Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


The British Army: List of units on the regular establishment of the British Army for 1 February 1793

By Ron McGuigan


Regiments  of Cavalry

Regiment Stength Colonel Location
1st Regiment of Life Guards
234 Lord Harrington's England
2nd Regiment of Life Guards             
232   Lord Amherst's England
Royal Regiment of Horse Guards    
409   H. Conway's England
1st (or the King's) Regiment of Dragoon Guards      426     G. Howard's England
2nd (or the Queen's) Regiment of Dragoon Guards
285   Lord Townshend's England
3rd (or Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Dragoon Guards
285   W. Fawcett's England
4th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Dragoon Guards
285     G. Warde's Ireland
5th Regiment of Dragoon Guards                           
285 T. Bland's Ireland
6th Regiment of Dragoon Guards 285      Lord Carhampton's Ireland
7th (or Princess Royal's) Regiment of Dragoon Guards 285   C. Grey's Ireland
1st (or Royal) Regiment of Dragoons         
285   Lord Pembroke's England
2nd (or Royal North British) Regiment of Dragoons 285    James Johnston's (junior) England
3rd (or the King's own) Regiment of Dragoons 286    Lord Southampton's England
4th (or the Queen's own) Regiment of Dragoons   285      Lord Howard's England
5th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Dragoons   285  R. Cunninghame's Ireland
6th (or Inniskilling) Regiment of Dragoons           
285   James Johnston's (senior) England
7th (or The  Queen's own) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons 285    H. Clinton's Scotland
8th (or The King's Royal Irish) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons     285 F. Lascelle's Ireland
9th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons   285   F. Mocher's Ireland
10th (or the Prince of Wales's own) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons     285       HRH The Prince of Wales's England
11th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons                         285  S. Hodgson's England
12th (or the Prince of Wales's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons        285    J. Steuart's Ireland
13th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons    285 F. Craig's Ireland
14th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons    285  R. Sloper's Ireland
15th (or the King's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons            285          Lord Dorchester's England
16th (or the Queen's)  Regiment of (Light) Dragoons 285   W. Harcourt's England
17th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons 285   Lord Lincoln's Ireland 
18th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons             
285   Lord Drogheda's Ireland
19th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons   512  W. Howe's India
20th (or Jamaica) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons 320      G. Sandford's West Indies

Regiments of Foot Guards

Regiment Strength Colonel Location
1st Regiment of Foot Guards 1,845 Duke of Gloucester's  England
Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards 1,184 Duke of York's     England  
3rd Regiment of Foot Guards 1,184 Duke of Argyll's    England

                           
Regiments of Foot

Regiment Strength Colonel Location
1st (or the Royal) Regiment of Foot 1st Battalion  499  Lord Adam Gordon's    West Indies
1st (or the Royal) Regiment of Foot 2nd Battalion
499 Lord Adam Gordon's Gibraltar
2nd (or The Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot
499  D. Jones's England
3rd (or the East Kent) Regiment of Foot, or the Buffs 499    T. Hall's England
4th (or the King's own) Regiment of Foot 499 G. Morrison's Nova Scotia
5th (or the Northumberland) Regiment of Foot 499 E. Stopford's Canada
6th (or the 1st Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot       
499 Ralph Abercromby's New Brunswick
7th Regiment of Foot (or Royal Fuzileers) 499 Duke of Kent's Canada
8th (or The King's) Regiment of Foot 499 B. Armstong's Ireland
9th (or the East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot 499  A. Leslie's West Indies
10th (or the North Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot      
499  R. Keith's West Indies
11th (or the North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot     
499   J. Grant's England
12th (or the East Suffolk) Regiment of Foot 499  W. Picton's Ireland
13th (or the 1st Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot 499 G. Ainslie's West Indies
14th (or the Bedfordshire) Regiment of Foot   499 G. Hotham's England
15th (or the Yorkshire East Riding) Regiment of Foot    
499  J. I. Hamilton's West Indies
16th (or the Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot      499  T. Bruce's West Indies
17th (or the Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot 499  G. Garth's Ireland
18th (or the Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot    499  J. Sebright's Gibraltar
19th (or 1st Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment of Foot 499 D. Graeme's Scotland
20th (or the East Devonshire) Regiment of Foot 499    W. Hyde's West Indies
21st Regiment of Foot (or Royal North British Fuzileers) 499  J. Murray's Nova Scotia
22nd (or the Cheshire) Regiment of Foot 499 D. Dundas' Ireland
23rd Regiment of Foot (or Royal Welsh Fuzileers) 499 R. Grenville's Ireland
24th (or the 2nd Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot 499      W. Tayler's Canada
25th (or the Sussex) Regiment of Foot   499   Lord G. Lennox's England
26th (or Cameronian) Regiment of Foot 499 W. Erskine's Nova Scotia
27th (or Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot 499 E. Massey's Ireland
28th (or the North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot    499 R. Prescott's Ireland
29th (or the Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot
499   Lord Cathcart's England    
30th (or the Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot   499  T. Clarke's England
31st (or the Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot      499   James Stuart's Ireland
32nd (or the Cornwall) Regiment of Foot 499 Lord Ross's Gibraltar
33rd (or the 1st Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot 499 Lord Cornwallis' Ireland
34th (or the Cumberland) Regiment of Foot   499  Lord F. Cavendish's Ireland
35th (or the Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot 499  H. Fletcher's Ireland
36th (or the Herefordshire) Regiment of Foot 1,132  H. St. John's India
37th (or the North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot    499     R. Dalling's Scotland 
38th (or the 1st Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot    499  R. Pigot's Ireland
39th (or the East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot   499  R. Boyd's Ireland
40th (or the 2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot 499  G. Osborn's Ireland
41st Regiment of Foot 499 T. Stirling's Ireland
42nd (or the Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot 499 H. Munro's Scotland
43rd (or the Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot      499 E. Smith's Ireland
44th (or the East Essex) Regiment of Foot 499 C. Rainsford's Ireland
45th (or the Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot     499  J. Adeane's West Indies
46th (or the South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot 499      J. Vaughan's West Indies
47th (or the Lancashire) Regiment of Foot     499    A. Williamson's West Indies
48th (or the Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot    499     P. Tonyn's West Indies
49th (or the Hertfordshire) Regiment of Foot    499 A. Maitland's West Indies
50th (or the West Kent) Regiment of Foot 499 T. Wilson's Gibraltar
51st (or the 2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot    499 Lord Eglintoune's Gibraltar
52nd (or the Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot   1,132  C. Trapaud's India
53rd (or the Shropshire) Regiment of Foot      499  R. Elphinstone's Scotland     
54th (or the West Norfolk) Regiment of Foot 499 M. Frederick's Guernsey
55th (or the Westmoreland) Regiment of Foot    499  L. Tottenham's Ireland
56th (or the West Essex) Regiment of Foot    499   R. Walsh's Ireland
57th (or the West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot   499  J. Campbell of Strachur's Scotland 
58th (or the Rutlandshire) Regiment of Foot 499 G. Scott's Ireland
59th (or the 2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot 499  D. Lindsay's Jersey
60th (or Royal American) Regiment of Foot 1,997 Lord Amherst's    
60th Regiment of Foot 1st Battalion      A. Clarke's Canada
60th Regiment of Foot 2nd Battalion     G. Christie's Canada
60th Regiment of Foot 3rd Battalion   W. Rowley's West Indies
60th Regiment of Foot 4th Battalion    J. Rooke's West Indies
61st (or the South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot 499      S. Morris's Gibraltar
62nd (or the Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot 499 E. Mathew's West Indies 
63rd (or the West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot 499     Lord Balcarres' Ireland
64th (or the 2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot   499   J. Leland's Ireland
65th (or the 2nd Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment of Foot 499 Gunning's New Brunswick 
66th (or the Berkshire) Regiment of Foot 499 J. Gabbitt's Gibraltar
67th (or the South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot 499 E. Browne's West Indies
68th (or the Durham) Regiment of Foot 499 J. Lambton's Gibraltar
69th (or the South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot 499 H. Powell's Gibraltar
70th (or the Surry) Regiment of Foot 499 Lord Suffolk's Ireland
71st (Highland) Regiment of Foot 1,132  W. Gordon's India
72nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot 1,132 J. Murray's India
73rd (Highland) Regiment of Foot    1,132    W. Medow's India
74th (Highland) Regiment of Foot 1,132 C. O'Hara's India
75th (Highland) Regiment of Foot 1,132 Robt. Abercromby's India
76th Regiment of Foot   1,132 T. Musgrave's India
77th Regiment of Foot 1,132   J. Marsh's India
New South Wales Corps   475 F. Grose's Australia
The Queen's Rangers 432  J. Simcoe's Canada
36 Independent Companies of Invalids   1,620    Great Britain



                                                                             
Artillery                                                        

Of its Foot Artillery, nineteen companies were in Great Britain, one company was in Scotland, five companies were in Gibraltar, eight companies were in British North America, seven companies were in the West Indies and the two independent companies were in India. Seven of the  Invalid Artillery companies were in England, one was in Scotland and two companies were in the Channel Islands. The two troops of Horse Artillery were forming in Great Britain during January and February 1793.  Of the 36 Independent Companies of Invalids, 19 were stationed in England, six were in Jersey, six were in Guernsey, one was in the Scilly Islands and four were in Scotland. The Corps of Royal Military Artificers were in England and the Channel Islands with the two independent companies stationed in Gibraltar.

As can be seen, just over half of the British Army, with a high portion of cavalry,  was in the British Isles both available for its defence and to go on active service. In March, a month after war was declared, all that could be supplied to its allies on the continent was one brigade of three Guards Battalions and a composite Flank Battalion, recruited to full strength by volunteers from the other four battalions, followed shortly afterwards by one line brigade of only three infantry regiments fit to take the field. Other regiments had to go into the fleet to act as Marines. Any  then at hand reinforcements for the continent would have to be the cavalry regiments.

Hardly an auspicious beginning to its war effort on land.

 

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2003

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