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21e Regiment

22e Regiment

23e Regiment

24e Regiment

25e Regiment

26e Regiment

27e Regiment

28e Regiment

29e Regiment

30e Regiment

31e Regiment

Bibliography

 

French Chasseur-a-Cheval Regiments and the Colonels Who Led Them 1791-1815:

21e - 31e Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

Following on from my previous articles on the Chasseurs a Cheval, I now conclude with the final Regiments who served in the Napoleonic Wars. I should explain that there are no official Histories for the Regiments Numbered 22e to 31e. Therefore using all the available information that I have there may be some Colonels and dates missing from this article. I feel that to complete any work completely on the French Cavalry of the Napoleonic period it is essential to use Regimental Histories as they are the primary scource of all information.

21e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Trooper 21st Chasseurs

Trooper
21e Chasseurs

Formed in 1793 from the Hussards Braconniers.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1793: Landrieux (?) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Dupres (Charles-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade

1803: Berruyer (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

1808: Steenhaudt (Charles-Francois-Antoine) - Colonel

1812: Sopransi (Louis-Charles-Barthelemy) - Colonel

1812: Duchastel (Louis-Claude) - Colonel

Of the above Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade two attained the rank of General- de-Brigade:

Dupres, (Charles-Francois)

Born: 3 October 1755

Chef-de-Brigade: 18 November 1794

General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 19 March 1808

Died: 7 June 1808 (died of wounds received at Baylen)

Sopransi, (Louis-Charles-Barthelemy)

Born: 23 December 1783

Colonel: 29 January 1811

General-de-Brigade: 13 October 1813

Baron of the Empire: 6 October 1810

Died: 27 May 1814

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 21e Regiment Chasseurs-a-Cheval.

Colonel Steenhaudt: Wounded 6 August 1809

Colonel Duchastel: Wounded: 3 April 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 21e Chasseurs-a-Cheval during the period 1804-1815:

Officers killed: Five

Officers died of wounds: None

Officers wounded: Forty

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Invasion of Belgium, Siege of Ypres, and Nieuport

1794: Siege and capture of Fort de l'Ecluse

1800: Capture of Aoste, Chatillon, Ivree, Chiusella, Romano, Marengo, Siege of Peschiera, and Mantoue

1805: Wertingen, Ulm, and Austerlitz

1806: Saalfeld, Jena, Capture of Spandau, Prentzlow, and Pultusk

1807: Ostrolenka and Ostrowo

1809: Arzopispo and Ocana

1810: Andalousia, Badajoz, and Gebora

1811: Albuhera

1812: Arapiles

1813: Vitoria

1814: Orthez and Toulouse

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800, Wertingen 1805, Jena 1806, and Ocana 1809

 

22e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Trooper 22nd Chasseurs

Trooper
22e Chasseurs

 

Formed in 1793 from the Legion des Pyrenees Orientales.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1793-1800: Not known.

1800: Latour-Maubourg (Marie-Victor-Nicolas de Fay) - Chef-de-Brigade

1805: De Bordessoule (Etienne Tardif de Pommeroux) - Colonel

1807: Pieton-Premale (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

1808: Michel dit Defosses (Francois) - Colonel

Two of the above officers became General-de-Brigade and above.

Latour-Maubourg, (Marie-Victor-Nicolas de Fay)

Born: 11 February 1756

Chef de Brigade: 27 July 1800

General-de-Brigade: 24 December 1805

General-de-Division: 14 May 1807

Count of the Empire: 22 March 1814

Died: 11 November 1850

De Bordesseoule, (Etienne-Tardif de Pommeroux)

Born: 4 April 1771

Colonel: 27 December 1805

General de Brigade:25 June 1807

General-de-Division: 4 December 1812

Baron of the Empire: 17 May 1810

Died: 3 October 1837

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 22e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval:

 Chef-de-Brigade Latour-Maubourg: Wounded 13 March 1801

Colonel Bordessoule: Wounded 9 June 1807

Colonel Pieton-Premale: Killed 14 July 1808

Colonel Defosse: Wounded 22 July 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 22e Chasseurs-a-Cheval during the peiod 1804-1815:

Officers killed: Ten

Officers died of wounds: Three

Officers wounded: Sixty seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Armee du Pyrennes Orientales

1796: Armee d'Italie

1797: Armee d'Italie

1798: Armee d'Italie and Armee du Orient

1799: Armee du Orient

1800: Armee du Orient

1801: Armee du Orient

1805: Enns, Botzen and Wischau, Ulm, and Austerlitz

1806: Jena, Waren, and Capture of Lubeck

1807: Hoff, Eylau, Guttstadt, Heilsburg, and Friedland

1808: Medina-del-Rio-Seco, Niou, and Capture of Burgos

1809: Hoya, Benavente, Pont-Vedra, and Salamanque

1810: Astagora

1811: Sabugal

1812: Arapiles, Pancorbo, Torquemada, and Burgos

1813: Vittoria, Gross-Beeren, Luchenwald, Wittenburg, Juterbock, Bautzen, Monasterio (Spain), and Leipzig

1814: Montereau, Orthez, Saint-Dizier, Joigny, and Toulouse

Battle Honours

Ulm 1805, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, and Friedland 1807

 

23e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Formed in 1793 from the Hussards de Legion des Ardennes.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1793: Saint-Germain (Antoine-Louis Decrest) - Chef de Brigade, Legion des Ardennes

1793-August 1795: Not known

1795: Saint-Germain (Antoine-Louis Decrest) - Chef de Brigade

1805: Bruyeres (Pierre-Joseph) - Colonel

1806: Lambert (Urbain-Francois) - Colonel

1811: La Nougarede - Lagarde (Antoine-Valentin) - Colonel

1812: De Marbot (Jean-Baptiste-Antoine-Marcelin) - Colonel

Three of the above attained the rank of General de Brigade and above.

Saint-Germain, (Antoine-Louis)

Born: 8 December 1761

Chef-de-Brigade Legion des Ardennes: 24 January 1793, suspended from this function 25 September 1793

Chef-de-Brigade 23e Chasseurs a Cheval: 13 August 1795

General-de-Brigade: 1February 1805

General-de-Division: 12th July 1809

Baron of the Empire: 15 January 1809

Count of the Empire: 23 September 1813

Died: 4 October 1835

Bruyeres, (Pierre-Joseph)

Born: 22 June 1772

Colonel: 16 February 1805

General-de-Brigade: 30 December 1806

General-de-Division: 14 July 1809

Commmander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1809

Baron of the Empire: 2 August 1808

Died: 5 June 1813 from wounds suffered at Goerlitz.

Lambert, (Urbain-Francois)

Born: 25 May 1773

Colonel: 30 December 1806

General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 30 June 1809

Baron of the Empire: 20 July 1808

Died: 18 May 1814

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 23e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval:

Chef-de-Brigade Saint-Germain: Wounded 20 September 1796, 22 April 1797

Colonel Bruyere: Wounded 13 November 1805

Colonel Lambert: Wounded 22 May 1809

Colonel de Marbot: Wounded 4 December 1812, 26 August and 18 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 23e Casseurs-a-Cheval during the period 1804-1815:

Officers Killed: Twelve

Officers died of wounds: Two

Officers wounded: Fifty-four

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Armee du Rhin

1794: Armee du Nord

1798: Armee du Sambre et Meuse

1799: Armee du Danube and Armee du Rhin

1805: Varone, Passage of the Brenta, and Tagliamento

1809: Eckmuhl, Essling, Wagram, and Znaim

1812: Lakubowo, Oboiarszina, Polotsk, Lakubowo, Beresina, Plechenity-Chouc, and Kowno

1813: Dantzig, Buntzlau, Katzbach, Goerlitz, Wittenberg, Geyersberg, and Leipzig.

1814: Chaussee, Vauchamps, Meaux, Troyes and Fere-Champenoise

Battle Honours

Eckmuhl 1809, Essling 1809, and Wagram 1809

 

24e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Trumpeter 24th Chasseurs

Trumpeter
24e Chasseurs

Formed in 1793 from a corps of volunteer Chasseurs.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1793 -1802: Not known

1802: Maurin (Antoine) - Chef-de-Brigade

1807: Brunet-Denon (Vivant-Jean) - Colonel

1809: Ameil (Auguste-Jean-Joseph-Gilbert) - Colonel

1813: Schneit (Pierre-Henri) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade.

Maurin, (Antoine)

Born: 19 December 1771,

Chef de Brigade: 24 April 1802

General-de-Brigade: 25 June 1807

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 28 September 1813

Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1808

Died: 4 October 1830

Ameil, (Auguste-Jean-Joseph-Gilbert)

Born: 6 January 1775

Colonel: 12th June 1809

General-de-Brigade: 21November 1812

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 13 July 1809

Died: 16 September 1816

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 24e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval:

Colonel Brunet: Wounded 22 May 1809

Colonel Schneidt: Wounded 26 August and 18 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 24e Chasseurs-a-Cheval during the period 1804-1815:

Officers Killed: Eleven

Officers died of wounds: Seven

Officers wounded: Seventy-three

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1796: Armee d'Italie

1797: Armee d'Italie

1798: Armee d'Italie

1799: Armee d'Italie

1800: Armee d'Italie

1805: Caldiero, Passage of the Brenta, and Tagliamento

1807: Eylau, Guttstadt, and Friedland

1808: Barcelone, Figuieres, and Porto

1809: Essling and Wagram

1811: Fuentes-d'Onoro

1812: Obroiarzina, Polotsk, Borisow, and Beresina

1813: Santo-Domingo, Goldberg, Katzbach, Dantzig, Leipzig, and Hanau

1814: Saint-Tron, Champaubert, Vendeuvre, Tusigny, Troyes, and Saint-Dizier

Battle Honours

Friedland 1807, Essling 1809, and Wagram 1809

 

25e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Formed in 1795 from the Legion des Montagnes.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1795-1802: Not known

1802: Soult (Pierre-Benoit) - Chef-de-Brigade

1807: Christophe (Nicolas-Francois) - Colonel

1813: Faudoas (Paul-Eugene) - Colonel

Of the above officers two attained the rank of General-de-Brigade.

Soult, (Pierre-Benoit)

Born: 19 July 1770

Chef de Brigade: 30 December 1802

General-de-Brigade: 11 July 1807

General-de-Division: 3 March 1813

Died: 7 May 1843

Christophe, (Nicolas-Francois)

Born: 23 September 1770

Colonel: 22 May 1807

General-de-Brigade: 25 March 1813

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 22 August 1812

Baron of the Empire: 3 May 1810

Died: 14 August 1839

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 25e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval: 

Colonel Christophe: Wounded 7 September 1812

Colonel Faudoas: Wounded 17 February 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 25e Chasseurs-a-Cheval during the period 1804-1815:

Officers killed: Six

Officers died of wounds: One

Officers wounded: Fifty-five

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1796: Armee d'Italie

1797: Armee d'Italie

1799: Armee d'Italie

1800: Armee du Rhin

1805: Gorizia and Caldiero

1807: Calabre and Pizzo

1809: Sacile and Piave

1812: Krasnoe, Smolensk, Moskowa, Mojaisk, and Beresina

1813: Haynau,Goldberg, Gross-Beeren, Dahame, Freybourg, Leipzig, and Erfurt

1814: Besancon, Magdebourg, and Hambourg

Battle Honours

Not Known

 

26e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Formed in 1802 from the Chasseurs Piemontais

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1802: Digeon (Alexandre-Elisabeth-Michel) - Chef-de-Brigade

1807: Vial (Jacques-Laurent-Louis-Augustin) - Colonel

1813: Miller (Jacques-Francois-Joseph) - Colonel

1814: Robert (Benjamin-Louis) - Colonel

Two of the above officers became General de Brigade and above.

Digeon, (Alexandre-Elisabeth-Michel)

Born: 26 June 1771

Chef de Brigade: 28 February 1802

General-de-Brigade: 31March 1807

General-de-Division: 3 March 1813

Baron of the Empire: 23 May 1809

Died: 2 August 1826

Vial, (Jacques-Laurent-Louis-Augustin)

Born: 9 August 1774

Colonel: 4 April 1807

General-de-Brigade: 22 July 1813

Baron of the Empire: 21December 1808

Died: 20 May 1852

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 26e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval:

Colonel Digeon: Wounded 2 December 1805 and 29 January 1807

Colonel Miller: Killed 26 January 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 26e Chasseurs-a-Cheval during the period 1805-1815:

Officers killed: Ten

Officers died of wounds: Two

Officers wounded: Forty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1805: Albeck, Ulm, Brunn, and Austerlitz

1807: Straslund and Passarge

1808: Roleia and Vimeiro

1809: Medellin, Talavera-de-la-Reyna, and Almonacid

1810: Ciudad-Rodrigo

1812: Renda and Arapiles

1813: Duero, Pirna, Dresde, Wachau, Leipzig, Einach, and Saint-Croix

1814: Saint-Dizier, Chalons, and Bar-sur -Aube

Battle Honours

Ulm 1805 and Austerlitz 1805

 

27e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Formed in 1808 from the Chevau-Leger Belge d'Arenberg.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1811: d'Arenberg (Prosper-Louis) - Colonel

1813: Strub (Francois-Xavier) - Colonel

1813: Bruno de Saint-Georges (Charles-Gaudens-Aloise-Marie) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General.

Colonels killed and wounded while commandng the 27e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval:  

Colonel d'Arenberg: Wounded 4 June 1810 and 28 October 1811

Colonel Strub: 7 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 27e Chasseurs-a-Cheval duing the period 1808-1815:

Officers killed: Ten

Officers died of wounds: None

Officers wounded: Thirty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1807: Neidenburg

1809: Guadalaxara

1810: Moron, Mognor, Los-Corwalos, and Gibraliou

1811: Badajoz, Albuhera, Montijo, and Arroyo-del-Molina

1813: Dresde, Dombourg, Nauenbourg, Leipzig, and Hanau

1814: La Rothiere, Nogent, Bar-sur-Aube, Sezanne, and Saint-Dizier

Battle Honours

Not known

 

28e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Formed in 1808 from the Tuscan Dragons, which had been raised on the 7 January 1808

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1811: Laroche (Pierre-Victor) - Colonel

1813: Courtier (Eleonore-Ambroise) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General.

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 27e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval:

Colonel Courtier: wounded 6 December 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 28e Chasseurs-a-Cheval during the period 1808-1815:

Officers killed: Five

Officers died of wounds: Four

Officers wounded: Seventeen

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1810: Figuieres

1811: Fuentes-d'Onoro

1812: Arapiles, Smolensk, Moskowa, Wiasma, Krasnoe, Beresina, Wilna, and Kowno

1813: Koenigsberg, Ebling, Goerde, and the defence of Hambourg

1814: Willemsbourg

Battle Honours

Not Known.

 

29e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Formed in 1808 from the 3e Regiment de Provisoire de Chasseurs.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1810: Maucombe (Jean-Francois-Nicolas) - Colonel

1813: Dornier (Francois-Gabriel) - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade.

Maucombe, (Jean-Francois-Nicolas)

Born: 2 July 1776

Colonel: 7 October 1810

General-de-Brigade: 28 June 1813

Baron of the Empire: 15 July 1810

Died: 20 May 1850

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 29e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval:

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 29e Chasseurs-a-Cheval during the period 1808-1815:

Officers killed: Two

Officers died of wounds: None

Officers wounded: Twenty six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1810: Vich, Col-de-la-Suspino, Barcelone, and Tarrega

1811: Manresa, Figuieres, and Puycerda

1812: Attafulla

1813: Bisbal, Notre-Dame-de-la-Salud, Gross-Beeren, Juterbock, Saint-Privat, Leipzig, and Neulicnchen

Battle Honours

Not Known

 

30e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

The 30e Regiment was formed on the 3 February 1811, its only Colonel being Gobrecht. The Regiment became the 9e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers on 18 June 1811. It never actually saw any service as the 30e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

Gobrecht (Martin-Alexis) - Colonel

Born: 11 November 1772
Colonel: 14 March 1811
General-de-Brigade: 18 July 1813
Baron of the Empire: 3 July 1813
Died: 7 June 1845

As the Regiment never saw service there are no casualties war records or battle honours.

 

31e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Formed in 1811 from the 1er and 2e Regiments de Provisoire Cavalerie Leger

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1811: Desmichels (Louis-Alexis) - Colonel

1813: Frin de Cormere (Jerome) - Colonel

1814: Chevalier (?) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General.

 

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 31e Regiment de Chasseurs-a-Cheval:

Colonel Frin de Cormere: Died of wounds 23 August 1813

Colonel Chevalier: Killed 8 January 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 31e Chasseurs-a-Cheval during the period 1811-1814:

Officers killed: Three

Officers died of wounds: Two

Officers wounded: Twenty-five

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1811: Fuentes d'Onoro, Peneranda, and Salamanque

1812: Santo-Domingo, Arapiles, and Villodrigo

1813: Wurschen, Gross-Beeren, and Leipzig

1814: Goito, Mincio, Monzambano, and the defense of Magdeborg

Battle Honours

Not known

 

 

Bibliography

Anon. Trophees des Armees Francaises Paris; 1839..

Bukhari, Emir. Napoleon's Cavalry London : Osprey; 1979.

Charavay, J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792 - 1871 Paris; 1893 & 1908.

Giguet, P. Histoire Militaire de la France1792 - 1815 Vol 2; Paris; 1849.

Historique des Corps de Troupe de l'Armee Francais 1569 - 1900 Paris; 1900.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers Tues et Blesse pendant les Guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie, M.C. Biographie des Celebrites Militaire des Armes de Terre et de Mer de 1789 - 1850 Paris;1854.

Quinton, D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris : S.P.M.; 1996.

Six, Georges. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Français de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Susane J. Histoire de la Cavalerie Francaise 3 vols. Paris; 1874.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2000 

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