Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

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1er Dragons

2e Dragons

3e Dragons

4e Dragons

5e Dragons

6e Dragons

7e Dragons

8e Dragons

9e Dragons

10e Dragons

Bibliography

 

French Dragoons and the Colonels Who Led Them 1792-1815:

Part I: 1er - 10e Regiments.

By Tony Broughton, FINS

 

1er Regiment de Dragons

Formed in Germany in 1656 and entitled Dragons Etranger du Roi, in 1668 they became the Royal Dragons. The year 1791 saw the Regiment become the 1er Regiment de Dragons and in 1811 the Regiment was transformed into the 1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers.

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

 1791: De Muratel (David-Maurice de Barreau-Champoulies) - Colonel

1792: De Tolzan (Louis) - Colonel

1793: Du Blaisel (Louis-Charles-Francois-Benoit) - Colonel

1797: Vialanes (Jean-Baptiste-Theodore) - Chef de Brigade

1803: Arrighi de Casanova (Jean-Thomas) - Colonel

1806: D'Oullembourg (Stanislas-Marie-Joseph-Ignace-Laurent) - Colonel

1807: Dermoncourt (Paul-Ferdinand-Stanislas) - Colonel

Six of the above Officers attained the rank of General de Brigade and above

De Muratel, (David-Maurice de Barreau-Champoulies)

Born: 14 February 1741

Colonel: 21 October 1791

General-de-Brigade: 8 August 1792

Died: 5 February 1827

 De Tolzan, (Louis)

Born: 1 January 17545

Colonel: 13 September 1792

General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1793

Died: ?

Vialanes, (Jean-Baptiste-Theodore)

Born: 11 October 1761

Chef-de-Brigade: 21 March 1797

General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 20 July 1808

Died: 3 August 1826

Arrighi de Casanova, (Jean-Toussaint)

Born: 8 March 1778

Chef-de-Brigade: 31 August 1803

General-de-Brigade: 25 June 1807

General de Division: 25 May 1809

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1804

Created Duc de Padoue: 20 March 1808

Died: 22 March 1853

D'Oullemberg, (Ignace-Laurent-Joseph-Stanislas)

Born: 10 August 1766

Colonel: 19 June 1806

General-de-Brigade: 4 April 1807

Baron of the Empire: 26 October 1808

Died: 28 May 1833

Dermoncourt, (Paul-Ferdinand-Stanislas)

Born: 3 March 1771

Colonel: 5 April 1807

General-de-Brigade: 22 July 1813

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 4 December 1813

Baron of the Empire: 16 September 1808

Died: 10 May 1847

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade killed and wounded while commanding the 1er Regiment de Dragons

 Chef-de-Brigade Vialanes: Wounded 14 June 1800

Chef-de-Brigade Arrighi de Casanova: Wounded 8 October 18045

Colonel D'Oullembourg: Wounded 14 October 1806

Colonel Dermoncourt: Wounded 28 July 1809 - 29 December 1809

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Dragons during the period 1805-1811

Officers killed: Seven

Officers died of wounds: Two

Officers wounded: Forty Six

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

 1792: Damheim and Valmy

1794: Fleurus

1796: Hombourg

1799: Frauenfeld, Zurich, and Muttenthal

1800: Marengo

1805: Wertingen, Ulm, and Austerlitz

1806: Jena and Golymin

1807: Heilsberg and Friedland

1809: Ucles

1811: Chiclana

 Battle Honours

 Marengo 1800, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, and Friedland 1807

    

2e Regiment de Dragons

2e Dragons

Trooper 2e Dragons

Created in 1635 and named Enghien-Cavalerie; 1645 saw the name change to Conde-Cavalerie and in 1776 the Regiment became the Conde-Dragons. Finally in 1791 it was renamed the 2e Regiment de Dragons.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1792: De Grouchy (Emmanuel) - Colonel

1792: Colomb (Pierre) - Colonel

1793: De Vrigny (Louis-Cloquet) - Chef de Brigade

1793: Leclerc (Etienne) - Chef de Brigade

1794: Richer (Humbert) - Chef de Brigade

1794: Macquart (Francois) - Chef de Brigade

1796: De Fenerolles (Jacques-Marguerite-Etienne de Fornier) - Chef de Brigade

1803: Prive (Ythier-Sylvain) - Colonel

1807: Ismert (Pierre) - Colonel

1812: Hoffmayer (Laurent) - Colonel

1814: Laval (Francois-Marie) - Colonel

1814: Rapatel (Auguste-Francois-Marie) - Colonel

1815: Dubessy (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

1815: Planzeaux (Francois-Joseph) - Colonel

The 2e Regiment de Dragons produced four Officers who reached the rank of General, one reaching the rank of Marechal.

De Grouchy, (Emmanuel)

Born: 23 October 1766

Colonel: 1 February 1792

General-de-Brigade: 7 September 1792

General-de-Division: 23 April 17945

Member of the Legion d'Honneur:

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur:

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur:

Grand Eagle of the Legion d'Honneur: 13 July 1807

Marechal: 15 April 1815

Died: 29 May 1847

Colomb, (Pierre)

Born: 21 August 1754

Colonel: 8 July 1792

General-de-Brigade: 7 April 1793

Died: ?

Ismert, (Pierre)

Born: 30 May 1768

Colonel: 14 May 1807

General-de-Brigade: 8 February 1813

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 4 October 1808

Baron of the Empire: 26 October 1808

Died: 29 September 1826

Colonels killed and wounded while in command of the 2e Regiment de Dragons

 Colonel Prive: Wounded 8 February 1807

Colonel Ismert: Wounded 13 January 1809

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Dragons during the period 1805-1815

 Officers killed: Eleven

Officers died of wounds: Six

Officers wounded: Sixty-six

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy

1793: Nerwinden, Wattignies and Chollet

1794: Pont de James

1795: Benthiem and Rimbulen

1796: Sieburg, Bamberg, Wolfering, and Wurtzbourg

1799: Niederaken and Zurich

1800: Biberach, Ampfingen, Mannheim, and Hohenlinden

1805: Wertingen, Albeck, and Austerlitz

1806: Jena

1807: Eylau, Heilsberg, and Friedland

1809: Wagram

1809: Ucles, Medellin, and Talevera-de-la-Reina

1811: Chiclana

1813: Vitoria

1813: Dantzig, Leipzig, and Hanau

1814: Rambervillers, Saint-Dizier and Brienne

1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Zurich 1799, Hohenlinden 1800, Austerlitz 1805 and Jena 1806

    

3e Regiment de Dragons

Created in 1649 and named Enghien. In 1686 renamed Bourbon and in 1776 they became the Bourbon-Dragons. In 1791, they became the 3e Regiment de Dragons. In 1811, the Regiment transformed into the 2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: D'Hangest (Rene-Pierre-Louis) - Colonel

1792: De Vaujour (Anne-Hyacinthe-d'Harange) - Colonel

1792: Leblanc-Delisle (Paul-Alexandre) - Colonel

1793: Capitain (Marie-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Daunant (Paul-Guillaume) - Chef-de-Brigade

1800: Fiteau (Edme-Nicolas) - Chef-de-Brigade

1806: Grezard (Joseph-Claude) - Colonel

1809: Berruyer (Pierre-Marie-Auguste) - Colonel

1810: Ludot (Denis-Eloi) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General de Brigade.

Leblanc-Delisle, (Paul-Alexandre)

Born: 27 June 1734

Colonel: 26 October 1792

General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1793

Died: 1 December 1811

Fiteau, (Edme-Nicolas)

Born: 9 August 1772

Chef-de-Brigade: 23 September 1800 and Colonel in 1803

General-de-Brigade: 25 May 1809

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 18045

Died: Commited suicide 14 December 1810

Berruyer, (Pierre-Marie-Auguste)

Born: 19 November 1780

Colonel: 2 Auguste 1809

General-de-Brigade: 18 January 1814

Chevalier de l'Empire: 4 January 1811

Died: Mortally wounded 16 June 1815, Ligny. 

Ludot, (Denis-Eloi)

Born:25 June 1768

Colonel: 20 August 1810

General-de-Brigade: 30 May 1813

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 February 1815

Baron of the Empire: 3 April 1814

Died: 14 September 1839

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 3e Regiment de Dragons.

 Chef-de-Brigade Fiteau: wounded 21 March 1801

 

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Dragons during the period 1805-1815

 Officers killed: Three

Officers died of wounds: One

Officers wounded: Twenty-six

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Grand-Pre

1793: Nerwinden

1794: Passage of the Ourthe and Sprimont

1796: Arcole

1798: Salaheih

1799: Mont Tabor, Aboukir, and Nazareth

1801: Canope

1805: Austerlitz

1806: Jena, Prentzlow, and Karnichen

1807: Eylau and Friedland

1809: Alba-de-Tormes

Battle Honours

Arcole 1796, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806 and Friedland 1807

   

4e Regiment de Dragons

Created in 1667, in 1684 they were named Chartres-Cavalerie. In 1724, they become Clermont and 1771 La Marche. Their name changed once again in 1776 to the Conti-Dragons, finally becoming the 4e Regiment de Dragons in 1791

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Migot (Laurent) - Colonel

1792: Maillard de Landre (Innocent-Marie-Louis) - Colonel

1792: De la Coste-Duvivier (Jean-Laurent-Justin) - Colonel

1794: Turfa (Pierre-Fortune) - Chef-de-Brigade

1799: Wathier (Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade

1806: Lamotte (Auguste-Etienne-Marie) - Colonel

1809: Farine (Pierre-Joseph) - Colonel

1811: Bouquerot des Essarts (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

Of the above officers three became general de Brigade and above

Wathier, (Pierre)

Born: 4 September 1770

Chef-de-Brigade: 4 October 1799 and Colonel in 1803

General-de-Brigade: 24 December 18045

General de Division: 31 July 1811

Count of the Empire: 26 October 1808

Died: 3 February 1846

Lamotte, (Auguste-Etienne-Marie)

Born: 5 April 1772

Colonel: 13 January 1806

General-de-Brigade: 21 March 1809

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 3 April 1814

Baron of the Empire: 26 October 1808

Died: 8 May 1836

Farine, (Pierre-Joseph)

Born: 2 October 1770

Colonel: 7 April 1809

General-de-Brigade: 26 June 1813

Baron of the Empire: 12 February 1812

Died: 11 October 1833

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 4e Regiment de Dragons

Colonel Lamotte: Wounded 5 February 1807, 10 June 1807, & 14 June 1807

Colonel Farine: Wounded 25 May 1811 & 5 March 1813

Colonel Bouquerot des Essarts: Wounded 16 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 4e Dragons during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Ten

Officers died of wounds: None

Officers wounded: Seventy-five

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Fontoy and Valmy

1793: Martinses and Wissembourg

1794: Aldenhoven

1796: Passage of the Rhine, Memmingen, and Friedberg

1800: Burg-Ebrach and Nuremberg

1805: Passage of the Lech, Wertingen, and Diernstein

1806: Golymin

1807: Deppen, Hoff, Eylau, Heilsberg, and Friedland

1809: Talavera-de-la-Reine, Ocana, and Medelin

1811: Albuhera

1813: Vitoria

1813: Leipzig

1814: Bar-sur-Aube, Sezanne, and Fere-Champenoise.

1815: Ligny

 Battle Honours

 Valmy 1792, Aldenhoven 1794, Eylau 1807, and Medelin 1809

    

5e Regiment de Dragons

 Created in 1668 in two regiments: Colonel-General and Royal-Dragons. In 1791, they became the 5e Regiment de Dragons.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Charton (Joachim) - Colonel

1792: Dampierre (Auguste-Marie-Henri Picot) - Colonel

1792: Beaumont (Marc-Antoine Bonin de la Boniniere) - Colonel

1793: Verdet (Pierre-Joseph Le Clerc) - Colonel

1796: Milhaud (Edouard-Jean-Baptiste) - Chef-de-Brigade

1800: Bonaparte (Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade

1803: Prive (Ythier-Sylvain) - Colonel

1804: Lacour (Jacques-Nicolas) - Colonel

1808: Sparre (Louis-Ernest-Joseph) - Colonel

1812: Morin (Jean-Baptiste-Louis) - Colonel

1814: De Saint-Armand(Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Canavas) - Colonel

Seven of the above Colonels attained the rank of General de Brigade and above

Charton, (Joachim)

Born: 28 August 1746

Colonel: 21 October 1791

General-de-Brigade: 13 January 1792

Died: 6 January 1798

Dampierre, (Auguste-Marie-Henri Picot)

Born: 19 August 1756

Colonel: 5 February 1792

General-de-Brigade: 22 August 1792

General de Division: 8 March 1793

Died: 9 May 1793

Beaumont, (Marc-Antoine Bonin de la Boniniere)

Born: 23 September 1763

Colonel: 7 August 1792

General-de-Brigade: 4 April 17945

General de Division: 29 December 1802

Count of the Empire: 26 April 1808

Died: 4 February 1830

Milhaud, (Edouard-Jean-Baptiste)

Born: 10 July 1766

Chef-de-Brigade: 28 January 1796

General-de-Brigade: 5 January 1800

General de Division: 30 December 1806

Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 June 1810

Count of the Empire: 10 March 1808

Died: 8 January 1833

Bonaparte, (Louis)

Born: 5 September 1778

Chef-de-Brigade: 11 January 1800

General-de-Brigade:24 March 1803

General de Division: 11 March 1804

Grand Eagle of the Legion d'Honneur: 2 February 18045

Constable of the Empire: 18 May 1804

King of Holland: 24 May 1806

Died: 25 July 1846

Sparre, (Louis-Ernest-Joseph)

Born: 8 July 1780

Colonel: 28 March 1808

General-de-Brigade: 11 April 1812

Baron of the Empire: 9 May 1811

Died: 9 July 1845

Morin, (Jean-Baptiste-Louis)

Born: 9 May 1776

Colonel: 1 June 1812

General-de-Brigade: 12 March 1814

Died: 26 March 1814

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 5e Regiment de Dragons

Colonel Lacour: Wounded 2 December 1805

Colonel Morin: Wounded 21 June 1813 & 13 December 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 5e Dragons during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Six

Officers died of wounds: Five

Officers wounded: Sixty-one

Regimental War Records (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy

1793: Nerwinden and Wattignies

1796: Mondovi, Castiglione, Primolano, Bassano, and Saint-Michel

1799: Cremone

1800: Marengo

1805: Wertingen and Austerlitz

1806: Nasielsk

1807: Eylau and Friedland

1809: Almonacid and Ocana

1813: Vitoria

1814: Craonne, Fere-Champenoise, and Paris

1815: Ligny, Waterloo, and Versailles

Battle Honours

Wattignies 1796, Arcole 1796, Austerlitz 1805, and Eylau 1807

    

6e Regiment de Dragons

Created in 1673 and named La Reine in 1675, becoming the 6e Regiment de Dragons in 1791.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Gouy d'Arcy (Louis-Marthe) - Colonel

1792: De la Turmeliere (Marc-Pierre) - Colonel

1792: De Hautmaret (Blaise-Duval)- Colonel

1792: Tilly (Jacques-Louis-Francois Deaistre) - Colonel

1793: Pelicot (Francois-Philibert-Michel) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Jourdan (Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Vincent (?) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Fauconnet (Jean-Louis-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade

1796: Lebaron (Jacques) - Chef-de-Brigade and in 1803 Colonel

1807: Picquet (Cyrille-Simon) - Colonel

1813: Mugnier (Claude) - Colonel

1814: Saviot (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

Four of the above attained the rank of General de Brigade and above

Gouy d'Arcy, (Louis-Maarthe)

Born: 15 July 1753

Colonel: 26 July 1791

General-de-Brigade: 6 February 1792

Died: Condemed to death by the Revolutionary Tribunal and executed 23 July 1794

Tilly, (Jacques-Louis-Francois Deaistre)

Born: 2 February 1749

Colonel: 29 November 1792

General-de-Brigade: 21 April 1793

General de Division: 2 December 1793

Chevalier of the Empire: 25 March 1809

Baron of the Empire: 23 April 1812

Died: 10 January 1822

Fauconnet, (Jean-Louis-Francois)

Born: 24 December 1750

Chef-de-Brigade: 1 June 1794

General-de-Brigade: 10 July 1796

General de Division: 7 January 1807

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 2 July 1808

Died: 22 October 1819

Picquet, (Cyrille-Simon)

Born: 14 November 1774

Colonel: 13 February 1807

General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1813

Died: 2 September 1847

Colonels killed and wounded while in command of the 6e Regiment de Dragons

Chef-de-Brigade Vincent: Killed 26 April 1794

Colonel Lebaron: Killed 6 February 1807

Colonel Picquet: Wounded 22 July 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 6e Dragons during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Eight

Officers died of wounds: Five

Officers wounded: Eighty-two

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy, Jemmapes, and Menin

1793: Nerwinden, Lille, and Gertruydenberg

1794: Mouscron, Courtrai, Tourcoing, and Malines

1796: Renchen, Rastadt, Biberach, and Neumuhl

1800: Marengo, Pozzolo, and Mozembano

1805: Ulm, Ebersberg, and Austerlitz

1806: Scheltz, Zehdenick, Prentzlow, and Biezun

1807: Bergfried, Hoff, Eylau, and Friedland

1809: Alba-de-Tormes

1811: Ciudad-Rodrigo and Fuentes-de-Onoro

1812: Les Arapiles

1813: Vitoria

1813: Leipzig

1814: Brienne, La Rothiere, Mormont, and Saint-Dizier.

1815: Ligny and Rocquencourt

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800, Austerlitz 1805, and Friedland 1807

     

7e Regiment de Dragons

7e Cuirassier

7e Dragons

Created in 1673 and named Dauphin-Dragons in 1675, they became the 7e Regiment de Dragons in 1791.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Guibert (Claude) - Colonel

1791: De Revigliase (?) - Colonel

1792: D'Averhoult (Jean-Antoine)

1792: De Cambis (Adrien-Jacques-Maurice) - Colonel

1793: Bourgairolles (Jean-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade

1796: Laverand (Jean-Jacques) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803

1806: Seron (Denis-Etienne) - Colonel

1811: Veizier (Louis-Xavier-Joseph) - Colonel

1812: Sopransi (Louis-Charles-Barthelemy)- Colonel

1813: Testot-Ferry (Claude) - Colonel

1814: Leopold (Charles-Philippe) - Colonel

Two of the above reached the rank of General de Brigade

Seron, (Denis-Etienne)

Born: 16 December 17745

Colonel: 8 May 1807

General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811

Officer of theLegion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 9 September 1810

Died: Actual date not known, disappeared in Russia November 1812

Sopransi, (Louis-Charles-Barthelemy)

Born: 23 December 1783

Colonel: 13 June 1812

General-de-Brigade: 13 October 1813

Baron of the Empire: 6 October 1810

Died: 27 May 1814

Colonels killed and wounded while in command of the 7e Regiment de Dragons

Colonel Seron: Wounded 5 July 1809

Colonel Sopransi: Wounded 7 September 1812

Colonel Leopold: Wounded 25 March 1814 & 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 7e Dragons during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Nine

Officers died of wounds: Seven

Officers wounded: Sixty-six

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy and Jemmapes

1793: Cerfontaine, Nerwinden, Etreux, Wattignies, and Jeumont

1794: Tongres and La Roer

1795: Louvain

1796: Nuremberg

1797: Neuwied

1799: Salo

1800: Marengo and Mincio

1805: Caldiero and Tagliamento

1806: Calabres

1809: Passage of the Piave and Wagram

1812: La Moskowa

1813: Dresden

1814: Fere-Champenoise

1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

 Wagram 1809, La Moskowa 1812, and Dresden 1813

    

8e Regiment de Dragons

Created in 1674 by the Marquis d'Heudicourt, in 1693 the regiment was renamed Toulouse and in 1737 Penthievre. In 1776, the regiment became the Penthievre-Dragons until finally becoming the 8e Regiment de Dragons in 1791. This title lasted until 1811 when the regiment was transformed into the 3e Regiment de Chevau-Legere-Lanciers.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

 1791: Du Bouzet de Montjoye (Francois) - Colonel

1792: Scelles de la Mothe (Jean-Thomas) - Colonel

1793: De Gaignieres (Charles-Hubert) - Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Falque (Jean-Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade

1797: Milet (Jacques-Louis-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade

1800: Beckler (Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade

1806: Girardin d'Ermenonville (Alexandre-Louis-Robert) - Colonel

Two Colonels attained the rank of General de Brigade

Milet, (Jacques-Louis-Francois)

Born: 30 November 1763

Chef-de-Brigade: 7 February 1797

General-de-Brigade: 5 July 1800

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804

Baron of the Empire: 26 October 1808

Died: 18 September 1821

Girardin d'Ermenonville, (Alexandre-Louis-Robert)

Born: 13 February 1776

Colonel: 7 December 1806

General-de-Brigade: 22 June 1811

Baron of the Empire: 1 June 1808

Count of the Empire: 3 May 1810

Died: 5 August 1855

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 8e Regiment de Dragons

Colonel Beckler: Killed 24 December1806

Colonel Girardin d'Ermenonville: Wounded 14 June 1807

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 8e Dragons during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Three

Officers died of wounds: None

Officers wounded: Thirty-two

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Rheinzabern, Philippsbourg, and Berg-Zabern

1795: Blockade of Mayence

1796: Lodi, Pizzigettone, Passage of the Mincio, and Borghetto

1797: Rivoli, Clausen, Brixen, and Inspruck

1800: Passage of the Saint-Bernard, Montebello, and Marengo

1805: Wertingen, Ulm, Lambach, and Austerlitz

1806: Jena, Zehdenick, Prentzlow, and Nasielsk

1807: Eylau, Heilsberg, and Friedland

1808: Burgos, Tudela, and Sahagunt

1809: Monterey, Braga, and Oporto

1810: Valladoid, Guarda, and Santarem

1811: Sabugal

Battle Honours

Rivoli 1797, Marengo 1800, Austerlitz 1805, and Heilsberg 1807

   

9e Regiment de Dragons

Created in 1673, in 1773 was the Regiment de Lorraine. In 1791, it became the 9e Regiment de Dragons until 1811, when it became the 4e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Tresor du Bactot (Louis-Jean-David) - Colonel

1792: Stengel (Henri-Christian-Michel) - Colonel

1792: Dammartin (Anne-Henri Collorque) - Colonel

1792: Valory () - Colonel

1795: Thirion (Joseph-Andre) -Chef-de-Brigade

1799: Sebastiani de la Porta (Horace-Francois-Bastien) - Chef-de-Brigade

1803: Maupetit (Pierre-Honore-Anne) - Colonel

1807: Queunot (Mathieu) - Colonel

1811: Deschamps (Jean-Louis-Charles) - Colonel

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General de Brigade and above

Tresor du Bactot, (Louis-Jean-David)

Born: 25 August 1744

Colonel: 1 January 1784

General-de-Brigade: 1 February 1792

Died: 22 October 1817

Stengel, (Henri-Christian-Michel)

Born: 11 May 1744

Colonel: 13 April 1792

General-de-Brigade: 13 September 1792

General de Division: 13 June 17945

Died: 28 April 1796

Sebastiani de la Porta, (Horace-Francois-Bastien)

Born: 17 November 1772

Chef-de-Brigade: 20 April 1799

General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803

General de Division: 21 December 18045

Grand Eagle of the Legion d'Honneur: 7 April 1807

Count of the Empire: 31 December 1809

Died: 20 July 1851

Maupetit, (Pierre-Honore-Anne)

Born: 22 September 1772

Colonel: 31 August 1803

General-de-Brigade: 30 December 1806

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 18045

Baron of the Empire: 23 March 1808

Died: 13 December 1811 of wounds.

Queunot, (Mathieu)

Born: 27 March 1766

Colonel: 31 December 1806

General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 6 June 1811

Baron of the Empire: 7 June 1808

Died: 24 April 1845

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 9e Regiment de Dragons

Colonel Maupetit: Wounded 8 October 1805

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 9e Dragons during the period 1805-1815

Officers killed: Four

Officers died of wounds: Five

Officers wounded: Thirty-one

 Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Siege of Lyon

1796: Mondovi, Borghetto, Caldiero, and Arcole

1797: Mantoue, Tagliamento, Pescantina, and Bergame

1800: Montebello, Marengo, and the passage of the Mincio

1801: Castel-Franco

1805: Wertingen and Austerlitz

1806: Jena and Zehdenick

1807: Jonkowo, Hoff, Eylau, Friedland, Willemsdorf, and Koenisberg

1809: Burgos, Talevera-de-la-Reina, and Ocana

1810: Cadiz and Busaco

 Battle Honours

 Arcole 1796, Marengo 1800, Austerlitz 1805, and Eylau 1807

   

10e Regiment de Dragons

10e Dragons

10e Dragons

Created in 1674, becoming the Mestre-de-camp-General in 1685 and in 1791 the 10e Regiment de Dragons. In 1811, the regiment was transformed into the 5e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers.

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Chevalier d'Estresses (Joseph-Mercure) - Colonel

1792: Neuilly (Joachim-Joseph) - Colonel

1792: La Roque (Jean-Louis) - Colonel

1793: Pierson (Antione-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade

1795: Godard (Jean-Baptiste) - Chef-de-Brigade

1800: Cavaignac (Jacques-Marie) - Chef-de-Brigade

1806: Dommanget (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

1811: Chabert (Francois-Felicite) - Colonel

Of the above Officers four attained the rank of General de Brigade

Neuilly, (Joachim-Joseph)

Born: 17 March 1743

Colonel: 5 February 1792

General-de-Brigade: 30 September 1792

Died: ?.

La Roque, (Jean-Louis)

Born: 26 February 1754

Colonel: 20 September 1792

General-de-Brigade: 7 April 1793

Died: 9 March 1794, executed by order of the Revolutionary Tribunal.

Cavaignac, (Jacques-Marie)

Born: 11 February 1773

Chef-de-Brigade: 23 April 1800

General-de-Brigade: 12 September 1806

General-de-Division, Army of Naples: 8 June 1808, returned to French Army service with the rank of General de Brigade 5 May 1812

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 18045

Died: 23 January 1845

Dommanget, (Jean-Baptiste)

Born:17 October 1769

Colonel: 20 September 1806

General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 28 March 1813

Baron of the Empire: 14 April 1810

Died: 10 February 1848

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 10e Regiment de Dragons

Chef-de-Brigade Godard: Wounded

Colonel Dommanget: Wounded 14 June 1807

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 10e Dragons during the period 1805-1811

Officers killed: Three

Officers died of wounds: Three

Officers wounded: Twenty-one

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

 1792: Jemmapes

1793: Nerwinden and Cambrai

1794: Fleurus, Sprimont, and Coblentz

1795: Mayence and Mont-Tonnerre

1796: La Rehutte, Rastadt, and Ettlingen

1799: Bergen, Alkmaer, and Castricum

1800: Passage of the Splugen

1805: Ulm and Austerlitz

1807: Eylau and Friedland

1809: Alba-de-Tormes

1810: Ciudad-Rodrigo

1811: Fuentes-de-Onoro

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794, Austerlitz 1805, Eylau 1807, and Friedland 1807

 

Bibliography

Anon. Trophees des Armees Francaises Paris; 1839

Bruyere, P. Historique du 2e Regiment de Dragons 1635 - 1885 Paris; 18845

Bukhari, Emir. Napoleon's Cavalry London : Osprey; 1979  

Charavay, J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792 - 1871 Paris; 1893 & 1908.

Cosse-Brissac, R. de. Historique du 7e Regiment de Dragons 1673 - 1909 Paris; 1909

D'Ollone, LT. Historique du 10e Regiment de Dragons Paris; 1893.

Giguet, P. Histoire Militaire de la France1792 - 1815 Vol 2; Paris; 1849

Historique des Corps de Troupe de l'Armee Francais 1569 - 1900 Paris; 1900.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers Tues et Blesse pendant les Guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie, M.C. Biographie des Celebrites Militaire des Armes de Terre et de Mer de 1789 - 1850 Paris;1854

Quinton, D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris : S.P.M.; 1996.

Saint-Just V. de. Historique du 5e Regiment de Dragons Paris; 1891.

Six, Georges. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Français de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: August 2000 

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