Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


91e R.I.L.
92e R.I.L.
93e R.I.L.
94e R.I.L.
95e R.I.L.
96e R.I.L.
97e R.I.L.
98e R.I.L.
99e R.I.L.
100e R.I.L.
Bibliography

French Infantry Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1791 to 1815

Part X: 91e - 100e Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

91e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1692: Created Regiment de Barrois
1719: Regiment de Conti
1776: Regiment de Barrois
1791: 91e Regiment d'Infanterie
1794: 91e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

         1er Bataillon 46e Regiment d'Infanterie
         1er Bataillon Volontaires de Jura
         1er Bataillon Volontaires de l'Ain

1799: 91e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

         Detachments of 10e and 43e demi-brigades d'Inanterie de Ligne

1803: Amalgamated in the 20e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1791: Rossi (Camille de) - Colonel
1792: Pingre de Fricourt (Pierre Jean-Francois-Isidore) - Colonel
1792: du Merbion (Pierre-Jadard) - Colonel
1793: Krieg (Jacques-Ernest) - Colonel
1794: Martilliere (Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Goury (Charles) - Chef-de-Brigade

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General

Rossi, (Camille de)

Born: 30 November 1727
Colonel: 25 July 1791
General-de-Brigade: 15 June 1792
General-de-Division: 31 May 1793
Died: 27 January 1794 (Executed on the orders of the Revolutionary Tribunal)

du Merbion, (Pierre-Jadard)

Born: 30 April 1737
Colonel: 15 October 1792
General-de-Brigade: 23 November 1792
General-de-Division: 15 May 1793
Died: 25 February 1797

Kreig, (Jacques-Ernest)

Born: 21 June 1739
Chef-de-Brigade: 8 March 1793
General-de-Brigade: 15 May 1793
General-de-Division: 30 July 1793
Died: 30 January 1803

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 91e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

No available information

There was no 91e Regiment d'Infanterie during the Empire period

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Sospello, Belvedere, and Mille-Fourches
1793: Siege of Toulon
1794: Plazberg
1795: Mayence and Turckheim
1799: Heidelberg and Wisloch
1800: Pozzolo, Valeggio, and La Corona

Battle Honours

Not known

92e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1698: Created Garde Irlandaise
1775: Legion du Dauphine
1786: Regiment de Walsh
1791: 92e Regiment d'Infanterie
1794: 92e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

         2e Bataillon, 46e Regiment d'Infanterie
         5e Bataillon, Volontaires de la Haute-Saone
         2e Bataillon, Volontaires d'Eure-et-Loir

1796: 92e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

71e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat 36e Regt d'Inf, 2e Bat Vol de la Meuse, 13e Bat Vol des Federes)
3e bataillon, 177e demi-brigade de bataille
3e bataillon, 181e demi-brigade de bataille

1803: 92e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Walsh-Serrant (Charles-Antoine-Augustin de) - Colonel
1792: O'Neill (Jean) - Colonel
1794: Michaud (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Duplouy (Bruno-Albert-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade
1802: Gruardet (Nicolas) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1808: Nagle (Thomas-Patrice) - Colonel
1812: Lanier (Laurent-Quentin) - Colonel
1813: Tissot (Jean-Marie) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General

O'Neill, (Jean)

Born: 20 January 1737
Colonel: 15 July 1791 (88e Regiment d'Infanterie refused promotion)
Colonel: 8 January 1792
General-de-Brigade: 15 May 1793 (refused promotion)
Died: ?

Gruardet, (Nicolas)

Born: 4 August 1764
Chef-de-Brigade: 30 December 1802
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Died: 4 January 1836

Nagle, (Thomas-Patrice)

Born: 16 May 1771
Colonel: 28 March 1808
General-de-Brigade: 11 October 1812
Baron of the Empire: 22 October 1810
Died: 9 November 1822

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 92e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Nagle: Wounded 16 April 1809 and 6 July 1809
Colonel Lanier: Wounded 26 July 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 92e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-four
Officers died of wounds: Sixteen
Officers wounded: One hundred and forty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Honschoote
1795: Mayence, Phrimm, and Hochstett
1796: Neuwied, Amberg, Wurzbourg, La Lahn,and Steinberg
1799: Verone, Villafranca, La Trebbia, Novi, Fossano, Monte-Cassel, Siege of Pizzighettone, Sassello, Monte-Creto,and Genes
1805: Ulm
1809: Sacille, La Piave, L'Isonzo, Gratz,  and Wagram
1812: Ostrowno, La Moskowa, Malojaroslawetz, Wiasma, Krasnoe, and Beresina
1813: Glogau, Feistritz, Kraimbourg, Bassano, and Caldiero
1814: Mincio, Parme and Reggio
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Ulm 1805 and Wagram 1809

93e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1706: Created
1791: 93e Regiment d'Infanterie
1794: 93e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

          2e bataillon, 47e Regiment d'Infanterie
          1er bataillon, Volontaires de Seine-et-Marne
          6e bataillon, Volontaires du Haute-Rhin

1796: 93e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

41e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat 21e Regt d'Inf, 2e Bat Vol du Doubs and 1er  Bat Vol des Amis du Bas-Rhin)
207e demi-brigade de bataille (10e Bat Vol de Doubs, 14e Bat Vol des Vosages, 10e Bat Vol de la Cote-d'Or)

1803: 93e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Grammont (Sylvain-Joseph de) - Colonel
1794: Paradis (Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Varennes (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Marion (Charles-Sebastien) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Grillot (Remy) - Colonel
1809: Bauduin (Pierre-Francois) - Colonel
1813: Marchal (Nicolas) - Colonel
1813: Garnier (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General

Paradis, (Joseph)

Born: 23 December 1741
Chef-de-Brigade: 16 July 1794
General-de-Brigade: 19 October 1799
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 5 October 1822

Marion, (Charles-Sebastien)

Born: 7 May 1758
Chef-de-Brigade: 6 September 1799
General-de-Brigade: 20 August 1805
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 9 September 1810
Died: 7 September 1812 (killed at la Moskowa)

Grillot, (Remy)

Born: 11 March 1766
Chef-de-Brigade: 19 June 1795 (16e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: December 1796 (26e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Chef-de-Brigade: 21 December 1798 (90e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Colonel:  5 October 1803 (93e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 2 July 1809
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 19 May 1813 (of wounds recieved at Leipzig)

Bauduin, (Pierre-Francois)

Born:  25 January 1768
Colonel: 2 July 1809
General-de-Brigade: 9 March 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 26 August 1812
Baron of the Empire: 22 October 1810
Died: 18  June 1815 (killed at Waterloo)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 93e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Bauduin: Wounded 7 September 1812
Colonel Marchal: Wounded 16 September 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 93e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-six
Officers died of wounds: Seventeen
Officers wounded: One hundred and nineteen

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy, Saarburg, Bibelshausen, Wavren, and Konzaarbruck
1793: Guntersblum, Koederich, and Pirmasens
1796: Altenkirchen, Weltzer, Wilnsdorf, Friedberg, Sulzbach, and Giessen
1797: Neuwied
1800: Montebello, Marengo, Guidizzolo, Volta, and Pozzolo
1801: Montebello  and Montecchio
1805: Albeck, Haslach, and Diernstein
1806: Halle,Waren, Nossentin, and Lubeck
1807: Mohrungen, Braunsberg, Heilsberg, and Friedland
1808: Espinosa and Somo-Sierra
1809: Pfaffenhofen, Essling, and Wagram
1809: Ucles, Medellin, Talevera-de-la-Reyna
1810: Cadiz and Vieille-Castille
1811: Chiclana and Fuentes-de-Onoro
1812: Publacion, Bornos, and San-Munoz
1813: Arminon, Koenigstein, Gieshubel, Kulm, Peterswald, Arbesau, Leipzig, and Hanau
1813: Vittoria, Col de Maya, Lanz, Ostix, Saint-Estevan, Urdax, Arcangues, and Saint-Pierre d'Irube
1814: Labastide-Clarence, Sauveterre, Orthez, Cazeres, Aire and Toulouse
1815: Ligny, Wavre, Bierges, Boquet, Villers-Cotterets, and Issy

Battle Honours

Eckmuhl 1809, Essling 1809, and Wagram 1809

94e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1709: Created Regiment Royal-Baviere
1780: Regiment Royal-Hesse-Darmstadt
1791: 94e Regiment d'Infanterie
1794: 94e demi-brigade de bataille

          2e bataillon, 47e Regiment d'Infanterie
          1er bataillon, Volontaires de Saone-et-Loire
          1er bataillon, Volontaires du Cher
          6e bataillon, Volontaires de l'Yonne
          Detachment of Volontaires de Marne-et-Loire

1796: 94e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

171e demi-brigade de bataille( 1er Bat 94e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol des Pyrenees-Orientales and 6e Bat Vol de Saone-et-Loire)
2e bataillon, Volontaires des Vosages
4e bataillon, Volontaires du Haute-Rhin
5e bataillon,Volontaires du Bas-Rhin
7e bataillon, Volontaires du Jura

1803: 94e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: d'Alencon (Jacques) - Colonel
1791: Haack (Frederick-Charles de) - Colonel
1791: Roques (Nicolas de) - Colonel
1792: Hamilton (Andre) - Colonel
1794: Perrin (Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Lochet (Pierre-Charles) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Razout (Jean-Nicolas) - Colonel
1807: Combelle (Jean-Antoine-Francois) - Colonel
1813: Gougeon (Jean) - Colonel
1815: Varin (Pierre-Jacques-Ferdinand) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General

Perrin, (Joseph)

Born: 28 February 1754
Chef-de-Brigade: 3 April 1794
General-de-Brigade: 5 June 1800
Died: 9 June 1800 (died of wounds sustained at Genes)

Lochet, (Pierre-Charles)

Born: 4 February 1767
Chef-de-Brigade: 16 September 1796
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 8 February 1807 (killed at Eylau)

Razout, (Jean-Nicolas)

Born: 8 March 1772
Chef-de-Brigade: 3 June 1801 (104e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Colonel: 4 October 1804 (94e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 14 February 1807
General-de-Division: 31 July 1811
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 2 August 1813
Count of the Empire: 2 August 1813
Died: 10 January 1820

Combelle, (Jean-Antoine-Francois)

Born: 16 February 1774
Colonel: 14 February 1807
General-de-Brigade: 12 April 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 24 November 1808
Baron of the Empire: 18 August 1810
Died: 15 September 1813 (of wounds received at Dresde)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 94e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Combelle: Wounded 31 December 1181
Colonel Gougeon: Wounded 12 December 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 94e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Seventeen
Officers died of wounds: Fifteen
Officers wounded: One hundred and thirty

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy and Jemmapes
1793: Nerwinden
1794: Arlon, Fleurus, and Aldenhoven
1796: Expedition to Ireland
1799: Zurich, Stokach, Moeskirch, and Utznach
1800: Memmingen, Hochstett, and Hohenlinden
1805: Austerlitz
1806: Jena, Lubeck, Mohrugen, and Ostrolenka
1807: Friedland
1808: Durango, Valmaseda, Espinosa, and Madrid
1809: Essling, Wagram and Talevera-de-la-Reyna
1810: Nanaguessa and Ubrique
1811: Chiclana, Medina-Sidona, Baylen, Fuentes-d'Onoro,  and Tarifa
1813: Dantzig and Dresde
1813: Villa-Real, Vittoria, Urdache, and Pampelune
1814: Bayonne

Battle Honours

Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Friedland 1807, Essling 1809, and Wagram 1809

95e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1734: Created (Swiss regiment in the service of France)
1791: 95e Regiment d'Infanterie
1792: Disbanded
1794: 95e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

         1er bataillon, 48e Regiment d'Infanterie
         2e bataillon, Volontaires de la Creuse
         8e bataillon, Volontaires de la Haute-Saone

1798: 95e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

Detachments of the 22e, 29e, 51e, and 94e demi-brigades d'Infanterie de Ligne

1803: 95e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Gudin (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1798: Veinnet (Jean) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Grandjean (Balthazard) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Pechaux (Marc-Nicolas-Louis) - Colonel
1810: Ronzier (Pierre-Francois-Gabriel) - Colonel
1814: Garnier (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General

Grandjean, (Balthazard)

Pechaux, (Marie-Nicolas-Louis)

Born: 28 January 1769
Chef-de-Brigade: 7 September 1799 (41e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Colonel: 29 August 1803 (95e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 23 June 1810
General-de-Division: 30 May 1813
Died: 1 November 1831

Ronzier, (Pierre-Francois-Gabriel)

Born: 9 June 1764
Colonel: 20 July 1810
General-de-Brigade: 31 January 1814
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 November 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 1 January 1813
Died: 19 March 1814 (of wounds sustained at Craonne)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 95e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

No Colonels killed or wounded

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 95e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twelve
Officers died of wounds: Seventeen
Officers wounded: Seventy-seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Edenkoben and Kehl
1795: Heidelberg
1800: Kehl, Eckerswihr, Erbach, Delmensingen, Vieux-Brisach, and Reichenau 1805: Austerlitz
1806: Jena and Lubeck
1807: Friedland
1808: Durango and Espinosa
1809: Essling and Wagram
1810: Ximena and Cadiz
1811: Cadiz, Tarifa, and Albuhera
1812: Cadiz, Miranda, and Saint-Petri
1813: Dantzig and Dresde
1813: Vittoria, Col de Maya, and Col d'Aran
1814: Bayonne
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Freidland 1807, Essling 1809, and Wagram 1809

96e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1745: Created
1791: 96e Regiment d'Infanterie
1796: 96e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

66e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 33e Regt d'Inf, 9e Bat Vol du Doubs, 4e Bat Vol du Var and 1er Bat Vol de l'Eure) Bataillon, Volontaires de l'Eure

1803: 96e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Haack (Frederick-Charlesde) - Colonel
1791: Schaumbourg ( Balthazar de) - Colonel
1792: Reubell (Henri-Thomas) - Colonel
1796: Patel (Philippe-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade
1797: Callier (Hubert) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Lepreux (Antoine-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Barrois (Pierre) - Colonel
1807: Cales (Jean-Chrisostome) - Colonel
1810: Maingarnaud (Jean) - Colonel
1811: Clavel (Pierre) - Colonel
1814: Delalande (Jacques-Mathurin-Marie) - Colonel
1814: Marguerie (Henry-Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel
1815: Gougeon (Jean) - Colonel

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General

Schaumbourg, (Balthazard de)

Born: 31 July 1748
Colonel: 23 September 1791
General-de-Brigade: 23 November 1791
General-de-Division: 7 March 1795
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 29 July 1814
Baron of the Empire: 16 December 1810
Died: 1 September 1832

Reubell, (Henri-Thomas)

Born: 7 March 1742
Colonel: 26 October 1792
General-de-Brigade: 26 August 1793
General-de-Division: 7 December 1795
Died: 24 July 1804

Patel, (Philippe-Joseph)

Born: 29 November 1741
Chef-de-Brigade: 2 January 1795 (66e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: 19 April 1796 (96e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 17 February 1797
Died: 4 July 1821

Callier, (Hubert)

Born: 21 March 1764
Chef-de-Brigade: 14 February 1797
General-de-Brigade: 10 September 1799
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 5 August 1811
Died: 28 July 1819

Barrois, (Pierre)

Born: 30 October 1774
Colonel: 5 October 1803
General-de-Brigade: 14 February 1807
General-de-Division: 27 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 24 February 1809
Count of the Empire: 21 February 1814
Died: 19 October 1860

Clavel, (Pierre)

Born: 7 April 1773
Colonel: 2 March 1811 (115e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Colonel: 18 June 1811 (96e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 25 December 1813
Died: 20 April 1843

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 96e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Cales: Wounded 30 November 1808 and 28 July 1809
Colonel Maingarnaud: Killed 5 March 1811
Colonel Clavel: Wounded 1December 1812 and 21 June 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 96e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-six
Officers died of wounds: Five
Officers wounded: One hundred and twenty-nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy
1793: Alssheim, Kettricher, Pirmassens, and Kaiserlautern
1794: Bibeishausen
1796: Altenkirchen, Wetzlar, Uckerath, Friedberg, and Giessen
1797: Neuwied
1800: Guidizzolo, La Volta, Mincio, Pozzolo, Montebello, and Marengo
1801: Montecchio
1805: Albeck, Haslach, and Diernstein
1806: Halle
1807: Braunsberg and Friedland
1808: Somo-Sierra
1809: Essling, Wagram, and Talevera-de-la-Reyna
1810: Cadiz and Pampelune
1811: Chiclana
1812: Alcala-de-Henares and Bornos
1813: Stettin, Kulm, Peterswald, and Leipzig
1814: Sauvetere and Toulouse
1815: Ligny, Namur, Villers-Cotterets, and Issy

Battle Honours

Ulm 1805, Freidland 1807, Essling 1809, and Wagram 1809

97e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1752: Created (Swiss regiment in the service of France)
1791: 97e Regiment d'Infanterie
1792: Disbanded
1794: 97e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

          1er bataillon, 49e Regiment d'Infanterie
          2e bataillon, Volontaires du Calvados
          2e bataillon, Volontaires de Maine-et-Loire

1796: 97e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

47e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat 24e Regt d'Inf, 4e Bat Vol des Deux-Sevres and 9e Bat Vol de la Cote-d'Or)
1er bataillon, 204e demi-brigade de bataille
209e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat Vol  de la Drome, 1er Bat Vol de l'Aude and 1er Bat Vol de l'Isere)

1803: Amalgamated into the 60e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1794: Laquet-Detang (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Houdet (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Nerin (Claude) - Chef-de-Brigade

None of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade or above

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 97e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

There was no 97e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne during the Empire period

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Maestricht
1795: Luxembourg
1796: Neresheim, Biberach, andVieux-Brissac
1797: Kehl
1798: Saint-Joseph, Fraubrunn, Soleure, and Berne
1799: Rome, Naples, La Trebbia, and Torriglia
1800: Genes

Battle Honours

Not known

98e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1757: Created
1791: 98e Regiment d'Infanterie
1799: 98e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

Detachments of the 27e and 70e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne

1803: Amalgamated into 92e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Ihler (Jean-Alexandre) - Colonel
1792: Leclaire (Theodore-Francois-Joseph) - Colonel
1793: Samson (?) - Colonel
1799: Clerc (Joseph-Theodore) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General

Ihler, (Jean-Alexandre)

Born: 29 October 1745
Colonel: 1791
General-de-Brigade: January 1793
General-de-Division: 13 June 1793
Died: ?

Clerc, (Joseph-Theodore)

Born: 17 September 1758
Chef-de-Brigade: 20 October 1796
General-de-Brigade: 25 September 1793 (refused the promotion)
Died: 16 February 1826

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 98e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

There was no 98e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne during the Empire period

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy, Jemmapes, and Tirlemont
1793: Louvain, Raismes, Anzin, and La Quesnoy
1794: Landrecies, La Quesnoy, Valenciennes, Tournai, and I'ile de Bommmel
1799: Castricum
1800: Neukirchen

Battle Honours

Not known

99e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1757: Created
1791: 99e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 99e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 50e Regiment d'Infanterie
4e and 9e bataillon, Volontaires des Bouches-du-Rhone

1796: 99e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

127e demi-brigade de bataille ( 1er Bat 68e Regt d'Inf, 2e Bat Vol de l'Eure and 5e Bat Vol de la Haute-Marne)
172e demi-brigade de bataille ( 2e Bat 94e Regt d'Inf, 4e and 6e Bat Vol de la Marne)

1803: Amalgamated into 62e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Prez (Louis-Amable de) - Colonel
1792: Wisch (Jean-Christophe) - Colonel
1793: Lafont (Elie) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Petit (Pierre-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General

Wisch, (Jean-Christophe)

Born: 22 May 1739
Colonel: 12 October 1792
General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1793
General-de-Division: 15 May 1793
Died: ?

Lafont, (Elie)

Born: 15 October 1740
Chef-de-Brigade: 4 November 1793
General-de-Brigade: 21 December 1796
Died: 28 December 1810

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 99e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Wisch: wounded 2 March 1792

There was no 99e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne during the Empire period

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy and Jemmapes
1793: Blaton and Kaiserlautern
1794: Fleurus
1795: Loano
1796: Millesimo, Dego, and Montenottte
1796: Altenkirchen and Limbourg
1799: La Trebbia, Bassignano, Novi, Fossano, and Mondovi
1800: Var and Passage of Mincio

Battle Honours

Not known

100e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1758: Created (Swiss regiment in the service of France)
1791: 100e Regiment d'Infanterie
1792: Disbanded
1793: 100e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following:

2e batailon, 50e Regiment d'Infanterie
7e bataillon, Volontaires des Bouches-du-Rhone
Bataillon, Volontaires de Tarascon

1796: 100e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

6e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 3e Regt d'Inf, 2e Bat Vol de l'Aube and 10e Bat Vol des Vosages)
103e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat 52e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de Marseille and 2e Bt Vol de Luberon)

1803: 100e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1793: La Converserie (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1794: Simon (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: La Val (Anne-Gilbert) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Ritay (Jean-Marie) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1805: Quiot (Joachim-Jerome) - Colonel
1811: Gaud (Dominique-Marie-Marcel) - Colonel
1811: Marguet (Jean-Joseph) - Colonel
1813: Valon du Boucheron (Louis-Alexandre-Marie) - Colonel
1815: Braun (Joseph) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General

La Val, (Anne-Gilbert)

Born: 9 November 1762
Chef-de-Brigade: 4 July 1794 (103e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: 16 February 1796 (100e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 10 June 1799
General-de-Division: 1 April 1809
Died: 6 September 1810

Ritay, (Jean-Marie)

Born: 25 October 1761
Chef-de-Brigade: 26 July 1799
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 24 December 1805
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 12 April 1819

Quiot du Passage, (Joachim-Jerome)

Born: 9 February 1775
Colonel: 27 December 1805
General-de-Brigade: 19 May 1811
Baron of the Empire: 21 December 1808
Died: 12 January 1849

Marguet, (Jean-Joseph)

Born: 13 January 1773
Colonel: 1 November 1811
General-de-Brigade: 14 September 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 1 February 1814 (killed at La Rothiere)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 100e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Ritay: Wounded 11 November 1805
Colonel Quiot: Wounded 14 October 1806 , 7 February 1811 and 16 May 1811

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 100e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-four
Officers died of wounds: Ten
Officers wounded: One hundred and forty-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1796: Borghetto
1797: Kehl
1799: Zurich
1800: Hohenlinden
1805: Ulm, Diernstein, and Austerlitz
1806: Jena and Pultusk
1807: Eylau and Friedland
1808: Saragosse
1809: Ebersberg, Essling, and Wagram
1810: Berlauga
1811: Badajoz, Campo-Mayor, and Albuhera
1812: Zan-Munoz
1813: Dresde
1813: Miranda, Vittoria, and Bayonne
1814: Luxembourg and Toulouse
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Ulm 1805, Essling 1809, and Wagram 1809

Bibliography 

Charavay, J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two.

E-M de Lyden. Nos 144 Regiments de Ligne Paris; N.D.

Deprez, E. Les Volontaires Nationaux (1791-1793) Paris; 1908.

Duroisel Capt G. Historique du 93e Regiment d'Infanterie, ancien Enghien et 18e Leger (1706-1893) La Roche-sur-yon ;1893.

Garcin, M. La Patrie en danger (histoire des Bataillons de Volontaires 1791-1794)
Rhone; 1991.

Gremillet Capt P. Un Regiment pendant deux siecles(1684-1899) Historique du 81e de Ligne, ancien 6e Leger Paris; 1899.

Grosselin Capt and Andre Lt d' Historique du 100e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (1758-1894) Limoux; 1896.

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Martinien, A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie, M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.

Pitot Lt. Historique du 83e Regiment d'Infanterie (1684-1891)  Toulouse; 1891.

Quintin, D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Simon Capt P. and  Simon Lt E. Histoire d'un Regiment, Historique du 89e Regiment d'Infanterie Paris; 1898.

Six, G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Six, G. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1947.

Susane, J. Histoire de l'Infanterie Francaise 5 Vols Paris; 1876.
 
           


Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2001
 

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