Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


1er Regiment d'Artillerie a Peid

2e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

3e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

4e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

5e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

6e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

7e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

8e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Bibliography

 

French Horse Artillery Regiments and the Colonels Who Led Them 1791-1815

By Tony Broughton, FINS

1er Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Regimental History

1794: Created, 1er Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval
Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Marles (Charles-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Jaillot (Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade
1801: Anthouard de Vraincourt (Charles-Nicolas) - Chef-de-Brigade
1806: Prost (Claude) - Colonel
1806: Baltus de Pouilly (Basile-Guy-Marie-Victor) - Colonel
1811: Raffron (Cyprien-Joseph) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Anthouard de Vraincourt, (Charles-Nicolas)

Born: 7 April 1773
Chef-de-Brigade: 30 November 1801
General-de-Brigade: 11 February 1806
General-de-Division: 21 June 1810
Count of the Empire: 21 January 1810
Died: 14 March 1852

Prost, (Claude)

Born: 5 February 1764
Colonel: 16 October 1806
General-de-Brigade: 21 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 1 May 1810
Died: 4 July 1834

Baltus de Pouilly, (Basile-Guy-Marie-Victor)

Born: 2 January 1766
Colonel: 9 March 1806
General-de-Brigade: 14 March 1811
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 July 1807
Baron  of the Empire: 28 January 1809
Died: 13 January 1845

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 1er Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Six
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Twenty-eight

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1796: Dego
1797: Kehl and Gradisca
1809: Wagram
1812: Moskowa and Beresina
1813: Dresde and Leipzig
1814: La Rothiere and Paris
1815: Waterloo
Battle Honours

Wagram 1809 (1812 model Drapeux)

2e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Regimental History

1794: Created, 2e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1795: Hanicque (Antoine-Alexandre) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Marmont (Auguste-Frederic-Louis Viesse de) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Mossel (Jean-Louis-Oliver) - Chef-de-Brigade
1805: Forno (Alexandre-Jean-Francois-Joseph) - Colonel
1807: Le Noury (Henri-Marie) - Colonel
1809: Pellegrin de Millon (Joseph) - Colonel
1813: Chopin (Louis) - Colonel
1814: Lafont (Andre-Jacques-Elisabeth) - Colonel
1815: Rey (Eduard-Eleonor-Guillaume) - Colonel

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above, one reaching the rank of Marechal de l'Empire

Hanicque, (Antoine-Alexandre)

Born: 19 May 1742
Chef-de-Brigade: 21 March 1795
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
General-de-Division: 3 March 1807
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 2 July 1808
Died: 28 February 1821

Marmont, (Auguste-Frederic-Louis Viesse de)

Born: 20 July 1774
Chef-de-Brigade: 13 October 1796
General-de-Brigade: 10 June 1798
General-de-Division: 9 September 1800
Marshal of the Empire: 12 July 1809
Died: 3 March 1852

Mossel, (Jean-Louis-Oliver)

Born: 2 April 1770
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 May 1799
General-de-Brigade: 20 September 1805
General-de-Division: 15 June 1807
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Baron of the Empire: 26 October 1808
Died: 25 November 1848

Le Noury, (Henri-Marie)

Born: 6 November 1771
Colonel: 9 March 1806 (2e Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 17 July 1807 (2e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval)
General-de-Brigade: 23 March 1809
General-de-Division: 25 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1808
Died: 25 September 1839

Pellegrin de Millon, (Joseph)

Born: 30 December 1759
Colonel: 1809
General-de-Brigade: 10 January 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 3 Decemeber 1807
Baron  of the Empire: 10 April 1811
Died: ?

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 2e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonel Forno: Killed 14 June 1807
Colonel Pelgrin: Wounded died of wounds 7 September 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Four
Officers died of wounds: Three
Officers wounded: Thirty-one

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1796: Neresheim, Kamlach, Kehl, and Huningue
1797: Rhin
1799: Zurich
1800: Montebello, Marengo, and Engen
1805: Austerlitz
1807: Friedland
1809: Medellin, Wals, and Girone
1809: Essling
1810: Cadiz and Vich
1812: Moskowa
1813: Dresde and Leipzig
1814: Fere-Champenoise and Paris
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Ulm 1805, Austerlitz 1805,  Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, Friedland 1807, Essling 1809, and Wagram 1809 (1812 model Drapeux)

3e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Regimental History

1794: Created, 3e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Fays (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Sorbier (Jean-Barthelemont) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Du Roc (Geraud-Christophe-Michel) - Chef-de-Brigade
1801: Navelet de la Massonniere (Alexandre-Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1807: Aboville (Augustin-Marie d') - Colonel
1808: Doguerau (Louis) - Colonel
1812: Marion (Claude) - Colonel
1813: Marilhac (Robert) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Sorbier, (Jean-Barthelemont)

Born: 17 November 1762
Chef-de-Brigade: 1 April 1795
General-de-Brigade: 18 April 1797
General-de-Division: 6 January 1800
Count of the Empire: 6 June 1808
Died: 23 July 1827

Du Roc, (Geraud-Christophe-Michel)

Born: 25 October 1772
Chef-de-Brigade: 14 March 1800
General-de-Brigade: 13 October 1801
General-de-Division: 27 Auguste 1803
Grand Eagle of the Legion d'Honneur: 2 February 1805
Duke of the Empire: May 1808
Died: 23 May 1813 (of wounds recieved at Gorlitz)

Navelet de la Massonniere, (Alexandre-Pierre)

Born: 20 March 1767
Chef-de-Brigade: 7 December 1801General-de-Brigade: 21 June 1807
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 26 October 1808
Died: 1 December 1809

Aboville, (Augustin-Marie d')

Born: 12 April 1777
Colonel: 10 July 1806 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 21 June 1807 (3e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval)
General-de-Brigade: 9 July 1809
Baron of the Empire: 5 October 1808
Died: 20 June 1843

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 3e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonel Doguereau: Wounded 28 December 1808
Colonel Marion: Wounded 18 November 1812
Colonel Marilhac: Wounded 16 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Nine
Officers died of wounds: Four
Officers wounded: Forty-three

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1800: Hohenlinden and Erbach
1805: Austerlitz
1806: Lubeck
1807: Friedland
1808: Somo-Sierra
1809: Medellin, Talavera, Ocana, Almonacid, and La Corona
1809: Essling and Wagram
1811: Albuhera and Olivenza
1812: Moskowa and Krasnoe
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Leipzig and Hanau
1814: Brienne, Monterau, La Rothiere, Montmirail, and Paris
1815: Suffel

Battle Honours

Ulm 1805, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, Friedland 1807, Essling 1809 and Wagram 1809 (1812 model Drapeux)

4e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Regimental History

1794: Created, 4e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Ferveur (Nicolas) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Lauriston (Jacques-Alexandre-Bernard Law de) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Miquel-Feriet (Louis-Charles) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Lauriston (Jacques-Alexandre-Bernard Law de) - Chef-de-Brigade
1801: Taviel (Albert-Louis-Valentin) - Chef-de-Brigade
1802: Faure de Gier (Chretian-Francois-Antoine) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1811: Griois (Charles-Pierre-Lubin) - Colonel
1813: Lavoy (Claude-Joseph) - Colonel
1814: Noel (Jean-Nicolas-Augustin) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Lauriston, (Jacques-Alexandre-Bernard Law de)

Born: 1 February 1768
Chef-de-Brigade: 7 February 1795 (4e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval)
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 March 1800 (4e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval)
Chef-de-Brigade: 3 October 1801 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
General-de-Brigade: 13 September 1802
General-de-Division: 1 February 1805
Count of the Empire:
Died: 11 June 1828

Taviel, (Albert-Louis-Valentin)

Born: 17 June 1767
Chef de Brigae: 1801
General-de-Brigade: 1 February 1805
General-de-Division: 21 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 13 March 1811
Died: 16 November 1831

Faure de Gier, (Chretian-Francois-Antoine)

Born: 20 January 1769
Chef-de-Brigade: 21 January 1802
General-de-Brigade: 23 June 1811
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 13 August 1811
Died: 2 February 1813

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 4e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonel Faure de Gier: Wounded 8 May 1809

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 4e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-one
Officers died of wounds: Three
Officers wounded: Twenty-nine

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1796: Ehrenbriestein
1809: Piave and Wagram
1812: Moskowa, Malo-Jaroslawetz and Beresina
1813: Bautzen, Dresde, Katzbach, Kulm and Leipzig
1814: Mincio
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Essling 1809 and Wagram 1809 (1812 model Drapeux)

5e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Regimental History

1794: Created, 5e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: de la Tourniere (Etienne-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Foy (Maximillien-Sebastien) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1808: Berge (Francois) - Colonel
1813: Chaveau (Louis-Joseph) – Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Foy, (Maximillien-Sebastien)

Born: 3 February 1775
Chef-de-Brigade: 25 September 1799
General-de-Brigade: 3 November 1808
General-de-Division: 29 November 1810
Baron of the Empire: 9 September 1810
Count of the Empire: 15 May 1815
Died: 28 November 1828

Berge, (Francois)

Born: 11 March 1779
Colonel: 28 December 1808
General-de-Brigade: 26 May 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 15 July 1810
Died: 18 April 1832

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 5e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonel Foy: Wounded 21 August 1808
Colonel Berge: Wounded 28 July 1809 and 16 May 1811

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 5e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Sixteen
Officers died of wounds: Five
Officers wounded: Thirty-two

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1795: Mannheim
1796: Mondovi, Lodi, Castiglione, Bassano, and Arcole
1797: Rivoli, La Favorite, Piave and Gradica
1800: Marengo
1806: Jena
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1808: Valence and Vimeiro
1809: Talavera and Belchite
1809: Wagram
1810: Lerida
1811: Albuhera
1812: Moskowa and Vilna
1813: Bautzen, Zwickau, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Laon and Fere-Champenoise

Battle Honours

Ulm 1805, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, Friedland 1807, Essling 1809, and    Wagram 1809 (1812 model Drapeux)

6e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Regimental History

1795: Created, 6e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1795: Foucher (Louis-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Desvaux de Saint-Maurice (Jean-Jacques) - Colonel
1804: Charbonnel (Joseph-Claude-Marie) - Colonel
1810: Cadet de Fontenay (Hyppolyte-Rene-Jean) - Colonel
1813: Marion (Claude) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Desvaux de Saint-Maurice, (Jean-Jacques)

Born: 26 June 1775
Colonel: 29 October 1803 (6e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval)
General-de-Brigade: 9 July 1809
General-de-Division: 6 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 16 May 1813
Baron of the Empire: 30 October 1810
Died: 18 June 1815 (killed at Waterloo)

Charbonnel, (Joseph-Claude-Marie)

Born: 24 March 1774
Colonel: 2 June 1804
General-de-Brigade: 2 October 1809
Baron of the Empire: 10 September 1808
Died: 10 March 1846

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 6e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Colonel Marion: Wounded 18 November 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 6e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Nineteen
Officers died of wounds: One
Officers wounded: Forty-six

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1799: Magnano and Cassano
1800: Zolhausen
1806: Eylau
1807: Eylau, Heilsberg, and Friedland
1809: Talavera
1809: Ratisbonne, Essling, and Wagram
1810: Puerto-Real
1812: Smolensk, Moskowa, Krasnoe, Borisow, and Vilna
1813: Lutzen, Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Fere-Champenoise

Battle Honours

No available information

7e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Regimental History

1794: Created, 7e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval
1801: Disbanded
Chef-de-Brigade
1794: Quarante (Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Gueriot de Saint-Martin (Nicolas-Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Guyonneau de Pambour (Francois-Alexis) - Chef-de-Brigade
1801: Saint-Paul Doumic (Jean-Guillaume) - Chef-de-Brigade

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Gueriot de Saint-Martin, (Nicolas-Louis)

Born: 15 November 1762
Chef-de-Brigade: 16 September 1795
General-de-Brigade: 5 February 1799
Died: 8 June 1802

Guyonneau de Pambour, (Francois-Alexis)

Born: 15 June 1766
Chef-de-Brigade: 26 March 1799
General-de-Brigade: 15 June 1802
Died: 3 July 1802

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 7e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

No available information

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1796: Lech and Kehl
1799: Zurich
1800: Biberach and Hohenlinden

Battle Honours

No available information

8e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

Regimental History

1794: Created, 8e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval
1802: Disbanded

Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Machuret (Jean-Claude-Edouard) - Chef-de-Brigade
1801: Guyonneau de Pambour (Francois-Alexis) - Chef-de-Brigade

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Guyonneau de Pambour, (Francois-Alexis)

Born: 15 June 1766
Chef-de-Brigade: 26 March 1799 (7e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval)
Chef-de-Brigade: 23 April 1801 (8e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval)
General-de-Brigade: 15 June 1802
Died: 3 July 1802

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 8e Regiment d’Artillerie-à-Cheval

No available information

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1796: Rastadt and Rhin
1799: La Trebbia, Bergen and Castricum
1800: Hohenlinden  

Battle Honours

No available information

Bibliography

Brieussel Capt. Historique du 3e Regiment d'Artillerie Macon; 1901

Charavay J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two. 

Clement Lt. Historique du 4e Regiment d'Artillerie; 1890

Deprez E. Les Volontaires Nationaux (1791-1793) Paris; 1908.

Historique du 2e Regiment d'Artillerie Grenoble; 1899

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.

Quintin D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Susane J. Histoire de l'Artillerie Francaise Paris; 1874

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2002 

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