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French Cuirassier Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1792 to 1815

Part I: 1 - 7 Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

 

Some of the hardest fighting units of Napoleon's Grande Armée were his cuirassier regiments. Theirs is a distinguished record in all the major campaigns between 1792 and 1815.

 

1er Regiment de Cuirassiers

Created in 1635 from troops of the Duke of Saxe-Weimer that had been levied in 1631 and admitted into French service in 1631. In 1657 the Regiment was named Colonel-General being renamed the 1er Regiment de Cavalerie in 1791. Iin 1801 the Regiment became the 1er Regiment de Cavalerie-Cuirassiers, finally becoming the 1er Regiment de Cuirassiers in 1803.

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1791: de Clermont-Tonnerre(Stanilas-Marie-Adelaide) - Colonel

1792: Deschamps de la Varenne (Jacques-Antoine) - Colonel

1793: Doncourt (Claude-Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade

1793: Maillard (Jean) - Chef-de-Brigade

1795: Severac(Jaques) - Chef-de-Brigade

1797: Juignet (Jean) - Chef-de-Brigade

1798: Margaron (Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade

1803: Guiton (Marie-Adrien-Francois) - Colonel

1805: de Berckheim (Sigismond-Frederic) - Colonel

1809: Clerc (Antoine-Marguerite) - Colonel

1814: de la Mothe Guery (Philippe-Christophe) - Colonel

1815: Ordener (Michel) - Colonel

Of the above twelve Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigades, four attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above.

Deschamps de la Varenne, ( Jacques-Antione)

Born: 4 March 1728

Colonel: 5 February 1792

General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1793

Died: 7 January 1807

Margaron, (Pierre)

Born: 1 May 1765

Chef-de-Brigade: 23 December 1798

General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803

General de Division: 16August 1813

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 29 January 1809

Died: 16 December 1824

Guiton, (Marie-Adrien-Francois)

Born: 8 June 1761

Colonel: 31 August 1803

General-de-Brigade: 1 April 1807

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 24 December 1805

Baron of the Empire: 2 July 1808

Died: 18 February 1818

 de Berckeim, (Sigismond-Frederic)

Born: 9 May 1775

Colonel: 1 April 1807

General-de-Brigade: 12 July 1809

General de Division: 3 September 1813

Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 6 August 1805

Officer of the Legin d'Honneur: 11 July 1809

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 May 1813.

Baron of the Empire: 9 March 1810

Died: 28 December 1819

Colonels killed and wounded while in command of the 1e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

 Chef-de-Brigade Margaron: wounded 27 Thermidor 1799

Colonel Clerc: wounded 30th October 1813, 30th March 1814

Colonel Ordener: wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1e Cuirassier during the years 1805-1815

Officers killed: Fifteen

Officers died of wounds: Four

Officers wounded: Eighty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

 1792: Jemmapes, Anderlecht, and Tirelemont.

1793: Maestricht, La Roer, Nerwinden, and Maubeuge.

1794: Mouscron, Pont-a-Chin, Rousselar, and the Capture of Malines.

1796: Rivoli and Tagliamento.

1799: Le Trebbia, La Secchia, Novi, and Genola.

1800: Mozambano.

1801: San-Massiano and Verone.

1805: Wertingen, Ulm, Hollabrunn, Raussnitz, and Austerlitz.

1806: Jena and the Capture of Lubeck.

1807: Hoff and Eylau.

1809: Eckmuhl, Ratisbonne, Essling, Wagram, Hollabrunn, and Znaim.

1812: La Moskowa and Winkowo.

1813: La Katzbach, Leipzig, Hanau, and the defense of Hambourg.

1814: La Chausee, Vauchamps, Bar-sur-Aube, Sezanne, and Valcourt.

1815: Ligny, Genappe, and Waterloo.

Battle Honours

 Jemmapes 1792, Austerlitz 1805, Eylau 1807, La Moskowa 1812.

 

2e Regiment de Cuirassiers

Created in 1635 from an Ordnance company of Cardinal Richelieu and named Cardinal-Duc in 1643 they were renamed the Royale-Cavalerie and in 1791 the 2eme Regiment de Cavalerie. Their name changed once again in 1802 when the Regiment became the 2eme Regiment de Cavalerie-Cuirassiers and finally in 1803 they were renamed the 2eme Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

 1791: Duc d'Esclignac, (Henri-Thomas-Charles de Preissac Fezensac) - Colonel

1792: De La Pinserie d'Hauboutet (Louis) - Colonel

1792: De Beaujeu, (Edmie-Henri) - Chef-de-Brigade

1793: De Marne, (Xavier-Frederic) - Chef-de-Brigade

1793: Magron, (Jacques) - Chef-de-Brigade

1793: Radel, (Jean-Antoine-Etienne) - Chef-de-Brigade

1799: Yvendorff, (Jean-Frederic) - Chef-de-Brigade and in 1803 Colonel

1805: Chouard, (Claude-Louis) - Colonel

1811: Rolland, (Pierre) - Colonel

1813: Morin, (Leonard) - Colonel

1814: de la Biffe, (Louis) - Colonel

1814: Lacroix, (?) - Colonel

1815: Grandjean, (Louis-Stanislas-Francois) - Colonel

Of the above officers four attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

De Beaujeu, (Edmie-Henri)

Born: 22 May 1741

Colonel: 27 May 1792

General-de-Brigade: 15 May 1793

Died: 22 June 1818

Yvendorff, (Jean-Frederic)

Born: 19 October 1751

Chef-de-Brigade: 3 September 1799

Colonel: 1803

General-de-Brigade: 24 December 1805

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 29 June 1808

Died: 10th November 1816

Chouard, (Louis-Claude)

Born: 15 August 1771

Colonel: 27 December 1805

General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 August 1814

Baron of the Empire: 27 November 1808

Died: 15 May 1843

Rolland, (Pierre)

Born: 8 June 1772

Colonel: 7 September 1811

General-de-Brigade: 28 November 1813

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 5 September 1813

Chevalier of the Empire: 28 January 1809

Baron of the Empire: 23 July 1810

Died: 25 November 1847

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 2e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Chef-de-Brigade Radal: Wounded 15 July 1798

Colonel Yvendorff: Wounded 2 December 1805

Colonel Rolland: Wounded 16/18 October 1813

Colonel Morin: Wounded 14 February 1814 died of wounds 20th February 1814

Colonel Grandjean: Wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Cuirassiers during the years 1805-1815.

Officers Killed: Eight

Officers died of wounds: Four

Officers wounded: Sixty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and combats)

1792: Capture of Spire

1793: Hungrischwolf

1796: Rehutt, Rastadt, Ettlingen, Dunstelkingen, Neresheim, Neubourg, and Riberach

1797: Diersheim

1800: Marengo

1805: Wertingen and Austerlitz

1807: Glottau and Friedland

1809: Eckmuhl, Ratisbonne, Essling, and Wagram

1812: Borodino and La Moskowa

1813: Reichenbach and Dresden

1814: La Rothiere, Rosnay, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Athies, La Fere-Champenoise and Paris

1815: Quatre-Bras and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800, Austerlitz 1805, La Moskowa 1812, and Vauchamps 1814.

3e Regiment de Cuirassiers

Created in 1645 from three old Cavalry Companies and three new ones taking the name Commissaire-General in 1654. In 1791, the Regiment became the 3e Regiment de Cavalerie and in 1802 the name changed to the 3e Regiment de Cavalerie-Cuirassiers, finally becoming the 3e Regiment de Cuirassiers in 1803.

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1791: De Montcanisy, (Alexandre-Guillaume-Morin) - Colonel

1792: De la Mothe-Flers, (Louis-Charles-Anglo) - Colonel

1792: De Bellefonds, (Francois-Leger) - Colonel

1794: Lefbvre, (Jean-Baptiste) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Mollard, (Nicolas-Sigisbert) - Chef-de-Brigade

1798: Meunier, (Jean-Baptiste) - Chef-de-Brigade

1801: Preval, (Claude-Antoine-Hippolyte) - Chef-de-Brigade, later Colonel in 1803

1806: Richter, (Jean-Louis) - Colonel

1811: D'Audenarde, (Charles-Eugene-Lalaing) - Colonel

1813: Lacroix, (Jean-Guillaume) - Colonel

Three of the above Officers reached General-de-Brigade.

Preval, (Claude-Antoine-Hippolyte)

Born: 6 November 1776

Chef-de-Brigade: 5 March 1801

Colonel: 1803

General-de-Brigade: 31 December 1806

Baron of the Empire: 7 June 1808

Died: 19 February 1857

Richter, (Jean-Louis)

Born: 24 October 1769

Colonel: 31 Decmber 1806

General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811

Baron of the Empire: 19 March 1809

Died: 23 December 1840

D'Audenarde, (Charles-Louis-Lalaing)

Born: 13th November 1779

Colonel: 7 September 1811

General-de-Brigade: 5 December 1812

Baron of the Empire: 15 October 1809

Died: 4 March 1859

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 3e Regiment de Cuirassier.

Colonel Richter: Wounded 21/22 May 1809

Colonel Lacroix: Wounded 16/18 October 1813, 18 June 1815 died of wounds 30th June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Cuirassiers during the years 1805 - 1815

Officers killed: Sixteen

Officers died of wound: Three

Officers wounded: Sixty

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Marquan, La Croix-aux-Bois, Valmy, and Jemmapes

1794: Sprimont

1796: Rastadt and Neresheim

1799: Sesia

1800: Marengo

1805: Austerlitz

1806: Jena

1807: Heilsberg and Friedland

1809: Eckmuhl, Essling, and Wagram

1812: La Moskowa

1813: Dresden and Leipzig

1814: Champaubert

1815: Fleurus and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800, Austerlitz 1805, La Moskowa 1812, and Champaubert 1814.

 

4e Regiment de Cuirassiers

Created in 1643 and named La Reine-Mere. In 1666, the name changed to La Reine. In1791, the Regiment became the 4e Regiment de Cavalerie and in 1802 the 4e Regiment de Cavalerie-Cuirassiers. Finally in 1803 it became the 4e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1792: De Raincourt, (Charles-Ignace) - Colonel

1792: Roux de Fazillac, (Pierre) - Colonel

1793: De la Goublaye, (Francois-Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: D'Aban, (Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Martin la Meuse, (Dominique) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Laplanche, (Jean-Baptiste-Antoine) - Chef-de-Brigade

1803: Herbaut, (Fulgent) - Colonel

1808: Prince Aldobrandini-Borghese, (Francois-Cajetan-Dominique-Phillipe-Andre- Antoine-Vincent-Nicolas-Louis-Gaspard- Melchior-Balthazar) -Colonel

1812: Dujon, (Michel-Menou) - Colonel

1815: Habert, (Jean-Nicolas) - Colonel

The 4e Cuirassiers produced three Generals-de-Brigade

Roux de Fazillac, (Pierre)

Born: 18 July 1746

Colonel: 13th April 1792

General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1793

Died: 21 February 1833

Laplanche, (Jean-Baptiste-Antoine)

Born: 25 January 1757

Chef-de-Brigade: 2 October 1794

General-de-Brigade: 29 July 1803

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 21 September 1808

Died: 8 January 1832

Prince Aldobrandini-Borghese, (Francois-Cajetan-Dominique-Philippe-Andre-Antoine-Vincent Nicolas-Louis-Gaspard-Melchior-Balthazard )

Born: 9 June 1776

Colonel: 25 June 1808

General-de-Brigade: 2 January 1812

Died: 29 May 1834

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 4e Regiment de Cuirassiers

Chef-de-Brigade Laplanche: wounded 16 June 1796, wounded 3 September 1796

Colonel Prince Aldobrandini-Borghese: wounded 6 July 1809

 

Officers killed and wounded while seving with the 4e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815

Officers Killed: Fourteen

Officers died of wounds: Four

Officers wounded: Eighty-two

Regimental War record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy

1793: Pirmasens, Kaiserslautern, Sembach, and Kreutznach

1794: Fleurus

1796: Wetzlar and Wurtzbourg

1799: Stokach and Hohenlinden

1805: Caldiero and Tagliamento

1807: Marienwerder and Heilsberg

1809: Essling and Wagram

1812: Polotsk, Smoliany, Borisow, and La Berezina

1813: Bautzen, Dresden, Wachau, Leipzig, and the Siege of Hambourg

1814: Brienne, La Rothiere, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Laon, Fere-Champenoise, and Paris

1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794, Heilsberg 1807, Wagram 1809 and Dresden 1813

5e Regiment de Cuirassiers

Created in 1653 and named Stanislas-Roi in 1725, renamed Royal-Polgne in 1737. The name changed once again in 1791 and became the 5e Regiment de Cavalerie, finally becoming the 5e Regiment de Cuirassiers in 1803.

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1791: Levasseur de Neuilly, (Joachim-Joseph) - Colonel

1792: De Menou du Mee, (Charles-Louis) - Colonel

1793: Laroque, (Jean-Jacques Darnac) - Chef-de-Brigade

1793: Misson, (Pierre-Antoine) - Chef-de-Brigade

1802: Noirot, (Jean-Baptiste) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803

1806: Quinette, (Jean-Charles) - Colonel

1811: Christophe, (Philippe) - Colonel

1814: Gobert, (Armand-Louis) - Colonel

Of the above Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade two reached the rank of General

Levasseur de Neuilly, (Joachim-Joseph)

Born: 17 March 1743

Colonel: 23 November 1791

General-de-Brigade: 30th September 1792

Died: ?

Quinette, (Jean-Charles)

Born: 25 July 1776

Colonel: 31 December 1806

General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811

Baron of the Empire:7 March 1808

Died: 29 June 1822

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 5e Regiment de Cuirassiers

Colonel Gobert: Wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 5e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Seventeen

Officers died of wounds: Four

Officers wounded: Fifty-eight

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1794: La Chataigneraie

1797: Bevilacqua and Rivoli

1799: La Rebbia

1805: Hollabrunn, Brunn, and Austerlitz

1806: Jena and the capture of Lubeck

1807: Hoff, Eylau, Wittenberg, and Koenisberg

1809: Rohr, Eckmuhl, Ratisbonne, Essling, and Wagram

1812: La Moskowa and Winkowo

1813: Leipzig and Hanau

1814: Montmirail, Bar-sur-Aube, Troyes, Nogent, and Saint-Dizier

1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Rivoli 1797, Austerlitz 1805, Wagram 1809, and La Moskowa 1812.

 

6e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Created in 1635 and named Dragons du Cardinal, in 1638 the Regimental name changed to the Fusiliers a Cheval de son Eminence. The year1643 saw the name change once again. This time it became the Fusiliers a Cheval du Roi. Three years later in 1646 it changed yet again to the Regiment de Roi. In 1791 they became the 6e Regiment de Cavalerie until 1803 when they became the 6e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1791: De Dorthan, (Charles-Francois-Marie-Joseph) - Colonel

1791: De Beaurecueil, (Balthazar-Martin-Just Laugier) - Colonel

1792: De la Hitte, (Jean-Benoit Ducos) - Colonel

1792: Duverger, (Joseph-Gabriel) - Colonel

1792: Conigliano-Carenthal, (Jacques-Marie-Joseph) - Colonel

1793: Tardieu, (Jean-Charles) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Pelletier, (Gabriel) - Chef-de-Brigade

1799: Cacatte, (Leonard) - Chef-de-Brigade and in 1803 Colonel

1805: Rioult d'Avenay, (Archange-Louis) - Colonel

1807: D'Haugeranville, (Francois-Charles-Pierre-Marie d'Avrange) - Colonel

1811: Martin, (Isidore) - Colonel

Of the above officers five attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Duverger, (Joseph-Gabriel)

Born: 23 December 1720

Colonel: 2 June 1792

General-de-Brigade: 1 September 1792

Died: 4 August 1800

Conigliano-Carenthal, (Jacques-Marie-Joseph)

Born: 6 October 1751

Colonel: 1 November 1792

General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1793

Died: 9 March 1795

Cacatte, (Leonard)

Born: 27 November 1760

Chef-de-Brigade: 2 January 1799

Colonel: 1803

General-de-Brigade: 20th April 1809

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Died: 9 May 1837

Rioult d'Avenay, (Archange-Louis)

Born: 21 November 1768

Colonel: 24 February 1805

General-de-Brigade: 25 June 1807

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 4 October 1808

Died: 1 June 1809

D'Haugeranville, (Francois-Charles-Jean-Pierre-Marie d'Avranges)

Born: 6 October 1782

Colonel: 25 June 1807

General-de-Brigade: 27 February 1813

Baron of the Empire: 19 March 1808

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 6e Regiment de Cuirassiers

Colonel Rioult-Davaenay: Wounded 10th June 1807

Colonel D'Haugeranville: Wounded 21/22 May 1809

Colonel Martin: Wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 6e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Twelve

Officers died of wounds: Six

Officers wounded: Seventy-six

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Siege of Lille and the Siege of Anvers

1793: Blockade of Maestricht, Nerewinden, and Hondschoote

1794: Fleurus

1796: Altenkirchen

1800: Hochstett and Hohenlinden

1805: Verone and Caldiero

1807: Heilsberg

1809: Eckmuhl, Essling, and Wagram

1812: La Moskowa, Winkowo, and Malojaroslawetz

1813: Dresden, Wachau, and Leipzig

1814: Champaubert

1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794, Hohenlinden 1800, Wagram 1809, and La Moskowa 1812

 

7e Regiment de Cuirassiers

Created in 1659 from various foreign Regiments in the service of France and a regiment levied by the Comte de Roye which had been formed in 1657. The Regiment became the 7e Regiment de Cavalerie in 1791 and the 7e Regiment de Cuirassiers in 1803. 

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1791: De Villoutreys de Faye, (Pierre-Louis-Auguste) - Colonel

1793: Gondaud, (Mathurin) - Chef-de-Brigade

1800: Offenstein, (Francois-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803

1807: Dubois, (Jacques-Charles) - Colonel

1812: Ordener, (Michel) - Colonel

1813: Richardot. (Claude-Francois) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Offenstein, (Francois-Joseph)

Born: 27 July 1760

Chef-de-Brigade: 30th May 1800

Colonel: 23 December 1803

General-de-Brigade: 25 June 1807

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 28 May 1808

Died: 27 September 1837

Dubois, (Jacques-Charles)

Born: 27 November 1762

Colonel: 25 June 1807

General-de-Brigade: 7 February 1813

Baron of the Empire: 2 August 1808

Died: 14 January 1847

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 7e Regiment de Cuirassiers

Colonel Offenstein: Wounded 10th June 1807

Colonel Dubois: Wounded 6 July 1809

Officers killed and wounded while seving with the 7e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Thirteen

Officers died of wounds: Six

Officers wounde: Fifty-eight

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy

1793: Nerwinden, Hondschoote, and Wattignies

1794: Roer

1800: Hochstett

1805: Tagliamento

1807: Heilsberg

1809: Essling and Wagram

1812: Polotsk and La Beresina

1813: Reichenbach and Dresden

1814: Champaubert and Vauchamps

1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Valmy 1792, Essling 1809, La Beresina 1812, and Dresden 1813

Bibliography 

Brye, P de. Historique du 6e Regiment de Cuirassiers Paris, 1893.

Bukhari, Emir. Napoleon's Cavalry London : Osprey; 1979.

Charavay, Jacques and Noel. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893-1908.

Dezaunay, Captain. Histoire du 1er Regiment de Cuirassiers Angers; 1889.

Histoire du 4e Regiment de Cuirassiers (1643-1897) 2 Vols; Paris; 1897.

Juzancourt, Captain. Historique du 7e Regiment de Cuirassiers (1659-1886) Paris; 1887.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers Tues et Blesse pendant les Guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Maume, Captain. Histoire du 3e Regiment de Cuirassiers ci-devant Commissaire-General (1645-1892) Paris; 1893.

Quinton, D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris : S.P.M.; 1996.

Rothwiller, Baron. Histoire du deuxieme Regiment de Cuirassiers,ancien Royal de Cavalerie (1635-1876), d'apres les archives du Corps,celle du Depot de la Guerre et autres documents originaux Paris; 1877.

Susane, J. Histoire de la Cavalerie Francais 3 Vols; Paris; 1874.

Vial, Lieutenant. 1653-1893 le 5e Cuirassiers,Histoire du Regiment Lyon; 1894.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: June, 2000.

 

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