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1er Carabiniers

2e Carabiniers

Bibliography

 

French Carabiniers and the Colonels Who Led Them 1792-1815.

By Tony Broughton, FINS

 

Created in 1693 as the Royal Carabiniers, renamed the Carabiniers de M. le Comte de Provence in 1758. In 1774, they became the Carabiniers de Monsieur; 1791 saw the regiments become the 1er and 2e Regiment de Carabinier Grenadiers des Troupes-a-Cheval until finally becoming the 1er and 2e Regiment de Carabiniers.

 

1er Regiment de Carabiniers.

Carabinier pre-1810

Carabinier pre-1810

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: De Valence (Jean-Baptiste-Cyrus-Marie-Adelaide de Thimbrune) - Colonel

1791: De Meillonas (Antoine-Bernard-Constance-Marron) - Colonel

1792: De Berruyer (Jean-Francois) - Colonel

1792: Antoine (Louis-Francois) - Colonel

1792: Baget (Jean) - Chef de Brigade.

1793: Jaucourt-Latour (Jacques-Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade

1795: Girard (Jean-Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade

1799: Cochois (Antoine-Christophe) - Chef-de-Brigade

1805: Prince Borghese (Camille) - Colonel

1807: Laroche (Francois) - Colonel

1813: De Bailliencourt (Francois-Charles-Joseph) - Colonel

1815: Roge (Arnaud) - Colonel

Of the eleven Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade, seven attained the rank of General-de- Brigade and above.

De Berruyer, (Jean-Francois)

Born: 6 January 1738

Colonel: 5 February 1792

General-de-Brigade: 13 May 1792

Member of the Legiond'Honneur: 11 November 1803

Died: 17 April 1804

Antoine, (Louis-Francois)

Born: 7 May 1744

Colonel: 16 May 1792

General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1793

Died: 13 April 1837

Baget, (Jean)

Born: 18 October 1743

Colonel: 30 September 1792

General-de-Brigade: 30 June 1793

Died: 17 February 1821

Jaucourt-Latour, (Jacques-Louis)

Born: 17 March 1736

Chef-de-Brigade: 5 March 1794

General-de-Brigade: 13 June 1795

Died: 8 October 1807

Cochois, (Antoine-Christophe)

Born: 19 December 1755

Chef-de-Brigade: 4 October 1799

Colonel: 1803.

General-de-Brigade: 24 December 1805

Sabre d'Honneur: 20 December 1802

Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 4 December 1803

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 11 July 1810

Died: 5 January 1830

Prince Borghese, (Camille)

Born: 19 July 1775

Colonel: 27 December 1805

General-de-Brigade: 14 May 1807

General de Division: 23 January 1808

Grand Eagle of the Legion d'Honneur: 10 February 1805

Died: 10 April 1832

Laroche, (Francois)

Born: 5 January 1775

Colonel: 14 May 1807

General-de-Brigade: 28 September 1813

Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 18 December 1803

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 March 1806

Died: 22 February 1823

Colonels killed and wounded while in command of the 1er Regiment de Carabiniers.

Colonel Cochois: Wounded 20 October 1805

Colonel Laroche: Wounded 23 April 1809

Colonel Bailliencourt: Wounded 3 February 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Carabiniers during the period 1805-1815.

Officers killed: Twenty-two

Officers died of wounds: Five

Officers wounded: Eighty-one

As the 1er and 2e Carabiniers were always brigaded together and their war record is the same and will be detailed later.

2e Regiment de Carabiniers.

Carabinier 1810

Carabinier 1810

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade.

1792: De Foucauld-la Besse (Louis) - Colonel

1792: De Raincourt (Charles-Ignace) - Colonel

1792: De Beaufranchet d'Ayat (Louis-Charles-Antoine) - Colonel

1792: D'Anglars (Jean de Bassignac) - Colonel

1799: De Caulaincourt (Armand-Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade.

1803: Morin (Pierre-Nicolas) - Colonel

1807: Blanchard (Amable-Guy) - Colonel

1813: De Seve (Marie-Louis-Joseph) - Colonel

1815: Beugnat (Francois) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above.

De Beaufranchet d'Ayat, (Louis-Charles-Antoine)

Born: 22 November 1757

Colonel: 4 April 1792

General-de-Brigade: 1 September 1792

Died: 2 July 1812

De Caulaincourt, (Armand-Augustine-Louis)

Born: 9 December 1773

Chef-de-Brigade: 30 July 1799

General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803

General de Division: 1 February 1805

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Grand Eagle of the Legion d'Honneur: 2 February 1805

Grand Marechal du Palais: 25 May 1813

Died: 19 February 1827

Morin, (Pierre-Nicolas)

Born: 22 September 1756

Colonel: 31 August 1803

General-de-Brigade: 25 January 1807

Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 November 1803

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 24 April 1804

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805

Baron of the Empire: 12 February 1812

Died: 20 November 1827

Blanchard, (Amable-Guy)

Born: 19 August 1774

Colonel: 25 January 1807

General-de-Brigade: 28 September 1813

Sabre d'Honneur: 25 December 1802

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 17 May 1810

Died: 4 April 1853

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 2e Regiment de Carabiniers.

Chef-de-Brigade: De Caulaincourt: Wounded 2 November 1799

Colonel Blancard: Wounded 18 October 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Carbiniers during the period 1805-1815.

Officers killed: Twelve

Officers died of wounds: Four

Officers wounded: Sixty-five

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy

1793: Arlon, Bliecastel, Climbach, and Wissembourg

1794: Tourcoing and Tournay

1795: Frankenthal, Mannheim, and Biberach

1800: Engen, Moeskirch, Augsbourg, Blenheim, Passage of the Danube, Hochstett, Neresheim, and Hohenlinden

1805: Nurembourg and Austerlitz

1806: Prentzlow and Lubeck

1807: Ostrolenka, Guttstadt, and Friedland

1809: Eckmuhl, Ratisbonne, Essling, and Wagram

1812: La Moskowa, Winkowo, and Wiasma

1813: Dresden, Leipzig, and Hanau

1814: Montmirail, La Guillotiere, Troyes, Craonne, Laon, and Reims

1815: Quatre-Bras and Waterloo

Battle Honours.

There are no Battle Honours given in the Regimental History of the Carabinier Regiments.

 

Bibliography

_______ Le Manuscrit des Carabiniers Paris; 1894.

Bukhari, Emir. Napoleon's Cavalry London : Osprey; 1979.  

Chavane, J. Histoire du 11e Cuirassiers Paris; 1889.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers Tues et Blesse pendant les Guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Six, Georges. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Français de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: July 2000 

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