strengths of the Hanoverian forces in British pay, which can be found here:

Hanoverian Monthly Totals

 

Sources: The National Archives, WO17/1760, 1773

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: June - August 2013

 

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