Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

Best of Series Award


8e Cuirassiers

9e Cuirassiers

10e Cuirassiers

11e Cuirassiers

12e Cuirassiers

13e Cuirassiers

14e Cuirassiers

Bibliography

 

French Cuirassier Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1792 to 1815

Part II: 8 - 14 Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

Some of the hardest fighting units of Napoleon's Grande Armee were his cuirassier regiments. Theirs is a distinguished record in all the major campaigns between 1792 and 1815

 

8e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Created in 1665 from Regiment de Villequier which had been originaly formed in 1638 and named Cuirassiers du Roi. 1791 saw the Regiment renamed the 8e Regiment de Cavalerie and finally becoming the 8e Regiment de Cuirassiers in 1803

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1792: Randon de Pully (Charles-Joseph) - Colonel

1792: De la Marliere (Albert-Victor-Marie Desprez) - Colonel

1795: Dore (Jean-Baptiste) - Chef-de-Brigade

1796: Espagne (Jean-Louis-Brigette) - Chef-de-Brigade

1799: Merlin (Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel) - Chef-de-Brigade and later Colonel in 1803

1805: Grandjean - Colonel

1813: Lafaivre (Louis-Jean-Claude-Clement) - Colonel

1815: Garavaque - Colonel

Of the above Officers four attained the rank of General de Brigade and above.

Randon de Pully, (Charles-Joseph)

Born: 18 August 1751

Colonel: 25 February 1792

General-de-Brigade: 19 September 1792

General-de-Division: 8 March 1793

Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 7 December 1803

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 March 1814

Count of the Empire: 15 August 1809

Died: 20 April 1820

De la Marliere, (Albert-Victor-Marie Desprez)

Born: 23 October 1745

Colonel: 19 September 1792

General-de-Brigade: 13th June 1795

Died: 18 December 1825

Espagne, (Jean-Louis-Brigette)

Born: 16 February 1769

Chef-de-Brigade: 16 December 1796.

General-de-Brigade: 10 July 1799

General-de-Division: 1 February 1805

Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 December 1803

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 July 1807

Count of the Empire: April 1808

Died: 21 May 1809

Merlin, (Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel)

Born: 17 April 1768

Chef-de-Brigade: 20 November 1799

Colonel: 24 September 1803

General-de-Brigade: 5 June 1809

Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 December 1803

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 28 January 1809

Died: 27 January 1842

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 8e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonel Dore: Killed 6 August 1796.

Colonel Merlin: Wounded 21/22 May 1809

Colonel Grandjean: Wounded 7 September 1812

Colonel Lefaivre: Wounded 30 October 1813

Colonel Garavaque: Wounded 16 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 8e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815.

Officers killed: Eight

Officers died of wounds: Twelve

Officers wounded: Eighty-one

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy

1793: Hondschoote and Wattignies

1794: Fleurus and Aldenhoven

1796: Schweinfurth, Hirschaid, Bamberg, Wurtzbourg, and Neuwied

1800: Stokach, Engen, Moeskirch, Biberach, Hochstett, and Hohenlinden

1805: Caldiero and Tagliamento

1807: Heilsberg

1809: Essling and Wagram

1812: La Moskowa

1813: Leipzig and Hanau

1814: Vauchamps

1815: Quatre-Bras and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794, Wagram 1809, La Moskowa 1812, and Hanau 1813

 

9e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Originally formed as the Regiment de Villars in 1666, in 1686 it became the Regiment d'Anjou. The year 1753 saw it become the Regiment d'Aquitaine and then the Regiment d'Artois in 1761. The 9e Regiment de Cavalerie came into existance in 1791 and finally in 1803 it became the 9e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Bourbon-Busset (Louis-Antoine-Paul) - Colonel

1792: Badda de Bodsalva (Gabriel) - Colonel

1792: Loubat de Bohan (Jean-Claude) - Colonel

1793: De Nasouty (Etienne-Marie-Antoine Champion) - Chef-de-Brigade.

1799: Doumerc (Jean-Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803

1806: Paultre de Lamotte (Pierre-Louis-Francois) - Colonel

1811: De Murat-Sistrieres () - Colonel

1813: Habert (Jean-Nicolas) - Colonel

1814: Bigarne (Francois) - Colonel

The officers who reached the rank of General de Brigade and above were:

Loubat de Bohan, (Jean-Claude)

Born: 28 November 1754

Colonel: 29 October 1792

General-de-Brigade: 20 May 1793

Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 6 November 1805

Died: 12th October 1832

De Nansouty, (Etienne-Marie-Antoine Champion)

Born: 30 May 1768

Chef-de-Brigade: 9 November 1793

General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1799

General-de-Division: 24 March 1803

Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805

Grand Eagle of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 July 1807

Count of the Empire: 27 July 1808

Died: 12th February 1815

Doumerc, (Jean-Pierre)

Born: 7 October 1767

Chef-de-Brigade: 3 September 1799

Colonel: 1803

General-de-Brigade: 31 December 1806.

General-de-Division: 30 November 1811

Chevalier of theLegion d'Honneur: 11 December 1804

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805

Baron of the Empire: 2 August 1808

Died: 29 March 1847

Paultre de Lamotte, (Pierre-Louis-Francois)

Born: 3 February 1774

Colonel: 31 December 1806.

General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811

Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 March 1804

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 July 1807

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 17 August 1814

Baron of the Empire:

Died: 6 June 1840

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 9e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonel Loubat de Bohan: Wounded 30 March 1793

Colonel Paultre de Lamotte: Wounded 14 June 1807 & 6 July 1809

Colonel Murat-Sistrieres: Wounded 7 September 1812 & 26/27 August 1813

Colonel Habert: Wounded 16/18 October 1813

Colonel Bigarne: Wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 9e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815.

Officers killed: Ten

Officers died of wounds: Five

Officers wounded: Sixty-four

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Limbourg

1793: Oberflersheim, Landau, and Gambsheim

1794: La Rehutte and Schwegenheim

1796: Neresheim and Biberach

1800: Hochstett and Hohenlinden

1805: Austerlitz

1806: Jena

1807: Friedland

1809: Eckmuhl, Ratisbonne, and Wagram

1812: Ostrowno, La Moskowa, and Winkowo

1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Dresden, and Leipzig

1814: Saint-Dizier, Brienne, La Rothiere, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Craonne, and Fere- Champenoise

1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Hohenlinden 1800, Austerlitz 1805, La Moskowa 1812, and Fleurus 1815

 

10e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Created in 1643 by the Comte de Balthazard and entitled Royal Cravates, in 1791 the Regiment became the 10e Regiment de Cavalerie and in 1803 the 10e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade.

1791: Randon de Pully, (Charles-Joseph) - Colonel

1792: De la Turmeliere, (Marc-Pierre) - Colonel

1793: De Grave, (?) - Chef-de-Brigade.

1794: Ossvald, (Christophe) - Chef-de-Brigade.

1795: Dubouchat, (Gaspard) - Chef-de-Brigade.

1797: Lataye, (Pierre-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803

1806: L'Heritier, (Samuel-Francois) - Colonel

1809: Frank, (Louis-Bernard) - Colonel

1812: De la Huberdiere, (Pierre-Adrien) - Colonel

Four of the above Colonels became General-de-Brigade and above.

Randon de Pully, (Charles-Joseph)

Born: 18 August 1751

Colonel: 5 February 1792

General-de-Brigade: 19 September 1792

General-de-Division: 8 March 1793

Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 7 December 1803

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Grand officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 August 1814

Count of the Empire: 15 August 1809

Died: 20 April 1820

Ossvald, (Christophe)

Born: 25 March 1737

Chef-de-Brigade: 21 March 1794

General-de-Brigade: 22 June 1794

Died: ? 

Lataye, (Pierre-Francois)

Born: 14 March 1755

Chef-de-Brigade: 22 April 1797

Colonel: 24 August 1805

General-de-Brigade: 5 October 1806.

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805

Baron of the Empire: 10 February 1809

Died: 24 February 1827

L'Heritier, (Samuel-Francois)

Born: 6 August 1772

Colonel: 5 October 1806.

General-de-Brigade: 21 July 1809

General-de-Division: 15 March 1813

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 May 1807

Baron of the Empire: May 1808

Died: 23 August 1829

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 10e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonel L'Heritier: Wounded 8 February 1807, 22 May 1809, 11 July 1809

Officers killed and wounded whist serving with the 10e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815.

Officers killed: Eleven

Officers died of wounds: Seven

Officers wounded: Fifty-eight

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy

1794: Kirchheimboland, Gosselies, and Fleurus

1795: Kreutznach

1796: Giessen and Neuwied

1799: Offenbourg

1800: Erlach and Hohenlinden

1805: Austerlitz

1806: Jena

1807: Eylau and Hoff

1809: Eckmuhl and Wagram

1812: La Moskowa

1813: Leipzig

1814: Hambourg

1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794, Austerlitz 1805, Eckmuhl 1809, and La Moskowa 1812

 

11e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Created in 1665 from the Regiment de Montclair which had existed between the years 1652 and 1661. In 1668, the Regiment became Royal-Roussillon and in 1791 the 11e Regiment de Cavalerie. Finally in 1803 the 11e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Lardemelle, (Toussaint-Joseph) - Colonel

1792: Ligonier, (Francois) - Colonel

1792: Clapiers de Collongues, (Jacques-Auguste-Michel-Marie) - Colonel

1794: Desbordelieres, (Anne-Marie-Louis-Guillot) - Chef-de-Brigade.

1801: Fouler, (Albert-Louis-Emmanuel) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803

1806: Brancas, (Antoine-Constant-Dioville) - Colonel

1809: Duclaux, (Pierre) - Colonel

1813: Lefebvre, (Francois-Nicolas) - Colonel

1815: Courtier, (Eleonore-Ambroise) - Colonel

Three of the above became Generals.

De Lardemelle, (Toussaint-Joseph)

Born: 14 September 1734

Colonel: 25 July 1791

General-de-Brigade: 10 June 1792

Died: 12th November 1806

Fouler, (Albert-Louis-Emmanuel)

Born: 9 February 1769

Chef-de-Brigade: 20 November 1801

Colonel: 1803

General-de-Brigade: 31 December 1806.

General-de-Division: 23 March 1814

Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 19 March 1815

Count of the Empire: 16 September 1808

Died: 17 June 1831

Duclaux, (Pierre)

Born: 2 December 1775

Colonel: 1 June 1809

General-de-Brigade: 3 September 1813

Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 March 1804

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 March 1806.

Baron of the Empire: 21 November 1810

Died: 18 August 1828

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 11e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonel Clapiers: Killed 22 June 1794

Colonel de Brancas: Wounded 21 May 1809

Colonel Courtier: Wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 11e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Fourteen

Officers died of wounds: Eight

Officers wounded: Sixty-eight

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Pirmasens

1794: Kayserslautern

1797: Passage of the Tagliamento

1800: Hohenlinden

1805: Austerlitz

1807: Eylau and Friedland

1809: Eckmühl, Ratisbonne and Essling

1812: La Moskowa, Winkowo, and Tholoschinn

1813: Dresden and Leipzig

1814: Laon

1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Hohenlinden 1800, Austerlitz 1805, Eckmuhl 1809, and La Moskowa 1812

12e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Created in 1668 from numerous regiments, it became the 12e Regiment de Cavalerie in 1791 and in 1803 the 12e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Lanay de Vallerie, (Charles-Michel) - Colonel

1792: Tauzia de la Litterie, (Francois-Durand) - Colonel

1793: Vrigny, (?) - Chef-de-Brigade.

1793: Colart, (Jean-Baptiste) - Chef-de-Brigade.

1795: Verreaux, (Jean) - Chef-de-Brigade.

1796: Belfort, (Jacques-Renard) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803

1805: Dornes, (Joseph) - Colonel

1809: De Curnieu, (Jean-Louis-Matheron) - Colonel

1813: Daudies, (Michel-Jean-Paul) - Colonel

1815: Thurot, (Charles-Nicolas) - Colonel

The 12e Cuirassiers produced two Generals.

Belfort, (Jacques-Renard)

Born: 26 December 1753

Chef-de-Brigade: 1 May 1796.

Colonel: 1803

General-de-Brigade: 24 December 1805

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December1805

Baron of the Empire: 18 June 1809

Died: 18 January 1819

Dornes, (Joseph)

Born: 28 January 1760

Colonel: 27 December 1805

General-de-Brigade: 3 August 1809

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 May 1807

Baron of the Empire: 19 March 1809

Died: 29 December 1812

Colonels killed and wounded while in command of the 12e Cuirassiers.

Colonel De Curnier: Wounded 21 November 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 12e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Twenty five

Officers died of wounds: Nine

Officers wounded: Fifty seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Stromberg, Alzey, Brumpt, Haguenau, and Gambsheim

1794: Rehutte and Schweigenheim

1795: Frankenthal

1796: Mindelheim

1797: Passage of the Rhine

1799: Blockade of Philippsbourg

1800: Moeskirch and Hohenlinden

1805: Wertingen, Elchingen, Hollabrunn, and Austerlitz

1806: Jena

1807: Heilsberg and Friedland

1809: Eckmuhl, Ratisbonne, Essling, and Wagram

1812: Mohilew, La Moskowa, and Winkowo

1813: Bautzen, Reichenbach, Jauer, Dresden, Wachau, and Leipzig

1814: La Rothiere, Rosnay, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Valjouan, Athies, Reims, Fere- Champenoise, and Paris

1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, and La Moskowa 1812

 

13e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

Created in 1807 as the 1er Regiment Provisoire de Grosse Cavalerie which had been formed from existing Cuirassier and Carabinier Regiments. It became the 13e Regiment de Cuirassiers in 1808

Colonels

1807: D'Aigremont (Guillaume-Francois) - Colonel of the 1er Regiment Provisoire de Grosse Cavalerie.

1808: D'Aigremont (Guillaume-Francois) - Colonel

1813: Bigarne (Francois) - Colonel

Only one officer to become a General

D'Aigremont, (Guillaume-Francois)

Born: 1 April 1770

Colonel: 1er Regiment Provisoire de Grosse Cavalerie: 6 December 1807

Colonel:13e Cuirassiers: 13th February 1808

General-de-Brigade: 10 April 1813

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 8 July 1809

Baron of the Empire: 25 May 1811

Died: 7 January 1827

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 13e Regiment de Cuirassiers.

None.

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 13e Cuirassiers during the period 1805-1815.

Officers killed: Three

Officers died of wounds: Two

Officers wounded: Twenty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1808: Tudela and the Siege of Saragosse (December 1808 - February 1809)

1809: Saragosse

1810: Villareal, Siege of Lerida, and Margalef-Lerida

1811: Siege of Tarragone and Sagonte

1812: Castella

1813: Col d'Ordal

1814: Lyon

Battle Honours

Lerida 1810, Sagonte 1811, and Col d'Ordal 1813

 

14e Regiment

It is my intention to deal with the 14e Regiment de Cuirassiers in an article on foreign regiments in the service of France. The 14e Cuirassiers were incorporated into French service in 1810, previously being the Dutch 2 Regiment of Cuirassiers.

 

Bibliography

Amonville, Captain. Les Cuirassiers du Roi - Le 8e Cuirassiers 1638-1892 Paris;1892.

Brye, P de. Historique du 6e Regiment de Cuirassiers Paris, 1893.

Bukhari, Emir. Napoleon's Cavalry London : Osprey; 1979.

Charavay, Jacques and Noel. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893-1908.

Chavane, J. Histoire du 11e Cuirassiers Paris; 1889.

Juzancourt, Commandant. Historique du 10e Regiment de Cuirassiers (1643-1891) Paris; 1889.

Martimprey, Captain. Historique du 9e Regiment de Cuirassiers Paris; 1888.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers Tues et Blesse pendant les Guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Quinton, D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris : S.P.M.; 1996.

Rothwiller, Baron. Histoire du deuxieme Regiment de Cuirassiers,ancien Royal de Cavalerie (1635-1876), d'apres les archives du Corps,celle du Depot de la Guerre et autres documents originaux Paris; 1877.

Ruby, Colonel and Captain Labeau. Historique du 12e Regiment de Cuirassiers (1668-1942) Marseille; 1944.

Six, Georges: Dictionnaire biographique des Generaux et Admiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Susane, J. Histoire de la Cavalerie Francais 3 Vols; Paris; 1874.

Yvert, L. Historique du 13e Regiment de Cuirassiers 1807-1814-1891 Chartres; 1895.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: July, 2000

Organization Index | More on French Cavalry | More on French Cuirassiers ]


Search the Series

© Copyright 1995-2006, The Napoleon Series, All Rights Reserved.

Top | Home ]