Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



Hussar Regiment Nr. 1

Hussar Regiment Nr. 2

Hussar Regiment Nr. 3

Hussar Regiment Nr. 4

Hussar Regiment Nr. 5

Hussar Regiment Nr. 6

Hussar Regiment Nr. 7

Hussar Regiment Nr. 8

Hussar Regiment Nr. 9

Hussar Regiment Nr. 10

Hussar Regiment Nr. 11

Bibliography

Prussian Colonels-in-Chief 1792-1806: Hussar Regiments

By Stephen Millar

Prussian hussar regiments were composed of 10 squadrons each (with the exception of Hussar Regiment Bila’ Number 11 which had five). In 1806, these light regiments were usually deployed in mixed infantry-cavalry detachments; only two regiments were present at the Battle of Auerstadt.

Probably the most famous Prussian hussar officer was Generalfeldmarschall Gerhard Leberecht von Blucher, the hell-for-leather colonel-in-chief of Hussar Regiment Number 8. Blucher fought the French throughout the Napoleonic Wars; in the Waterloo Campaign, he would command the Prussian Army.

Hussar Regiment Number 1

Present at the Battle of Jena, Hussar Regiment ‘Gettkandt’ Number 1 later surrendered at Anklam on 01.11.1806.

15.09.1770: Czettritz und Neuhaus, Oberst [later General der Kavallerie] Georg-Oswald Freiherr von (1728-1796)
26.01.1797: L’Estocq, Oberst [Later General der Kavallerie] Anton-Wilhelm von (1738-1815)
15.05.1803: Gettkandt, Generalmajor Ernst-Philipp von (1736-1808)

Hussar Regiment Number 2

Hussar Regiment ‘Rudorff’ Number 2 was attached to Saxe-Weimar’s Corps in 1806. It surrendered at Ratekau on 07.11.1806.

01.03.1786: Eben und Brunnen, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Karl-Adolf-August, Freiherr von (1734-1800)
29.12.1794: Goeckingk, Generalmajor [later General der Kavallerie] Friedrich-Eberhard-Siegmund, Freiherr von (1738-1813) [1]
19.10.1805: Rudorff, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Wilhelm-Heinrich von (1741-1832)

[1] This officer’s surname is sometimes mis-spelled ‘Groeckingk’.

Hussar Regiment Number 3

This regiment also surrendered at Ratekau.

23.05.1788: Kohler, Oberst [later General der Kavallerie] Georg-Ludwig-Egidius von (1734-1811)
1796 24.06: Trenck, Generalmajor Friedrich-Ludwig von der
1797 17.09: Schultz, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Dietrich-Wilhelm von (1733-1803)
1803 19.11: Pletz, Oberst [later Generalmajor] August-Wilhelm von (1741-1810)

[1] One source says Hussar Regiment ‘Pletz’ Number 3 was split between Saxe-Weimar’s and Ruchel’s commands in 1806.

Hussar Regiment Number 4

Hussar Regiment ‘Wurttemberg’ Number 4 was one of only two Prussian hussar regiments present at the Battle of Auerstadt. It was joined with Hussar Regiment Number 8 to form Blucher’s cavalry brigade in the Advanced Guard detachment.

1781 16.03: Wurttemberg-Stuttgart, Oberst [later General der Kavallerie] Eugen-Friedrich-Heinrich, Duke of (1758-1822)
1794 29.12: Lediwary, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Karl-Friedrich von (1732-1812) [1]
1797 23.01: Wurttemberg, Generalleutnant Eugen, Prince of

[1] Lediwary was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1791.

Hussar Regiment Number 5

This regiment was reorganized after 1806 into the ‘Leib-Husaren-Regiment’ (also known informally as the ‘Black Hussars’). It subsequently fought at Eylau and Heilsberg in 1807.

23.05.1788: Goeckingk, Oberst [later General der Kavallerie] Eberhard-Siegmund-Gunther, Freiherr von (1738-1813)
29.12.1794: Suter, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Friedrich-Wilhelm von (1733-1815)
20.12.1804: Prittwitz, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Wolfgang-Moritz von (1731-1812)

Hussar Regiment Number 6

Hussar Regiment ‘Schimmelfinnig von der Oye’ Number 6 was attached to Hohelohe’s command in 1806. At the Battle of Jena, it was deployed in a mixed Prussian-Saxon cavalry brigade under Generalmajor Senfft von Pilsach, a Saxon officer.

29.12.1791: Wolffradt, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Erich-Magnus von (1735-1799) [1]
17.08.1799: Schimmelfennig von der Oye, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Christian-Ludwig (1738-1812)
25.01.1807: Anhalt-Kothen-Pless, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Friedrich-Ferdinand, Prince of (1769-1830)

[1] Wolffradt was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1761.

Hussar Regiment Number 7

Attached to Ruchel’s Corps in 1806, this regiment later surrendered at Ratekau.

27.12.1775: Usedom, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Adolf-Detlev von (1726-1792)
13.04.1792: Trenck, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Friedrich-Ludwig von der [1]
24.06.1796: Kohler, Generalleutnant [later General der Kavallerie] Georg-Ludwig-Egidius von (1734-1811)

[1] Trenck was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1778.

Hussar Regiment Number 8

Hussar Regiment ‘Blucher’ Number 8 was attached to Prussia’s main army in 1806. Commanded by their colonel-in-chief at the Battle of Auerstadt, this unit later surrendered at Ratekau.

06.07.1787: Goltz, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Johann-Wilhelm, Graf von der (1737-1797)
04.06.1794: Blucher, Generalmajor [1813: Generalfeldmarschall] Gebhard-Leberecht von (1742-1819)

Hussar [Lancer] Regiment ‘Bosniaken/Towarczys’ Number 9 [1]

The sole lancer regiment in the 1806 Prussian Army was the Towarczys Regiment, a ‘foreign’ unit raised from Prussia’s Polish territories. In 1806, it was attached to L’Estocq’s [eastern] corps.

The 10-squadron regiment – formed in 1800 from the ‘Bosniaken’ Regiment – was disbanded in 1807. The released men were later formed into Uhlan Regiment Number 2 (and, in part, Uhlan Regiment Number 1).

A similarly-named lancer battalion (of five squadrons) was commanded by Major [later Oberstleutnant] Schimmelpfinnig von der Oye from 1800 to 1807.

03.02.1788: Gunther, Oberst [later Generalleutnant] Heinrich-Johann, Freiherr von (1736-1803) [2]
30.04.1803: L’Estocq, Generalmajor [later General der Kavallerie] Anton-Wilhelm von (1738-1815) [3]

[1] In some sources, this regiment is not listed with the hussar regiments but rather as a separate lancer unit.
[2] Gunther was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1789.
[3] L’Estocq was awarded the ‘Pour le Merite’ in 1761.

Hussar Regiment Number 10

Hussar Regiment ‘Usedom’ Number 10 fought under the Duke of Wurttemberg at the Battle of Halle (17.10.1806).

23.03.1787: Wolky, Generalmajor [later Generalleutnant] Friedrich-Gideon von (1735-1803)
23.01.1797: Lediwary, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Karl-Ludwig von (1732-1812)
01.10.1799: Glaser, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Friedrich-Daniel von (1740-1804)
03.12.1804: Usedom, Oberst [later Generalmajor] Friedrich von (1756-1824)

Hussar Regiment [or ‘Battalion’] Number 11

Information on this unit indicates Generalmajor von Bila was its colonel-in-chief during the 1806 Campaign. Attached to Oberst von Boguslawski’s ‘Light Brigade’ at Jena, this five-squadron unit is often referred to in sources as a ‘battalion’.

Sass, Generalleutnant Gerhard-Alexander, Freiherr von (1718-1790)
Bila, Generalmajor Karl-Anton-Ernst von (1741-1820)

 

Sources

http://www.napoleon-series.org/
http://www.preussenweb.de/
http://www.lexikon-deutschegenerale.de/f_pr.html
http://home.foni.net/~adelsforschung/ind03.htm
http://www.grosser-generalstab.de/
http://www.napoleonic-literature.com/
http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian/riley/787/Napoleon/Prussia/Armee/Cavalry.html
http://home.wanadoo.nl/g.vanuythoven/Prussian%20Towarczys.htm

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series:  November 2005

 

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