Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

 

Where Have All the Regiments Gone? The Modern Descendants of the Regiments of the 1815 British Army: 61st to 104th Foot

Compiled by Donald E. Graves

Continuing our examination of the lineage of the 1815 British army after the major 2006/2007 re-organization, we can safely say, I think, that the heritage of the 61st, 62nd 63rd  , 64th, 66th, 67th, 69th, 70th, 71st, 72nd, 73rd, 74th, 75th, 76th, 77th, 78th, 79th, 80th, 81st, 82nd, 83rd, 86th, 87th, 89th, 91st, 92nd  and 93rd Regiments of Foot remains clear. It is sad, however, to note the passing of the many fine Highland regiments in the army, they now constitute only three battalions in the new Royal Regiment of Scotland.

The 65th and 84th ended up as part of the York and Lancaster Regiment which opted to disband in 1968 rather than go through an amalgamation as did the 90th which became part of The Cameronians. The immortal 88th Foot of the Peninsular army and the 94th disbanded as The Connaught Rangers when the Irish Free State or Eire was created in 1922. Interestingly enough, however, other Irish regiments such as the 86th and 89th have their descent traced through The Royal Irish Regiment.

As explained in the previous part of this series, the lineage affiliations of 2nd through 5th Battalions, The Rifles, are not clear at this point so I have given choices of either the 2nd or 4th Battalions for those that came from the Royal Greenjackets and 3rd or 5th Battalions for those that came from The Light Infantry. This refers to 68th, 85th and 95th Foot. When the 95th was taken out of the line in 1816 and re-titled The Rifle Brigade, it caused a renumbering downward of many of the regiments coming after it in seniority (e.g., 96th through 102nd Foot) although most of these were shortly disbanded.

The 94th Regiment raised as Scots Brigade in Dutch Service around 1568. It was permanently taken on English Establishment in 1794 and numbered in the line as 94th Foot in 1802. It was disbanded on 24 December 1818. On 1 December 1823, the 94th Foot was raised again. Of the initial appointments, two of the officers were taken from the half-pay list of the old 94th Foot (captain and ensign) and two had previous service in the 94th Foot (major and captain). On 26 May 1874 the Battle Honours and Distinctions of the old 94th  were granted to the regiment.

Between 1824 and 1858, new 96th through 109th Regiments of Foot were raised, partially from recruiting in Britain and partially from the conversion of the East India Company’s European (or white) infantry regiments. Most of these new entities claimed no connection with their predecessors of the Napoleonic period although the matter of Battle Honours won by these older regiments is not as clear.

Finally, the 104th Foot deserves special mention as it was the only regiment of foot recruited in North America. It began life as the New Brunswick Fencibles but volunteered for universal service in 1810 and was brought into the line as the most junior regiment in the army.

Title in 1815 Army List

Title in 2009 (or fate if disbanded)

   

61ST (or the South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot       

1st Battalion, The Rifles

62nd (or the Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot 

1st Battalion, The Rifles

63rd (or the West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot

1st Battalion, The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment (King’s, Lancashire and Border)

64th (or the 2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot)

3rd Battalion, The Mercian Regiment (Staffords)

65th (or the 2nd Yorkshire, North Riding) Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1968 as the 1st Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, after refusing amalgamation

66th (or the Berkshire) Regiment of Foot

1st Battalion, The Rifles

67th (or the South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot

1st Battalion, The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment (Queen’s and Royal Hampshires)

68th (or the Durham) Regment of Foot

Either the 3rd or 5th Battalion, The Rifles

69th (or the South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot

2nd Battalion, The Royal Welsh (Royal Regiment of Wales )

70th (or the Glasgow Lowland) Regiment of Foot

2nd Battalion, The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment (Queen’s and Royal Hampshires)

71st ((Highland) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)

The Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

72nd ( Highland) Regiment of Foot

The Highlanders, 4th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

73rd ( Highland) Regiment of Foot

The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

74th ( Highland) Regiment of Foot

The Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

75th ( Highland ) Regiment of Foot

The Highlanders, 4th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

76th Regiment of Foot

3rd Battalion, The Yorkshire Regiment (Duke of Wellington’s)

77th (or the East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot

2nd Battalion, The Princess of Wales’s Own Regiment (Queen’s and Royal Hampshires)

78th ( Highland) Regiment of Foot (or the Rossshire Buffs)

The Highlanders, 4th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

79th Regiment of Foot (or Cameron Highlanders)

The Highlanders, 4th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

80th Regiment of Foot (or Staffordshire Volunteers)

3rd Battalion, The Mercian Regiment (Staffords)

81st Regiment of Foot

2nd Battalion, The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment (King’s, Lancashire and Border)

82nd Regiment of Foot (or Prince of Wales’s Volunteers)

2nd Battalion, The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment (King’s, Lancashire and Border)

83rd Regiment of Foot

1st Battalion, The Royal Irish Regiment

84th (York and Lancaster) Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1968 as the 2nd Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, after refusing amalgamation

85th Regiment of Foot) (or Bucks Volunteers) (Light Infantry)

Either 3rd or 5th Battalion, The Rifles

86th (or the Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot

1st Battalion, The Royal Irish Regiment

87th (or Prince of Wales’s own Irish) Regiment of Foot

1st Battalion, The Royal Irish Regiment

88th Regiment of Foot (or Connaught Rangers)

Disbanded in 1922 as The Connaught Rangers

89th Regiment of Foot

1st Battalion, The Royal Irish Regiment

90th Regiment of Foot (or Perthshire Volunteers)

Disbanded in 1968 as The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

91st Regiment of Foot

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 5th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

92nd Regiment of Foot

The Highlanders, 4th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

93rd Regiment of Foot

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 5th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

94th Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1818.

95th Regiment of Foot (Riflemen)

Either 2nd or 4th Battalions, The Rifles

96th Regiment of Foot

Disbanded as the 95th Foot in 1818

97th (or Queen’s own) Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1818 as the 96th Foot

98th Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1818 as the 97th Foot

99th (or Prince of Wales’s Tipperary) Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1818 as the 98th Foot

100th (or His Royal Highness the Prince Regent’s County of Dublin) Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1818 as the 99th Foot

101st (or the Duke of York’s Irish) Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1817

102nd Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1818 as the 100th Foot

103rd Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1817

104th Regiment of Foot

Disbanded in 1817

 
 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2009; updated April 2009

 

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