Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


11e R.I.L.

12e R.I.L.

13e Rth.I.L.

14e R.I.L.

15e R.I.L.

16e R.I.L.

17e R.I.L.

18e R.I.L.

19e R.I.L.

20e R.I.L.

Bibliography

French Infantry Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1791 to 1815

Part II: 11e - 20e Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

 


11e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History

1635: Created and named Cardinal-Duc
1636: Renamed Regiment de la Marine
1791: 11e Regiment d'Infanterie
1796: 11e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)
20e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat,10e Regt d'Inf, 2e Bat Vol de la Lozere and 2e bataillon de Chasseurs de l'Isere)
103e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat,52e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de Marseille and 2e Bat Vol de Luberon)
1803: 11e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: Gestas (Sebastien-Charles-Hubert de) - Colonel
1791: Du Peloux de Saint-Romain (Louis) - Colonel
1792: Massia (Jean de) - Colonel
1796: Carvin (Andre) - Chef de Brigade
1798: Lemeille (Paul) - Chef de Brigade
1799: Vabre (Marc-Antoine Coban) - Chef de Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1805: Bachelu (Gilbert-Desire-Joseph) - Colonel
1809: Aubree (Alexandre-Charles-Joseph) - Colonel
1812: Maillart (Pierre-Nicolas) - Colonel
1815: Aubree (Alexandre-Charles-Joseph) - Colonel

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General of Brigade and above


Gestas (Sebastien-Charles-Hubert de)

Born: 2 November 1751
Colonel: 1791
General de Brigade: 20 May 1791
Died: 27 December 1793 (executed on the orders of the Military Commision of Bourdeaux)

Massia (Jean de)

Born: 17 December 1740
Colonel: 15 October 1792
General de Brigade: 15 May 1793
General de Division: 23 December 1793
Died: 13 July 1804

Carvin (Andre)

Born: 19 February 1767
Chef de Brigade: 15 March 1793 (103e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef de Brigade: 9 December 1798 (11e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 20 January 1799
Died: 21 January 1801 (of wounds sustained at the Battle of Pozzolo)

Vabre (Marc-Antoine Coban)

Born: 26 February 1743
Chef de Brigade: 25 May 1797 (25e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef de Brigade: 27 July 1799 (11e demi briage d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 1803 (11e Regt d'Inf)
General de Brigade: 1 February 1805
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 4 August 1817

Bachelu (Gilbert-Desire-Joseph)

Born: 9 February 1777
Chef de Brigade: 18 January 1803 (of Engineers)
Colonel: 1 February 1805 (11e Regt d'Inf)
General de Brigade: 5 June 1809
General de Division: 26 June 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 29 August 1810
Died: 16 June 1849

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 11e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Aubree: wounded 14 July 1811, 18 June 1815, died of wounds 26 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 11e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815


Officers killed: Thirteen
Officers died of wounds: Eight
Officers wounded: Eighty-eight

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Armee du Var
1793: Armee du Var
1795: Loano
1796: Lonato, Castiglione, Mantoue and Pietra
1797: Rivoli, Mantua and Valvassone
1798: Civita-Castellana
1799: Modena, Tidone River,Trebbia River, Novi, Siege of Ancone
1800: Taggia, San-Giacomo and Loano
1805: Ulm and Gratz
1806: Armee de Dalmatia
1807: Armee de Dalmatia
1808: Armee de Dalmatia
1809: Sacile, Wagram and Znaim
1813: Siege of Totose
1813: Siege of Wittenberg, Dresden, Leipzig and Hanau
1814: Chambrey, St-Julien and Belfort
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Lonato 1796, Castiglione 1796 and Wagram 1809

12e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1776: Recreated with the 2e and 4e bataillons de Regiment de la Marine
1791: 12e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 12e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)
2e bataillon, 6e Regiment d'Infanterie
9e and 12e bataillons de Volontaires de la Manche
1796: 12e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)
60e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat,30e Regt d'Inf, 8e Bat Vol de la Cote d'Or and 12e Bat Vol de la formation d'Angers)
3e Bataillon, 70e Regt d'Inf
9e Company, Grenadiers 199e bis
1803: 12e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: De Gallup (Francois-Felix) - Colonel
1792: De Saint-Sauvier (Francois-Guillaume) - Colonel
1792: Des Brunieres (Charles-Henri) - Colonel
1794: Roland (Jacques) - Chef de Brigade
1796: Girardon (Antoine) - Chef de Brigade
1799: Vergez (Francois) - Chef de Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1806: Muller (Joseph-Antoine-Charles) - Colonel
1809: Thoulouze (Jean-Martin) - Colonel
1812: Baudinot (Henri-Aloyse-Ignace) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General of Brigade and above


Roland (Jacques)

Born: 20 June 1750
Chef de Brigade: 21 April 1794 (12e demi-brigade de bataille)
General de Brigade: 26 October 1793 (refused the promotion)
Died: 25 May 1810
Wounded: 25 January 1796

Girardon (Antoine)

Born: 1 February 1758
Chef de Brigade: 14 December 1796 (12e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 29 April 1799
General de Division: 1 February 1805
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 5 December 1806

Vergez (Francois)

Born: 12 June 1757
Colonel: 30 August 1805
General de Brigade: 23 October 1806
Commander of the Legion d'Honeur: 28 August 1810
Baron of the Empire: 21 September 1808
Died: 20 June 1830

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 12e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Vergez: wounded 14 October 1806
Colonel Muller: wounded 26th December 1806
Colonel Thoulouze: wounded 6 July 1809 and 19 August 1812, died of wounds 21 August 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 12e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Fifty one
Officers died of wounds: Twenty-five
Officers wounded: Two hundred and one

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Anvers
1793: Aix-la-Chapelle and Tourcoing
1794: Capture of Mont-Cenis
1796: Borgo-Forte, Modene, Saint-Georges, Governolo and Arcole
1797: La Favorite, Mantoue, Tagliamento, Farentino and Terracine
1798: Civita-Castellana
1799: Naples and Isola
1800: Grisons
1805: Muhldorf and Austerlitz
1806: Auerstadt, Czarnowo and Pultusk
1807: Eylau, Deppen and Friedland
1809: Thann, Abensberg, Eckmuhl, Ratisbonne, Eugerau and Wagram
1812: Wilna, Drissa, Witepsk, Smolensk, Valoutina and La Moskowa
1813: Hambourg and Dresden
1814: Anvers. Arcis-sur-Aube and Saint-Dizier
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

La Favorite 1797, Auerstadt 1806 and Wagram 1809

13e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1597: Created Regiment de Nerestang
1673: Named Regiment de Bourbonnais
1791: 13e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 13e Demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 7e Regiment d'Infanterie
5e and 6e Bataillons Volontaires de la Gironde

1796: 13e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

49e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat,25e Regt d'Inf, 4e Bat Vol de Nord and 5e Bat Vol de l'Oise)
1er and 2e bataillons 29e Regt d'Inf
1er and 2e bataillons 106e Regt d'Inf
Bataillon des Federes des 83 departments
6e bataillon Volontaires de Rhone-et-Loire
2e bataillon Volontaires de la formation d'Orleans
19e bataillon Volntaires des Reserve

1803: 13e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: De Pontet (Francois-Henri) - Colonel
1792: d'Arlandes (Louis-Francois-Pierre) - Colonel
1793: Poulet (Francois-Henri) - Colonel
1795: Dejean (Jean-Antoine) - Chef de Brigade
1795: Delegorgue (Francois-Joseph) - Chef de Brigade
1799: Froment (Jacques) - Chef de Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1809: Huin (Christophe) - Colonel
1809: Larcilly (Claude) - Colonel
1813: Lucas (Jean-Guillaume) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General de Brigade


Arlandes de Salton (Louis-Francois-Pierre d')

Born: 10 March 1752
Colonel: 1 August 1792
General de Brigade: 20 May 1793
Died: 11 September 1793 (killed at Nothweiller after defecting to the Prussians)

Dejean (Jean-Antoine)

Born: 26 November 1765
Chef de Brigade: 14 August 1793 (13e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef de Brigade: 19 July 1796 (11e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 19 October 1804
Died: 6 November 1848

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding 13e the Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Huin: killed 6 July 1809
Colonel Larcilly: died of wounds 2 May 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 13e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-one
Officers died of wounds: Thirteen
Officers wounded: Ninety-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Spire
1793: Oberflersheim and Nothweiller
1794: Armee des Pyrenees-Orientales
1795: Le Boulou, Bellegarde and Saint-Laurent de la Mouga
1796: Armee des Cotes de l'Ocean
1797: Verone
1798: Malta and Les Pyramides
1799: Saint-Jean d'Acre
1800: Heliopolis and Cairo
1805: Caldiero
1806: Corps d'occupation de l'Isterie
1809: Oberlaybach and Wagram
1813: Bautzen, Hanau and Hocheim
1814: Mayence and Palma-Nova
1815: Corps d'Observation des Pyrenees

Battle Honours

Verone 1797, Heliopolis 1800, Wagram 1809 and Bautzen 1813

 

14e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History


1776: Formed from the 1er and 3e bataillons, Regiment de Bourbonnais
1791: 14e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 14e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 7e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er and 2e bataillons Volontaires du Gard
1796: 14e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)
29e demi-brigade de bataile (1er Bat, 15e Regt d'Inf, 4e Bat Vol de la Sarthe and 14e Bat Vol des Federes)
Demi-brigade de la Seine-Inferieure (9e Bat Vol de la Seine-Inferieure, 10e Bat Vol du Calvados and 10e Bat Vol du Pas-de-Calais)

1803: 14e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: Hinnisdal de Fumal (Louis-Maximlien-Fancois-Herman) - Colonel
1792: Meusnier de la Place (Jean-Baptiste-Marie-Charles) - Colonel
1792: De la Marliere (Antoine-Nicolas) - Colonel
1792: Merle-Beaulieu (Pierre-Nicolas) - Colonel
1795: Dauriere (Charles) - Chef de Brigade
1797: Porra (?) - Chef de Brigade
1797: Marchand (Jean-Gabriel) - Chef de Brigade
1797: Moreau (Jean-Claude) - Chef de Brigade
1803: Mazas (Jacques-Francois-Marc) - Colonel
1805: Savary (Charles-Joseph-Louis-Marie) - Colonel
1806: Henriod (Jean-Francois) - Colonel
1810: Esteve (Etienne) - Colonel
1814: Bugeaud de la Piconnerie (Thomas-Robert) - Colonel

Seven of the above officers attained the rank of General de Brigade and above

Hinnisdal de Fumal (Louis-Maximilien-Francois-Herman)

Born: 2 May 1751
Colonel: 25 July 1791
General de Brigade: 13 December 1791
Died: ?

Meusnier de la Place (Jean-Baptiste-Marie-Charles)

Born: 19 June 1754
Colonel: 5 February 1792
General de Brigade: 1 September 1792
General de Division: 5 May 1793
Died: 13 June 1793

Merle-Beaulieu (Pierre-Nicolas)

Born: 25 May 1738
Colonel: 9 September 1792
General de Brigade: 15 May 1793
Died: 6 April 1826

Marchand (Jean-Gabriel)

Born: 10 December 1765
Chef de Brigade: 16 June 1797 (14e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 13 October 1799
General de Division: 24 December 1805
Grand Eagle of the Legion d'Honneur: 13 July 1807
Count of the Empire: 26 October 1808
Died: 12 November 1851

Moreau (Jean-Claude)

Born: 15 January 1755
Chef de Brigade: 29 October 1797 (14e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 29 August 1803
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 19 March 1813
Baron of the Empire: 3 May 1810
Died: 9 December 1828

Henriod (Jean-Francois)

Born: 21 October 1763
Colonel: 30 December 1806
General de Brigade: 3 July 1810
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 21 July 1808
Baron of the Empire: 18 March 1809
Died: 20 June 1825

Esteve (Etienne)

Born: 11 October 1771
Colonel: 29 June 18 June 1810
General de Brigade: 25 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 13 July 1811
Died: April 1844

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding 14e the Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Colonel Moreau: wounded 26 March 1799
Colonel Mazas: killed 2 December 1805
Colonel Savary: killed 24 December 1806
Colonel Henriod: wounded 8 February 1807 and 10 June 1807

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 14e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Sixty-five
Officers died of wounds: Seventeen
Officers wounded: One hundred and forty-nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)


1792: Conquest of Belgium
1793: Conquest of Belgium
1795: Loano
1796: Montenotte, Dego, Lodi, Borghetto ,Mantoue and Rivoli
1797: Rivoli, Mantoue and Valvassone
1799: Mantoue, Bassignano, Novi, Bosco and Acqui
1805: Ulm and Austerlitz
1806: Jena
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1808: Tudela
1809: Monzon, Alcanz and Maria-de-Huerve
1810: Astorga
1811: Tortosa and Tarragona
1812: Capture of Urgal
1813: Biar, Castalla and Ordal
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Dresden and Wachau
1814: Arcis-sur-Aube
1815: Conflans and L'Hopital

Battle Honours

Rivoli 1797, Austerlitz 1805 and Eylau 1807

15e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History


1597: Created Regiment de Balagny de Montluc
1762: Regiment de Bearn
1791: 15e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 15e Demi-Brigade de Bataille (formed from the)

1er bataillon, 8e Regiment d'Infanterie
3e bataillon Volontaires de l'Allier
1er bataillon Volontaires de la Gironde
4e bataillon Volontaires d'Indre-et-Loire
1796: 15e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)
68e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat, 34e Regt d'Inf, 2e Bat Vol Loir-et-Cher and 13e Bat Vol des Reserves)

1803: 15e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade


1791: Castellane (Michel-Ange-Boniface-Marie de) - Colonel
1791: Myon (Jean-Charles de) - Colonel
1792: Varennes (Marie-Louis de) - Colonel
1793: Dauriere (?) - Colonel
1796: Faure (?) - Chef de Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1804: Reynaud (Hilaire-Benoit) - Colonel
1808: Dein (Paul-Louis-Marie) - Colonel
1813: Levavasseur (Charles-Amable) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General de Brigade


Varennes (Marie-Louis de)

Born: 19 August 1736
Colonel: 5 February 1792
General de Brigade: 15 May 1793
Died: 18 August 1814

Reynaud (Hilaire-Benoit)

Born: 9 June 1772
Colonel: 6 April 1804
General de Brigade: 11 May 1808
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 28 January 1809
Died: 25 December 1855

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 15e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Colonel Reynaud: wounded 14 July 1807
Colonel Levavasseur: wounded 20 July 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 15e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815


Officers killed: Thirty-six
Officers died of wounds: Twenty
Officers wounded: One hundred and seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)


1792: Siege of Lille
1796: Armee du Nord
1799: Armee de Hollande
1800: Biberach and Hohenlinden
1807: Friedland
1808: Saragosse, Rio-Secco, Evora and Vimeiro
1809: La Corogne, Port-Martin and Oporto
1810: Astorga, Bussaco and Sobral
1812: Salamanca
1813: San-Millan, Sorauren and Bidassoa
1813: Bautzen, Wurschen, Leipzig and Hanau
1814: Vauchamps, Bar-sur-Aube, Reims and Fere-Champenoise

Battle Honours

Friedland 1807

16e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History


1776: Created from 2e and 4e Bataillons Regiment de Bearn
1791: 16e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 16e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon,8eRegiment d'Infanterie 2e bataillon Volontaires de la Haute-Marne
3e bataillon Volontaires du Cantal
2e bataillon Volontaires de la Haute-Marne

1796: 16e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

110e demi-brigade de bataille ( 2e Bat, 55e Regt d'Inf, 6e and 7e Bat Vol de la Meurthe)
2e and 3e bataillons demi-brigade de l'Yonne

1803: 16e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade


1791: Blottefiere (Pierre-Louis de) - Colonel
1792: De la Combe (Jacque-Hyacinthe Leblanc) - Colonel
1795: Gillot (?) - Chef de Brigade
1796: Grandjean (Balthazard) - Chef de Brigade
1797: Beltz (?) - Chef de Brigade
1800: Mabiez deLatour deRouville (Jean-Joseph) - Chef de Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1807: Marin (Jacques-Bartelemy) - Colonel
1809: Gudin des Bardelieres (Pierre-Cesar) - Colonel
1812: Lamotte (Pierre-Louis) - Colonel

Four of the above attained the rank of General de Brigade


Blottefiere (Pierre-Louis de)

Born: 16 November 1746
Colonel: 25 July 1791
General de Brigade: 26 October 1792
Died: 22 April 1819

Grandjean (Balthazard)

Born: 26 January 1760
Chef de Brigade: 13 June 1795
General de Brigade: 29 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 3 December 1824

Marin (Jacques-Barthelemy)

Born: 24 August 1772
Colonel: 10 september 1807
General de Brigade: 19 June 1809
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 6 May 1809
Baron of the Empire: 3 December 1809
Died: 30 August 1830

Gudin des Bardelieres (Pierre-Cesar)

Born: 30 December 1775
Colonel: 18 July 1809
General de Brigade: 11 January 1812
Baron of the Empire: 14 February 1810
Died: 13 February 1855

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 16e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Gudin: wounded 6 July 1809 and 25 October 1811

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 16e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-five
Officers died of wounds: Eleven
Officers wounded: One hundred and twenty six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)


1792: Siege of Namur
1793: Siege of Maestricht, Namur and Siege and capture of Furnes
1794: Boeschequepe, Siege and capture of Menin, Tourcoing, Siege of Ypres and I'lle de Casandra
1796: Wetzlar, Bamber, Forcheim, Neukirchen and Wolfering
1797: Wurtzberg, Giessen and Neuwied
1799: Offenbourg
1800: Stockach, Engen, Biberach, Erbach, Ampfing and Hohenlinden
1805: Trafalgar
1809: Neumarck,Ebersberg, Aspern Essling, Wagram and Znaim
1809: Siege of Rosas and Girone
1810: Capture of fort Olivio, Siege of Tarragone and Mont-Serrat
1811: Siege of Sagonte, Battle of Sagonte, Siege of Valence, Alicante and Saint-Felipe
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Wurschen, Dresden and Leipzig
1814: La Rothiere, Vauchamps, Fere-Champenoise and Paris

Battle Honours


Hohenlinden 1800, Wagram 1809 and Sagonte 1811

17e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History


1597: Created Regiment du Bourg de Lespinasse
1635: Regiment d'Auvergne
1791: 17e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 17e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 9e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon, Volontaires de l'Indre
3e bataillon, Volontaires de la Seine-Inferieure

1796: 17e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

33e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 17e Regt d'Inf, 5e Bat Vol de la Sarthe and 1er Bat Vol colonial Port-au-Prince)
178e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat, 99e Regt d'Inf, 6e Bat Vol du Nord and 7e Bat Vol de la Seine- Inferieure)
Demi-brigade d'Eure et Landes (3e Bat Vol de l'Eure, 5e Bat Vol des Landres and 6e Bat Vol de Haute-Garonne)

1803: 17e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade


1791: Dumas de Saint-Martin () - Colonel
1793: Botta (Pierre-Paul) - Chef de Brigade
1794: Clere (?) - Chef de Brigade
1796: Bord (?) - Chef de Brigade
1800: Trebout (?) - Chef de Brigade
1803: Conroux (Nicolas-Francois) - Colonel
1805: Lanusse (Pierre) - Colonel
1808: Romeuf (Jacques-Alexandre) - Colonel
1809: Oudet (Jacques-Joseph) - Colonel
1809: Vasserot (Louis) - Colonel
1813: Susbielle (Francois) - Colonel
1814: Gueurel (Nicolas-Noel) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General de Brigade and above

Botta (Pierre-Paul)

Born: 3 May 1741
Colonel: 1 September 1793
General de Brigade: 16 July 1795
Died: 28 July 1795 (of wounds sustained at the attack on Fort Penthievre)

Conroux (Nicolas-Francois)

Born: 17 February 1770
Chef de Brigade: 2 October 1802 (17e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 24 December 1805
General de Division: 31 July 1809
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 22 June 1807
Baron of the Empire: 27 November 1808
Died: 11 November 1811 (of wounds sustained at Combat at Ascain)

Lanusse (Pierre)

Born: 21 November 1768
Colonel: 26 December 1805
General de Brigade: 17 July 1808
General de Division: 1 October 1808 (in the service of Naples)
General de Division: 4 August 1813 (in the service of France)
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 May 1813
Baron of the Empire: 26 April 1810
Died: 3 May 1847


Vasserot (Louis)

Born: 3 March 1771
Colonel: 21 September 1809
General de Brigade: 18 May 1813
Died: 8 December 1840

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 17e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Conroux: wounded 2 December 1805
Colonel Lanusse: wounded 10 June 1807
Colonel Oudet: wounded 20 April 1809, died of wounds 6 July 1809
Colonel Vasserot: wounded 17 August 1812 and 29 November 1812
Colonel Susbielle: wounded 30 August 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 17e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty three
Officers died of wounds: Thirty six
Officers wounded: Two hundred and fifteen

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy and Jemmapes
1793: Maubeuge and Wattignies
1794: Fleurus and Blockade of Mayence
1797: Diersheim
1799: Pastrengo, Magnano, Vaprio, Zurich Trebbia River, Novi, Genola and Mondovi
1801: Senegal
1805: Austerlitz
1806: Auerstadt and Golymin
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1809: Braga, Thann, Eckmuhl, Aspern-Essling and Wagram
1812: Smolensk, La Moskowa, Wiasma and Krasnoi
1813: Dresden, Kulm, Teplitz and Stettin
1814: Berg-op-Zoom and Coutrai
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours


Austerlitz 1805, Auerstadt 1806 and La Moskowa 1812


18e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History

1776: Created from 2e and 4e bataillons Regiment d'Auvergne
1776: Renamed Regiment de Gatinais
1781: Renamed Royal-Auvergne
1791: 18e Regiment d'Infanterie
1796: 18e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

5e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 3e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de Doubs and 4e Bat Vol Seine- Inferieure)
24e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 12e Regt d'Inf, 3e Bat Vol de la Somme, 10e Bat Vol de Reserve, 2e and 4e Bat Vol de Requisition d'Amiens)
45e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 23e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol des Basse-Alpes and 1er Bat Vol de la Lozere)

1803: 18e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade


1791: Tourville (Charles-Bertin-Gaston Chapuis de) - Colonel
1792: Fontbonne (Alexandre-Louis de) - Colonel
1796: Fugieres (Jean-Urbain) - Chef de Brigade
1798: Boyer (Henri-Jacques-Jean) - Chef de Brigade
1799: Morangies (Jean-Baptiste Molette) - Chef de Brigade
1801: Ravier (Jean-Baptiste-Ambroise) - Chef de Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1809: Pelleport (Pierre) - Colonel
1813: Sauset (Louis-Antoine) - Colonel
1813: Maury (Jean-Pierre) - Colonel
1814: Woirol (Theophile) - Colonel

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General de Brigade and above


Tourville (Charles-Bertin-Gaston Chapuis de)

Born: 4 January 1740
Colonel: 25 July 1791
General de Brigade: 12 July 1792
Died: 22 October 1809

Fontbonne (Alexandre Louis de)

Born: 13 June 1750
Colonel: 12 September 1792
General de Brigade: 8 March 1793
General de Division: 13 June 1795
Died: 8 April 1796 (asassinated)

Fugieres (Jean-Urbain)

Born: 8 February 1752
Chef de Brigade: 21 March 1795 (69e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef de Brigade: 25 May 1796 (18e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 23 March 1798
Died: 17 December 1813

Morangies (Jean-Baptiste Molette)

Born: 24 November 1758
Chef de Brigade: 13 May 1799 (18e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 24 May 1801
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 1 January 1813
Died: 21 May 1827

Ravier (Jean-Baptiste-Ambroise)

Born: 31 December 1766
Chef de Brigade: 27 April 1801 (18e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 30 May 1809
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Baron of the Empire: 2 August 1808
Died: 19 November 1828

Pelleport (Pierre)

Born: 26 October 1773
Colonel: 30 May 1809
General de Brigade: 12 April 1813
Baron of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 15 December 1855

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 18e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Chef de Brigade Morangies: wounded: 17 May 1799, 25 July 1799 and 21 March 1801
Colonel Ravier: wounded 7 February 1807 and 3 May 1809
Colonel Sausset: wounded 18 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 18e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815


Officers killed: Thirty-eight
Officers died of wounds: Twenty-six
Officers wounded: Two hundred and forty-eight

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Jemmapes
1796: Dego, Lonato, Castiglione, Saint-Georges, Caldiero, Arcole and Tarvis
1797: Rivoli
1798: Fribourg, Alexandrie, Chebreiss and Pyramides
1799: Saint-Jean de Acre, Mont-Tabor and Aboukir
1805: Hollabrun and Austerlitz
1806: Jena
1807: Eylau, Heilsberg and Friedland
1809: Ebersberg, Vienne, Essling, Wagram and Znaim
1812: Smolensk, La Moskowa and Krasnoe
1813: Dresden, Leipzig and Hanau
1814: Magdebourg, La Rothiere and Montereau
1815: Surbourg and Strasbourg

Battle Honours

Rivoli 1796, Austerlitz 1805 and La Moskowa 1812

19e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History

1597: Created from the Garde a Pied de Lesdiguieres and Regiment de Bonne
1762: Regiment de Flandre
1791: 19e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 19e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 10e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon Volontaires du Mont-Blanc
3e bataillon Volontaires des Basse-Alpes

1796: 19e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

45e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 23e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol des Basse-Alpes and 1er Bat Vol de la Lozere)
180e demi-brigade (1er and 2e bataillons)

1803: 19e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: Montmorin-Saint-Herem (Louis-Victor-Hippolyte-Luc) - Colonel
1792: Dattel de Lutanges (Louis-Alexandre) - Colonel
1792: Leyris des Ponchets (Charles-Joseph-Paul) - Colonel
1793: Long (Marie-Auguste-Jean-Chrysostome de) - Colonel
1795: Verne (Pierre-Francois) - Chef de Brigade
1796: Rainard (?) - Chef de Brigade
1797: Giraud (?) - Chef de Brigade
1800: Regis-Manset (Benoit) - Chef de Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1809: Aubry (Joseph-Emmanuel) - Colonel
1812: Trupel (Jean-Aimable) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General de Brigade


Leyris des Ponchets (Charles-Joseph-Paul)

Born: 19 July 1756
Colonel: 29 June 1792
General de Brigade: 8 March 1793
Died: 25 October 1824

Verne (Pierre-Francois)

Born:14 October 1756
Chef de Brigade: 29 March 1794 (19e demi-brigade de bataille)
General de Brigade: 21 December 1794
Died: 15 November 1796 (mortaly wounded at Arcole)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 19e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Colonel Aubry: wounded 5 July 1809 and killed 18 August 1812
Colonel Trupel: wounded 16 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 19e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815


Officers killed: Fifty-eight
Officers died of wounds: Twelve
Officers wounded: One hundred and seventy

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)


1792: Valmy and Jemmapes
1793: Nerwinden and Wattignies
1795: Loano
1796: Mondovi, Borgehetto, Siege of Mantoue, Lonato, Castaglione, La Favorite, Caldiero and Arcole
1798: Malte, Pyramides, El Arisch, Jaffa, Mont-Tabor, Aboukir and Heliopolis
1807: Siege of Dantzig
1809: Wagram
1810: Astorga, Busaco and Torres-Vedras
1812: Jacobouwo, Polostk and Borisow
1813: Dresden and Leipzig
1814: Brienne, Monterau and Bar-sur-Aube
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Jemmapes 1792, Heliopolis 1800 and Wagram 1809

20e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History


1776: Created from two bataillons Regiment de Flandre
1791: 20e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 20e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 10e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon Volontaires de la Lozere
2e bataillon Volontaires de Chasseurs de l'Isere

1796: 20e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

179e demi-brigade de Bataille (1er Bat, 102e Regt d'Inf, 6e Bat Vol de Paris and 7e Bat Vol de l'Oise)
1er bataillon 176e demi-brigade de bataille
1er bataillon 119e demi-brigade de bataille
8e bataillon Volontaires du Bas-Rhin
2e bataillon Volontaires de Valenciennes
11e bataillon Volontaires de la Haute-Saone
11e bataillon Volontaires de Fedres

1803: 20e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: Desbordes (Charles-Etienne-Marguerite) - Colonel
1793: Duprat (Hyacinthe-Roger) - Colonel
1794: Maron (?) - Chef de Brigade
1796: Cathol (?) - Chef de Brigade
1800: Guestadt (?) - Chef de Brigade
1802: Cassan (Louis-Pierre-Jean-Aphrodise) - Chef de Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1811: Esnard (Jacques-Henry) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General de Brigade and above

Duprat (Hyacinthe-Roger)

Born: 20 November 1732
Colonel: 14 January 1793
General de Brigade: 24 June 1793
General de Division: 13 December 1793
General Duprat was stripped of his rank on the 14 April 1794 and later became
Chef de Brigade: 7 December 1795 (42e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Died: ?

Cassan (Louis-Pierre-Jean-Aphrodise)

Born: 23 April 1771
Chef de Brigade: 30 December 1802 (110e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef de Brigade: 30 May 1803 (20e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General de Brigade: 6 August 1811
Baron of the Empire: 15 August 1810
Died: 20 January 1852

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Colonel Esnard: wounded 12 February 1814 and 14 March 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 20e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815


Officers killed: Eleven
Officers died of wounds: Eleven
Officers wounded: Seventy-one

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)


1793: Armee des Alpes
1794: Armee d'Italie
1795: Armee d'Italie
1796: Borghetto, Mantoue, Lonato and Castiglione
1797: Armee de Sambre et Meuse
1799: Armee du Rhin
1800: Engen and Mosskirch
1801: Porto-Ferrajo
1805: Caldiero
1811: Capture of Tarragone and Cuidad-Real
1812: Capture of Valencia
1813: Lutzen, Wurschen, Bischoffewerda, Leipzig and Hanau
1813: Caldiero, Saint-Michel, Rovigo and Lamena
1814: Mincio, Bourg, Macon and Lyon
1815: Conflans

Battle Honours

Caldiero 1805 and Valencia 1812

 

Bibliography 


Charavay J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two.

E-M de Lyden. Nos 144 Regiments de Ligne Paris; N.D.

Deprez E. Les Volontaires Nationaux (1791-1793) Paris; 1908.

Garcin M. La Patrie en danger (histoire des bataillons de Volontaires 1791-1794)
Rhone; 1991.

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.

Quintin D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Six G. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1947.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2001

 

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