Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


31e R.I.L.

32e R.I.L.

33e R.I.L.

34e R.I.L.

35e R.I.L.

36e R.I.L.

37e R.I.L.

38e R.I.L.

39e R.I.L.

40e R.I.L.

Bibliography

French Infantry Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1791 to 1815

Part IV: 31e - 40e Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

31e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1610: Created
1635: Regiment d'Aunis
1791: 31e Regiment d'Infanterie

1793: 31e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 16e Regiment de Infanterie
1er and 2e bataillons, Volontaires d'Ille-et-Vilaine

1796: 31e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

1er demi-brigade de bataille(1er Bat, 1er Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de la Butte de Moulins and 3e Bat Vol du Loiret)
109e demi-brigade de bataille(1er Bat, 55e Regt d'Inf, 7e Bat Vol de Seine-et-Oise and 5e bis Bat Vol de Rhone-et-Loire)
2e bataillon, 4e demi-brigade de bataille

1804: Incorporated into the 7e and 103e Regiments d'Infanterie de Ligne

There was no 31e Regiment d'Infanterie during the Empire period

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Barbantane (Hilarion-Paul-Francois) - Colonel
1791: De Losse de Bayac (Charles-Joseph) - Colonel, 1er bataillon
1793: Colle (Jean-Theodore) - Colonel, 1er bataillon
1794: Aubree (Rene-Francois-Jean) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Levrier (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1797: Michel (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1798: Monnet de Lorbeau (Louis-Claude) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Vonderwiedt (Marie-Joseph-Simon-Alexis) - Chef-de-Brigade
1802: Baron (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1804: Aussenac (Pierre-Gabriel) - Chef-de-Brigade

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

De Barbantane (Hilarion-Paul-Francois)

Born: 8 March 1754
Colonel: 10 March 1788
General-de-Brigade: 6 October 1791
General-de-Division: 7 September 1792
Died: 27 March 1828

Colle (Jean-Theodore)

Born: 17 March 1733
Colonel: 11 February 1793
General-de-Brigade: 19 May 1793
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 March 1804
Died: 22 September 1807

Aubree (Rene-Francois-Jean)

Born: 23 June 1763
Chef-de-Brigade : 18 August 1794
General-de-Brigade: 19 September 1799
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 1 December 1808 (killed at Saragosse)

Monnet de Lorbeau (Louis-Gabriel)

Born: 1 January 1766
Chef-de-Brigade : 23 July 1796
General-de-Brigade: 5 april 1799
General-de-Division: 27 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 8 June 1819

Vonderweidt (Marie-Joseph-Simon-Alexis)

Born: 8 June 1771
Chef-de-Brigade : 5 April 1799
General-de-Brigade: 12 June 1802
Died: 9 August 1802

Aussenac (Pierre-Gabriel)

Born: 30 March 1764
Chef-de-Brigade : 6 October 1802 (74e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef-de-Brigade : 6 December 1802 (7e demi-brigae d'Infanterie)
Chef-de-Brigade : 22 March 1803 (31e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 15 August 1810
Died: 2 February 1833

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 31e Regiment d'Infanterie


No Colonels killed or wounded

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)


1792: Valmy
1793: Mayence, Sainte-Lucie and Le Mans
1794: Armee du Nord
1795: Armee de Sambre-et-Meuse
1796: Biberach
1797: Berne
1801: Saint-Dominique
1804: Saint-Dominique

Battle Honours

Valmy 1792

32e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History

1775: Created from 2e and 4e bataillons d'Aunis
1791: 32e Regiment d'Infanterie

1796: 32e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

21e demi-brigade de bataille(1er Bat, 11e Regt d'Inf, 2e Bat Vol du Var and 1er Bat Vol de la Haute- Garonne)
118e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat, 59e Regt d'Inf. 2e Bat Vol de la Drome and 3e Bat Vol de l'Isere)
129e demi-brigade de bataille(1er Bat, 70e Regt d'Inf and 1er and 2e Bat Vol de l'Herault)

1803: 32e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade


1792: Baussancourt (Joseph de) - Colonel
1793: Vimeux (Louis-Antoine) - Colonel
1794: Saint-Sauveur (?) - Colonel
1796: Rampon (Antoine-Guillaume) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Dupuy (Dominic-Martin) - Chef-de-Brigade
1797: Charlot (Hugues) - Chef-de-Brigade
1798: Darmagnac (Jean-Baptiste) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Darricau (Augustin) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Duranteau (Luc) - Colonel
1808: Aymard (Antoine) - Colonel
1813: Branger (Louis-Prudence) - Colonel

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Vimeux (Louis-Antoine)

Born: 13 August 1737
Colonel: 11 January 1793
General-de-Brigade: 27 May 1793
General-de-Division: 6 september 1794
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 9 April 1811
Died: 23 June 1814

Rampon (Antoine-Guillaume)

Born: 16 March 1759
Chef-de-Brigade : 14 October 1793 (161e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 1 May 1794 (129e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 13 March 1796 (32e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 11 april 1796
General-de-Division: 25 January 1800
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 26 April 1808
Died: 2 March 1842

Dupuy (Dominic-Martin)

Born: 8 February 1768
Chef-de-Brigade : 25 February 1794 (21e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 26 May 1796 (32e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 6 December 1796 (refused promotion)
General-de-Brigade: 22 July 1798
Died: 21 October 1798 (of wounds sustained during the revolt at Cairo)

Darmagnac (Jean-Barthelemy-Claude-Toussaint)

Born: 1 November 1766
Chef-de-Brigade : 26 July 1798
General-de-Brigade: 27 April 1801
General-de-Division: 19 July 1808
Died: 12 December 1855

Darricau (Augustin)

Born: 5 July 1773
Chef-de-Brigade : 27 April 1801
General-de-Brigade: 14 February 1807
General-de-Division: 31 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 27 July 1808
Died: 6 May 1819

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 32e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Chef-de-Brigade Dupuy: wounded 15 April 1796 and 11 November 1796
Chef-de-Brigade Darmagnac: wounded 11 May 1799
Colonel Aymard: wounded 28 July 1809
Colonel Branger: wounded 28 July 1813 and 13 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 32e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty
Officers died of wounds: Eleven
Officers wounded: One hundred and forty-three

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1791: Antilles
1793: Mainz
1795: Loano
1796: Montelgino, Dego, Lonato, Arcole and Saint Georges
1797: Rivoli and Mantoue
1798: Malta, Alexandrie and Les Pyramides
1799: El-Arish, Jaffa, Acre, Mont-Tabor, Aboukir and Damiette
1800: Heliopolis
1801: Alexandrie
1805: Haslach, Diernstein and Ulm
1807: Mohrungen and Friedland
1809: Talevera de de Reina and Almonacid
1810: Baza
1811: Ubida, Venta-del-Baul and Ticola
1812: Ossana
1813: Vittoria, Sorauren and Bayonne
1813: Lutzen,Wurschen, Buntzlau, Dresden and Leipzig
1814: Orthez and Toulouse
1814: Nogent-sur-Seine, Nangis, Monterau and Limonset
1815: Mundolsheim and Srasbourg

Battle Honours

Lonato 1796, Les Pyramides 1798 and Friedland


33e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1625: Created
1636: Regiment de Touraine
1791: 33e Regiment de Ligne

1793: 33e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 17e Regiment d'Infanterie
10e bataillon, Volontaires de Seine-et-Oise
2e bataillon, Volontaires de la Nievre
1796: 33e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)
10e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat, 5e Regt d'Inf, 1er and 2e Bat Vol d'Indre-et-Loire )
90e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat, 45e Regt d'Inf, 8e Bat Vol des Federes and 4e Bat Vol du Nord)
5e bataillon, Volontaires de la Sarthe
1er bataillon Volontaires de Porte-au-Prince

1803: 33e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Maillou (Jean-Louis Ramaud) - Colonel
1792: D'Aigreville (Louis-Francois-Hector d'Haudore) - Colonel
1792: Charlot (Guillaume) - Colonel
1794: Bord (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Almain (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Laval (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Rouget (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Saint-Raymond (Jean) - Colonel
1807: Pouchelon (Etienne-Francois-Raymond) - Colonel
1812: Maire (Claude-Augustin) - Colonel

One officer attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Pouchelon (Etienne-Francois-Raymond)

Born: 25 October 1770
Colonel: 7 January 1807
General-de-Brigade: 8 October 1812
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 7 July 1807
Baron of the Empire: 19 March 1809
Died: 4 September 1831

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 33e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Maire: wounded 16 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 33e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-one
Officers died of wounds: Seventeen
Officers wounded: One hundred and sixty-three

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Thionville
1793: Wissembourg, Kaiserlautern and Bischweiler
1794: Fleurus and Maastricht
1795: Loano
1796: Cembra and Rivoli
1797: Rivoli and Mantoue
1799: Pastrengo, Verona and Magnano
1805: Austerlitz
1806: Auerstadt and Czarnowo
1807: Eylau and Friedland
1809: Thann,Eckmuhl,Ratisbonne, Gospic, Wagram and Stettin
1812: Smolensk, La Moskowa, Krasnoe, Beresina and Wina
1813: Dresden, Kulm, Peterswald and Leipzig
1814: Defence of Luxembourg
1815: Ligny and Namur

Battle Honours

Austerlitz 1805, Wagram 1809 and La Moskowa 1812

34e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1775: Created from the 2e and 4e bataillons Regiment de Touraine
1775: Renamed Regiment de Savoie-Carigan
1785: Renamed Regiment d'Angouleme
1791: 34e Regiment d'Infanterie

1793: 34e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 17e Regiment d'Infanterie
4e bataillon, Volontaires de la Moselle
3e bataillon, Volontaires de la Meuse

1796: 34e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed romthe following)

1er and 2e bataillons, 67e Regiment d'Infanterie
85e demi-brigade de bataille(1er Bat, 43e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de la Haute-Marne and 5e Bat Vol du Haute-Rhin)
148e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat, 80e Regt d'Inf, 7e and 11e Bat Vol de la Gironde)
2e bataillon, Volontaires de Paris
3e bataillon, Volontaires de Seine-et-Oise
3e bataillon, Volontaires d'Arras

1803: 34e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Bisson (Simon-Francois) - Colonel
1792: Legrand (Francois-Jean) - Colonel
1792: Meunier (Hugues-Alexandre-Joseph) - Colonel
1794: Barrere (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Mazas (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Dejean (Jean-Antoine) - Colonel
1806: Dumoustier (Pierre) - Colonel
1807: Remond (Charles-Francois) - Colonel
1812: Dore de la Ricochais (Joseph-Marie) - Colonel
1812: Fondousse (Francois) - Colonel
1813: Faure-Labarbere(Joseph-Antoine) - Colonel
1815: Mouton (Jean-Antoine-Augustin) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Meunier (Hugues-Alexandre-Joseph)

Born: 23 November 1751
Colonel: 24 August 1792
General-de-Brigade: 16 July 1795
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804
Chevalier of the Empire: 15 October 1809
Died: 9 December 1831

Dejean (Jean-Antoine)

Born: 25 November 1765
Chef-de-Brigade : 14 August 1793 (13e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 19 July 1796 (11e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 5 October 1803 (34e Regiment d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 19 October 1804
Died: 6 November 1848

Dumoustier (Pierre)

Born: 17 March 1771
Colonel: 26 October 1804
General-de-Brigade: 30 December 1806
General-de-Division: 24 June 1811
Baron of the Empire: 27 November 1807
Count of the Empire:28 November 1813
Died: 15 June 1831

Remond (Charles-Francois)

Born: 2 November 1761
Colonel: 31 December 1806
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Commander of the Legion d'Honeur: 17 December 1809
Baron of the Empire: 18 March 1808
Died: 24 June 1843

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 34e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Meunier: wounded 15 September 1792
Colonel Dumoustier: wounded 14 October 1806 and 26 December 1806
Colonel Remond: wounded 11 August 1810
Colonel Fondousse: Died of wounds 10 November 1813
Colonel Mouton: wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 34e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-eight
Officers died of wounds: Nineteen
Officers wounded: One hundred and fifty-seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Jemmapes
1793: Nerwinden, Hondschoote and Wattignies
1794: Fleurus
1798: Antibes
1799: Novi and Mondovi
1800: Riviere, Genes, Sainte-Jacques de Ligurie and Sainte-Barthelemy de Ligurie
1805: Ulm and Austerlitz
1806: Saalfeld, Jena and Pultusk
1807: Ostrelenka and Friedland
1809: Saragosse, Lucena, Jaca, Arzobispo and Ocana
1810: Astorga, Villagarcia and Bussaco
1811: Badajoz, Gerboa, Albuhera and Arroyo-del-Molinos
1812: Burgos
1813: Saint-Sebastien, Bidassoa
1813: Lutzen, Wurschen and Leipzig
1814: Bayonne, Orthez and Toulouse
1814: Arcis-sur-Aube
1815: Ligny and Wavre

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794, Austerlitz 1805 and Jena 1806

35e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History

1625: Created
1671: Regiment d'Anjou
1753: Renamed Regiment d'Aquitaine
1791: 35e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 35e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 18e Regiment d'Infanterie
3e and 4e bataillons, Volontaires de la Meurthe
1796: 35e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)
114e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat, 57e Regt d'Inf, 10e and 14e Bat Vol de la Gironde)
1er and 2e Bataillons Volontaires de Lot-et-Landes
29e demi-brigade Legere(29e and 30e Bat de Chasseurs a Pied and 3e Bat Chasseurs des Montagnes)
9e Bataillon volontaires de Dordogne
4e Bataillon Volontaires de Varcluse

1803: 35e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Precy (Louis-Francois-Perrin) - Colonel
1791: Dorsner (Jean-Louis) - Colonel
1792: De la Chaise (Jean-Pierre Grain) - Colonel
1792: Murnan (Jean-Bernard Gauthier) - Colonel
1792: De Santerre (Louis-Jacques Ruelle) - Colonel
1794: Moremberg (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1797: Maucune (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Breissand (Joseph) - Colonel
1811: Penant (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel
1812: Figie (Pierre) - Colonel
1815: Buchet (Francois-Louis-Julien) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Murnan (Jean-Bernard-Gauthier)

Born: 28 November 1748
Colonel: 7 August 1792
General-de-Brigade: 18 April 1793
Died: 27 September 1796

Breissand (Joseph)

Born: 2 April 1770
Colonel: 15 December 1803
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 26 June 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 December 1810
Died: 1 December 1813 (of wounds sustained at Dantzig)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 35e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Breissand: wounded 15 April 1809
Colonel Penant: killed 24 October 1812
Colonel Figie: wounded 19 September 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 35e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirteen
Officers died of wounds: Fifteen
Officers wounded: Ninety-four

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Siege of Toulon
1794: Maastricht
1799: Novi and Coni
1805: Ulm and Vienne
1806: Lubeck
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1809: Pordenone, Piave River, Predi, Raab and Wagram
1812: Smolensk, La Moskowa, Malojaroslawetz and Krasnoe
1813: Glogau, Rosek and Tela
1814: Mincio

Battle Honours

Wagram 1809 and La Moskowa 1812

36e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1775: Created from 2e and 4e bataillons, Regiment d'Aquitaine
1791: 36e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 36e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 18e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er bataillon, Volontaires du Loiret
5e bataillon, Volontaires de la Somme

1796: 36e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

163e demi-brigade de bataille(1er Bat, 90e Regt d'Inf, 15e and 25e Bat Vol des Reserve)
4e bataillon, Volontaires du Morbihan
5e bataillon, Volontaires du Pas-de-Calais

1803: 36e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Contades de Giseux (Louis-Gabriel-Marie) - Colonel
1792: De Wildermouth (Jean-Henri) - Colonel
1792: Isambert (Augustin-Joseph) - Colonel
1793: De Saint-Laurent (Jean-Baptiste-Philibert Bodin) - Colonel
1793: De Glatigny (Jean-Jacques-Rene) - Colonel
1794: Quetard de la Porte (Jacques) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Sergent (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Lapisse (Pierre-Belon) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Graindorge (Jean-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1805: Houdard de Lamotte (Antoine-Charles) - Colonel
1806: Berlier (Pierre-Andre-Hercule) - Colonel
1811: Metrot (Jean-Francois-Antoine) - Colonel

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Isambert (Augustin-Joseph)

Born: 22 March 1733
Colonel: 29 June 1792
General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1793
Died: 9 November 1793 (executed by orders of the military tribunal)

Quetard de la Porte (Jacques)

Born: 5 December 1746
Chef-de-Brigade : 21 November 1794 (36e demi-brigade de bataille)
General-de-Brigade: 23 June 1799
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 14 June 1810
Died 10 september 1810

Lapisse (Pierre Bellon)

Born: 25 November 1762
Chef-de-Brigade :8 November 1795 (83e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 19 June 1796 (57e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef-de-Brigade : 10 June 1799 (36e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 26 September 1799
General-de-Division: 30 December 1806
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 30 July 1809 (of wounds sustained at Santa Olalla, Spain)

Graindorge (Jean-Francois)

Born: 1 July 1770
Chef-de-Brigade : 26 July 1799 (84e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef-de-Brigade : 7 November 1799 (36e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 1 February 1805
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 21 August 1809
Baron of the Empire: 29 October 1809
Died: 27 September 1810 (of wounds sustained at the Battle of Busaco)

Berlier (Pierre-Andre-Hercule)

Born: 10 October 1769
Colonel: 20 October 1806
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 March 1806
Baron of the Empire: 18 August 1810
Died: 14 August 1821

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 36e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Chef-de-Brigade Quetard de la Porte: wounded 22 November 1796
Colonel Houdard-Lamotte: wounded 2 December 1805 and killed 14 October 1806
Colonel Berlier: wounded 8 February 1807

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 36e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty-five
Officers died of wounds: Eighteen
Officers wounded: One hundred and fifty-eight

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Capture of Mayence
1793: Hondschoote
1799: Mainfeld, Ponte d'Alto, Matinsbruck, Nauders, Sus, Wasden, Zurich, Schwyz, Linth River, Saint Gotthard, Muottental and Netstall
1800: Hohentweil and Hohenlinden
1805: Ulm and Austerlitz
1806: Jena
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1808: Gamonal
1809: Burgos, La Corogne, Oporto and Gefrees
1810: Xeres and Bussaco
1811: Sabugal and Fuentes de Onoro
1812: Alicante and Les Arapiles
1813: Osma, Vitoria, Nivelle and Bayonne
1813: Kulm and Dresden
1814: Toulouse
1814: Mery-sur-Seine, Bar-sur-Aube, and Laon
1815: Strasbourg

Battle Honours

Hondschoote 1793, Zurich 1799, Austerlitz 1805 and Jena 1806

37e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1625: Created
1675: Regiment du Maine
1740: Renamed Regiment d'Eu
1775: Renamed Regiment de Nivernais
1778: Renamed Regiment Marechal-de-Turenne
1791: 37e Regiment d'Infanterie
1796: 37e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

111e demi-brigade de bataille(1er Bat, 56e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de l'Orne and 2e Bat Vol de la Meurthe)
173e demi-brigade de bataille(1er Bat, 95e Regt d'Inf, 5e Bat Vol de la Moselle and 6e Bat Vol des Vosages)

1803: 37e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Fressineaux (Joachim-Robin de Blair) - Colonel
1792: De la Crouziliere (Bernard-Martin Lambron) - Colonel
1793: Chantepie (?) - Colonel
1796: Lacroix (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1801: Petit (Claude) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Gauthier (Jean-Joseph) - Colonel
1812: Mayot (Melchior) - Colonel
1813: Fortier (Ferjeux) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Petit (Claude)

Born: 14 June 1763
Chef-de-Brigade : 16 July 1801
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 3 June 1809 (killed while leading an attack on the bridge at Prebourg)

Gauthier (Jean-Joseph)

Born: 30 April 1765
Chef-de-Brigade : 20 July 1800 (38e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 14 November 1803
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 19 December 1809
Died: 26 November 1815 (of wounds sustained at Quatre-Bras)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 37e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Mayot: killed 18 August 1812
Colonel Fortier: wounded 28 November 1812 and 19 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 37e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-three
Officers died of wounds: Fifteen
Officers wounded: One hundred and sixty-eight

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Fort Vauban
1799: Zurich
1800: Moeskirch, Dillingen and Hohenlinden
1808: Girone and Molins del Rey
1809: Essling, Wagram and Znaim
1811: Tarragone
1812: Jacobowo, Oboiardszina, Polotsk and Beresina
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Leipzig and Hambourg
1814: La Rothiere and Monterau
1815: Ligny

Battle Honours

Zurich 1799 and Poltosk 1812

38e Regiment d'Infanterie

Regimental History

1629: Created
1762: Regiment de Dauphine
1791: 38e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 38e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 19e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er bataillon, Volontaires de la Somme
3e bataillon, Volontaires de l'Aube

1796: 38e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne( formed from the following)

42e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat, 21er Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de la Somme and 3e Bat Vol de l'Aube)
200e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat Vol de Jura, 6e Bat Vol de l'Aine and Grenadiers de la Cote d'Or)

1803: There was no 38e Regiment d'Infanterie during the Empire period

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Le Boeuf (Charles) - Colonel
1792: De la Gardiolle de la Cour (Charles-Philibert) - Colonel
1794: Dussaussay (Benigne-Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Fabus (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Daumas (Marie-Guillaume) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Gauthier (Jean-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Daumas (Marie-Guillaume)

Born: 24 September 1763
Chef-de-Brigade : 7 August 1795 (200e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 21 March 1796 (38e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 20 July 1800
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 30 May 1833

Gauthier (Jean-Joseph)

Born: 30 April 1765
Chef-de-Brigade : 20 July 1800
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 19 December 1809
Died: 26 November 1815 (of wounds sustained at Quatre-Bras)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Chef-de-Brigade Daumas: wounded 25 March 1799, 14 August 1799 and 5 May 1800

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Jemmapes
1793: Nerwinden and Siege of Luxembourg
1794: Siege of Grave
1796: Lindau, Capture of Bregentz, Lautrach, Biberach, Eriskirch, Waldshut, Laufenbourg and Lorrach
1799: Mainfeld, Ponte d'Alto, Nauders, Sus, Wasen, Schwitz, Amsteg, and Sainte-Gotthard
1800: Moeskirch and Hohenlinden

Battle Honours

Jemmapes 1792, Sainte-Gothard 1799 and Moeskirch 1800

39e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1629: Created
1762: Regiment du Isle-de-France
1791: 39e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 39e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 20e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er and 2e bataillons, Volontaires des Basse-Pyrenees
1796: 39e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)
46e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat, 23e Regt d'Inf, 4e and 6e Bat Vol de l'Isere)
121e demi-brigade de bataille(1er Bat, 63e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de l'Union and 7e Bat Vol du Var)
4e bataillon, Volontaires des Basse-Alpes
10e bataillon, Volontaires de l'Ain

1803: 39e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Loran (Jean-Francois) - Colonel
1793: Prat (Jean-Francois-Regis-Alexis-Marie) - Colonel
1793: Thiballier (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Bellet (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Pourailly (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Prompt (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Maucune (Antoine-Louis Popon) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1807: Soyer (Jacques-Pierre) - Colonel
1810: Lamour (Francois-Marie) - Colonel
1811: Thevenet (Louis-Marie-Joseph) - Colonel
1814: Daries (Joseph-Hyacinthe) - Colonel
1815: Menu (Paul-Alexis-Joseph) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General

Maucune (Antoine-Louis Popon)

Born: 21 February 1772
Chef-de-Brigade : 25 March 1799 (39e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 10 March 1807
General-de-Division: 26 May 1811
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Baron of the Empire: 10 September 1808
Died: 18 February 1824

Lamour (Francois-Marie)

Born: 22 August 1772
Colonel: 25 October 1810
General-de-Brigade: 4 May 1813 (two days after his death)
Died: 2 May 1813 (killed at the battle of Lutzen)

Thevenet (Louis-Marie-Joseph)

Born: 25 November 1773
Colonel: 13 June 1811
General-de-Brigade: 25 December 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 12 July 1809
Chevalier of the Empire: 12 November 1809
Died: 30 August 1846

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 39e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Chef-de-Brigade Maucune: wounded 15 August 1799, 28 May 1800 and 8 June 1800
Colonel Lamour: killed 2 May 1813
Colonel Thevenet: wounded 5 May 1811 and 13 December 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 39e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-our
Officers died of wounds: Twenty-one
Officers wounded: One hundred and four

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Le Boulou
1794: Sans-Culottes
1795: Loano
1796: Millesimo, Lodi, Mondovi, Mori,Castiglione and Arcole??
1797: Rivoli and Mantoue
1799: Trebbia River and Novi
1800: Defense of Var
1805: Elchingen and Ulm
1806: Jena
1807: Eylau, Guttstadt and Friedland
1809: Essling and Wagram
1810: Cuidad-Rodrigo, Coa River, Almeida, Busaco and Torres-Vedras
1811: Pombal, Redhina and Fuentes-d'Onoro
1812: Almaraz, Les Arapiles and Garcia-Hernandez
1813: Castro-Urdiales, Tolosa, Sorauren, Nivelle and Bayonne
1813: Lutzen, Siege of Dantzig, Leipzig and Dresden
1814: Toulouse
1815: Surzburg and Sufflweyersheim

Battle Honours

Arcole 1796, Ulm 1805 and Friedland 1807

40e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne


Regimental History


1598: Created as the Regiment de Graville
1630: Regiment de Grancy
1635: Regiment de Perche
1639: Regiment de Grancy
1749: Regiment de Briqueville
1762: Regiment de Soissonnais
1791: 40e Regiment d'Infanterie

1793: 40e Demi-Brigade de Bataille (formed from the following units)

2e Bataillon 20e Regiment d'Infanterie
3e Bataillon des Landres
3e Bataillon des Hautes-Pyrenees

1796: 40e Demi-Brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following units)

6e Bataillon de la Manche
2e Bataillon du Forez
10e Bataillon de la Manche
9e Bataillon du Pas-de-Calaise
2e Bataillon of the 104e Regiment d'Infanterie
27e Bataillon de Volontaires Nationaux des reserves
3e Bataillon de Rouen
2e Bataillon de l'Eure
Depot of the 15e Regiment d'Infanterie

1803: 40e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1792: de Lafont (Jean-Jacques Francois-Barthélmy) - Colonel
1792: Brobecque (Jacques-Grégoire-Louis) - Colonel
1793: Duportal (Félix-Antoine) - Colonel
1793: Lefranc (Jacques) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Legendre d'Harvese (Francois-Marc-Guillaume) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803*
1805: Michel (Claude-Etienne) - Colonel
1806: Chasseraux (Thomas-Jean) - Colonel
1809: Millet (Théodore) - Colonel
1812: Grométy (Jean-Joseph de) - Colonel
1813: Jacquemet (Michel) - Colonel
1814: Bougault (Louis-Loup-Etienne-Martin) - Colonel

Of the above Officers four went on to become General-de-Brigade and above

Lefranc (Jacques)

Born: 4 November 1750 (Mont-de-Marsan)
Chef-de-Brigade : 21 October 1793
General-de-Brigade: 24 March 1803
General-de-Division: 14 April 1794 (refused the promotion)
Commandant of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1803
Died: 5 November 1809

Legendre d'Harvesse (Francois-Marc-Guillaume)

Born: 1 November 1766 (Cormeray)
Chef-de-Brigade : 20 June 1800(40e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 1803 General-de-Brigade: 24 December 1805
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 December 1803
Baron of the Empire: 9 May 1808
Died:24 August 1828

Michel (Claude-Etienne)

Born: 3 October 1772 (Pointre)
Colonel: 27 December 1805
General-de-Brigade: 24 June 1811
General-de-Division: 20 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 6 April 1813
Baron of the Empire: May 1808
Count of the Empire: 23 March 1814
Died: 18 June 1815 (killed at Waterloo)

Chassereaux (Thomas-Jean)

Born: 7 November 1762 (Bain de Bretagne)
Colonel: 16 May 1806 (40e Regiment de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 March 1803
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur:14 May 1807
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 17 December 1809
Baron of the Empire: 28 May 1809
Died: 5 October 1840

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 40e Regiment d'Infanterie

Colonel Chasseraux: Wounded19 November 1809

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 40e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804 -1815.

Officers killed: Forty-three
Officers died of wounds: Nineteen
Officers wounded: One hundred and seventy-six

Regimental war record(Battles and Combats)

1793: Lauterbourg and Geisberg
1795: Capture of Col d'Ispeguy
1796: Caldiero, Arcole and Passage of the Tagliamento
1800: Chiusella, Montebello, Marengo and Pozzolo
1805: Michelsberg, Hollabrunn and Austerlitz
1806: Saalfeld, Jena and Pultusk
1807: Ostrelenka
1808: Saragosse
1809: Arzopispo and Ocana
1809: Ebersberg, Essling and Wagram
1810: Villa-Garcia and Fuentes-Cantos
1811: Siege of Olivenza, Siege of Badajoz,Fuentes d'Onoro, Albuhera and Arroyo-dos-Molinos
1813: Cubiry, Saint-Sebastian and Nivelle
1813: Grossgohren, Lutzen, Bautzen, La Katzbach, Kulm,Leipzig and Hanau
1814: Saint-Pierre d'Yrube, Orthez and Toulouse
1814: Rosnay, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Laon and Paris
1815: Surzberg, Suffelweyersheim and Strasbourg

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800, Austerlitz 1805 and Saragosse 1809.


 

Bibliography 

Charavay J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two.

Coste E. Historique du 40e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Paris; 1887

E-M de Lyden. Nos 144 Regiments de Ligne Paris; N.D.

Delbauve Capt E. Historique du 26e Regiment d'Infanterie Paris; 1889.

Deprez E. Les Volontaires Nationaux (1791-1793) Paris; 1908.

Faive d'Archer (Capt) and Roye (Lt). Historique du 37e Regiment d'Infanterie Paris; 1895

Garcin M. La Patrie en danger (histoire des bataillons de Volontaires 1791-1794)
Rhone; 1991.

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Izarny-Gargas Capt d'. 38e Regiment d'Infanterie Saint-Etienne; 1889

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.

Pieron Lt. Histoire d'un regiment. La 32e demi-brigade (1775-1890) Paris; 1892

Quintin D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Simond Lt E. Le 28e de Ligne, Historique du Regiment Paris; 1889

Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Six G. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1947.

Susane J. Histoire de l'Infanterie Francaise 5 Vols Paris; 1876.



Placed on the Napoleon Series: June 2001

 

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