Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

 

Commandants en Chef

Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval

Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)

Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)

1er Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)

2e Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)

Parc d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

Parc du materiale de la Garde Imperiale

Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire

Bibliography

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815

The Artillery Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

As a large number of officers serving with the Garde Imperiale held the rank of General-de-Brigade and above, I have included officers with the rank of Colonel, Colonel-en- second, Colonel-Major and Major in this series of articles. For information on the early history of the Grenadiers-a-Cheval and Chasseurs-a-Cheval this information can be found in my previous article on the Garde Imperiale.

Commandants en Chef  l’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

1803: Couin (Joseph-Christophe)
1807: Lariboisiere (Jean-Ambroise Baston de)
1811: Sorbier (Jean-Barthelemont)
1813: Dulauloy (Charles-Francois)
1815: Drouot (Antoine)
1815: Desvaux de Sainte-Maurice (Jean-Jacques)

All of the above held the rank of General-de-Division

Couin, (Joseph-Christophe)

Born: 13 June 1763
Commandant d’Artillerie de la Garde Consulaire: 29 October 1803
Commandant en Chef d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:  9 March 1806
General-de-Brigade: 9 March 1806
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur:  14 June 1804
Died: 9 September 1834

Lariboisiere, (Jean-Ambroise Baston de)

General Lariboisiere

Born: 18 August 1758
Chef-de-Brigade: 6 November 1796
Commandant en Chef d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:  3 January 1807
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
General-de-Division: 3 January 1807
Grand Officer of the Legion d’Honneur:  4 June 1807
Count of the Empire: 26 October 1808
Died: 21 December 1812

Sorbier, (Jean-Barthelemont)

Born: 17 November 1762
Chef-de-Brigade: 1 April 1795 (3e Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval)
Commandant en Chef d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:  20 February 1811
General-de-Brigade: 18 April 1797
General-de-Division: 6 January 1800
Count of the Empire: 6 June 1808
Died: 23 July 1827

Dulauloy, (Charles-Francois)

Born: 9 December 1764
Chef-de-Brigade: 27 August 1794
Commandant en Chef d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:  29 March 1813
General-de-Brigade: 10 December 1794
General-de-Division: 27 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur:  14 June 1804
Count of the Empire:  13 February 1811
Died: 30 June 1830

Drouot, (Antoine)

Born: 11 January 1771
Major: 27 August 1808 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 9 July 1809 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Commandant en Chef d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:  25 March 1815
General-de-Brigade: 10 January 1813
General-de-Division: 3 September 1813
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 24 October 1813
Died: 24 March 1847

Desvaux de Saint-Maurice, (Jean-Jacques)

Born: 26 June 1775
Colonel: 29 October 1803 (6e Regiment d'Artillerie a Cheval)
Colonel: 2 March 1805 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 16 March 1807 (4e Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Major: 15 July 1809 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Commandant en Chef d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale: 11 April 1815
General-de-Brigade: 9 July 1809
General-de-Division: 6 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 16 May 1813
Baron of the Empire: 30 October 1810
Died: 18 June 1815 (killed at Waterloo)

Five of the above officers were wounded and one killed while in the service of France during the years 1791 – 1815

Couin – wounded March 1791 and 17 November 1796,
Lariboisiere – wounded 6 November 1806 and May 1807
Sorbier – wounded 9 June 1793
Dulauloy – received no wounds
Drouot – wounded 6 July 1809
Desvaux de Sainte-Maurice – wounded 19 October 1805 and killed 18 June 1815

Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1804: Created, Corps d’Artillerie Legere
1806: Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded
1815: Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Colonel-Majors and Majors

1806: Dogeureau (Louis) - Major
1808: Aboville (Augustin-Marie d') - Major
1809: Desvaux de Sainte-Maurice (Jean-Jacques) - Colonel-Major
1813: Griois (Charles-Pierre-Lubin) - Major
1815: Duchand de Sancy (Jean-Baptiste) - Major

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Dogeureau, (Louis)

Born: 12 July 1777
Major: 1 May 1806
Colonel: 9 March 1809 (3e Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval)
Officer of the Legiond’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 2 May 1808
Died: 19 August 1856

Aboville, (Augustin-Marie d')

General Aboville

General Aboville

Born: 12 April 1777
Colonel: 10 July 1806 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 21 June 1807 (3e Regiment d'Artillerie a Cheval)
Major: 15 December 1808 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 9 July 1809
Baron of the Empire: 5 October 1808
Died: 20 June 1843

 

Desvaux de Saint-Maurice, (Jean-Jacques)

Born: 26 June 1775
Colonel: 29 October 1803 (6e Regiment d'Artillerie a Cheval)
Colonel: 2 March 1805 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 16 March 1807 (4e Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel-Major: 15 July 1809 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 9 July 1809
General-de-Division: 6 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 16 May 1813
Baron of the Empire: 30 October 1810
Died: 18 June 1815 (killed at Waterloo)

Griois, (Charles-Pierre-Lubin)

Born: 21 December 1772
Colonel: 23 June 1811 (4e Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval)
Major: 26 January 1813 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major:  6 November 1813 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur:  12 August 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 28 November 1839

Duchand de Sancy, (Jean-Baptiste)

Born: 11 May 1780
Major: 11 April 1815
Officer of the Legiond’Honneur: 8 July 1813
Baron of the Empire: 19 November 1813
Died: 3 January 1849

Senior officers who served with the Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval killed and wounded  while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Dogeureau – wounded 14 July 1798, 8 May 1799 and 28 December 1808
Aboville – wounded 6 July 1809
Desvaux de Sainte-Maurice – wounded 19 October 1805 and killed 18 June 1815
Griois – received no wounds
Duchand de Sancy – wounded 30 November 1811

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval during the period 1808 – 1815

Officers killed: Eleven
Officers died of wounds: Three
Officers wounded: Twenty-seven

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1805: Austerlitz
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1808: Madrid
1809: Wagram
1812: La Moskowa, Malojaroslawetz, Krosnoe, Beresina, Wilna, and Kowno
1813: Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: La Rothiere, Monterau, Reims, Craonne, and Soissons
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours (1815 model Drapeaux)

Marengo 1800, Ulm 1805, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, Friedland 1807, Wagram 1809, La Moskowa 1812, Lutzen 1813, and Montmirail 181

Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)

Regimental History

1808: Created, Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)
1814: Disbanded
1815: Reformed as Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Colonel-Majors and Majors

1808: Drouot (Antoine) – Colonel-Major
1808: Digeon (Armand-Joseph-Henri) – Colonel-Major
1809: Boulart (Jean-Francois) - Major
1813: Griois (Charles-Pierre-Lubin) - Major
1815: Lallemand (Henry-Dominique) – Major

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Drouot, (Antoine)

Born: 11 January 1771
Major-Directeur: 24 February 1808 (Parc d’Artillerie de la Garde)
Major: 27 August 1808 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 9 July 1809 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 10 January 1813
General-de-Division: 3 September 1813
Commander of the Leion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 24 October 1813
Died: 24 March 1847   

Digeon, (Armand-Joseph-Henri)

General Digeon

General Digeon

Born: 2 December 1778
Major-Directeur: 28 March 1807 (Parc d’Artillerie de la Garde)
Major: 28 September 1808 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 5 October 1809 (4e Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 9 November 1809 (8e Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied)
General-de-Brigade: 23 January 1814
Chevalier of the Empire: 9 October 1813
Died: 24 May 1836

Boulart, (Jean-Francois)

Born: 31 March 1776
Major: 28 July 1809
Commander Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale: 6 November 1813
General-de-Brigade: 6 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 23 May 1810
Died: 20 October 1842           

Griois, (Charles-Pierre-Lubin)

Born: 21 December 1772
Colonel: 23 June 1811 (4e Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval)
Major: 26 January 1813 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major:  6 November 1813 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur:  12 August 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 28 November 1839

Lallemand, (Henry-Dominique)

Born: 17 October 1777
Major: 11 April 1805
General-de-Brigade: 12 March 1814
Baron of the Empire: 13 August 1810
Died: 15 September 1823

Senior officers who served with the Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied killed and wounded  while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Drouot – wounded 6 July 1809
Digeon – wounded 14 June 1800
Boulart – wounded 22 May 1809 and 6 July 1809
Griois – received no wounds
Lallemand – wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied during the period 1808 – 1815

Officers killed: Sixteen
Officers died of wounds: Six
Officers wounded: Forty-three

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1809: Essling and Wagram
1812: Moskowa, Krasnoe, Beresina, and Wilna
1813: Lutzen, Dresde, and Leipzig
1814: Bar-sur-Aube, Rothiere, Montmirail, Craonne, Reims, and Paris
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours (1815 model Drapeaux)

Marengo 1800, Ulm 1805, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, Friedland 1807, Wagram 1809, La Moskowa 1812, Lutzen 1813, and Montmirail 1814

Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)

Regimental History

1813: Created, Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)
1814: Disbanded

Major

Henrion, (Francois-Joseph)

Born: 27 January 1776
Major: 27 March 1813
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 6 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Wounds: 29 December 1793, 26 August 1813, and 29 January 1814
Died: 5 August 1849   

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied (Jeune Garde) during the period 1813 – 1814

Officers killed: Seven
Officers died of wounds: Four
Officers wounded: Eighteen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Wurschen, Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Rothiere, Lesmont, Monterau, Meaux, and Paris

1er Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)

Regimental History

1804:  Created, Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Consulaire
1805:  Bataillon du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1813:  1er Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1814:  Disbanded
1815:  Escadron du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

Majors

1813: Henrion (Francois-Joseph)
1813: Bon de Lignum (Henri-Antoine)
1813: Leroy (Charles-Clement)

None of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Henrion, (Francois-Joseph)

Born: 27 January 1776
Major: 2 March 1813
Major: 27 March 1813 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Jeune Garde)
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 6 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 5 August 1849

Bon de Lignum, (Henri-Antoine)

Born: 14 February 1777
Colonel:  23 December 1810
Major:  27 March 1813 (1er Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur:  28 June 1807
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 23 January 1856

Leroy, (Charles-Clement)

Born: 3 May 1769
Major: 6 November 1813
Chef d’Escadron: 11 April 1815 (Escadron du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale)
Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 11 May 1846

Senior officers who served with the 1er Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Henrion – wounded 29 December 1793, 26 August1813, and 29 January 1814
Bon de Lignum – received no wounds
Leroy – wounded 28 June 1796

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1805 – 1815

Officers killed: Three
Officers died of wounds: Two
Officers wounded: Thirty

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1809: Wagram
1811: Valladolid
1812: Moskowa, Malojaroslawetz, Krasnoe, Beresina, Wilna, and Kowno
1813: Lutzen, Wurschen, Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Montmirail and Paris
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

None

2e Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)

Regimental History

1808: Created, Bataillon bis du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1813: 2e Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded

Majors (Chef-de-bataillon)

1813: Bailloud (?)
1814: Arnoult (?)

None of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Senior officers who served with the 2e Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded  while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

No available information

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1808 – 1814

Officers killed: None
Officers died of wounds: Four
Officers wounded: Thirty-six

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1808: Andujar and Baylen
1809: Saragosse and Wagram
1812: Moskowa, Malojaroslawetz, and Beresina
1813: Lutzen, Wurschen, Dresde, Leipzig, and Mayence
1814: Sezanne, Laon, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Paris

Parc d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1807: Created, Parc d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded
1815: Parc d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

Major-Directeurs

1807: Digeon (Armand-Joseph-Henri)
1808: Drouot (Antoine)
1809: Pellegrin-Millon (Joseph)
1815: Bon de Lignum (Henri-Antoine)

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Digeon, (Armand-Joseph-Henri)

Born: 2 December 1778
Major-Directeur: 28 March 1807
Major: 28 September 1808 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 5 October 1809 (4e Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 9 November 1809 (8e Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied)
General-de-Brigade: 23 January 1814
Chevalier of the Empire: 9 October 1813
Died: 24 May 1836

Drouot, (Antoine)

Born: 11 January 1771
Major-Directeur: 24 February 1808
Major: 27 August 1808 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 9 July 1809 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Commandant en Chef d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:  25 March 1815
General-de-Brigade: 10 January 1813
General-de-Division: 3 September 1813
Commander of the Leion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 24 October 1813
Died: 24 March 1847

Pellegrin de Million, (Joseph)

Born: 30 December 1759
Colonel: 20 September 1805
Major-Directeur: 7 June 1809 (Parc d’Artillerie de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 10 January 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 3 Decemeber 1807
Baron  of the Empire: 10 April 1811
Died: ?

Bon de Lignum, (Henri-Antoine)

Born: 14 February 1777
Colonel:  23 December 1810
Major:  27 March 1813 (1er Regiment du Train d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Directeur:  6 November 1813 (Parc du Materiale de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Directeur:  11 April 1815 (Parc d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur:  28 June 1807
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 23 January 1856

Senior officers who served with the Parc d’Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Digeon – wounded 14 June 1800
Drouot – wounded 6 July 1809
Pellegrin-Millon – wounded 18 October 1813
Bon de Lignum – received no wounds

Parc du materiale de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1813:  Created, Parc du Materiale de la Garde Imperiale
1814:  Disbanded
1815:  Parc du Materiale de la Garde Imperiale
Colonel-Directeurs
1813: Boulart (Jean-Francois)

Major-Directeurs

1813: Bon de Lignum (Henri-Antoine)

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Boulart, (Jean-Francois)

Born: 31 March 1776
Major: 28 July 1809 (Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Directeur:  29 March 1813 (Parc du materiale de la Garde Imperiale)
Commander Regiment d’Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale: 6 November 1813
General-de-Brigade: 6 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 23 May 1810
Died: 20 October 1842           

Senior officers who served with the Parc du materiale de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of  France during the years 1791-1815

Boulart – wounded 22 May 1809 and 6 July 1809
Bon de Lignum – received no wounds

Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire

Regimental History

1811: Created, Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire
1814: Disbanded
1815: Escadron des equipage de la Garde Imperiale

Chef de Bataillon

Gubert, (Pierre)

Born: 12 February 1776
Chef de Bataillon: 1 November 1811 (Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire)
Chef de Escadron: 13 April 1815 (Escadron des equipage de la Garde Imperiale)
Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur:  19 March 1813
Died: 23 October 1855   

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire during the period 1811 – 1815

Officers killed: Five
Officers died of wounds: One
Officers wounded: Four

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1812: Moskowa, Krasnoe, Beresina, and Smorgoni
1813: Hanau and Paris

 

 

Bibliography

Fallou L. Le Garde Imperiale (1804-1815) Paris; 1901.           
Fieffe E. Napoléon 1er et la Garde Imperiale Paris; 1859.
Fieffe E. Histoire des Troupes Etranger au service de France  Paris; 1854. 2 Vols
Lachouque H. Napoléon et la Garde Imperiale
Quintin D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoléon  Paris; 1996.
Sainte-Hilaire Emile-Marco de.  Histoire anecdotique,politique et militaire de la Garde Imperiale  Paris; 1847.
Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Généraux et Amiraux Français de la Révolution et de l’Empire 1792-1814  Paris; 1934. 2 Vols
Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des officiers tues et blesses pendant les guerres de l’Empire  Paris; 1899. 2 Vols          
Mullie C. Biographies des Celebrites Militaire des Armées de terre et de mer de 1789-1850  Paris; 1851. 2 Vols
Villaume J-L. Dictionnaire des Officiers du Train des Equipaes Imperial 1807-1814  Tours; 1987.

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2003

 

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