Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

FOURTH BOOK.

______

IMPERIAL GUARD.

CHAPTER II.

PAY AND ALLOWANCES.

A decree of the consuls of the 24 nivose year XII (January 16, 1804), granted an annual allotment of 24,000 francs from the national funds, to the four Colonel-Generals of the Consular Guard and, for the aides-de-camp of the First Consul, 6,000 francs.

Five months later, an annual allotment of 6,000 francs was granted from the funds of the crown to the colonels commanding the various corps of the Imperial Guard, and a gratuity of one month of pay to the officers below the rank of major, on Saint Napoleon Day each year.  The officers gave the gratuity the name of:  Napoleon month.

All the non-commissioned officers of the Guard received, when they were named officers in the gendarmerie, 1,000 francs like the first allowances for mounting a horse.

The troops of the Guard, detached to serve close to the person of the Emperor, in the Imperial residences, received the same treatment as that in Paris *.

 * There were still two provisions relating to the pay and the allowances due to the soldiers of the Guard placed in exceptional situations, which we believed useless to give in the text of our work.  We point out only the spirit of these two provisions and their date.

1o Of the 24 messidor year XII (July 13, 1804).  Imperial decree relating to the high pay granted to the corporals and soldiers of the Guard, for seniority.

 2o Of December 4, 1806.  Instructions to the Minister of War on the execution of the Imperial Decree of August 26, 1806, concerning the soldier salary of the Guard or decrees, or held close the Councils of War.

GENERAL STAFF.

DESIGNATION

Of

Grades and Occupations.

PAY

ALLOWANCES FOR

by MOS.

by DAY.

Colonel-General………………………

2000 "

66 66

16  66

20 "

16 66

1 30

" 27

" 08

24

Brigadier General, depot commanders

of the Guard…………………………..

800  "

26 66

5   "

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

10

Colonel commandant of arms

 

 

of Napoleon’s quarters……………….

800  "

26 66

5   "

"  "

3  33

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

10

Battalion or squadron head…….

500  "

16 66

2  50

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

5

Captain…………………………

333  33

11 11

1  33

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

4

First lieutenant…………………

225  "

7 50

1   "

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

3

Second lieutenant………………

200  "

6 66

1   "

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

3

Commandant…………………..

800  "

26 66

5   "

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

10

Major…………………………..

650  "

21 66

3  33

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

6

Battalion head………………….

500  "

16 66

2  50

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

3

Captain…………………………

333  33

11 11

1  33

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

2

Lieutenant………………………

216  16

7 22

1   "

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

1

Librarian (bibliothιcaire)……………..

100   "

3 33

1   "

"  "

"   "

Idem.

Idem.

Idem.

"

* the allowance for heating was payable for the days spent in the country (l’intιrieur).

** the allowance for office expenses was granted in the interior as well as on campaign:  the two allowances above were payable only per month. 

*** the allowance for fodder was due for the days spent in the interior only. 

**** the allowances for remounts and (horse) shoeing were allotted in the interior and on campaign.

Foot-note.  These three last allowances were payable for all the days of the year.

[“Allowances for” columns for General Staff table read, left to right: Lodging per day; Heating per day*; Office Expenses per day**; Fodder per day and per horse***; Remounts per day and per horse****; Blacksmith work (shoeing) per day and per horse****.  Last column says, “number of horses.”]

ADMINISTRATION.

DESIGNATION

Of

Grades and Occupations.

PAY

ALLOWANCES for

NUMBER of HORSES.

per mos.

per

 day.

lodging per day.

heating per day.

office expenses per day.

Reviewing inspector………………………………………………

1333 33

44 44

8    33

10    "

33   33  

6

Sub-reviewing inspector………………………………………….

1000   "

33 33

5      "

5   “

8   33

4

Assistant to sub reviewing inspector……………………………..

500   "

16 66

3    33

5   "

8   33

4

Commissaire ordonnateur………………………………………..

1333 33

44 44

8    33

10    "

16   16

6

Commission of wars 1st class…………………………………….

500   "

16 66

3    33

5   "

8   33

4

        Idem                 2nd class…………………………………….

416 66

13 88

3    33

5   "

6   66

3

Assistant to commissioner of wars……………………………….

200   "

    6 66

1    66

"  83

1   66

2

 

GRENADIERS, CHASSEURS AND VETERANS (Infantry).

 

DESIGNATION OF GRADES.

PRESENCE PAY.

ABSENCE PAY.

ALLOWANCES.

NUMBER of

HORSES.

per

mos.

per

day.

on six month leave per day.

in hospital or with army per day.

lodging per day.

clothing per day.*

Grand Staff.

 

Colonel…………………….………………………..

750   "

25  "

12 50

22   "

5  "

2 77

6

Second colonel…………….………………………..

666 66

 22 22

11 11

19 22

5  "

2 77

Adjutant general…………………………………….

583 33

 19 41

 9 72

16 44

5  "

2 77

Major………………………………………………..

516 66

 17 22

 8 61

14 22

 4 16

2 08

Battalion head……………………………………….

416 66

 13 88

 6 94

10 88

 2 50

1 66

3

Quartermaster………………………………………..

300  "

10  "

5  "

8  "

 1 33

1 11

2

Adjutant major…………….…………………………

Sub-adjut-maj…..

First lieutenant………………..

200   "

  6 66

 3 33

5 16

1  "

1 11

1

Second lieutenant…………….

175   "

  5 83

 2 91

4 33

1  "

1 11

Adjutant’s food and clothing, lieutenant

pay according to their class………………………….

"      "

"    "

"    "

"    "

1  "

1 11

"

Eagle bearers

First lieutenant………………..

200   "

6 66

 3 33

5 16

1  "

1 11

"

Second lieutenant…………….

175   "

5 83

 2 91

4 33

1  "

1 11

"

Medical officer 1st class……………………………...

300   "

10  "

5  "

8 40

2 50

1 11

1

      Idem           2nd class……………………………...

200   "

6 66

 3 33

5 46

1 33

1 11

      Idem           3rd class………………………………

133 33

4 44

 2 22

3 44

1  "

1 11

Small Staff.

Quartermaster (vaguemestre)………………………..

"      "

 2 97

 1 48

"  99

"  "

"  "

"

Drum major………………………………………….

"      "

 2 66

 1 33

"  88

"  "

"  "

"

Drum master sergeant……………………………….

"      "

 2 22

 1 11

"  74

"  "

"  "

"

Drum corporal……………………………………….

"      "

 1 66

 " 83

"  55

"  "

"  "

"

Band leader (chef de musique)………………………

"      "

 5  "

 2 50

1 66

"  "

"  "

"

Musician……………………………………………..

"      "

 2 22

 1 11

"  74

"  "

"  "

"

Master artisan (ovrier)……………………………….

"      "

Sapper sergeant………………………………………

"      "

 2 22

 1 11

"  74

"  "

"  "

"

Sapper corporal………………………………………

"      "

 1 94

 " 97

"  64

"  "

"  "

"

Sapper………………………………………………..

"      "

 1 66

 " 83

"  55

"  "

"  "

"

Companies.

Captain……………………………………………….

300   "

    10  "

5  "

8  "

1 33

1 11

**

First lieutenant……………………………………….

200   "

 6 66

 3 33

5 16

1  "

1 11

"

Second lieutenant……………………………………

175   "

 5 83

 2 91

4 33

1  "

1 11

"

Sergeant major……………………………………….

"      "

 2 66

 1 33

"  88

"  "

"  "

"

Sergent and quartermaster (fourrier)…………………

"      "

 2 22

 1 11

"  74

"  "

"  "

"

Corporal……………………………………………...

"      "

 1 66

 " 83

"  55

"  "

"  "

"

Drummer……………………………………………..

"      "

 1 16

 " 58

"  38

"  "

"  "

"

Grenadier or chasseur………………………………..

"      "

 1 38

 " 69

"  46

"  "

"  "

"

Student drummer, treated in all ways like

Children of the Corps………………………………...

"      "

"    "

"   "

"  "

"  "

"  "

"

* the clothing allowance was payable per month for the officers in the country as well as with the armies.
** the two most senior captains of the arms of grenadiers and chasseurs were due one horse, both in country and with the armies.

GRENADIERS, CHASSEURS, MAMELUCKS and ELITE GENDARMES (Cavalry).

Grades and Occupations.

Pay per year.  (f.)

Grades and Occupations.

Pay per year. (f.)

Colonel

9,600

Sub band leader

1,200

Squadron Head

6,000

Quartermaster (vaguemestre)

1,170

Adjutant major

4,000

Non commissioned officer instructor

1,000

Captain quartermaster

4,000

Sergeant major (marιchal des logis chef)

1,000

Captain of clothing (d’habillement)

4,000

Student surgeon

1,000

Captain instructor.

4,000

Trumpet major

1,000

Captain

4,000

Quartermaster (fourrier)

   900

Medical officer 1st class

3,600

Sergeant (marιchal des logis)

   900

Lieutenant instructor

2,700

Veterinarian artisan aide

   900

1st Lieutenant

2,700

Master gunsmith (armurier)

   800

2nd Lieutenant

2,400

Hired musician

   800

Surgeon 2nd class

2,400

Corporal (brigadier)

   700

Adjutant sub lieutenant

2,000

Tympanist

   700

Officer standard bearer

2,000

Corporal trumpeter

   700

Sub lieutenant

2,000

Trumpeter

   650

Band leader

1,800

Sergeant blacksmith

   650

Veterinarian artisan

1,800

Grenadiers, chasseurs and mamelucks

   450

Adjutant non commissioned officer

1,200

Child of the corps

   225

___________

ARTILLERY, PARK and TRAIN.

Grades and Occupations.

Pay per year.  (f.)

Grades and Occupations.

Pay per year. (f.)

Squadron Head

6,600

Corporal

  650

Adjutant major

4,300

Trumpeter

  600

1st Captain

4,300

Bombardier (artificier)

  530

2nd Captain

3,500

Cannoneer 1st class

  500

Quarter master, according to grade

2,900

Cannoneer 2nd class

  450

1st Lieutenant

2,900

Artisan (laborer) 1st class

  450

Lieutenant instructor

2,900

Artisan 2nd class

  400

Officer standard bearer

2,600

Artisan apprentice

  300

2nd Lieutenant

2,600

Artillery guard

2,000

Medical Officer 2nd class

2,400

Sub guard

1,500

Mathematics professor

2,000

Conductor

1,500

Veterinarian artisan

1,800

Commanding captain

3,800

Adjutant non commissioned officer

1,300

Lieutenant

2,600

Sergeant major (marιchal des logis chef)

1,000

Sergeant major (marιchal des logis chef)

  800

Sergeant (marιchal des logis)

  900

Sergeant or quartermaster

  600

Quartermaster (fourrier)

  900

Corporal (brigadier)

  500

Sergeant

  850

Sergeant blacksmith

  450

Master artisan (ouvrier)

  800

Harness maker (bourrelier)

  450

Corporal (brigadier)

  700

Trumpeter

  450

Corporal trumpeter

  700

Soldier

  400

Sergeant blacksmith (ferrant)

  650

Child of the corps

  200

BATTALION OF SAILORS.

DESIGNATION OF GRADES AND OCCUPATION.

PAY

at sea per month.

with the Guard per month

TOTAL per month.

Captain (capitaine de vaisseau), commandant*

400

"

800

"

1200

"

Commander (capitaine de frigate), crew commandant

233

"

500

"

  733

"

Lieutenant (lieutenant de vaisseau), crew commandant

133

"

333**

"

  466

66

Captain adjutant major and quartermaster treasurer

133

"

333

"

  466

66

Lieutenant gang/squad (escouade) commandant

133

"

225

"

  358

"

Ensign and lieutenant of artillery gang/squad commandant

100

"

200

"

  300

"

Chief petty officer (maξtre)

  90

"

  83

"

  173

"

Petty officer (contre maξtre)

  54

"

  75

"

  120

"

Leading seaman (quartier maξtre)

  40

"

  58

"

    98

"

Sailors

first class

  30

"

  37

50

    67

50

second class

  27

"

  37

50

    64

50

third class

  24

"

  37

50

    61

50

fourth class

  21

"

  37

50

    58

50

Trumpeters or drummers

  23

80

  54

"

    77

80

* The commanding captain could,  when at sea, receive an extraordinary treatment, and his officers their mess (table) expenses.

**St. Hilaire has this number as 133 in error.

HOSPITAL OF THE GUARD called Gros-Calliou.

DESIGNATION

OF GRADES AND OCCUPATION.

PAY

ALLOWANCE

For

LODGING

per day.

NUMBER

OF

HORSES.

per month.

per day.

Medical chief

Chief surgeon

500

"

16

66

3  33

3

Chief pharmacist

Medical assistant first class

 

333

33

11

11

2  50

2

Surgeon first class

333

33*

11

11

2  50

1

Pharmacist first class

Surgeon second class

200

"

6

66

1  33

1

Pharmacist second class

Surgeon third class

133

33

4

44

1  "

1

Pharmacist third class

*St. Hilaire has this number as 03 in error.

The accounting of each corps of the Guard was kept separately.  The receipts of payment indicated the class of the arms to which this expenditure was ascribable.  For the payments made to the soldiers coming from the troops of line and incorporated in the Guard, these receipts reflected the regiments to which these soldiers had belonged, and those of the Guard in which they were incorporated.

For the execution of these measures, the reviewing inspectors received statements of pay, allowances, salary and particular gratuities of all the corps, which belonged to the Guard.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: July 2005

 

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