Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

The Expansion of the British Army 1793-1800: Second Battalions

By Steve Brown

The following table shows second (and higher numbered) battalions raised after the declaration of War with France in the period 1793-1800. Note that few of them survived far beyond the cessation of hostilities at the end of 1801; many were subsequently re-raised after the great invasion scare of 1804/5.

Regiment

Date Raised

Where Raised

Commanding Officer

Date Disbanded

2/2nd (or The Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot

25 Dec 1794

Dover

Lt Col Lord Dalhousie

Oct 1797

2/78th (Seaforth Highland, or Ross-Shire Buffs) Regiment of Foot

10 Feb 1794

Fort George

Lt Col Alexander Mackenzie

1796

2/82nd Regiment of Foot

12 Mar 1794

Jersey

Lt Col William Dundas

Dec 1795

2/84th Regiment of Foot

12 Mar 1794

Hull

Lt Col John Murray

Feb 1796

2/90th Regiment of Foot

28 Aug 1794

Perthshire

Lt Col Peter Heron

Dec 1795

2/7th Regiment of Foot (or Royal Fuzileers)

8 Apr 1795

Halifax, Nova Scotia

Lt Col Anthony Layard

Apr 1796

2/25th (or the Sussex) Regiment of Foot  

5 Apr 1795

Plymouth

Lt Col William St Clair

Jul 1796

2/29th (or the Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot

24 Feb 1795

Jersey

Lt Col Hugh Dickson

Oct 1802

2/69th (or the South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot

May 1795

Hilsea

Lt Col Archibald Campbell

1796

2/48th (or the Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot   

1796

?

Lt Col Archibald Campbell

Sep 1802

5/60th (or Royal American) Regiment of Foot

12 Jan 1798

Cowes

Lt Col Baron von Rottenbourg

1819

2/4th (or the King’s Own) Regiment of Foot  *

5 Aug 1799

Barham Downs

Lt Col Thomas Cholmondeley

Oct 1802

3/4th (or the King’s Own) Regiment of Foot *

Oct 1799

Barham Downs

Lt Col William Dickson

May 1802

2/5th (or the Northumberland) Regiment of Foot

5 Aug 1799

Barham Downs

Lt Col Hon. Edward Bligh

1803

2/9th (or the East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot *

Aug 1799

Gloucester

Lt Col Gideon Shairpe

Oct 1802

3/9th (or the East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot *

Oct 1799

Gloucester

Lt Col John Crewe

Jul 1802

2/15th (or the Yorkshire East Riding) Regiment of Foot *

25 Nov 1799

Sunderland

Lt Col Charles Lord Sinclair

Jun 1802

2/17th (or the Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot *

5 Aug 1799

Deptford

Lt Col Francis W Farquhar

Aug 1802

2/20th (or the East Devonshire) Regiment of Foot *

5 Aug 1799

Barham Downs

Lt Col George Smith

Sep 1802

2/35th (or the Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot

6 Aug 1799

Barham Downs

Lt Col Archibald Macalister

Sep 1802

2/40th (or the 2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot *

5 Aug 1799

Taunton

Lt Col Gore Browne

Jul 1802

2/52nd (or the Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot *

24 Dec 1799

Ashford

Lt Col Henry Conran

Feb 1802

6/60th (or Royal American) Regiment of Foot

30 Jul 1799

Cowes

Lt Col Lachlan MacLean

1818

2/62nd (or the Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot *

25 Dec 1799

Cornwall

Lt Col Joseph Baird

1802

2/27th (or Enniskillen) Regiment of Foot

16 May 1800

Dover

Lt Col Henry Cuyler

Nov 1802

2/46th (or the South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot

24 Apr 1800

Cork

Lt Col Croston Vandeleur

Jul 1802

2/54th (or the West Norfolk) Regiment of Foot

1800

Ireland

Lt Col Christopher Darby

1802

2/68th (or the Durham) Regiment of Foot

1 Mar 1800

Ireland

Lt Col John Simon Farley

Sep 1802

2/85th Regiment of Foot

15 Mar 1800

Colchester

Lt Col William Douglas

1802

* indicates a battalion raised under the Limited Services Act.

Militia Volunteers in 1799

Note that most second battalions raised from 1793 to 1795 had been disbanded by 1799; however a rapid increase in second battalions was possible in the second half of 1799 by volunteering from the militia. The effective force added to the regular infantry regiments in Britain in the period July to November 1799 was as follows;

Regiment

# of Militia Volunteers

Outcome

Royal Artillery

344

Recruited up to strength

1st Regiment of Foot Guards

454

Recruited up to strength

Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards

557

Recruited up to strength

3rd Regiment of Foot Guards

290

Recruited up to strength

4th (or the King’s Own) Regiment of Foot 

3,034

Formed 2nd and 3rd battalions; all three went to Helder

5th (or the Northumberland) Regiment of Foot

1,268

Formed 2nd battalion; both went to Helder

9th (or the East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot

2,695

Formed 2nd and 3rd battalions; 1st and 2nd went to Helder

15th (or the Yorkshire East Riding) Regiment of Foot

1,548

Formed 2nd battalion

16th (or the Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot

761

Recruited up to strength

17th (or the Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot

1,538

Formed 2nd battalion; both went to Helder

20th (or the East Devonshire) Regiment of Foot

1,647

Formed 2nd battalion; both went to Helder

31st (or the Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot

955

Recruited up to strength; went to Helder

35th (or the Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot

1,764

Formed 2nd battalion; both went to Helder

36th (or the Herefordshire) Regiment of Foot

769

Recruited up to strength

40th (or the 2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot

1,504

Formed 2nd battalion; both went to Helder

46th (or the South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot

694

Formed 2nd battalion

52nd (or the Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot

1,861

Formed 2nd battalion

56th (or the West Essex) Regiment of Foot

774

Recruited up to strength

62nd (or the Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot

1,043

Formed 2nd battalion

63rd (or the West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot

755

Recruited up to strength; went to Helder

82nd Regiment of Foot

702

Recruited up to strength

TOTAL

24,957

 

Regiments stationed in Ireland had received a similar benefit earlier in the year, through volunteering from the Irish Militia.

Regiment

# of Militia Volunteers

Outcome

1/1st (or the Royal) Regiment of Foot

776

Recruited up to strength

13th (or 1st Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot

625

Recruited up to strength

54th (or the West Norfolk) Regiment of Foot

895

Formed 2nd battalion

64th (or the 2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot)

851

Recruited up to strength

68th (or the Durham) Regiment of Foot

2,246

Formed 2nd battalion

TOTAL

5,393

 

All five regiments had been particularly weak before the receipt of volunteers. The 1st Royals had been strongest at 471 men, the 68th the weakest at 199 men.

Sources:

Army Lists 1793-1800.

Various Regimental histories.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: April 2014

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