Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


131e R.I.L.
132e R.I.L.
133e R.I.L.
134e R.I.L.
135e R.I.L.
136e R.I.L.
137e R.I.L.
138e R.I.L.
139e R.I.L.
140e R.I.L.
Bibliography

French Infantry Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1791 to 1815

Part XIV: 131e - 140e Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

131e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1794: Created 131e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon  71e Regiment d'Infanterie
17e bataillon, Volontaires des Reserves
8e bataillon, Volontaires de Paris

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 1er demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1811: 131e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

Conscripts

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Delamarre (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1811: Maury (Hery) - Colonel
1813: Tschudy (Jean-Baptiste-Marie-Joseph de) - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Maury, (Henry)

Born: 19 February 1763
Colonel: 3 March 1811
General-de-Brigade: 12 October 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 May 1810
Baron of the Empire: 14 June 1813
Died: 18 October 1813 (killed at Leipzig)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 131e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 131e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1811-1814

Officers killed: Eight
Officers died of wounds: One
Officers wounded: Thirty-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1795: Heidelberg and Wissembourg
1812: Beresina
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Reichenbach, Gross-Beeren, Denewitz, Leipzig, Hanau, and Saffnitz
1814: Metz and Mincio

Battle Honours

Beresina 1812, Lutzen 1813, and Bautzen 1813

132e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1794: Created 132e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 72e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon, Volontaires du Cher
5e bataillon, Volontaires de la Meuse

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 108e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1811: 132e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

Conscripts

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Capella (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Burchin (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1811: Tridoulat (Paul-Augustin) - Colonel
1813: Cailhassou (Jean-Louis) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 132e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Tridoulat: wounded 2 May 1813 and 28 August 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 132e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1811-1814

Officers killed: Four
Officers died of wounds: Five
Officers wounded: Fifty

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Clairfontaine, Fleurus, Merbaise, and Roer
1795: Limbourg and Costheim
1812: Wolkowisk
1813: Kalisch, Bautzen, Wittstock, Gross-Beeren, Dennewitz, Roslau, Leipzig, Freyburg, Hanau, Villach, Caldiero, and Ferrare
1814: Saint-Dizier, La Rothiere, Rosnay, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Meaux, May-en-Multien, Neuilly-Saint-Front, Laon, Berry-au-Bac, Fere-Champenois Mincio, and Paris

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794, Kalisch 1813, Bautzen 1813, and Rosnay 1814

133e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1811: Created as 2e Regiment de la Mediterranee
1812: 133e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1811: Lamotte (?) - Colonel
1812: Menu de Menil (Paul-Alexis-Joseph) - Colonel
1813: Bussiere (Francois-Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 133e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Menu de Menil: wounded 6 September 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 133e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1811-1814

Officers killed: Ten
Officers died of wounds: Two
Officers wounded: Thirty-one

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1812: Wolowisk
1813: Kalisch, Bautzen, Gross-Beeren, Dennewitz, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Modlin, Landau, and Torgau

Battle Honours

Wolkowisk 1812, Kalisch 1813, Bautzen 1813, and Leipzig 1813

134e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1795: Created 133e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 72e Regiment d'Infanterie
3e and 4e bataillons, Volontaires des Basse-Rhin

1796: Disbanded andincorporated into 70e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1813: 134e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

Regiment d'Infanterie de la Garde de Paris

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1795: Valois (?) - Colonel
1813: Brillat-Savarin (Marie-Frederic) - Colonel

None of the above officers attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 134e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Brillet-Savarin: wounded 19 August 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 134e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1813-1814

Officers killed: Seventeen
Officers died of wounds: Seven
Officers wounded: Thirty-seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1795: Estevan, Yrursum, and Bilbao
1813: Mockern, Lutzen, Bautzen, and Lowenberg
1814: Magdebourg

Battle Honours

Lutzen 1813, Bautzen 1813, and Magdebourg 1814

135e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1813: Created 135e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

1er, 8e, 9e, and 11e Cohortes, Garde Nationale

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1813: Poirson (Louis-Onesime) - Colonel

Colonel Poirsn received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 135e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1813-1814

Officers killed: Sixteen
Officers died of wounds: Two
Officers wounded: Sixty

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1813: Lutzen, Halle, Lowenberg, Goldberg, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Mormant, Monterau, Bar-sur-Aube and Romainville

Battle Honours

Lutzen 1813, Goldberg 1813, and Hanau 1813

136e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1813: Created 136e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

12e, 13e, 14e, and 67e Cohortes, Garde Nationale

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1813: Aubreme (Alexandre-Charles-Joseph-Ghislain d') - Colonel

Colonels Aubreme was wounded on two occasions 2 May 1813 and 11 February 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 136e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1813-1814

Officers killed: Fourteen
Officers died of wounds: Two
Officers wounded: Eighty-three

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1813: Lutzen, Bautzen and Leipzig
1814: Montmirail, Vauchamps, Meaux, and Paris

Battle Honours

Lutzen 1813, Bautzen 1813, Montmirail 1814, and Paris 1814

137e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1813: Created 137e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

2e, 84e, 85e, and 86e Cohortes, Garde Nationale

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1813: Gaillard (Louis-Charles) - Colonel

Colonels Gaillard received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 137e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1813-1814

Officers killed: Fifteen
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Sixty-five

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1813: Kaya, Wurschen, Hoyerswerd, Dennewitz, Leipzig, Hanau, and Torgau
1814: Mayence and Genes

Battle Honours

Lutzen 1813, Bautzen 1813, and Hanau 1813

138e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1794: Created 138e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 74e Regiment d'Infanterie
5e bataillon, Volontaires des Vosages
2e bataillon, Volontaires de la Vienne

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 61e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1813: 138e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

44e, 45e, 46e, and 64e Cohortes, Garde Nationale

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Barjonet (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1813: Mataly de Maran (Piere) - Colonel
1813: Albignac (Jean-Philipe-Aimar d') - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Mataly de Maran, (Pierre)

Born: 17 February 1770
Colonel: 16 January 1813
General-de-Brigade: 30 August 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 27 December 1811
Died: 31 October 1838

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 138e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Mataly de Maran: wounded 2 May 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 138e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1813-1814

Officers killed: Seventeen
Officers died of wounds: Six
Officers wounded: Sixty-seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1795: Luxembourg
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Dessau, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: La Rothiere, Champaubert, Montmirail, Vauchamps, and Paris

Battle Honours

Luxembourg 1795, Lutzen 1813, Bautzen 1813, and Montmirail 1814

139e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1794: Created 139e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 75e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
3e bataillon, Volontaires d'Indre-et-Loire
5e bataillon, Volontaires de Seine-et-Marne

1797: Disbanded with elements going to the 14e demi-brigade d'Infanterie Legere and the 21e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1813: 139e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

16e, 17e, 65e, and 66e Cohortes, Garde Nationale

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Robert (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1813: Bertrand (Edme-Victor) - Colonel
1813: Genevay (Antoine-Francois) - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Bertrand, (Edme-Victor)

Born: 21 July 1769
Colonel: 16 January 1813
General-de-Brigade: 30 August 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 10 August 1813
Died: 15 January 1814 (of wounds received at Leipzig)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 139e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Bertrand: wounded 2 May 1813
Colonel Genevay: wounded 16 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 139e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1813-1814

Officers killed: Eleven
Officers died of wounds: Six
Officers wounded: Eighty-four

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Trippstadt and Wasserbillig
1795: Mayence, Mombach, Heidelberg and Mannheim
1813: Rippach, Lutzen, Bautzen, Haynau, Katzbach, Liebertwoikwitz, Wachau, Probstheyda, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Chalons-sur-Marne, Chateau-Thierry, La Ferte-sous-Jouarre, Saint-Parre, Arcis-sur Aube and Saint-Dizier

Battle Honours

Mayence 1794, Lutzen 1813, and Bautzen 1813

140e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1794: Created 140e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 75e Regiment d'Infanterie
3e bataillon, Volontaires du Doubs
11e bataillon, Volontaires du Jura

1796: Disbanded and incorporated into 62e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne
1813: 140e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from)

40e, 41e, 42e, and 43e Cohortes, Garde Nationale

1814: Disbanded

Colonels and Chefs-de-Brigade

1794: Vandermaessen (Lubin-Martin) - Chef-de-Brigade
1813: Ganivet-Desgraviers (Pierre) - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General de Division

Vandermaessen, (Lubin-Martin)

Born: 11 November 1766
Chef-de-Brigade: 28 June 1794
General-de-Brigade: 5 February 1799
General de Division: 27 August 1803
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 March 1804
Died: 1 September 1813 (of wounds received at Saint-Jean-de-Luz)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 140e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 140e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1813-1814

Officers killed: Fifteen
Officers died of wounds: Five
Officers wounded: Forty-eight

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Armee du Rhin
1795: Armee de Rhin-et-Moselle
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Wachau, Leipzig and Hanau
1814: Juliers

Battle Honours

Lutzen 1813, Bautzen 1813, and Wachau 1813





     
     

 Bibliography

Bernaert, F. Fastes Militaire des Belge au service de la France 1789-1815 Bruxelles; 1898.

Charavay, J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two.

E-M de Lyden. Nos 144 Regiments de Ligne Paris; N.D.

Deprez, E. Les Volontaires Nationaux (1791-1793) Paris; 1908.

Descoings, H. Historique su 135e Regiment d'Infanterie 1891.

Garcin, M. La Patrie en danger (histoire des Bataillons de Volontaires 1791-1794)
Rhone; 1991.

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Martinien, A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie, M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.

Quintin, D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Rousset, C. La Grande Armee de 1813 Paris; 1892.

Six, G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Six, G. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1947.

Susane, J. Histoire de l'Infanterie Francaise 5 Vols Paris; 1876.
 
           


Placed on the Napoleon Series: February 2002
 

 

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