Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

 

British Forces at Cadiz 1810-1814: Organisation, Strength, and Losses

By Andrew Bamford

Organisation in 1813

January

The first month of 1813 saw no organisational changes from the previous year, the units of the Cadiz command being distributed as follows:[1]

Commanding the Force: Major General George Cooke

Cadiz and Isla de Leon

2/59th (2nd Nottinghamshire)
Seven companies Battalion of Foreign Recruits|
Seven companies. Regiment de Watteville
Detachment Royal Artillery
Detachment Royal Artillery Drivers
Detachment Royal Engineers

Tariffa

Three companies Battalion of Foreign Recruits
Part Campbell’s Company, Royal Artillery
Detachment Royal Engineers

Carthagena

2/67th (South Hampshire)
Five companies Regiment de Watteville
Part of Campbell’s Company, Royal Artillery
Detachment Royal Engineers

Units strengths as of January 25th stood as follows:[2]

2/59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) (780/809)
2/67th (South Hampshire) (370/464)[3]
Regiment de Watteville (875/1452)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (338/452)
Royal Artillery (287/432)
Royal Artillery Drivers (85/88, with 101 horses)
Royal Engineers (84/112)
Total: 2819/3809, with 101 horses

February

No organisational changes, but a small detachment of the 2/67th, thirty-one rank and file, was at Cadiz.[4] Unit strengths as of February 25th were as follows:

2/59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) (775/813)
2/67th (South Hampshire) (424/510)[5]
Regiment de Watteville (892/1437)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (347/447)
Royal Artillery (283/430)
Royal Artillery Drivers (83/88, with 99 horses)
Royal Engineers (93/112)
Total: 2897/3837, with 99 horses

March

Early in March, the 29th (Worcestershire) joined the force, being stationed on the Isla de Leon.[6] The Regiment de Watteville was concentrated at Cadiz, in preparation for shipment to North America. With these changes, organisation therefore stood thus:

Commanding the Force: Major General George Cooke

Cadiz and Isla de Leon

29th (Worcestershire)
2/59th (2nd Nottinghamshire)
Seven companies Battalion of Foreign Recruits
Regiment de Watteville
Detachment Royal Artillery
Detachment Royal Artillery Drivers
Detachment Royal Engineers

Tariffa

Three companies Battalion of Foreign Recruits
Part Campbell’s Company, Royal Artillery
Detachment Royal Engineers

Carthagena

2/67th (South Hampshire)
Part Campbell’s Company, Royal Artillery
Detachment Royal Engineers

Unit strengths as of March 25th were as follows:[7]

29th (Worcestershire) (676/713)
2/59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) (782/813)
2/67th (South Hampshire) (424/524)[8]
Regiment de Watteville (1341/1430)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (337/445)
Royal Artillery (284/430)
Royal Artillery Drivers (79/88, with 98 horses)
Royal Engineers (93/112)
Total: 4017/4555, with 98 horses

April

The brief increase in force during March was deceptive, as the forces attached to the Cadiz command were in fact about to be reduced further. As noted above, the Regiment de Watteville left for Canada, but Cooke also lost the 2/59th, sent on to join Wellington now that the 29th could take its place at Cadiz, and the 2/67th from Carthagena to join Sir John Murray’s army operating on the Spanish mainland. This left the remaining, much reduced, forces distributed as follows:[9]

Commanding the Force: Major General George Cooke

Cadiz and Isla de Leon

29th (Worcestershire)
Nine companies Battalion of Foreign Recruits
Regiment de Watteville
Detachment Royal Artillery
Detachment Royal Artillery Drivers
Detachment Royal Engineers

Tariffa

One company Battalion of Foreign Recruits
Part Campbell’s Company, Royal Artillery
Carthagena
Part Campbell’s Company, Royal Artillery
Detachment Royal Engineers

Unit strengths as of April 25th were as follows:[10]

29th (Worcestershire) (676/711)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (575/679)
Royal Artillery (277/428)
Royal Artillery Drivers (79/87, with 102 horses)
Royal Engineers (44/59)
Total: 1561/1964, with 102 horses

May

No organisational changes. Unit strengths as of May 25th were as follows:[11]

29th (Worcestershire) (666/710)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (533/661)
Royal Artillery (275/429)
Royal Artillery Drivers (69/87, with 102 horses)
Royal Engineers (43/59)
Total: 1586/1946, with 102 horses

June

In this month, six companies of Dillon’s Regiment joined the Carthagena garrison, with a strength of 510 rank and file.[12] However, this unit did not form part of the Cadiz command as such, unlike the 2/67th, which had been included on the Cadiz monthly returns even when detached to Carthagena, albeit with strength data that was out of date or non-existent. On the other hand, Royal Artillery and Royal Engineer units detached from Cadiz to Carthagana continue to appear on Cadiz monthly returns. Unit strengths as of June 25th were as follows:[13]

29th (Worcestershire) (650/707)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (531/659)
Royal Artillery (271/422)
Royal Artillery Drivers (79/85, with 108 horses)
Royal Engineers (45/59)
Total: 1576/1932, with 108 horses

July

On July 2nd, Cooke left the Cadiz station and was replaced by Colonel the Hon. Thomas Edward Capell.[14] Other than this, there were no organisational changes.

Unit strengths as of July 25th were as follows:[15]

29th (Worcestershire) (640/705)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (512/657)
Royal Artillery (271/421)
Royal Artillery Drivers (80/85, with 108 horses)
Royal Engineers (44/59)
Total: 1547/1927, with 108 horses

August

No organisational changes. Unit strengths as of August 25th were as follows:[16]

29th (Worcestershire) (647/700)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (514/652)
Royal Artillery (271/419)
Royal Artillery Drivers (77/85, with 112 horses)
Royal Engineers (43/59)
Total: 1552/1915, with 112 horses

September

No organisational changes. Unit strengths as of September 25th were as follows:[17]

29th (Worcestershire) (636/696)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (502/647)
Royal Artillery (264/417)
Royal Artillery Drivers (76/85, with 111 horses)
Royal Engineers (43/59)
Total: 1521/1904, with 111 horses

October

No organisational changes. Unit strengths as of October 25th were as follows:[18]

29th (Worcestershire) (653/693)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (326/615)
Royal Artillery (249/411)
Royal Artillery Drivers (80/85, with 112 horses)
Royal Engineers (44/59)
Total: 1452/1863, with 112 horses

November

No organisational changes. Unit strengths as of November 25th were as follows:[19]

29th (Worcestershire) (645/690)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (469/605)
Royal Artillery (265/408)
Royal Artillery Drivers (81/85, with 108 horses)
Royal Engineers (46/59)
Total: 1506/1847, with 108 horses

December

No organisational changes. Unit strengths as of December 25th were as follows:[20]

29th (Worcestershire) (652/690)
Battalion of Foreign Recruits (472/604)
Royal Artillery (263/407)
Royal Artillery Drivers (62/85, with 108 horses)
Royal Engineers (45/58)
Total: 1494/1844, with 108 horses

Notes:

[1] Allocation of January 25th 1813 in TNA, WO1/266, p.13.

[2] TNA, WO17/1488.

[3] Data from battalion monthly return in TNA, WO17/264.

[4] Allocation of February 25th 1813 in TNA, WO1/266, p.21.

[5] Data from battalion monthly return in TNA, WO17/264.

[6] Allocation of March 25th 1813 in TNA, WO1/266, p.33. 7>

[7] TNA, WO17/1488.

[8] Data from battalion monthly return in TNA, WO17/264.

[9] Allocation of April 25th 1813 in TNA, WO1/266, p.45.

[10] TNA, WO17/1488.

[11] TNA, WO17/1488.

[12] Allocation of June 25th 1813 in TNA, WO1/266, p.73.

[13] TNA, WO17/1488.

[14] Capel to Bathurst, July 2nd 1813, in TNA, WO1/266, pp.69-70

[15] TNA, WO17/1488.

[16] TNA, WO17/1488.

[17] TNA, WO17/1488.

[18] TNA, WO17/1488.

[19] TNA, WO17/1488.

[20] TNA, WO17/1488.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: October 2009

 

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