Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

1er Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

2e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

3e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

4e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Bibliography

Regiments d'Artillerie de Marine and the Colonels who led them during the Period  1803 - 1815

By Tony Broughton, FINS

By the decree of the 26 October 1795 seven demi-brigades d'Artillerie de Marine consisting of twenty one batallions were created. In 1803 these twenty one batallions were cut down to twelve batallions and formed into four Regiments.

1er Regiment d’Artillerie de Marine

Regimental History

1803: Created 1er Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Colonels

1803: Corderan ( Andre-Francois) - Colonel
1804: Baudry d'Asson (Charles-Hyacinthe-Alexis) - Colonel
1809: Emmond d'Esclevin (Balthazar-Joseph) - Colonel
1813: Garnier (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel
1813: Pringet (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel
1813: Maury (Jean-Pierre) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Corderan, ( Andre-Francois)

Born: 29 May 1742
Colonel: 1 July 1792 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine)
Chef-de-Brigade: 29 January 1796 (1er demi-brigade d'Artillerie de Marine)
Colonel: 20 June 1803 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine)
General-de-Brigade: 5 August 1804
Died: 22 May 1816

Emmond d'Esclevin, (Balthazar-Joseph)

Born: 20 March 1765
Colonel: 5 August 1804 (4e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine)
Colonel: 3 March 1809 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine)
General-de-Brigade: 4 August 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 May 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 2 February 1809
Baron of the Empire: 14 June 1813
Died: 28 December 1813

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 1er Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Colonel Emond d'Esclevin: Wounded 2 May 1813
Colonel Falba: Wounded 21 May 1813 and 28 May 1813
Colonel Pringet: Wounded 16 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine during  the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty five
Officers died of wounds: Eleven
Officers wounded: One hundred and twelve

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1805: Trafalgar
1812: Valoutina-Gora and Beresina
1813: Lutzen, Wurschen, Dresde, Pirna, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Brienne, La Rothiere, Rosnay, Vauchamps, and Paris

Battle Honours

No available information

2e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Regimental History

1803: Created 2e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Colonels

1803: Allois d'Herculais (Louis-Alexandre d') - Colonel of the 2e Regiment d'Infanterie de Marine in 1792 and Chef-
de-Brigade of the 3e demi-brigade d'Artillerie de Marine in 1795
1809: Mejansac ( Francois) - Colonel
1813: Deschamps (Nicolas-Laurent) - Colonel
1814: Pons (Etienne-Augustin-Francois) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 2e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine
Colonel Deschamps: Killed 7 March 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine during the period 1805 - 1815

Officers killed: Thirty-two
Officers died of wounds: Seventeen
Officers wounded: One hundred and Five

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1805: Trafalgar
1808: Marie-Galante
1812: Beresina
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Pirna, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Champaubert, Vauchamps, Meaux, Macon, Erfurth, and Paris

Battle Honours

No available information

3e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Regimental History

1803: Created 3e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Colonels

1803: Baudry d'Asson (Esprit-Henry) -  Colonel and Chef-de-Brigade of the 5e Demi- Brigade d'Artillerie de Marine in 1795
1812: Butraud (Jacques) - Colonel
1813: Bussman (George-Maurice) - Colonel
1813: Bochaton (Jean-Marie) - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Butraud, (Jacques)

Born: 13 July 1770
Colonel: 15 March 1812
General-de-Brigade: 13 August 1813
Baron of the Empire: 9 October 1813
Died: 6 June 1826

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 3e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Colonel Bochaton: Wounded 16 October 1813, 29 January 1814, and 26 March 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine during the period 1804 -1815

Officers killed: Thirty-four
Officers died of wounds: Nine
Officers wounded: Sixty-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1805: Trafalgar
1811: Lissa
1813: Lutzen, Wurschen, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Brienne, Rosnay, Soissons and Paris

Battle Honours

No available information

4e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Regimental History

1803: Created 4e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Colonels

1803: Masson (Jean-Augustin)
1804: Edmond d'Esclevin (Balthazar-Joseph) - Colonel
1809: Maumet (Pierre-Gaspard) - Colonel
1813: Falba (Jean) - Colonel
1813: Rouvroy (Joseph) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Masson, (Jean-Augustin)

Born: 13 March 1749
Chef-de-Brigade: 1796 (4e demi-brigade d'Atillerie de Marine)
Colonel: 1803 (4e regiment d'Artillerie de Marine)
General-de-Brigade: 5 August 1805
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 31 October 1808

Emmond d'Esclevin, (Balthazar-Joseph)

Born: 20 March 1765
Colonel: 5 August 1804
General-de-Brigade: 4 August 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 May 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 2 February 1809
Baron of the Empire: 14 June 1813
Died: 28 December 1813

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 4e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine

Colonel Rouvroy: Killed 30 March 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 4e Regiment d'Artillerie de Marine during the period 1804 -1815

Officers killed: Seventeen
Officers died of wounds: Seven
Officers wounded: Fifty-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1809: Sables-d'Olone
1810: Cadiz
1811: Chiclana
1812: Beresina
1813: Bautzen, Wurschen, Dresde, Pirna, and Leipzig
1814: Bergen-op-Zoom and Paris

Battle Honours

No available information

Bibliography

Charavay J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two. 

Garcin M. La Patrie en danger (histoire des bataillons de Volontaires 1791-1794)
Rhone; 1991.

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.

Quintin D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Six G. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris 1947

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2002 

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