Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


121e R.I.L.
122e R.I.L.
123e R.I.L.
124e R.I.L.
125e R.I.L.
126e R.I.L.
127e R.I.L.
128e R.I.L.
129e R.I.L.
130e R.I.L.
Bibliography

French Infantry Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1791 to 1815

Part XIII: 121e - 130e Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

121e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1794: Created 121e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 62e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er bataillon, Volontaires de l'Union
7e bataillon, Volontaires du Var

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 39e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1809: 121e Regiment d'Infanterie (formed from)

1er and 2e Legion de reserve

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Binot (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1810: Millet (Theodore-Francois) - Colonel
1813: Renouvier (Joseph-Clement) - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Millet, (Theodore-Francois)

Born: 15 September 1776
Colonel: 1 September 1810
General-de-Brigade: 28 June 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 6 August 1811
Baron of the Empire: 1 January 1813
Died: 15 February 1819

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 121e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Millet: wounded 12 November 1810 and 13 April 1810

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 121e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1809-1814

Officers killed: Twenty-eight
Officers died of wounds: Nine
Officers wounded: Eighty-eight

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1795: Col de Tende
1796: Mondovi, Batifolo, Pampara, and Saint-Michel
1809: Saragosse and Saint-Jean-de-la-Pena
1810: Torriente, Lerida, Alventosa, Fuenta-Santa, and Blancas
1811: Checa, Val de Penas, and Taragone
1812: Pinel and Villaseca 
1813: Yecla, Biar, and Castalla
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Wurschen, Dresde, and Leipzig
1814: La Rothiere, Rosnay, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Paris

Battle Honours

Mondovi 1796, Saragosse 1809, Tarragone 1811, and Luttzen 1813

122e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1794: Created 122e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 61 Regiment d'Infanterie
6e and 7e bataillons, Volontaires des Cotes-Maritime replaced in

1795 by the 2e and 3e bataillons, Volontaires de la Haute-Garonne
1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 57e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1809: 122e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

3e and 4e bataillons, 3e Legion de reserve
4e bataillon, 4e and 5e Legion de reserve

1814: Disbanded          

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Macon (Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade
1809: Gruardet (Nicolas) - Colonel
1811: Orsay (Jean-Francois-Louis-Marie-Albert d') - Colonel
1814: Boussiglio () - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Macon, (Pierre)

Born: 13 January 1769
Chef-de-Brigade: 19 June 1794 check 57 and 58
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 20 November 1804
Died: 27 October 1806

Gruardet, (Nicolas)

Born: 4 August 1764
Chef-de-Brigade: 30 December 1802
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Died: 4 January 1836

Orsay, (Jean-Francois-Louis-Marie-Albert d')

Born: 19 May 1775
Colonel: 26 November 1811
General-de-Brigade: 19 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 26 December 1843

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 122e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Orsay: wounded 30 July 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 122e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1809-1814

Officers killed: Twenty-five
Officers died of wounds: Thirteen
Officers wounded: Ninety-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Figuieres
1795: Roses
1796: Loano
1809: Corogne, Ferrol, Lahonzo, and Oporto
1810: Puentos los Fieros
1811: Quintanilla-del-Valle
1812: Arapiles and Bilbao
1813: Estepar, Osma, Subijana de Morillas, Vittoria, Pampelune, and Bidassoa
1813: Lutzen, Wurschen, Falkenheim, Zinwald, Mockern, Leipzig, and Hocheim
1814: Nogent, Valjouan, Montereau, Mery, Fontvannes, Bar-sur-Abe, Craonne, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Saint-Dizier

Battle Honours

Oporto 1809, Arapiles 1812, and Lutzen 1813

123e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1793: Created 123e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 62e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er bataillon, Volontaires de la Vienne
2e bataillon, Volontaires de la Somme

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 99e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1810: 123e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

2e Regiment d'Infanterie Holllandaise
2e bataillon, 6e Regiment d'Infanterie Hollandaise

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1793: Petit (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1810: Pfaffenrath (Chritian-Louis von) - Colonel
1810: Avizard (Antoine) - Colonel
1813: Gueurel (Nicolas-Noel) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 123e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Avizard: wounded 18 October 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 123e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1809-1814

Officers killed: Forty-four
Officers died of wounds: Two
Officers wounded: Twenty-nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Fleurus, Ourthe, and La Roer
1795: Mayence
1812: Polotsk, Tchaniski, and Beresina
1813: Wittenberg and Wessel

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794, Polotsk 1812, and Lutzen 1813

124e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1795: Created 124e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 62e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon, Volontaires des Vosages
4e bataillon, Volontaires du Haute-Rhin

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 94e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1810: 124e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

3e Regiment d'Infanterie Hollandaise
1er bataillon, 7e Regiment d'Infanterie Hollandaise

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1795: Hermann (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1810: Hardyau (Jacques) - Colonel
1812: Laffithe (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 124e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Hardyau: wounded 18 August 1812 and killed 31 October 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 124e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1810-1814

Officers killed: Fourteen
Officers died of wounds: Six
Officers wounded: Thirty-seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1795: Armee des Cotes de Brest and Cherbourg
1812: Deweltowo, Oboiardzina, Polotsk, La Moskowa, Tchaniski, Borisow, Beresina, and Kowno
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Stettin, and Wittenberg
1814: Wesel

Battle Honours

La Moskowa 1812, Beresina 1812, Lutzen 1813, and Bautzen 1813

125e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1795: Created 125e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 67e Regiment d'Infanterie
11e and 12e bataillons, Volontaires de la formation d'Orleans

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 34e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1810: 125e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

4e Regiment d'Infanterie Hollandaise
2e bataillon, 7e Regiment d'Infanterie Hollandaise

1813: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1795: Houpert (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1810: Wagner (Frederic-Henri) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 125e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 125e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1810-1814

Officers killed: Thirty-one
Officers died of wounds: Seven
Officers wounded: Three

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1795: Armee des Cotes de Brest
1812: Smoliany, Borisow, and Beresina

Battle Honours

Beresina 1812

126e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1795: 126e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 67e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e batailon, Volontaires de l'Ain
3e bataillon, Volontaires de la Nievre

1810: 126e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

5e Regiment d'Infanterie Hollandaise
1er bataillon, 8e Regiment d'Infanterie Hollandaise

1813: Disbanded and incorporated into the 123e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1793: Marillac (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1810: Demoulin (Jean) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 126e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 126e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1810-1813

Officers killed: Seven
Officers died of wounds: Nineteen
Officers wounded: Ten

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1795: Quiberon
1812: Smoliany, Borisow, and Beresina

Battle Honours

Beresina 1812

127e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1794: 127e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 68e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon, Volontaires du Haute-Rhin
3e bataillon, Volontaires de la Haute-Marne

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 91e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1811: 127e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

Garde de Hambourg and Garde de Lubeck

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Crolot (?) -Chef-de-Brigade
1811: Schaeffer (Christian-Henri) - Colonel
1814: Pons () - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Schaeffer, (Christian-Henri)

Born: 18 November 1772
Colonel: 14 March 1811
General-de-Brigade: 25 December 1813
Died: 6 April 1842

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 127e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 127e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1811-1814

Officers killed: Thirty-two
Officers died of wounds: Five
Officers wounded: Twenty-nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Maestricht
1812: Smolensk, Valoutina, La Moskowa, Malojaroslawetz, Wiasma, and Beresina
1814: Wesel and Paris

Battle Honours

Smolensk 1812, La Moskowa 1812, Beresina 1812 and Paris 1814

128e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1794: Created 128e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 68e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon, Volontaires de l'Eure
6e bataillon, Volontaires de l'Oise

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 7e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1811: 128e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

Garde de Breme and recruits from the following departments
Bouches  du Wesser, Bouches de l'Elbe and l'Ems-Superieur

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Richard (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1794: Chabert (Gaspard) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Coliny (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1811: Metzinger (Jacques) - Colonel
1813: Corvinus (Jean) - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Chabert, (Gaspard)

Born: 10 May 1753
Chef-de-Brigade: 4 September 1794
General-de-Brigade: 13 June 1795
Died: 18 October 1817

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 128e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Metzinger: wounded 31 July 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 128e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1811-1814

Officers killed: Four
Officers died of wounds: Two
Officers wounded: Thirty-seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: La Roer
1812: Jacobowo, Drissa, Polotsk, Smoliany, Borisow, and Beresina
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Custrin, and Wurtzbourg
1814: Kehl

Battle Honours

Polotsk 1812, Beresina 1812, Lutzen 1813, and Bautzen 1813

129e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1793: Created 129e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 70e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er and 2e bataillons, Volontaires de l'Herault

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into the 32e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1811: 129e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

Regiment d'Oldenbourg
Detachments Garde de Westphaliens (Garde Royale and Chasseurs)
Detachments 2e,3e,4e,5e and 6e Regiments d'Infanterie de Ligne Westphalien
1er bataillon, Infanterie Leger Westphalien
Unkown number of French troops

1813: Disbanded and remnants dispersed to the 127e and 128e Regiments d'Infanterie de Ligne                     

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1793: Saillet (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1811: Freytag (Jean-Daniel) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 129e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 129e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1811-1813

Officers killed: Sixteen
Officers died of wounds: Fifteen
Officers wounded: Eleven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Cerise, Somma-Longa, Lantosque, Robillante, Roccavione, Boves and Col de Frema-Morte
1795: Vado, Zucarello, Campo-di-Preti, Petit-Gibraltar and Loano
1812: Krasnoe, Beresina, and Kowono
1813: Spandau

Battle Honours

Zucarello 1795, Loano 1795, and Beresina 1812

130e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1795: Created 130e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 70e Regiment d'Infanterie
4e and 5e bataillons, Volontaires de la Haute-Garonne

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 4e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1811: 130e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne(formed from)

1er, 3e and 6e bataillons auxiliaires Army of the North Spain

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1811: Mathivet (Pierre) - Colonel

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 130e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 130e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1811-1814

Officers killed: Twelve
Officers died of wounds: Three
Officers wounded: Twenty-five

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1795: Loano
1811: Santander, Cabezon-del-Sal, and Torrelavega
1812: Tejo and Burgos
1813: Santona, Pampelune, Sarre, and Bayonne
1814: Montmirail, Bar-sur-Aube, Echelle, and Arcis-sur-Aube

Battle Honours

Loano 1795, Burgos 1812, Montmirail 1814, and Arcis-sur-Aube 1814

Bibliography 

Bernaert, F. Fastes Militaire des Belge au service de la France 1789-1815 Bruxelles; 1898.

Charavay, J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two.

E-M de Lyden. Nos 144 Regiments de Ligne Paris; N.D.

Deprez, E. Les Volontaires Nationaux (1791-1793) Paris; 1908.

Garcin, M. La Patrie en danger (histoire des Bataillons de Volontaires 1791-1794)
Rhone; 1991.

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Martinien, A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie, M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.

Quintin, D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Roulin, Lt Colonel. Historique des Corps d'Infanterie ayant porte le No 125 Orleans; 1890.

Six, G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Six, G. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1947.

Susane, J. Histoire de l'Infanterie Francaise 5 Vols Paris; 1876.
 
           


Placed on the Napoleon Series: February 2002
 

Organization Index | More on French Infantry Regiments ]



Search the Series
© Copyright 1995-2006, The Napoleon Series, All Rights Reserved.
Top | Home ]