Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

 



Dragoon Regiment Nr. 1

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 2

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 3

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 4

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 5

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 6

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 7

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 8

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 9

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 10

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 11

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 12

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 13

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 14

Bibliography

Prussian Colonels-in-Chief 1792-1806: Dragoon Regiments

By Stephen Millar

Ten of the 14 Prussian dragoon regiments in 1806 were composed of five squadrons with a field-strength of 841 men. Regiment “Konigin” Nr. 5 and Regiment “Auer” Nr. 6 were ‘double-sized’ units – 10 squadrons each – with 1,682 men.

On 14 October, the Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg-Wolfensbuttel, Generalleutnant von Ruchel and the Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen had only half of the available dragoon regiments (Regiments 1,2,3,4,5, and 11). The remainder was evenly-divided between the Duke of Wurttemberg’s General Reserve and L’Estocq’s [eastern] corps.

Little information has been found on the last two units –Regiment ‘Rouquette’ Nr. 13 and Regiment ‘Wobeser’ Nr. 14. These newly-created units may have still been in the process of organizing when the 1806 Campaign began.

In the wake of the Jena-Auerstadt disaster, the dragoon regiments were reorganized. The 2nd West Prussian Dragoon Regiment, for example, was formed from Regiment “Zeiten’ Nr. 6 and the depot squadrons of Regiment ‘Herzberg’ Nr. 9 and Regiment ‘Heyking’ Nr. 10. It is interesting to note that after 1807, only the reorganized cuirassier and dragoon regiments were authorized to carry standards.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 1

In 1806, Dragoon Regiment ‘Konig von Bayern’ Nr. 1 was attached to Saxe-Weimar’s Advanced Guard detachment.

26.06.1774: Wylich und Lottum, Oberst [later General der Kavallerie] Friedrich Albrecht, Graf von (1721-1797)
29.12.1794: Prussia, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Louis-Ferdinand, Prince of (1772-1806)
09.02.1797: Pfalz-Zweibrucken, Generalleutnant Maximilian, Duke of [1799: Kurfurst of Pfalz-Bayern; 1806: King of Bavaria] (1756-1825)

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 2

Forming part of Generalmajor von Krafft’s brigade at Jena, Dragoon Regiment ‘Prittwitz’ Nr. 2 later surrendered at Prenzlau [28.10.1806].

04.05.1790: Schmettau, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Karl-Wilhelm-Friedrich von (1734-1798) [1]
23.01.1797: Prittwitz, Generalleutnant Wolfgang-Moritz von (1731-1812)

[1] Schmettau was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1761.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 3

Part of Generalmajor von Blucher’s brigade at Auerstadt, Dragoon Regiment ‘Irwing’ Nr. 3 surrendered at Ratekau on 07.11.1806.

04.06.1788: Gilsa, Generalmajor Georg Ludwig von (1730-1792)
04.06.1792: Prittwitz, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Wolfgang-Moritz von (1731-1812) [1]
23.01.1797: Strantz, Generalmajor Hans-Karl-Ludolf von (1739-1815)
02.10.1800: Irwing, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Friedrich-Daniel-Wilhelm von (1740-1820) [2]

[1] Prittwitz was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1789.
[2] Irwing was a brigade commander at Auerstadt.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 4

In 1806, Dragoon Regiment ‘Katte’ Nr. 4 was assigned to Ruchel’s corps. Three squadrons of this unit later surrendered at Ratekau.

31.01.1789: Normann, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Georg-Balthasar von (1721-1795) [1]
12.11.1792: Katte, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Johann-Friedrich-Heinrich-Christoph von (1740-1813)

[1] Normann was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1782.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 5

Dragoon Regiment ‘Konigin’ Nr. 5 was attached to Brunswick-Luneburg-Wolfensbuttel’s main Prussian army in 1806.

02.08.1769: Ansbach and Bayreuth, Generalleutnant Christian-Friedrich-Karl-Alexander, Margrave of (24.02.1736-05.01.1806) [1]
05.03.1806: Prussia, Major Luise, Queen of (1770-1810)
1810: Kalckreuth, Generalfeldmarschall Friedrich-Adolf, Graf von (1737-1818)

[1] In 1757, Christian-Friedrich-Karl-Alexander became the last Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth (the margravate became part of Prussia in 1791). In 1805 and 1807, Prussia ceded Ansbach and Bayreuth to Bavaria.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 6

In 1806, Dragoon Regiment ‘Auer’ Nr. 6 was assigned to L’Estocq’s [eastern] corps. It later fought at Eylau [08.02.1807].

09.04.1790: Werther, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Philipp-August-Wilhelm von (1729-1802)
30.04.1803: Auer, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Johann-Kasimir von (1736-1809) [1]
20.03.1807: Zieten, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Christoph Johann Friedrich Otto von (1747-1817) [1]

[1] Auer was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1802.
[2] This officer should not be confused with Generalleutnant [later Generalfeldmarschall] Karl-Wieprecht-Hans-Friedrich, Graf von Zieten (1770-1848) – one of Blucher’s corps commanders during the Waterloo Campaign.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 7

In 1806, Dragoon Regiment ‘Rhein’ Nr. 7 was assigned to L’Estocq’s [eastern] corps. It later fought at Eylau [08.02.1807].

25.09.1790: Zabeltitz, Generalmajor Johann-Ernst von [1]
31.08.1792: Schenck von Flechtingen, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Wilhelm-Friedrich von (1730-1811)
30.04.1803: Pastau, Generalmajor Christian-Friedrich-Georg-Ludwig von (1737-1805) [2]
03.10.1805: Rhein, Oberst Adrian-Gottlieb von [3]
12.11.1806: Baczko, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Josef-Theodor-Sigmund von (1751-1840)

[1] No biographical information was found about this officer.
[2] This officer’s surname is sometimes mis-spelled ‘Passau’.
[3] Rhein did not reach the rank of Generalmajor.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 8

In 1806, Dragoon Regiment ‘Esebeck’ Nr. 8 was assigned to L’Estocq’s [eastern] corps.

25.09.1790: Bardeleben, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Georg-Friedrich-Christoph von (1734-1801)
26.04.1801: Busch, Generalleutnant Karl-Gottlieb-Ferdinand von (1733-1803)
12.05.1803: Esebeck, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Karl-Christian-Burghard von (1745-1809) [1]

[1] Esebeck was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1793.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 9

Dragoon Regiment ‘Herzberg’ Nr. 9 was part of the Duke of Wurttemberg’s General Reserve corps. It later surrendered at Ratekau.

01.12.1788: Borstell, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Hans-Friedrich-Heinrich von (1730-1804)
12.11.1792: Bruckner, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Hieronymus von (1730-1806) [1]
01.03.1798: Herzberg, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Friedrich-Wilhelm, Graf von (1739-1815)

[1] Bruckner was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1792.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 10

Dragoon Regiment ‘Heyking’ Nr. 10 was part of the Duke of Wurttemberg’s General Reserve corps. It later surrendered at Ratekau.

25.09.1790: Franckenberg und Ludwigsdorf, Generalmajor Karl-Gottlob von (1732-1795) [1]
31.01.1795: Busch, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Karl-Gottlieb-Ferdinand von (1733-1803)
26.04.1801: Manstein, Oberst Christian-Heinrich von [2]
19.08.1806: Heyking, Generalmajor Ulrich-Leberecht von (1745-1809)

[1] This officer should not be confused with Generalmajor Karl-Wolfgang von Franckenberg und Ludwigsdorf (1730-1791).
[2] This officer did not reach the rank of Generalmajor.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 11

Assigned to Generalmajor Graf Henckel von Donnersmarck’s brigade of Hohenlohe’s Prussian-Saxon army, Dragoon Regiment ‘Krafft’ Nr. 11 later surrendered at Prenzlau.

20.05.1789: Tschirschky, Generalmajor Karl-Wilhelm von [1]
05.11.1793: Voss, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Ludwig-Ernst von (1734-1811)
19.08.1806: Krafft, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] August-Friedrich-Erdmann von (1748-1822)

[1] Tschirschky and Voss were both awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1794.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 12

Dragoon Regiment “Osten” Nr. 12 was assigned to L’Estocq’s [eastern] corps in 1806. It later surrendered at Ratekau.

04.06.1780: Kalckreuth, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Hans-Nikolaus von (1720-1807)
05.11.1793: Pilchowski von Biberstein, Oberst Karl-Gustav [1]
12.09.1797: Brusewitz, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Karl-Friedrich von (1738-1811)
24.09.1806: Osten, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Christian-Friedrich von der (1740-1819)

[1] Pilchowski von Biberstein did not reach the rank of Generalmajor. He was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1786.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 13

1802: Rouquette, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Hans-Stephan von (1740-1813) [1]

[1] Rouquette was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1794.

Dragoon Regiment Nr. 14

1803: Wobeser, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Karl-Georg-Friedrich von (1750-1821) [1]

[1] Wobeser was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1805.

Bibiography

http://www.napoleon-series.org/

http://www.preussenweb.de/

http://www.lexikon-deutschegenerale.de/f_pr.html

http://home.foni.net/~adelsforschung/ind03.htm

http://www.grosser-generalstab.de/

http://www.napoleonic-literature.com/

http://www.tacitus.nu/historical-atlas/regents/germany/nurnberg.htm

http://www.progenealogists.com/germany/articles/ganatomy.htm

http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian/riley/787/Napoleon/Prussia/Armee/Cavalry.html

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series:  July 2005

 

Organization Index  ]



Search the Series

© Copyright 1995-2005, The Napoleon Series, All Rights Reserved.

Top | Home ]