Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


Regiment de Grenadiers-a-Cheval

1er Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Escadron de Mameluks

2e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Regiment de Dragons de l’Imperatice

1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers

2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Escadron de Lithuanian Tartares

Bibliography

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815

Part I: The Cavalry Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

As a large number of officers serving with the Garde Imperiale held the rank of General-de-Brigade and above, I have included officers with the rank of Colonel, Colonel-en- second, Colonel-Major and Major in this series of articles. For information on the early history of the Grenadiers-a-Cheval and Chasseurs-a-Cheval this information can be found in my previous article on the Garde Imperiale.

Regiment de Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1804: Created, Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Renamed, Corps Royal des Cuirassiers de France
1815: Reverted back to Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale
1815: Disbanded

Colonels

1801: Ordener ( Michel)
1806: Walther (Frederic-Henri)
1813: Guyot (Claude-Etienne)

Colonel-Majors and Majors

1804: Oulie (Antoine) - Major
1805: Lepic (Louis) - Colonel-Major
1805: Chastel (Louis-Pierre-Aime) – Colonel-Major
1812: Exelmans (Remy-Joseph-Isidore) - Major
1813: Castex (Bertrand-Pierre) - Major
1814: Levesque-Ferriere (Louis-Marie) - Major
1814: Jamin de Bermuy (Jean-Baptiste-Auguste-Marie) - Major

Nine of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

General Michel Ordener

Ordener, ( Michel)

Born: 2 September 1755
Chef-de-Brigade: 16 September 1796 (10e Regiment de Cavalerie Colonel: 18 July 1800 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde Consular)
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
General-de-Division: 25 December 1805
Commander of the Cavalerie de la Garde Imperiale: 28 August 1805
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1800
Count of the Empire: 29 December 1808
Died: 30 August 1811

General Frederic-Henri Walther

 

Walther, (Frederic-Henri)

Born: 20 June 1761
Colonel: 20 May 1806 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 22 October 1793
General-de-Division: 27 August 1803
Grand Eagle of the Legion d’Honneur: 8 February 1806
Count of the Empire: 26 April 1808
Died: 24 November 1813

General Claude Guyet

 

Guyot, (Claude-Etienne)

Born: 5 September 1768
Colonel-en-Second: 5 June 1809 (1er Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 1 December 1813 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 19 November 1814 (Corps Royal des Cuirassiers de France)
Colonel: 19 April 1815 (Grenadiers a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 9 August 1809
General-de-Division: 16 December 1811
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 30 June 1811
Baron of the Empire: May 1808
Died: 28 November 1837

Oulie, (Antoine)

Born: 10 August 1759
Chef-de-Brigade: 31 August 1803 (Commandant en second Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde des Consuls)
Major: 31 January (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde)
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 13 September 1827

General Louis Lepic

Lepic, (Louis)

Born: 20 September 1765
Chef-de-Brigade: 26 March 1799 (15e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval)
Colonel-Major: 21 March 1805 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 13 February 1807
General-de-Division: 9 February 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 26 June 1809
Baron of the Empire: 3rd May 1809
Died: 7 January 1827

Chastel, (Louis-Pierre-Aime)

Born: 29 April 1774
Colonel: 16 February 1807
Colonel-Major: 7 August 1811 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
General-de-Division: 26 April 1812
Staff Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 13 September 1813
Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1808
Died: 18 October 1826

Exelmans, (Remy-Joseph-Isidore)

Born: 13 November 1775
Colonel: 27 December 1805 (1er Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval)
Major: 24 December 1811 (1er Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Major: 9 July 1812 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 14 May 1807
General-de-Division: 8 September 1812
Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1808
Count of the Empire: 28 September 1813
Died: 22nd July 1852

Castex, (Bertrand-Pierre)

Born: 29 June 1771
Colonel: 20 October 1806 (20e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval)
Major: 9 February 1813 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 21st July 1809
General-de-Division: 28 November 1813
Died: 19 April 1842

Levesque-Laferriere, (Louis-Marie)

Born: 9 April 1776
Colonel: 8 March 1807 (3e Regiment de Hussards)
General-de-Brigade: 13 May 1811
Major: 9 February 1813 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Division: 28 November 1813
Comte of the Empire: 28 November 1813
Died: 22nd November 1834

Jamin de Bermuy, (Jean-Baptiste-Auguste-Marie)

Born: 17 February 1775
Colonel: 7 December 1807 (Regiment des Chevau-Legers de la Garde Napolitaine)
Major: 16 March 1814 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde)
Major: 14 April 1815 (Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 20 January 1814
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 February 1814
Died: 18 June 1815 ( killed at the battle of Waterloo)

Senior officers who served with the Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Ordener - wounded 14 August 1799 and 2 December 1805
Walther - wounded 18 March 1793, 5 June 1800, and 3 December 1800
Guyot - wounded 18 June 1815
Oulie - recieved no wounds
Lepic - wounded 21 September 1793, 26 March 1799, and 8 February 1807
Chastel  - wounded 16 March 1797
Exelmans - wounded 10 December 1812
Castex - wounded 26 August 1813 and 28 September 1813
Levesque-Ferriere - wounded 14 October 1806, 12 August 1809, 28 November 1809, 12 March 1811, 30 August 1813, 16 October 1813, 30 October 1813, and 7 March 1814
Jamin de Bermuy - killed 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde during the period 1804 - 1815

Officers killed: Eleven
Officers died of wounds: Eight
Officers wounded: Sixty-five

Regimental History (battles and combats where officers and men were killed and wounded)

1805: Austerlitz
1807: Eylau
1812: Beresina, Wilna, and Kowno
1813: Dolnitz, Altenbourg, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Montmirail, Chateau-Thierry, Vauchamps, and Craonne
1815: Waterloo 

Battle Honours (1813-1814 Drapeaux)

Maringo, Ulm, Austerlitz, Jena, Eylau, Friedland, Eckmuhl, Essling, Wagram, Smolensk, Moskowa, Vienne, Berlin, Madrid, and Moscou

1er Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1804: Created, Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Renamed, Corps Royal des Chasseurs-a-Cheval de France
1815: Reverted back to, Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale
1815: Disbanded

Colonels

1802: Beauharnais (Eugene-Rose)
1808: Lefebvre-Desnouettes (Charles)

Colonel-en-Second, Colonel-Majors, and Majors

1804: Morland (Francois-Louis de) – Colonel-en-Second
1805: Dahlman (Nicolas) – Colonel-en-Second
1805: Guyot (Claude-Etienne) – Colonel-en-Second
1807: Thiry (Nicolas-Marin) - Major
1809: Daumensil (Pierre) – Major
1809: Corbineau (Marie-Louis-Hercule-Hubert) - Major
1809: Lion (Jean-Dieudonne) – Colonel-Major
1811: Haugeranville (Francois-Charles-Jean-Pierre-Marie d'Avranges d') - Major
1813: Exelmans (Remy-Joseph-Isidore) - Major
1813: Meuziau (Charles-Claude) – Colonel-Major
1815: Lallemand ( Francois-Antoine)

Eleven of the above Officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

 

General Eugene Beauharnais

Beauharnais, (Eugene-Rose)

Born: 3 September 1781
Colonel: 13 October 1802 (Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde de Consuls)
Colonel General de Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale: 1 July 1804
General-de-Brigade: 17 October 1804
Lieutenant-General of the Emperor: 24 January 1813
Grand Cordon of the Legion d’Honneur: 2 February 1805
Prince of France: 1 February 1805
Viceroy of Italy: 7 June 1805
Died: 21 February 1824

General Lefebvre-Desnouettes

Lefebvre-Desnouettes, (Charles)

Born: 14 September 1773
Chef-de-Brigade: 30 December 1802 (18e Regiment de Dragons)
Colonel: 18 January 1808 (Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde)
Colonel: 30 July 1814 (Corps Royal des Chasseurs a Cheval de France)
Colonel: 14 April 1815 (Chasseurs-a -Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 19 September 1806
General-de-Division: 28 August 1808
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 25 December 1805
Count of the Empire: 19 March 1808
Died: 22 April 1822

Lallemand, ( Francois-Antoine)

Born: 23 June 1774
Colonel: 20 November 1806 (27e Regiment de Dragons)
General de Brigade : 6 August 1811
Colonel-en-Second : 19 April 1815 (Chasseurs a Cheval de la Garde)
Baron of the Empire : 29 June 1809
Died: 9 March 1839

Morland, (Francois-Louis de)

Born: 11 June 1771
Colonel-en-Second: 9 June 1805
Died: 5 December 1805
Dahlman (Nicolas)
Born: 7 November 1769
Colonel-en-Second: 18 December 1805
General-de-Brigade: 30 December 1806
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 10 February 1807 (of wounds received at the battle of Eylau)

Guyot, (Claude-Etienne)

Born: 5 September 1768
Colonel-en-Second: 5 June 1809
General-de-Brigade: 9 August 1809
General-de-Division: 16 December 1811
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 30 June 1811
Baron of the Empire: May 1808
Died: 28 November 1837

Thiry, (Nicolas-Marin)

Born: 12 April 1769
Major: 16 February 1807
General-de-Brigade: 5 June 1809
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 4 September 1808
Baron of the Empire: 20 August 1809
Died: 31 May 1827

General Pierre Daumensil

Daumensil, (Pierre)

Born: 14 July 1777
Major: 15 June 1809
General-de-Brigade: 2 February 1812
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 March 1806
Baron of the Empire: 9 March 1810
Died: 17 August 1832

Corbineau, (Marie-Louis-Hercule-Hubert)

Born: 10 April 1780
Major: 13 June 1809
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 17 November 1808
Baron of the Empire: 15 March 1810
Died: 5 April 1823

Lion, (Jean-Dieudonne)

Born: 28 October 1771
Colonel: 30 April 1809 (14e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval)
Colonel-Major: 11 August 1809 (Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 23 June 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 9 January 1810
Died: 8 August 1840

Haugeranville, (Francois-Charles-Jean-Pierre-Marie d'Avranges d')

Born: 6 October 1782
Colonel: 25 June 1807 (6e Regiment de Cuirassiers)
Major: 6 August 1811 (Chasseur a Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 27 February 1813
Baron of the Empire: 19 March 1808
Died: 27 August 1817

Exelmans, (Remy-Joseph-Isidore)

Born: 13 November 1775
Colonel: 27 December 1805 (1er Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval)
Major: 24 December 1811 (Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 14 May 1807
General-de-Division: 8 September 1812
Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1808
Count of the Empire: 28 September 1813
Died: 22 July 1852

Meuziau, (Charles-Claude)

Born: 18 February 1777
Colonel: 21 September 1809 (5e Regiment de Hussards)
General-de-Brigade: 4 December 1813
Colonel-Major: 14 May 1813
Died: 16 September 1834

Senior officers who served with the Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Beauharnais - wounded 1799
Lefebvre-Desnouettes – wounded 4 August 1808, 29 December 1808, and 18 October 1812
Morland – wounded 19 September 1795, 2 December 1805, and died of wounds 5 December 1805
Dahlman - wounded 17 September 1793, 8 February 1807, died of wounds 10 February 1807
Guyot - wounded 2 May 1813 and 18 June 1815
Thiry – wounded 2 December 1805, 8 February 1807, and 7 September 1812
Daumensil - wounded 19 August 1794, 1798, 22 May 1809, and 2 July 1809
Corbineau - wounded 24 April 1794, 29 April 1800, 30 August 1813, and 20 March 1814                 
Lion – wounded 30 April 1797, 22 May 1800, 8 February 1807, 21 May 1809, and 14 February 1814
Haugeranville  - wounded December 1800, 22 May 1809, and 18 October 1813
Exelmans - wounded 10 December 1812
Meuziau – wounded 7 September 1812 and 18 October 1812
Lallemand – wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1804 - 1815

Officers killed: Seventeen
Officers died of wounds: Eight
Officers wounded: One hundred and thirty

Regimental History (battles and combats where officers and men were killed and wounded)

1805: Ulm and Austerlitz
1806: Lopaczyn
1807: Eylau, Heilsberg, and Friedland
1808: Madrid, Benavente
1809: Wagram
1811: Carascal
1812: Robrez,  Kalouga, Malojaroslawetz, Krasnoi, Borisow, and Wilna
1813: Lutzen, Reichenbach, Dresde, Altenbourg, Magdebourg, Leipzig, Weimar, Wach, Hanau, and  Breda
1814: Brienne, Montmirail, Chateau-Thierry, Monterau, Lisy, Soissons, Craonne, Laon, Braine, Paris, and Courtrai
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours (1813-1814 Drapeaux)

Maringo, Ulm, Austerlitz, Jena, Eylau, Friedland, Eckmuhl, Essling, Wagram, Smolensk, Moskowa, Vienne, Berlin, Madrid and Moscou

It should be noted at a Squadron of Mamalukes was attached to the 1er Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale, below is listed its commanders who each held the rank of Chef d’Escadron. Also included is its history and war record and casualties.

Escadron de Mamalukes

Squadron History

1799: Created, Mamalukes de la Republique
1801: Escadron de Mamalukes (attached to the Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
1814: Disbanded
1815: Reformed
1815: Disbanded

Chefs d’Escadron

1801: Montmarie (Aime-Sulpice-Victor- Pelletier) – Chef d’Escadron
1801: Rapp (Jean) – Chef d’Escadron
1803: Dupas (Pierre-Louis)  - Chef d’ Escadron
1805: Delaitre (Antoine-Charles-Bernard) – Chef d’Escadron
1810: Kirmann (Francois-Antoine) – Chef d’Escadron

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Montmarie, (Aime-Sulpice-Victor Pelletier)

Born: 13 November 1772
Chef d’Escadron: 29 January 1801 (Escadron de Mamalukes)
Colonel: 4 April 1807 (28e Regiment de Dragons)
General-de-Brigade: 22 July 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 27 July 1809
Baron of the Empire: 9 Marcch 1810
Died: 2 November 1813 (Died of wounds sustained at the Battle of Leipzig)

General Jean Rapp

Rapp, (Jean)

Born: 25 April 1772
Chef d’Escadron: 13 October 1801 (Escadron de Mamalukes)
Colonel: 2nd May 1803 (7e Regiment de Hussards)
General-de-Brigade: 7 September 1803
General-de-Division: 24 December 1805
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 December 1803
Commandant of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1803
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 30 June 1811
Grand Cross of the Legion d'Honneur:23 August 1813
Count of the Empire: 28 January 1809
Died: 8 November 1821

Dupas, (Pierre-Louis)

Born: 13 February 1761
Chef d’Escadron: 2 May 1803
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
General-de-Division: 24 December 1805
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 29 January 1809
Died: 6 March 1823

General Antoine Delaitre

Delaitre, (Antoine-Charles-Bernard)

Born: 13 January 1776
Chef d’Escadron: 18 December 1805
Colonel: 27 January 1811 (7e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval)
General-de-Brigade: 26 April 1812
Baron of the Empire: 29 June 1809
Died: 2nd July 1838

Kirmann, (Francois-Antoine)

Born: 2 October 1768
Chef d’Escadron: 10 September 1808
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire:  1810
Died: ?

Senior officers who served with the Escadron de Mamalukes killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

1801: Montmarie – wounded 8 May 1809 and 7 September 1812
1801: Rapp – wounded 18 October 1793, 28 May 1795, 22 January 1799, 2 December 1805, 26 December 1806, and 7 September 1812
1803: Dupas – wounded 12 November 1796
1805: Delaitre – wounded 1798 and 27 November 1812
1810: Kirmann – wounded 22 My 1800, 24 October 1812, and 18 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Escadron de Mameluks during the period 1804 - 1815

Officers killed: One
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Twenty

Regimental History (battles and combats where officers and men were killed and wounded)

1805: Austerlitz
1807: Eylau
1808: Madrid, Saragosse, and Benavente
1813: Altenbourg, Weimar and Hanau
Battle Honours (1813-1814 Fanion)
Ulm, Austerlitz, Jena, Eylau, Friedland, Eckmuhl, Essling, and Wagram

2e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1815: Created, 2e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde Imperiale
(formed from the Regiment d’Eclaireurs Lanciers, formed 15 May 1815)
1815: Disbanded

Colonel-Major

1815: Merlin (Antione-Francois-Eugene)

Colonel Merlin held the rank of General-de-Brigade

Merlin, (Antione-Francois-Eugene)

Born: 27 December1778
Colonel: 1 September 1810 (1er Regiment de Hussards)
Colonel-en-Second: 15 December 1813 (4e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur)
Colonel-Major: 25 May 1815 (2e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
General de Brigade: 14 July 1813Chevalier of the Empire: 20 July 1808
Died: 31 August 1854

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval de la Garde during 1815

Officers killed: None
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: None

Regimental War Record (battles and combats)

None

Battle Honours

None

Regiment de Dragons de l’Imperatice

Regimental History

1806: Created, Regiment de Dragons de la Garde Imperiale
1807: Renamed, Regiment de Dragons de l’Imperatice
1814: Renamed, Corps Royal des Dragons de France
1815: Reverted back to, Regiment de Dragons de l’Imperatice
1815: Disbanded

Colonels

1806: Arrighi (Jean-Toussaint)
1809: Saint-Sulpice (Raymond-Gaspard Bonardy de)
1813: Ornano (Philippe-Antoine)

Colonel-en-Second, Colonel-Majors, and Majors

1806: Fiteau (Edme-Nicolas) – Colonel-Major
1806: Letort (Louis-Michel) - Major
1809: Marhtod (Louis-Ignace) – Major
1813: Pinteville ( Pierre-Alexis de ) - Major
1813: Chouard (Louis-Claude) - Major
1815: Hoffmayer (Laurent)

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

General Arrighi de Casanova

Arrighi de Casanova, (Jean-Toussaint)

Born: 8 March 1778
Chef-de-Brigade: 31st August 1803 (1er Regiment de Dragons)
Major-Colonel: 19 May 1806 (Dragons de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 25 June 1807 (Dragons de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 25 June 1807
General-de-Division: 25 May 1809
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1804
Created Duc de Padoue: 20 March 1808
Died: 22nd March 1853

Saint-Sulpice, (Raymond-Gaspard Bonardy de)

Born: 23rd October 1761
Colonel: 26 October 1792 (12e Regiment de Dragons)
Chef-de-Brigade: 30 March 1797 (5e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval)
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 May 1799 (19e Regiment de Cavalerie)
Colonel: 12 July 1809 (Dragons de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 24 March 1803
General-de-Division: 14 February 1807
Count of the Empire: 6 June 1808
Died: 20 June 1835

Ornano, (Philippe-Antoine)

Born: 17 January 1784
Colonel: 18 January 1807 (25e Regiment de Dragons)
Colonel: 21 January 1813 (Dragons de la Garde)
Colonel: 19 November 1814 (Corps Royal des Dragons de France)
Colonel: 14 April 1815 (Dragons de la Garde)

General-de-Brigade: 16 June 1811
General-de-Division: 8 September 1812
Count of the Empire: 22nd November 1808
Died: 13 October 1863

Fiteau, (Edme-Nicolas)

Born: 9 August 1772
Chef-de-Brigade: 23rd September 1800 and Colonel in 1803 (3e Regiment de Dragons)
Colonel-Major: 13 September 1806 (Dragons de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 25 May 1809
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Died: Commited suicide 14 December 1810

General Louis Letort

Letort, (Louis-Michel)

Born: 28 August 1773
Major: 8 Octobre 1806
General-de-Brigade: 30 January 1813
General-de-Division: 13 February 1814
Baron of the Empire: 9 September 1810
Count of the Empire: 1814
Died: 15 June 1815 (killed while pursuing the Prussian rearguard)

Marthod, (Louis-Ignace)

Born: 7 November 1771
Major: 5 June 1809
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 16 November 1808
Baron of the Empire: 15 March 1810
Died: 6 October 1812 (while in captivity)

Pinteville, (Pierre-Alexis de)

Born: 31 January 1771
Colonel: 20 August 1810 (30e Regiment de Dragons)
Major: 3 February 1813 (Dragons de la Garde)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 1 July 1812
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 27 August 18150

Chouard, (Louis-Claude)

Born: 15 August 1771
Colonel: 27 December 1805 (2e Regiment de Cuirassiers)
Major: 6 October 1813 (Dragons de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 23rd August 1814
Baron of the Empire: 27 November 1808
Died: 15 May 1843

Hoffmayer, (Laurent)

Born: 15 July 1768
Colonel: 29 March 1813 (2e Regiment de Dragons)
Major: 17 December 1813 (2e Regiment d’Eclaireurs)
Major: 14 April 1815 (Dragons de la Garde)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 July 1813
Baron of the Empire: 4 December 1813
Died: 9 August 1842

Senior officers who served with the Dragons de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Arrighi – wounded 12 August 1798, 10 May 1799, 8 October 1805, and 30 March 1814
Saint-Sulpice – wounded 8 February 1807
Ornano – wounded 18 November 1812
Fiteau – wounded 21 March 1801 and 5 February 1807
Letort – wounded 18 March 1793, 26 December 1793, 30 March 1799, 14 October 1806, and 30 October 1813
Marthod - wounded 25 September 1812 and died of wounds 5 October 1812
Pinteville – wounded 7 September 1812 and 17 September 1813
Chouard - wounded 22 July 1793, 2 December 1805, and 7 September 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Dragons de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1806 - 1815

Officers Killed: Eight
Officers died of wounds: Seven
Officers wounded: Eighty

Regimental History (battles and combats where officers and men were killedand wounded)

1806: Jena
1807: Friedland
1808: Medina-del-Rio-Seca
1812: Moskowa, Malajaroslawetz, Krasnoe, and Beresina
1813: Dresde, Toeplitz, Leipzig, Hanau, and Liege
1814: Langres, Bar-sur-Aube, Montmirail, Chateau-Thierry, Champaubert, Riems, Craonne, Laon, and Arcis-sur-Aube
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours (1813-1814 Drapeaux)

Friedland, Eckmuhl, Essling, Vienne, Wagram, Madrid, Smolensk, La Moskowa, and Moscou

1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers de la Grade Imperiale

Regimental History

1807: Created Regiment de Chevau-Legers Polonaise de la Garde
1809: Renamed, Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde
1811: Renamed,1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded, one squadron accompanying Napoleon on Elba
1815: Single squadron combined with 2e Regiment de Chevau-Leger Lanciers to form Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale under the command of General-de-Division Colbert

Colonels

1807: Krasinski (Vincent Corvin)

Colonel-Majors and Majors

1807: Delaitre (Antoine-Charles-Bernard) - Major
1807: Autancourt (Pierre d’) - Major
1812: Konopka (Jean) -  Colonel-Major
1812: Radziwill (Dominique-Hieronime) - Major
1812: Kozietulski (Jean-Leon-Hippolyte) - Major
1813: Jerzmanowski (Jean-Paul) - Major
Major: 14 April 1815 (Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale)

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

General Vincent Krasinski

Krasinski, (Vincent Corvin)

Born: 30 January 1782
Colonel: 17 April 1807
General-de-Brigade: 16 December 1811
General-de-Division: 28 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 20 June 1811
Count of the Empire: 3 June 1811
Died: 24 November 1856

Delaitre, (Antoine-Charles-Bernard)

Born: 13 January 1776
Major: 7 April 1807 ( 1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers Polonaise de la Garde)
Colonel: 27 January 1811 (7e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval)
General-de-Brigade: 26 April 1812
Baron of the Empire: 29 June 1809
Died: 2nd July 1838

Autancourt, (Pierre d’)

Born: 28 February 1778
Major en second: 6 April 1807 (1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers Polonaise de la Garde)
Major: 28 November 1813 (1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 28 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur:  27 February 1814
Baron of the Empire: 26 April 1810
Died: 2 January 1810

Konopka, (Jean)

Born: 27 December 1777
Colonel: 15 July 1807 (1er Regiment de Lanciers Polonaise)
Colonel-Major: 27 January 1812 (1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde)
Colonel: 5 July 1812 (3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers)
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 11 December 1808
Died: ?

Radziwill, (Dominique-Hieronime)

Born: 4 August 1786
Colonel: 1 April 1811 (8e Regiment de Lanciers Polonaise)
Major: 27 October 1812 (1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 May 1813
Died: 11 November 1813

Kozietulski, (Jean-Leon-Hippolyte)

Born: 4 June 1781
Major: 30 May 1813
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 13 December 1809
Baron of the Empire: 15 March 1810
Died: 3 February 1821

General Jean Jerzmanowski

Jerzmanowski, (Jean-Paul)

Born: 25 June 1779
Major: 15 March 1814
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 April 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: ?

 

 

 

Senior officers who served with the 1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Krasinski – wounded 2 May 1808, 6 July 1809, 7 September 1812, 21 October 1813 and 13 March 1814
Delaitre - wounded 1798 and 27 November 1812
Autancourt – recieved no wounds
Konopka – wouned 4 August 1808
Radziwill – wounded 27 July 1812, 30 October 1813 and died of wounds 11 November 1813
Kozietulski – wounded 30 November 1806, 6 July 1809 and 25 October 1812
Jerzmanowski – wounded 6 July 1809 and 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde during the period 1807 – 1815

Killed: Eleven
Died of wounds: Six
Wounded: Fifty-three

Regimental History (battles and combats where officers and men were killed and wounded)

1808: Madrid, Media-del-Rio-Seco, and Somo-Sierra
1809: Valladolid, Essling, and Wagram
1810: Santa-Cruz and Cerignano
1812: Woronowo and Kalouga
1813: Dresde, Peterswald, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Craonne
1815: Waterloo (there was only one squadron attached to the 2e Regiment de Chevau Legers Lanciers de la Garde Imperial to form thr Regiment  de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale under the command of General de Division Colbert)

Battle Honours (1813-1814 Drapeaux)

Essling, Wagram, Smolensk, La Moskowa, Madrid, and Moscou

2e  Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1810: Created, 2eRegiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde (formed from)

Regiment de Hussards de la Garde a Cheval du Roi (Dutch Regiment)
3eRegiment de Hussards Hollandaise
Garde du Corps Hollandaise    

1814: Corps Royal des Chevau-Legers Lanciers de France
1815: Reformed with single squadron of the 1er Regiment de Chevau-Leger Lanciers de la Garde to form Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale

Colonels

1811: Colbert (Pierre-David dit Edouard)
Colonel-Majors and Majors
1810: Hasselt ( Jean-Henri-Cornelis van) - Major
1810: Du Bois (Charles-Marie-Joseph) - Major
1813: Gauthier (Jean-Pierre) - Major
1813: Lalaing d’Audenarde (Charles-Louis) - Major
1815: Du Bois (Charles-Marie-Joseph) - Major

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

General Pierre Colbert

Colbert, (Pierre-David dit Edouard)

Born: 8 October1774
Colonel: 30 December 1806 (7e Regiment de Hussards)
Colonel: 6 March 1811 (2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 9 March 1809
General-de-Division: 25 December 1813
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 1806
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 1807
Commandant of the Legion d'Honneur: 17 July 1809
Baron of the Empire: 28 May 1809
Died: 28 December 1853

Hasselt, ( Jean-Henri-Cornelis van)

Born: 27 March 1776
Major: 30 October 1810
Died: 30 December 1812
Gauthier (Jean-Pierre)
Born: 23 February 1765
Colonel: 15 March 1810 (9e Regiment provisoire de Dragons)
Colonel: 23 August 1811 (25eRegiment de Dragons)
Major: 12 January 1813 (2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 26 December 1813
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 25 March 1810
Died: 14 June 1821

Du Bois, (Charles-Marie-Joseph)

Born: 22 October 1772
Colonel: 9 August 1809 (Regiment de Hussards de la Garde Royale Hollandaise)
Major: 30 October 1810 (2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde)
Major: 8 August 1814 (Corps Royal des Chevau-Legers Lanciers de France)
Major: 14 April 1815 (Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur : 24 October 1814
Baron of the Empire: 26 November 1813
Died: 4 July 1829

Lalaing d'Audenarde, (Charles-Louis)

Born: 13 November 1779
Colonel: 7 September 1811 (3e Regiment de Cuirassiers)
Major: 26 December 1813 (2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 5 December 1812
Baron of the Empire: 15 October 1809
Died: 4 March 1859

Senior officers who served with the 2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Colbert – wounded 1798, , 2 December 1805, 17 July 1807, 6 July 1809 and 18 June 1815
Hasselt – wounded 15 November 1805 and 28 November 1812
Du Bois – wounded 1793 and 1794
Gauthier – wounded 2 December 1805
Lalaing d’Audenarde – received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers during the period 1807 – 1815

Officers killed: Eleven
Officers died of wounds: Nine
Officers wounded: Forty nine

Regimental History (battles and combats where officers and men were killed and wounded)

1812: Moskowa and Beresina
1813: Reichenbach, Dresde, Toeplitz, Altenbourg, Leipzig, and Narene
1814: Hochstraaten, Anvers, Liege, Hoogtken, Rothiere, Monterau, Craonne, Saint-Dizier and Paris
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours (1815 Drapeaux)

Marengo, Ulm, Austerlitz, Jena, Eylau, Friedland, Wagram, La Moskowa, Lutzen, and Montmirail

3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1812: Created, 3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale
1813: Disbanded and incorporated into 3e Regiment de Eclaireurs
Colonels
1812: Konopka (Jean)

Colonel-Colonel-Majors

1812: Tanski (Casimir-Alexandre) - Major
1812: Chlusowicz (Joseph) - Major

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Konopka, (Jean)

Born: 27 December 1777
Colonel: 15 July 1807 (1er Regiment de Lanciers Polonaise)
Colonel: 5 July 1812 (3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers)
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 11 December 1808
Died: ?

Tanski, (Casimir-Alexandre)

Born: 4 March 1774
Major: 1 August 1812
Colonel: 2 July 1813 (7e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers)
Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur: 29 May 1808
Died: 7 March 1853

Chlusowicz, (Joseph)

Born: 19 March 1776
Colonel: 22 March 1812 (2e Regiment d’Infanterie de la Legion de la Vistule)
Major: 11 August 1812 (3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 23 June 1810
Baron of the Empire: 31 March 1812
Died: ?

Senior officers who served with the 3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Konopka – wounded April 1796, 20 June 1799 and 4 August 1808
Tanski – wounded 14 July 1806 and 27 August 1813
Chlusowicz  - wounded 12 June 1799, 14 July 1806 and 19 October 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers During the period 1812 – 1813

Officers Killed: Four
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Fourteen

Regimental History (battles and combats where officers and men were killed and wounded)

1812: Malojaroslawetz and Slonim

Battle Honours

None

Attached to the 3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde was a squadron of Lithuanian Tartares, it had been proposed to form a Regiment but this never came about.

Escadron de Lithuanian Tartares

Squadron History

1812: Created and incorporated into 3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers Lanciers de la Garde
1813: Disbanded and remnants incorporated into the 3e Regiment de Eclaireurs

Chefs de Escadron

1812: Achmatowicz (Mustapha-Mura)
1812: Ulan (Samuel-Mirza)

None of the above attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

1812: Achmatowicz (Mustapha-Mura)- Chef  d’Escadron

Born: ?
Chef d’Escadron: 24 August 1812
Died: 11 December 1812 (killed at the combat of Vilna)
Ulan (Samuel-Mirza)
Born: ?
Chef d’Escadron: 11 December 1812 (with the actual rank of Capitaine)
Died: ?

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Lithuanian Tartares during the period 1812-1813

Officers Killed: Two
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Eight

Regimental History (battles and combats where officers and men were killed and wounded)

1812: Vilna

Battle Honours

None

Bibliography

Chelminski, J.V.  L’Armee du Duche de Varsovie; Paris 1913.
Fallou, L. Le Garde Imperiale (1804-1815); Paris 1901.
Fieffe, E. Napoléon 1er et la Garde Imperiale; Paris 1859.
Fieffe, E. Histoire des Troupes Etranger au service de France; Paris 1854, 2 Vols.
Lachouque, H. Napoléon et la Garde Imperiale
Quintin D. and B.  Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoléon; Paris 1996.
Sainte-Hilaire, Emile-Marco de. Histoire anecdotique,politique et militaire de la Garde Imperiale; Paris 1847.
Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Français de la Revolution et de l’Empire 1792-1814; Paris 1934, 2 Vols.
Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des officiers tues et blesses pendant les guerres de l’Empire; Paris 1899, 2 Vols.          
Mullie C. Biographies des Celebrites Militaire des Armees de terre et de mer de 1789-1850; Paris 1851, 2 Vols.

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: February 2003

 

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