Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

 

British Regiments in the Peninsular War 1808-1814

By Ron McGuigan

The Peninsular War involved many of Britain's regiments. These regiments earned Battle Honours which are commemorated to this day. However, due to the many reorganizations which occurred in the British Army since that time, it may be difficult to recognize the lineage of the regiments which exist today. This article is a short guide to the regiments which served during The Peninsular War 1808-1814 and their modern titles.

During the war, many regiments raised extra battalions which represented their regiment in the Peninsula. At the peace in 1814, the government began to disband these war-raised battalions.  The parent regiment was sometimes granted, or in other cases just assumed, the Battle Honours earned by their disbanded battalion(s). By 1819, all of the war-raised battalions were gone and the total of numbered line regiments had been reduced to 93. Only the Foot Guards, 1st Regiment, 60th Regiment and the Rifle Brigade had more than one battalion. Most of the Foreign, Colonial and other Corps were also disbanded.  The line cavalry regiments were similarly reduced to 16 regiments by 1821 (the Household Cavalry and Dragoon Guards were not affected).

In 1823 and 1824, the British army raised six new regiments, numbered 94 to 99. Although some officers were brought in from half-pay of the previously disbanded regiments, these regiments had no connection with the Peninsular Regiments of the same numbers; however,  the 94th and 96th, were awarded the Battle Honours of the Peninsular War. The 94th received those of the disbanded 94th and the 96th received those of the old 97th Regiment which had been renumbered the 96th in 1816 and then disbanded. A number of Royal Veteran Battalions were raised in 1819 and although some half-pay officers of the old 4th Battalion were appointed, the 4th Royal Veteran Battalion of 1819-1821 had no real connection with the Peninsular War Battalion.

The next major expansion of the army occurred in 1857-1858 and saw second battalions raised for the 2nd Regiment to 25th Regiment with the 60th Regiment and Rifle Brigade adding their 4th Battalions (having raised their 3rd Battalions in 1855) and the 100th Regiment raised and awarded the Battle Honours of the disbanded 100th Regiment. None of these battalions had any connection with the Peninsular War battalions. The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers were raised and awarded the Battle Honours of the old 5th (Royal Irish) Dragoons which had been disbanded in 1799 and the 18th Hussars were raised and awarded the Battle Honours of the 18th Light Dragoons of the Peninsular War.

In 1862, the European Regiments of the Honourable East India Company's army were taken on the strength of the British Army and numbered 101 to 109. None of these regiments were awarded earlier Battle Honours which had been granted to the previously disbanded British regiments of the Napoleonic Wars. The cavalry added the European Cavalry Regiments of the Honourable East India Company's army and numbered them 19 to 21.  Both the 19th Hussars and the 20th Hussars were granted the Battle Honours of the 19th Light Dragoons and the 20th Light Dragoons of the Peninsular War.

The next reorganization of the British Army resulted in a major change in the identity of the British Regiments. This was the Cardwell reform of 1881, in which the total number of regiments was reduced by amalgamating many of the existing 109 numbered regiments into regiments of two battalions. The regiments were no longer to be known by a number, but, by a Regimental Title. The first 25 regiments already had two battalions and so were not affected by the new amalgamations. The remaining  regiments were amalgamated to form two battalion regiments (except the 60th, 79th and Rifle Brigade). Many received new Regimental Titles.

No new regular regiments were raised; however, some regiments raised extra battalions which were disbanded before World War I.  Post-World War I, the number of cavalry regiments was reduced as a number of regiments were amalgamated. The creation of the Irish Free State in 1922 led to further reductions in the infantry as two old regiments disappeared (18th & 88th Regiments along with the re-raised 94th & 100th Regiments and the former HEIC European Regiments of the 101st, 102nd, 103rd, 104th & 109th Regiments).

During World War II the cavalry arm was increased with the raising of the 22nd Dragoons, 23rd Hussars, 24th Lancers, 25th Dragoons, 26th Hussars and 27th Lancers 1940/1941. They were all reduced in 1948.  After World War II, most regiments saw their 2nd Battalions amalgamated with their 1st Battalions by 1948 and they became single battalion regiments once again.

The next major reorganization occurred in 1951, when the infantry regiments were grouped in 15 named brigades (the Brigade of Guards already existed). From these brigades, came the concept of the large regiment and a number of the brigades were converted with the component regiments becoming battalions of the new large regiments. These large regiments received new titles. This concept continues to today.

Since the formation of the large regiments began, a number of their battalions have also been disbanded over the years; however, the original regiments can be considered to be perpetuated in the existing large regiments. 

All of these reductions and amalgamations of battalions and regiments which occurred after World War I, World War II and in the subsequent  years resulted in so many title changes that  many of today's titles have little or no resemblance to the names of the regiments which fought in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.

For those who wish to further research into this subject, I recommend the following (as well as those listed as Sources): Battle Honours of the British and Commonwealth Armies by Anthony Baker, Ian Allan Ltd, London 1986, and A Register of the Regiments and Corps of the British Army by Arthur Swinson,  The Archive Press, London 1972. Visit the Official British Army website at www.army.mod.uk.  For a listing of the regimental histories see A Bibliography of Regimental Histories of the British Army by Arthur S. White, Society for Army Historical Research, 1965.

The list below details the Peninsular Battalion and title of the regiment in 1808-1814, 1914 and the modern day title. The Peninsular Army included Wellington's main army, as well as, the forces at Cadiz, at Cartagena and, late in the war, on the East Coast of Spain. It did not include the forces at Gibraltar or in the Mediterranean proper and these regiments are not recorded.

Cavalry

1st Life Guards
1914:   The 1st Life Guards
Today: Life Guards/Household Cavalry Regiment

2nd Life Guards
1914:   The 2nd Life Guards
Today: Life Guards/Household Cavalry Regiment

Royal Regiment of Horse Guards     
1914:   The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues)
Today: The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons)/Household Cavalry Regiment

3rd (or the Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Dragoon Guards       
1914:   The 3rd (Prince of Wales's) Dragoon Guards
Today:  The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys)

4th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Dragoon Guards
1914:   The 4th (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards
Today: The Royal Dragoon Guards

5th (or Princess Charlotte of Wales's) Regiment of Dragoon Guards  
1914:   The 5th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) Dragoon Guards
Today: The Royal Dragoon Guards

1st (or Royal) Regiment of Dragoons       
1914:   The 1st (Royal) Dragoons
Today: The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons)/Household Cavalry Regiment

3rd (or the King's own) Regiment of Dragoons 
1914:   The 3rd (King's Own) Hussars
Today: The Queen's Royal Hussars    

4th (or the Queen's own) Regiment of Dragoons        
1914:   4th (The Queen's Own) Hussars
Today: The Queen's Royal Hussars

7th (or the Queen's own) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Hussars)
1914:   The 7th (Queen's Own) Hussars
Today: The Queen's Royal Hussars

9th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons   
1914:   The 9th (Queen's Royal) Lancers
Today: 9th/12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales')

10th (or the Prince of Wales's Own Royal) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Hussars)       
1914:   The 10th (Prince of Wales's Own Royal) Hussars
Today: The King's Royal Hussars

11th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons    
1914:   The 11th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussars
Today: The King's Royal Hussars

12th (or the Prince of Wales's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons       
1914:   The 12th (Prince of Wales's Royal) Lancers
Today: 9th/12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales')

13th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons    
1914:   The 13th Hussars
Today: The Light Dragoons

14th (or the Duchess of York's own) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons       
1914:   The 14th (King's) Hussars
Today: The King's Royal Hussars

15th (or the King's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Hussars)        
1914:   The 15th (The King's) Hussars
Today: The Light Dragoons

16th (or the Queen's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons 
1914:   The 16th (The Queen's) Lancers
Today: The Queen's Royal Lancers

18th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Hussars)  
1821: disbanded

20th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons 
1819: disbanded

23rd Regiment of (Light) Dragoons    
1817: disbanded

Infantry

1st Regiment of Foot Guards
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion
3rd Battalion  
1914: Grenadier Guards
Today: Grenadier Guards

Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion
1914:  Coldstream Guards
Today: Coldstream Guards

3rd Regiment of Foot Guards
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion
1914: Scots Guards
Today: Scots Guards

1st (or the Royal Scots) Regiment of Foot
3rd Battalion: disbanded
1914: The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
Today: The Royal Regiment of Scotland

2nd (or the Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot   
1914: The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)
Today: The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment

3rd (or East Kent) Regiment of Foot, or the Buffs
1st Battalion
1914: The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
Today: The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment  

4th (or the King's own) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment)
Today: The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

5th (or the Northumberland) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   The Northumberland Fusiliers
Today: The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

6th (or 1st Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
1914: The Royal Warwickshire Regiment
Today: The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

7th Regiment of Foot (or Royal Fuzileers)
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)
Today: The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

9th (or the East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914: The Norfolk Regiment
Today: The Royal Anglian Regiment

10th (or the North Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   The Lincolnshire Regiment  
Today: The Royal Anglian Regiment

11th (or the North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914: The Devonshire Regiment
Today: The Rifles

14th (or the Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   The Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment)
Today: The Yorkshire Regiment

20th (or the East Devonshire) Regiment of Foot  
1914:   The Lancashire Fusiliers
Today: The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

21st Regiment of Foot (or Royal North British Fuzileers)
1st Battalion
1914: The Royal Scots Fusiliers
Today: The Royal Regiment of Scotland

23rd Regiment of Foot (or Royal Welch Fuzileers)       
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   The Royal Welsh Fusiliers
Today: The Royal Welsh

24th (or the 2nd Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot     
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914: The South Wales Borderers
Today: The Royal Welsh

26th (or Cameronian) Regiment of Foot   
1st Battalion
1914: 1st Battalion, The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
1968: disbanded

27th (or Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded      
3rd Battalion: disbanded
1914: 1st Battalion, The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers
Today: The Royal Irish Regiment

28th (or the North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot  
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914: 1st Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment
Today: The Rifles

29th (or the Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot       
1914: 1st Battalion, The Worcestershire Regiment
Today: The Mercian Regiment

30th (or the Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The East Lancashire Regiment
Today: The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

31st (or the Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot  
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The East Surrey Regiment
Today: The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment

32nd (or the Cornwall) Regiment of Foot    
1st Battalion
1914:   1st Battalion, The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
Today: The Rifles

34th (or the Cumberland) Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The Border Regiment
Today: The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

36th (or the Herefordshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Worcestershire Regiment 
Today: The Mercian Regiment

37th (or the North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
1914:   1st Battalion, The Hampshire Regiment
Today: The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment

38th (or the 1st Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot  
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The South Staffordshire Regiment 
Today: The Mercian Regiment

39th (or the Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The Dorsetshire Regiment 
Today: The Rifles

40th (or the 2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
1914:   1st Battalion, The Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment) 
Today: The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

42nd (or the Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot   
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)
Today: The Royal Regiment of Scotland

43rd (or the Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
Today: The Rifles

44th (or the East Essex) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion  
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The Essex Regiment
Today: The Royal Anglian Regiment

45th (or the Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot  
1st Battalion
1914:   1st Battalion, The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment)
Today: The Mercian Regiment

47th (or the Lancashire) Regiment of Foot  
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 
Today: The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

48th (or the Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot        
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The Northamptonshire Regiment 
Today: The Royal Anglian Regiment

50th (or the West Kent) Regiment of Foot   
1st Battalion
1914:   1st Battalion, The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) 
Today: The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment

51st (or the 2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)   
1914:   1st Battalion, The King's Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry)
Today: The Rifles

52nd (or the Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded      
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
Today: The Rifles

53rd (or the Shropshire) Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The King's (Shropshire Light Infantry) 
Today: The Rifles

57th (or the West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
1914:   1st Battalion, The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex regiment)
Today: The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment

58th (or the Rutlandshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Northamptonshire Regiment 
Today: The Royal Anglian Regiment

59th (or the 2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion: disbanded      
1914:   2nd Battalion, The East Lancashire Regiment  
Today: The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

60th (or Royal American) Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion
5th Battalion: disbanded
8th Battalion: disbanded       
1914: 1st Battalion, The King's Royal Rifle Corps 
Today: The Rifles

61st (or the South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment   
Today: The Rifles

62nd (or the Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment)
Today: The Rifles

66th (or the Berkshire) Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion; disbanded
1914:   2nd Battalion, Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment)  
Today: The Rifles

67th (or the South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion disbanded
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Hampshire Regiment 
Today: The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment  

68th (or the Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)
1914:   1st Battalion, The Durham Light Infantry
Today: The Rifles

71st (Highland) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)
1st Battalion
1914:   1st Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry
Today: The Royal Regiment of Scotland

74th (Highland) Regiment of Foot      
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry 
Today: The Royal Regiment of Scotland

75th (Highland) Regiment of Foot      
1914:   1st Battalion, The Gordon Highlanders 
Today: The Royal Regiment of Scotland

76th Regiment of Foot
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment) 
Today: The Yorkshire Regiment

77th (or the East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot    
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment) 
Today: The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment  

79th Regiment of Foot (or Cameron Highlanders)        
1st Battalion
1914:   1st Battalion, The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Today: The Royal Regiment of Scotland

81st Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 
Today: The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

82nd Regiment of Foot (or Prince of Wales's Volunteers)
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded      
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment) 
Today: The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

83rd Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, The Royal Irish Rifles
Today: The Royal Irish Regiment

84th (York and Lancaster) Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   2nd Battalion, The York and Lancaster Regiment 
1968: disbanded

85th Regiment of Foot (or Bucks Volunteers) (Light Infantry)   
1914:   2nd Battalion, The King's (Shropshire Light Infantry) 
Today: The Rifles

87th (or the Prince of Wales's own Irish) Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion: disbanded
1914:   1st Battalion, Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers) 
Today: The Royal Irish Regiment

88th Regiment of Foot (or Connaught Rangers)
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion: disbanded      
1914:   1st Battalion, The Connaught Rangers
1922: disbanded

91st Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion  
1914:   1st Battalion, Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) 
Today: The Royal Regiment of Scotland

92nd Regiment of Foot   
1st Battalion
1914:   2nd Battalion, The Gordon Highlanders 
Today: The Royal Regiment of Scotland

94th Regiment of Foot
1818: disbanded

95th Regiment of Foot (Riflemen)
1st Battalion  
2nd Battalion
3rd Battalion: disbanded
1816: taken out of the line and designated The Rifle Brigade
1914:   The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own)
Today: The Rifles

97th (or the Queen's own) Regiment of Foot        
1816: renumbered 96th Foot (or the Queen's own) Regiment of Foot
1818: disbanded

These were all disbanded by 1816:

4th Royal Veteran Battalion    
13th Royal Veteran Battalion
1st Provisional Battalion of Militia
2nd Provisional Battalion of Militia
3rd Provisional Battalion of Militia
1st Royal Marine Battalion
2nd Royal Marine Battalion

Foreign Corps

There were also a number of Foreign Units in British Service serving in the Peninsula.  They were all disbanded by early 1816.  The designation of the Dragoons of  The King's German Legion changed during the war to Light Dragoons and that of the Light Dragoons to Hussars.

1st Regiment of Light Dragoons, The King's German Legion     
2nd Regiment of Light Dragoons, The King's German Legion       
1st Regiment of Hussars, The King's German Legion
2nd Regiment of Hussars, The King's German Legion  
3rd Regiment of Hussars, The King's German Legion   
1st Battalion Light Infantry, The King's German Legion       
2nd Battalion Light Infantry, The King's German Legion   
1st Battalion of the Line, The King's German Legion
2nd Battalion of the Line, The King's German Legion  
3rd Battalion of the Line, The King's German Legion   
4th Battalion of the Line, The King's German Legion   
5th Battalion of the Line, The King's German Legion   
6th Battalion of the Line, The King's German Legion   
7th Battalion of the Line, The King's German Legion        
8th Battalion of the Line, The King's German Legion        
Garrison Company, The King's German Legion
Troop of Foreign Hussars
The Battalion of German/Foreign Deserters, 1811-1813 [see 8th Battalion, 60th Regiment]
Duke of Brunswick-Oels's Light Infantry
Duke of Brunswick-Oels's Hussars      
de Roll's Regiment
de Watteville's Regiment        
Dillon's Regiment
Chasseurs Britanniques
1st Battalion, Anglo-Italian Levy
2nd Battalion, Anglo-Italian Levy
Calabrian Free Corps

Royal Artillery Units

During the war, the companies were organized in battalions and were known by the name of their commander within the battalion. The Horse Artillery was organized as a Horse Brigade and Troops were designated by a letter, but were usually known by the name of their commander as well. Each Company and Troop had two captains, one the actual commander and the other referred to as the 2nd captain. It is difficult to trace the batteries during the war because they were recorded in the dispatches, etc. by the name of the commander at the time, which in many cases was the 2nd captain. I have identified those that served in the Peninsular Army marked as [*], at Cadiz as [+], and on the East Coast of Spain as [#].

For those who wish to research the batteries, I recommend, Major Francis Duncan’s History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery and The Dickson Manuscripts: Series C 1809-1818, by Major John Leslie, R.A. Institute Woolwich 1905.

The Royal Artillery did not avoid the reductions at the war's end. Of the 28 Companies of Foot Artillery, 7 Troops and a detachment from one Rocket Troop of Royal Horse Artillery which served in the Peninsula, seven Companies and two Troops were disbanded by 1819. Overall the artillery was reduced to 9 Battalions of 8 companies each from 10 Battalions of  10 companies each and an  Invalid Battalion and the Horse Artillery was reduced from 12 Troops and 2 Rocket Troops to 6 Troops and a Rocket Troop.
The companies were first numbered within the battalion in January 1825 and they can be traced by their company number from that date on.  The company numbers used by Duncan, in his history, are not to be completely  relied upon. In some cases they were arbitrarily assigned by him.

Between 1846 and 1848 the tenth, eleventh and twelfth battalions were raised. The next major expansion of the artillery occurred at the time of the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny [1854-1857] when the total number of battalions was raised to fourteen and the Troops to ten.

In 1859 the battalion system was abolished and the companies were reorganized as batteries within brigades.  In 1862 the artillery of the Honourable East India Company was taken on the strength of the army and between 1870 and 1879 further reorganizations took place.

In 1882 the artillery was divided into Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery and a separate Royal Garrison  Artillery with troops, batteries and companies assigned to each branch. By 1899, the batteries of  the Field Artillery were numbered consecutively and in 1902 the companies of the Royal Garrison Artillery were numbered consecutively. In 1924 they were reunited into a single corps of Royal Artillery again with the Royal Horse Artillery retaining a separate identity.

Between  1901 and 1903 the Army issued orders that formerly disbanded  companies and troops were to be considered as being reformed by units raised in later years and to perpetuate their battle honours.  As the lineage was not clear even then, I have not attempted to show the linkage as there is no real connection between them and the Peninsular artillery.

In 1947, all Royal Artillery units [except the Royal Horse Artillery] were numbered on a single roll, thus eliminating any duplicate numbers [e.g. 5 Field Battery, 5 Heavy Battery and 5 Coastal Battery].  It is difficult in this short work to trace the lineage through all of the changes and J. M. B. Frederick's two volume work is recommended. [see sources]

The list below details the Peninsular Troops and Companies and their titles for 1808-1814,  1825, 1914 and their modern day titles.

A Troop, Royal Horse Artillery* [H. Ross's]
1914: A Battery, Royal Horse Artillery
Today: A Battery (The Chestnut Troop), 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery

B Troop, Royal Horse Artillery* [T. Downman's]
1819: reduced as N. Oliver's B Troop

C Troop, Royal Horse Artillery* [H. Evelegh's]
1914: C Battery, Royal Horse Artillery
Today: C Battery, 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery

D Troop, Royal Horse Artillery* [G. Lefebure's/G. Bean's]
1816: reduced as A. C. Mercer's D Troop

E Troop, Royal Horse Artillery* [R. Macdonald's/R. Gardiner's]
1816: D Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
1914: E Battery, Royal Horse Artillery
Today: E Battery, 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery

F Troop, Royal Horse Artillery* [J. W. Smith's]
1816: E Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
1914: D Battery, Royal Horse Artillery
Today: D Battery, 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery

I Troop, Royal Horse Artillery* [R. Bull's]
1816: H Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
1914: I Battery, Royal Horse Artillery
Today: I Parachute Battery (Bull's Troop), 7th Parachute Regiment Royal Horse Artillery

1st Rocket Troop, Royal Horse Artillery* [H. Lane’s]
1816: The Rocket Troop
1847: I Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
1914: O Battery, Royal Horse Artillery
Today: O Headquarters Battery (The Rocket Troop), 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery

J. May's Company, 1 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 2 Coy, 1 Battalion
1914: 2 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery
Today: 12 (Minden) Battery, 12th Regiment Royal Artillery

P. Campbell's Company, 2 Battalion Royal Artillery+#
1825: 2 Coy, 2 Battalion
1914: 62 Coy, Royal Garrison Artillery
Today: 21 (Gibraltar 1779-1783) Air Assault Battery, 47th Regiment Royal Artillery

A. Campbell's Company, 3 Battalion Royal Artillery*#
1825: 1 Coy, 3 Battalion
1914: 12 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery
Today: 8 (Alma) Commando Battery, 29th Commando Regiment Royal Artillery

P. Drummond's Company, 3 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 4 Coy, 3 Battalion
1914: 101 Coy, Royal Garrison Artillery
Today: 32 (Minden) Battery, 16th Regiment Royal Artillery

G. Bean's/T. Hutchesson's Company, 3 Battalion  Royal Artillery*
1825: 5  Coy, 3 Battalion
1914: 13 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery
Today: 28/143 Battery (Tombs's Troop), 19th Regiment Royal Artillery

R. Truscott's Company, 3 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 6 Coy, 3 Battalion
1914: 3 Mountain Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery
Today: 3/29 (Corunna) Battery, 4th Regiment Royal Artillery

E. Wilmot's Company, 3 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 8 Coy, 3 Battalion
1914: 14 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery
Today: 17 (Corunna) Battery, 26th Regiment Royal Artillery 

J. Hawker's/S. Maxwell's Company, 4 Battalion  Royal Artillery*
1825: 1 Coy, 4 Battalion
1914: 72 Coy, Royal Garrison Artillery
1920: as 156 Battery was absorbed by another battery

G. Skyring's/W. Morrison's Company, 4 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 6 Coy, 4 Battalion
1914: 51 Coy, Royal Garrison Artillery
Today: 44 (Junior Leader) Battery [suspended animation 1972]

H. Geary's/R.Carthew's/R. Lacy's Company, 5 Battalion Royal Artillery*#
1825: 4 Coy, 5 Battalion
1914: 35 Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery
Today: 72  Training Battery [suspended animation 1961]

F. Glubb's/H. Trelawney's Company, 5 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 8 Coy, 5 Battalion
1914: 48 Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery
Today: 77 (Junior Leader) Battery [suspended animation 1969]

H. Owen's Company, 5 Battalion Royal Artillery+*
1819: Disbanded as S. Rawlinson's Company, 5 Battalion

G. Crawford's Company, 6 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 2 Coy, 6 Battalion
1914: 40 Coy, Royal Garrison Artillery
Today: 60 Heavy Air Defence Battery [suspended animation 1968]

H. Holcombe's Company, 6 Battalion Royal Artillery*#
1825: 3 Coy, 6 Battalion
1914: 102 Coy, Royal Garrison Artillery
1945: Disbanded as 20 (Coast) Battery after being lost at Hong Kong 1942.

R. Thornhill's Company, 7 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 2 Coy, 7 Battalion
1871: Disbanded as 1 Battery, 3 Brigade

A. Wall's Company, 7 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 4 Coy, 7 Battalion
1914: 9 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery
Today: 24 (Irish) Battery, 14th Regiment Royal Artillery

C. Sillery's/G. Thomson's Company, 7 Battalion  Royal Artillery*#
1825: 6 Coy, 7 Battalion
1914: 18 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery
Today: 46 (Talavera) Headquarters Battery, 32nd Regiment Royal Artillery

A. Bredin's Company, 8 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 1 Coy, 8 Battalion
1914: 37 Field Battery, Royal Field Battery
Today: 93 (Le Cateau) Battery [suspended animation 1984]

J. Williamson's Company, 8 Battalion Royal Artillery#
1825: 6 Coy, 8 Battalion
1914: 40 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery
Today: 96 (Parachute) Light Battery [suspended animation 1958]

R. Lawson's Company, 8 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 7 Coy, 8 Battalion
1914: 87 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery
Today: 97 (Lawson's Company) Battery, 4th Regiment Royal Artillery

R. Raynsford's/R. Gardiner's/S. du Bourdier's/L. Carmichael's Company, 8 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1819: Disbanded as C. Sandham's Company, 8 Battalion

P. Meadow's/J. Eligé's/T. Brandreth's Company, 8 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1819: Disbanded as T. Brandreth's Company, 8 Battalion

H. Stone's/J. Michell's Company, 9 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 5 Coy, 9 Battalion
1906: Disbanded as 92 Coy, Royal Garrison Artillery  

R. Douglas 's Company, 9 Battalion Royal Artillery*
1825: 8 Coy, 9 Battalion
1914: 45 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery
Today: 108 Heavy Anti-Aircraft Battery [suspended animation 1962]

P. Hughes's Company, 9 Battalion Royal Artillery+
1819: Disbanded as P. Hughes's Company, 9 Battalion

A. Dickson's Company, 10 Battalion Royal Artillery+*
1817: Disbanded as A. Bredin's Company, 10 Battalion

W. Shenley's/J. Chester 's Company, 10 Battalion Royal Artillery+
1818: Disbanded as late J. Chester's Company, 10 Battalion

W. Roberts's Company, 10 Battalion Royal Artillery+
1817: Disbanded as W. Roberts's Company, 10 Battalion

The following three companies of the King's German Legion Artillery were disbanded by 1816:

1 Company [G. Gesenius/C. von Rettberg]
2 Company [A. Tieling/C. von Rettberg/A. Cleeves]
4 Company [A. Cleeves/A. Sympher]

SOURCES:

Barnes, Major R. Money, A History of the Regiments and Uniforms of the British Army, Sphere Books Limited London  1972
Chichester, Henry Manners and Burges-Short, George, The Records and Badges of the British Army, Frederick Muller Ltd. London 1970
Duncan, Major Francis, History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, Third Edition, 2 volumes, John Murray London 1879
Fortescue, J. W., A History of the British Army, Macmillan and Company, Volumes VI to X 1912-1920.
Frederick, J. M. B., Lineage Book of the British Army, Hope Farm Press Cornwallville NY 1968
Glover, Michael, The Peninsular War 1808-1814, David & Charles London 1974.
Great Britain. War Office,  Army Lists, C. Roworth London for various years.
Laws, Lt-Col. M. E. S., Battery Records of the Royal Artillery,  Royal Artillery Institute, Woolwich 1952.  
Leslie, Major John (Ed.), The Dickson Manuscript: Series C 1809-1818,  R. A. Institute Woolwich 1905.
Leslie, Major John H., The Services of the Royal Regiment of Artillery in the Peninsular War 1808-1814, Hugh Rees Ltd. London 1908.
Leslie, N. B., The Battle Honours of the British and Indian Armies 1695-1914, Leo Cooper, London 1970.
Oman, Sir Charles, Wellington's Army 1808-1814, Greenhill Books London 1986.
Reid, Stuart, Wellington's Army in the Peninsula 1809-14, Battle Orders Series, Osprey Publishing Ltd. Oxford 2004
Wellington, 1st Duke of, General Orders, Portugal, Spain & France, 1809-1814, T. Egerton 1810-1815.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: January 2009

 

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