The Dutch Army of 1793-1794
Given are two different strengths. The first one is the theoretical strength before the augmentation of 6 February 1793. The second one is the strength after the augmentation
An infantry regiment consisted of two battalions, each with a grenadier-company and six musketeer-companies.
Hollandsche Gardes (Dutch Guards)(984/1.080)
Although the regiments had a number, these were only used on their weapons and equipment. The regiments were known by the name of their commander (Colonel). The following infantry units did exist during this period (762/983):
During the campaigns of 1793 and 1794-1795 the 12 musketeer-companies formed a field-battalion of 8 strong companies, the remainder forming a weak depot. The grenadier-companies from the regular regiments were combined to grenadier battalions. These battalions were named after their commanding officer:
Campaign of 1793 & Campaign of 1794/95
Battalion van Plettenberg Battalion van Plettenberg
Battalion van Buseck Battalion van Buseck
Battalion van Tengnagell (13.09.1793 Prins van Reuss) Battalion Prins van Reuss
Battalion van Breydenbach Battalion van Dongen
Battalion van Raesfeldt Battalion van Raesfeldt
Battalion de Larrey (10.01.1794 van Solms) Battalion van Solms
Battalion van Rechteren Battalion van Panhuijs
Battalion van Hohenlohe Battalion van Mollenbruyn
Battalion van Zillnhardt
The Swiss regiments had very strong companies, but were not the same strength in each regiment. A regiment consisted of two battalions, each of six companies: There was no separate grenadier-company, but some grenadiers were alotted to each company. Each battalion was about 620 men strong, with the augmentation of 06.02.1793 increased to about 920 men.
Regiment Schmid (Grisons)
Korps Jagers van Salm (17.04.1793 incorporated in van Bylandt, 5 companies totalling 501 men, with the augmentation of 06.02.1793 increased to 519 men)
17.04.1793 Rgt Jagers van Bylandt (created from 2nd
Battalion No. 11 Regiment van Dam & Korps Jagers van
Gardewalen De Perez (Walloons, 01.01.1793, ex-3rd Battalion Nassau-Usingen. Strength 1 battalion of 7 companies, 502 men; after the augmentation of 06.02.1793 615 men).
Mecklenburg: A brigade, consisting of a grenadier and two musketeer battalions, each of four companies.
Anspach brigade (2 jäger companies, grenadiers and fusiliers, released from Dutch service 03.07.1794)
West-Indische Compagnie (200 men)
25.05.1793: Korps van Béon: Two jäger companies, four light infantry companies (and two companies light cavalry).
25.05.1793: Korps van Damas: (Two jäger companies), four light infantry companies (and two companies light cavalry).
1794: Korps van de Prins van Rohan
1794: Vrijkorps van de graaf van Luningen
A cavalry regiment consisted of four squadrons, each of two companies, and a regimental staff (352/499).
Gardes du Corps (1 sq, 139 men, with the augmentation of
06.02.1793 increased to 148 men)
Karabiniers Oranje Vriesland
Korps Huzaren op Holland (17.04.93 Van Heeckeren, also
called `Zwarte Huzaren')
25.05.1793: Korps van Béon: 2 companies light cavalry.
The Regiment Artillery consisted of four battalions, each of five companies. With the augmentation of 21.02.1793 a fifth battalion was raised, also consisting of five companies (106/136).
With the augmentation of 21.02.1793 two brigades of horse artillery, each of two companies were raised. The corps was 439 men strong.
Pioneers and Sappers
Pontoneer company of 60 men.
Korps mineurs and sappeurs (miners and sappers): Four companies, 256 men.
Korps Directeurs en Ingenieurs (engineers)(65/92).
Editor's Note: This material is taken from a book that Mr. van Uythoven is writing on the organisation, orders-of-battle, and uniforms of the Dutch army from 1792-1815. If this information is indicative of the quality the information in his book, it will be the definitive work on the Dutch Army for years to come!
Kesman, Gen-Maj J.H., Beantwoording van de vraag, wat is er van de oude armee geworden? (Article that appeared in the magazine 'Militaire Spectator' Jg. 6 No.1 (Breda 1837).
Raa, F.J.G. ten, De uniformen van de Nederlandsche Zee- en Landmacht, hier te lande en in de kolonien ('s Gravenhage 1900).
Ringoir, H., Afstammingen en voortzettingen der Infanterie ('s Gravenhage 1977).
Ringoir, H., Afstammingen en voortzettingen der Cavalerie en Wielrijders ('s Gravenhage 1978).
Ringoir, H., Afstammingen en voortzettingen der Artillerie ('s Gravenhage 1979).
Ringoir, H., Afstammingen en voortzettingen der Genie en Trein ('s Gravenhage 1980).
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