Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

 

1er Regiment d’Eclaireurs a Cheval

2e Regiment d’Eclaireurs a Cheval

3e Regiment d’Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

1er Regiment de Garde d’Honneur

2e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur

3e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur

4e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur

Legion de Gendarmerie d’Elite

Bibliography

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815

Part II: The Cavalry Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

As a large number of officers serving with the Garde Imperiale held the rank of General-de-Brigade and above, I have included officers with the rank of Colonel, Colonel-en-Second, Colonel-Major, and Major in this series of articles.

1er Regiment d’Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1813: Created 1er Regiment d’Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale(attached to the Grenadiers a Cheval de la Garde)
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

Guyot, (Claude-Etienne)

Majors

1813: Testot-Ferry, (Claude)

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Division

General Claude Guyet

Guyot, (Claude-Etienne)

Born: 5 September 1768
Colonel-en-Second: 5 June 1809 ( 1er Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval de1 December 1813 (Grenadiers a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 9 August 1809
General-de-Division: 16 December 1811
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 30 June 1811
Baron of the Empire: May 1808
Died: 28 November 1837

Testot-Ferry, (Claude)

Born: 20 May 1773
Colonel: 16 December 1813 (7e Regiment de Dragons)
Major: 21 December 1813 (1er Regiment d’Eclaireurs)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 April 1813
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 27 December 1814
Baron of the Empire: 16 March 1814
Died: 25 August 1856

Senior officers who served with the1er Regiment d’Eclaireurs killed and wounded  while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Guyot - wounded 18 June 1815
Testot-Ferry – wounded 30 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment d’Eclaireurs during the period 1813 – 1814

Officers killed: None
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: fourteen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1814: Tournotte, Brienne, Craonne, Laon, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Paris

Battle Honours

None

2e Regiment d’Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Grade Imperiale

Regimental History

1813: Created, 2e Regiment d’Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale (attached to the Dragons de la Garde Imperiale)
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

Ornano (Philippe-Antoine)

Majors

1813: Hoffmayer (Laurent)

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Division

General Philippe Ornano

Ornano, (Philippe-Antoine)

Born: 17 January 1784
Colonel: 18 January 1807 (25e Regiment de Dragons)
Colonel: 21 January 1813 (Dragons de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 16 June 1811
General-de-Division: 8 September 1812
Count of the Empire: 22 November 1808
Died: 13 October 1863

Hoffmayer, (Laurent)

Born: 15 July 1768
Colonel: 29 March 1813 (2e Regiment de Dragons)
Major: 17 December 1813 (2e Regiment d’Eclaireurs)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 July 1813
Baron of the Empire: 4 December 1813
Died: 9 August 1842

Senior officers who served with the 2e Regiment d’Eclaireurs killed and wounded  while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Ornano – wounded 18 November 1812
Hoffmayer – wounded 25 December 1800 and 25 September 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with  the 2e Regiment d’Eclaireurs during the period 1813 – 1814

Officers killed: Two
Officers died of wounds: One
Officers wounded: Seventeen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1814: Craonne, Laon, Reims, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Paris

Battle Honours

None

3e Regiment d’Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1813: Created 3e Regiment d’Eclaireurs de la Garde Imperiale (attached to the 1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers)
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

Krasinski (Vincent Corvin)       

Majors

1813: Kozietulski (Jean-Leon-Hippolyte)

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Vincent Krasinski

Krasinski, (Vincent Corvin)

Born: 30 January 1782
Colonel: 17 April 1807
General-de-Brigade: 16 December 1811
General-de-Division: 28 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 20 June 1811
Count of the Empire: 3 June 1811
Died: 24 November 1856 

Major Jean Kozietulski

Kozietulski, (Jean-Leon-Hippolyte)

Born: 4 June 1781
Major: 30 May 1813 (1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale)
Major: 17 December 1813 (3e Regiment d’Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 13 December 1809
Baron of the Empire: 15 March 1810
Died: 3 February 1821

Senior officers who served with the 3e Regiment d’Eclaireurs killed and wounded  while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Krasinski – wounded 2 May 1808, 6 July 1809, 7 September 1812, 21 October 1813, and 13 March 1814
Kozietulski – wounded 30 November 1806, 6 July 1809, and 25 October 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Regiment d’Eclaireurs during the period 1813 – 1814

Officers killed: None
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Sixteen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1814: Arcis-sur-Aube and Paris

Battle Honours

None

1er Regiment de Garde d’Honneur

Regimental History

1813: Created, 1er Regiment de Garde d’Honneur
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

1813: Randon de Pully (Charles-Joseph)

Colonels-en-Second

1813: Picquet (Cyrille-Simon)

Colonel-Majors 

1813: Mathan (Georges de)
1813: Castellane (Esprit-Victor-Elisabe-Boniface de)

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Randon de Pully

Randon de Pully, (Charles-Joseph)

Born: 18 August 1751
Colonel: 25 February 1792 (10e Regiment de Cavalerie)
Colonel: 8 April 1813 (1er Regiment des Garde d’Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 19 September 1792
General-de-Division: 8 March 1793
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 7 December 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 March 1814
Count of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 20 April 1820

Picquet, (Cyrille-Simon)

Born: 14 November 1774
Colonel: 13 February 1807 (6e Regiment de Dragons)
Colonel-en-Second: 15 December 1813 (1er Regiment des Garde d’Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1813
Died: 2 September 1847

Mathan, (Georges de)

Born: 17 August 1771
Colonel-Major: 8 April 1813
Chevalier of the Leion d’Honneur: 31 March 1812
Died: 27 July 1840  

Castellane, (Esprit-Victor-Elisabe-Boniface de)

Born: 21 March 1788
Colonel-Major: 21 June 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur: 18 July 1809
Chevalier of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 16 September 1862

Senior officers who served with the1er Regiment de Garde d’Honneur killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Randon de Pully (Charles-Joseph) – received no wounds
Picquet (Cyrille-Simon) – wounded 2 July 1793 and 13 March 1814
Mathan (Georges de) – received no wounds
Castellane (Esprit-Victor-Elisabe-Boniface de) – received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment de Garde d’Honneur during the period 1813 - 1814

Officers killed: One
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Twelve

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Leipzig
1814: Epernay, Reims, and Courtrai

Battle Honours

None

2e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur

Regimental History

1813: Created, 2e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

1813: Lepic (Louis)
1813: Lagrange (Adelaide-Blaise-Francois-Lelievre de)

Colonels-en-Second

1813: Vallin (Louis)

Colonel-Majors

1813: Thomas de Pange (Marie-Jacques)
1813: Valon du Boucheron d’Ambrusac (Alexandre-Charles-Louis)

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Louis Lepic

Lepic, (Louis)

Born: 20 September 1765
Chef-de-Brigade: 26 March 1799 (15e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval)
Colonel-Major: 21 March 1805 (Grenadiers a Cheval de la Garde)
Colonel 8 April 1813 (2e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 13 February 1807
General-de-Division: 9 February 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 26 June 1809
Baron of the Empire: 3 May 1809
Died: 7 January 1827       

General Adelaide Lagrange

Lagrange, (Adelaide-Blaise-Francois-Lelievre de)

Born: 21December 1766
Colonel: 8 September 1792 (15e Regiment de Dragons)
Colonel: 12 October 1792 (5e Regiment de Hussards)
Colonel: 5 October 1813 (2e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 25 June 1807
General-de-Division: 29 June 1809
Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 December 1803
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur:14 June 1803
Died: 21 December 1833

Vallin, (Louis)

Born: 16 August 1770
Colonel: 1 March 1807 (6e Regiment de Hussards)
Colonel-en-Second: 15 December 1813 (2e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 5 December 1812
Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 March 1804
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 30 May 1809
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 13 September 1813
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 1 June 1813
Died: 25 December 1854

Thomas, (Marie-Jacques)

Born: 29 August 1770
Colonel-Major: 8 April 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur: 28 November 1813
Count of the Empire: 22 October 1810
Died: 5 October 1850

Valon du Boucheron, (Alexandre-Charles-Louis)

Born: 12 June 1770
Colonel-Major: 21 June 1813
Died: 10 November 1843

Senior officers who served with the2e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur killed and wounded  while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Lepic (Louis) - wounded 21 September 1793, 26 March 1799 and 8 February 1807
Lagrange (Adelaide-Blaise-Francois-Lelievre de) – wounded 20 September 1792, 10 June 1807, and 21 May 1809
Vallin (Louis) – wounded 15 April 1809
Thomas de Pange (Marie-Jacques) – wounded 1814
Valon du Boucheron (Alexandre-Charles-Louis) – received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur during the period 1813 - 1814

Officers killed: One
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Two

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Leipzig
1814: Worms and Mayence

Battle Honours

None

3e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur

Regimental History

1813 : Created, 3e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur
1814 : Disbanded

Colonels

1813 : Segur (Philippe-Paul)

Colonels-en-Second

1813 : Vincent (Henri-Catherine-Baltazard)

Colonel-Majors

1813 : Valuces (Andre-Annibal)
1813 : Vachon de Briancon de Belmont (Cesar-Rene-Marie-Francoise-Rodolphe)

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Philippe Segur

Segur, (Philippe-Paul)

Born: 4 November 1780
Colonel: 3 September 1809 (Chevau-Legers de la Garde Nationale de Paris)
Colonel: 8 April 1813 (3e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 22 February 1812
Count of the Empire: 31 December 1809
Died: 25 February 1873

Vincent, (Henri-Catherine-Baltazard)

Born: 22 May 1775
Colonel: 23 August 1811(19e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval)
Colonel-en-Second: 15 December 1813 (3e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 15 December 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1813
Baron of the Empire: 25 August 1809
Died:24 December 1844

Saluces, (Andre-Annibal)

Born: 29 November 1776
Colonel-Major: 21 April 1813
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 28 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 3 December 1809
Died: 27 May 1852

Vachon de Briancon de Belmont, (Cesar-Rene-Marie-Francoise-Rodolphe)

Born: 2 March 1770
Colonel-Major: 21 June 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur: 19 February 1814
Died:  13 March 1814 (killed at Rheims)

Senior officers who served with the3e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Segur – wounded 24 December 1806, 30 November 1808, and 13 March 1814
Vincent  - wounded 25 December 1800 and 23 May 1807
Saluces – received no wounds
Vachon de Briancon de Belmont  - received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur during the period 1813 - 1814

Officers killed: One
Officers died of wounds: Three
Officers wounded: Nineteen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Leipzig and Hanau
1814: Saverne, Meaux, Craonne, Reims, Landau, and Paris

Battle Honours

None

4e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur

Regimental History

1813: Created, 4e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

1813: Saint-Sulpice (Raymond-Gaspard Bonardy de)

Colonels-en-Second

1813: Merlin (Antione-Francois-Eugene)

Colonel-Majors

1813: Monteil (Joseph)
1813: Clermont-Tonnierre (Jules-Gaspard-Ainard de)

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Saint-Sulpice

Saint-Sulpice, (Raymond-Gaspard Bonardy de)

Born: 23 October 1761
Colonel: 26 October 1792 (12e Regiment de Dragons)
Chef-de-Brigade: 30 March 1797 (5e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval)
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 May 1799 (19e Regiment de Cavalerie)
Colonel: 8 April 1813 (4e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 24 March 1803
General-de-Division: 14 February 1807
Count of the Empire: 6 June 1808
Died: 20 June 1835

Merlin, (Antione-Francois-Eugene)

Born: 27 December1778
Colonel: 1 September 1810 (1er Regiment de Hussards)
Colonel-en-Second: 15 December 1813 (4e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 14 July 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 20 July 1808                                      
Died: 31 August 1854

Monteil, (Joseph)

Born: 7 May 1760
Colonel-Major: 21 April 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Chevalier of the Empire: 6 October 1810
Died: 29 March 1826

Clermont-Tonnierre, (Jules-Gaspard-Ainard de)

Born: 9 August 1769
Colonel-Major: 21 June 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur: 7 June 1807
Died: 14 April 1837

Senior officers who served with the 4e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur killed and wounded  while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Saint-Sulpice – wounded 8 February 1807
Merlin – received no wounds
Monteil - 8 May 1793, 2December 1805 and 22 April 1809
Clermont-Tonnierre – received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 4e Regiment de Garde d’Honneur during the period 1813 - 1814

Officers killed: None
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Four

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Leipzig
1814: Strasbourg

Battle Honours

None

Legion de Gendarmerie d’Elite

Regimental History

1801: Created, Gendarmes d’Elite
1815: Disbanded

Colonels

1801: Savary (Anne-Jean-Marie-Rene)
1810: Durosnel (Antoine-Jean-Auguste-Henri)

Colonel-Majors

1804: Jacquin (Jean-Baptiste)
1808: Henry (Jean-Pierre)

All of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Savary, (Anne-Jean-Marie-Rene)

Born: 26 April 1774
Chef-de-Brigade: 29 January 1800
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 September 1801 (Gendarmes d’Elite)
General-de-Division: 1 February 1805
General-de-Gendarmerie: 20 March 1815
Grande Cross of the Legion d’Honneur : 25 February 1807
Duke of the Empire: 23 May 1808 (Duc de Rovigo)
Died: 2 June 1833

General Antoine Durosnel

Durosnel, (Antoine-Jean-Auguste-Henri)

Born: 9 November 1771
Chef-de-Brigade: 28 July 1799 (16e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval)
Colonel : May 1812 (Gendarmes d’Elite)
General-de-Brigade: 24December 1805
General-de-Division: 16 April 1809
Count of the Empire: 24 April 1808 Died: 5 February 1849

Jacquin, (Jean-Baptiste)

Born: 16 December 1759
Colonel-en-Second: 5 July 1805
General-de-Brigade: 30 May 1808
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 22 November 1808
Died: 3 March 1841

Henry, (Jean-Pierre)

Born: 1 October 1757
Colonel-Major: 30 May 1808
General-de-Brigade: 6 May 1812
Commander of the Legion d‘Honneur: 25 December 1812
Baron of the Empire: 3 May 1809
Died: 22 February 1835

Senior officers who served with the Gendarmes d’Elite killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Savary – received no wounds
Durosnel – wounded 20 November 1805 and 22 May 1809
Jacquin – wounded 30 May 1796 and 2 May 1808
Henry – wounded 19 April 1797 and 15 June 1799

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Gendarmes d’Elite  during the period 1804 - 1815

Officers killed: Two
Officers died of wounds: Four
Officers wounded: Nine

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1806: Jena
1808: Madrid and Saragosse
1812: Beresina and Wilna
1813: Posen, Lutzen, and Leipzig
1814: Arras
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

None

Bibliography

Brunon J & R. Les Eclaireurs de la Garde Imperiale 1813 – 1814; Marseille.
Bucquoy E.-L. Les Gardes d’Honneur du Premier Empire; Nancy; 1908.
Chelminski, J.V.  L’Armee du Duche de Varsovie; Paris 1913.
Fallou, L. Le Garde Imperiale (1804-1815); Paris 1901.
Fieffe, E. Napoléon 1er et la Garde Imperiale; Paris 1859.
Fieffe, E. Histoire des Troupes Etranger au service de France; Paris 1854, 2 Vols.
Lachouque, H. Napoléon et la Garde Imperiale
Lomier, Dr. Histoire des Regiments de Garde d’Honneur 1813-1814; Paris; 1924.
Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des officiers tues et blesses pendant les guerres de l’Empire; Paris 1899, 2 Vols.          
Mullie C. Biographies des Celebrites Militaire des Armees de terre et de mer de 1789-1850; Paris 1851, 2 Vols.
Quintin D. and B.  Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoléon; Paris 1996.
Sainte-Hilaire, Emile-Marco de. Histoire anecdotique,politique et militaire de la Garde Imperiale; Paris 1847.
Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Français de la Revolution et de l’Empire 1792-1814; Paris 1934, 2 Vols.

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2003

 

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