Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


41e R.I.L.

42e R.I.L.

43e R.I.L.

44e R.I.L.

45e R.I.L.

46e R.I.L.

47e R.I.L.

48e R.I.L.

49e R.I.L.

50e R.I.L.

Bibliography

French Infantry Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1791 to 1815

Part V: 41e - 50e Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

41e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1634: Created
1659: Regiment Mazarin-Francais (formed from)

Regiment d'Huxelles and Regiment de Riberpe

1661: Regiment de la Reine
1791: 41e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 41e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon 20e Regiment de Infanterie
2e bataillon Volontaires du Doubs
4e bataillon Volontaires de l'Eure

1796: 41e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

2e bataillon Volontaires du Gard
1er bataillon Volontaires de la Charente-Inferieure
3e bataillon Volontaires du Moribhan
4e bataillon Volontaires de l'Aisne
7e bataillon Volontiares des Federes-Nationaux
7e bataillon Volontaires de Paris
4e bataillon de l'Legion de Police

1803: There was no 41e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period of Empire

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Carbonnie (Marc) - Colonel
1791: De Verges (Guillaume de La Grange) - Colonel
1794: Varennes (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Kolekrath (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Pechaux (Marie-Nicolas-Louis) - Chef de Brigade

One of the above officers attained the rank of General de Division

Pechaux (Marie-Nicolas-Louis)

Born: 28 January 1769
Chef-de-Brigade: 7 September 1799
General-de-Brigade: 23 June 1810
General-de-Division: 30 May 1813
Died: 1 November 1831

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 41e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

None

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Saint-Dominqu
1795: Quiberon
1798: Malta
1799: Novi
1800: Malta and Genes

Battle Honours

Genes 1800

42e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1635: Created
1684: Regiment de Limousin
1791: 42e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 42e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon 21e Regiment de Infanterie
3e bataillon Volontaires de la Correze
1er bataillon Volontaires des Amis du Bas-Rhin

1796: 42e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

31e demi-brigade de bataile (1er Bat, 16e Regt d'Inf, 1er and 2e Bat Vol Ille-et-Vilaine)

1803: 42e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: De Buonavita (Joseph) - Colonel
1791: De Closen (Jean-Cristophe-Louis-Frederic-Ignace) - Colonel
1792: De Maillard (Francois-Charles) - Colonel
1792: De Laisac (Guillaume-Ayroles Desangles) - Colonel
1794: Gaudet (Philibert) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Aubree (Rene-Francois-Jean) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Piolaine (Joseph-Marie) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Huard de Saint-Aubin (Leonard) - Colonel
1807: Espert de la Tour (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel
1811: Rubillon (Rene-Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel
1814: Daries (Joseph-Hyacinthe) - Colonel
1815: Rubillon (Rene-Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Bonavita (Joseph)

Born: 19 August 1733
Colonel: 21 October 1791
General-de-Brigade: 15 May 1793
Died: ?

Closen (Jean-Cristophe-Louis-Frederic-Ignace de)

Born: 14 August 1755
Colonel: 23 November 1791
General-de-Brigade: 22 July 1792
Died: 1830

Gaudet (Philibert)

Born: 5 October 1755
Chef-de-Brigade: 23 June 1794
General-de-Brigade: ?
Died: 20 March 1795

Aubree (Rene-Francois-Jean)

Born: 23 June 1763
Chef-de-Brigade: 18 August 1794 (31e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: 17 March 1796 (42e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 19 September 1799
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 1 December 1808 (Killed at Saragosse)

Huard de Saint-Aubin (Leonard)

Born: 11 January 1770
Chef-de-Brigade: 18 July 1800
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 1 March 1807
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 27 July 1807
Baron of the Empire: 21 November 1810
Died: 7 September 1812 (Killed at the Battle of La Moskowa)

Espert de Latour (Jean-Baptiste)

Born: 1 July 1764
Colonel: 10 November 1807
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 7 May 1811
Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1807
Died: 13 October 1815

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 42e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Rubillon: wounded 28 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 42e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Nineteen
Officers died of wounds: Seven
Officers wounded: Eighty-nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1791: Sardaigne
1799: Bergen
1800: Biberach, Hohenlinden, Ulm, and Hochstedt
1806: Maida and Reggio
1807: Bologne and Verone
1809: Raab and Wagram
1810: Vich
1811: Tarragone, Lerida, and Mataro
1813: Tarragone, Tarvis, and Caldiero
1813: Bautzen, Lukau, Grossbeeren, and Dennewitz
1814: Monzambano, Taro, and Jacca
1815: Bonneville and Nantua

Battle Honours

Hohenlinden 1800, Girone 1809, and Tarragone 1811

43 Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1635: Created and named Royal des Vaisseaux)
1791: 43e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 43e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon 22e Regiment de Infanterie
4e bataillon Volontaires de Seine-et-Oise
3e bataillon Volontaires du Lot

1796: 43e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

34e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 18e Regt d'Inf, 3e Bat Vol de la Moselle and 5e Bat Vol de la Meurthe)
3e Bataillon 149e demi-brigade de bataille

1803: 43e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: De Kerkaradec (Joseph-Marie Rogon) - Colonel
1792: De Sicard (Anselme) - Colonel
1792: Verges (Francois) - Colonel
1794: Vare (Louis-Prix) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Barrere () - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Bisson (Baptiste-Pierre-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Semelle (Jean-Baptiste-Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Vivies (Guillaume-Raymond-Amant) - Chef-de-Brigade
1805: Lemarois (Yves) - Colonel
1807: Bausssain (Jean-Claude) - Colonel
1811: Devez (Antoine) - Colonel
1813: Jacquemard (Nicolas) - Colonel
1813: Veller de Chef du Bois (Jean-Pierre-Rene-Stanislas) - Colonel

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Verges (Francois)

Born: 29 October 1752
Colonel: 4 September 1792
General-de-Brigade: 15 May 1794
Died: 13 september 179

Vare (Louis-Prix)

Born: 21 January 1766
Chef-de-Brigade: 20 August 1794
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 14 March 1807 (of wounds sustained at Thorn)

Bisson (Baptiste-Pierre-Francois)

Born: 16 February 1767
Chef-de-Brigade: 19 September 1794 (26e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: 23 May 1796 (43e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 5 July 1800
General-de-Division: 1 February 1805
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Count of the Empire: 10 March 1810
Died: 26 July 1811

Semelle (Jean-Baptiste-Pierre)

Born: 16 June 1773
Chef-de-Brigade: 25 November 1799 (20e demi-brigade Legere)
Chef-de-Brigade: 19 August 1800 (43e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 10 November 1807
General-de-Division: 31 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 1 June 1808
Died: 24 January 1839

Vivies (Guillaume-Raymond-Amant)

Born: 3 November 1763
Chef-de-Brigade: 26 October 1800
General-de-Brigade: 24 December 1805
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 12 January 1813 (while being held prisoner by the Russians)

Jacquemard (Nicolas)

Born: 10 February 1771
Colonel: 16 January 1813
General-de-Brigade: 15 March 1814
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 April 1815
Died: 17 April 1835

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 43e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Le Marois: killed 8 February 1807
Colonel Baussin: wounded 10 June 1807, killed 27 February 1811
Colonel Devez: killed 14 April 1812
Colonel Veller de Chef du Bois: wounded 13 October 1813 and 10 November 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 43e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty-two
Officers died of wounds: Eighteen
Officers wounded: One hundred and eighty-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy and Capture of Namur
1795: Loano
1796: Wurzburg
1797: Rivoli, La Favorite, and Valvassone
1800: Montebello, Marengo, and Pozzolo
1805: Ulm and Austerlitz
1806: Jena
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1808: Medina-del-Rio Secco, Bilbao, and Durango
1809: Santander and Ronda
1810: Capture of Ronda, Pampelune, and Aspiro
1811: Defence of Ronda, Villa-Nova-del-Duque, and Osuna
1812: Olora
1813: Vittoria, Bidassoa, Saint-Barbe, Nivelle, and Bayonnne
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Kulm, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Orthez and Toulouse
1814: Champaubert, Montmirail, Vauchamps,Laon, Reims, Fere-Champenois and Paris
1815: Saint-Gilles and Matha

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800 and Jena 1806

44e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1642: Created
1645: Named Regiment Mazarin-Italien
1651: Renamed Regiment Anjou-Etranger
1660: Renamed Regiment de Orleans
1791: 44e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 44e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon 22e Regiment de Infanterie
2e bataillon Volontaires de la Correze
5e bataillon Volontaires de Rhone-et-Loire

1796: 44e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de ligne (formed from the following)

92e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 46e Regt d'Inf, 5e Bat Vol de la Haute-Saone and 2e Bat Vol d'Eure-et-Loir)
2e and Depot bataillons 44e Regiment de Infanterie

1803: 44e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Chateigner (Charles de La Chateigneraie de Saint-Foix) - Colonel
1792: De Langrange (Jean-Charles Gerboult) - Colonel
1793: De Felix (Jean-Joseph Doyen) - Colonel
1794: Pencez (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Mainoni (Joseph-Antoine-Marie-Michel) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Offenstein (Francois-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Saudeur (Adrien-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1806: Lafosse (Jacque-Mathurin) - Colonel
1811: Griolet de Saint-Henry (Pierre-Elisabeth-Henri) - Colonel
1812: Paolini (Jean-Dominique) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Mainoni (Joseph-Antoine-Marie-Michel)

Born: 29 September 1754
Chef-de-Brigade: 17 February 1796
General-de-Brigade: 19 November 1798
Died: 12 December 1807 (of wounds received at Marengo in 1800)

Offenstein (Francois-Joseph)

Born: 27 July 1760
General-de-Brigade: 30 July 1793
General-de-Division: 22 September 1793
General Offenstein was removed from these post by Representative of the People in 24 July 1794
Chef-de-Brigade: 28 June 1796 (10e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Chef-de-Brigade: 24 June 1797 (77e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Chef-de-Brigade: 28 April 1799(44e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 25 June 1807
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 28 May 1809
Died: 27 September 1837
It is interesting to note that General Offenstein was also Chef-de-Brigade of the following:
Chef-de-Brigade 12e Regiment Chasseurs a Cheval: 21 July 1799 Chef-de-Brigade 7e Regiment de Cavalerie (7e Regiment de Cuirassiers): 30 May 1800

Saudeur (Adrien-Joseph)

Born : 2 January 1764
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 August 1794 (154e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: 28 March 1799 (44e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 30 December 1806
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804
Died: 27 May 1813

Lafosse (Jacque-Mathurin)

Born: 10 March 1770
Colonel: 4 February 1807
General-de-Brigade: 6 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 24 June 1808
Died: 17 May 1824

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 44e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Lafosse: wounded 10 May 1807

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 44e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty
Officers died of wounds: Twelve
Officers wounded: One hundred and nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy
1793: Kaiserlautern
1794: Fleurus
1799: Maienfeld, Martinsbruck, Remus, Sus, Zurich, Glarus, Klonthal, and Schwanden
1800: Marengo
1806: Jena and Pultusk
1807: Eylau, Ostrelenka, Dantzig, and Friedland
1808: Saragosse and Lerins
1809: Siege of Saragosse and Alcanitz
1810: Siege of Tortose
1811: Sanguessa and Valence
1812: Smoliany, Galopinski, and Borisow
1813: Yecla and Ordal
1814: Barcelone
1815: Ligny and Roquencourt

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800, Eylau 1807, and Saragosse 1808


45e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1643: Created as Regiment de la Reine-Mere
1666: Renamed Regiment d'Arois
1673: Renamed Regiment de la Couronne
1791: 45e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 45e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon 23e Regiment de Ligne
1er bataillon Volontaires des Basse-Alpes
1er bataillon Volontires de la Lozere

1796: 45e demi-brgade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

100e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 50e Regt d'Inf, 7e Bat Vol des Bouches-du-Rhone and Bat Vol de Tarascon)
105e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 53e Regt d'Inf and 1er and 2e Bat Vol du Gers)
Bataillon Volontaires des Basse-Alpes

1803: 45e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Moyria (Joseph-Marie-Anne de) - Colonel
1792: Chalain (Charles-Antoine-Guillaume Blandin de) - Colonel
1793: Goullus (Francois) - Colonel
1794: Bourset () - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Giraud (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Philippe (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Barrie (Jean-Leonard) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1811: Vare (Pierre-Louis) - Colonel
1813: Freytag (Jean-Daniel) - Colonel
1815: Chapuzet (Loius-Guillaume-Joseph) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Chalain (Charles-Antoine-Guillaume Blandin de)

Born: 7 June 1740
Colonel: 29 June 1792
General-de-Brigade: 30 July 1793
Died: ?

Goullus (Francois)

Born: 4 July 1758
Chef-de-Brigade: 12 April 1793
Wounded 5 September 1793
General-de-Brigade: 17 February 1797
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 13 August 1811
Died: 7 September 1814

Barrie (Jean-Leonard)

Born: 30 October 1774
Chef-de-Brigade: 4 May 1800
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 27 November 1810
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 22 November 1808
Baron of the Empire: 27 November 1808
Died: 15 February 1848

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 45e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Barrie: wounded 28 July 1809
Colonel Vare: killed 30 July 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 45e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-seven
Officers died of wounds: Nine
Officers wounded: One hundred and twelve

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy and Siege of Lille
1793: Nerwinden and Wattignies
1794: Courtrai and Capture of Ypres
1796: Lodi, Mantoue, Saint-Georges, and Castiglione
1797: Mantoue
1799: Magnano, Cassano, Novi, Gavi, and Tortone
1801: Casa-Nova
1805: Austerlitz
1806: Crewitz and Lubeck
1807: Ostrelenka and Friedland
1808: Espinosa-de-los-Monteros
1809: Alcantara, Aspern-Essling, Wagram, Talevera-de-la-Reina, and Almonacid
1811: Barrosa, Fuentes-de-Onoro, and Albuera
1812: Cadiz
1813: Vittoria, Echalar, Nivelle, and Bayonne
1813: Dresden and Dantzig
1814: Garris, Orthez, and Toulouse
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Lodi 1796, Austerlitz 1805, and Friedland 1807

46e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1644: Created as Regiment Mazarin-Francais
1651: Renamed Regiment d'Bretagne
1791: 46e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 46e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon 23e Regiment de Infanterie
4e and 6e bataillons Volontaires de l'Isere

1796: 46e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

17e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 9e Regt d'Inf, 2e Bat Vol de l'Indre and 3e Bat Vol de la Seine- Inferieure)
107e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 54e Regt d'Inf, 3e and 4e Bat Vol de l'Yonne)
1er and 2e bataillons 39e Regiment de Infanterie

1803: 46e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Saint-Victor (Francois-Anselme) - Colonel
1792: Athalin (Charles-Francois-Xavier) - Colonel
1793: Sisce (Jean-Baptiste de Bressoles de ) - Colonel
1794: Pinet (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Clerc (Joseph-Theodore) - Chef-de-Brigade
1797: Clerence (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1797: Forty (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Lanchantin (Louis-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1805: Lorencez ( Guillaume-Latrille de ) - Colonel
1807: Richard (Joseph-Pierre) - Colonel
1812: Brue (Jean-Louis) - Colonel
1814: Regeau (Jean-Marie) - Colonel
1815: Dupre (Louis-Andre) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Sisce (Jean-Baptiste de Bressoles de)

Born: 23 December 1753
Chef-de-Brigade: 7 September 1793
General-de-Brigade: 14 June 1794
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 30 November 1838

Clerc (Joseph-Theodore)

Born: 17 September 1758
Chef-de-Brigade: 18 July 1796
General-de-Brigade: 25 September 1793 (refused the promotion)
Died: 16 February 1826

Lanchantin (Louis-Francois)

Born: 1 November 1756
Chef-de-Brigade: 9 July 1800
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 1 February 1805
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 22 November 1811
Died: ? (taken prisoner by the Russians after the Battle of Krasnoe and listed as disappeared)

Lorencez (Guillaume-Latrille de)

Born: 21 April 1772
Colonel: 1 February 1805
General-de-Brigade: 10 February 1807
General-de-Division: 13 march 1813
Baron of the Empire: 29 June 1809
Died: 1 October 1855

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 46e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Richard: wounded 5 June 1807 and killed 21 May 1809
Colonel Baudinot: wounded 6 July 1809
Colonel Brue: wounded 17 August 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 46e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Fifty-five
Officers died of wounds: Twenty-four
Officers wounded: One hundred and eighty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Rheinzabern, Landau, Bergzabern, Ober-Otterbach, Nothweiler, Brumpt, Haguenau and Schlethal
1794: Siege of Demonte
1795: Carcare and Loano
1796: Mondovi
1798: Ostende
1799: Zurich, Busingen, Engen, and Moeskirch
1800: Hochstedt, Oberhausen, and Hohenlinden
1805: Ulm and Austerlitz
1806: Jena and Lubeck
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1809: Essling, Wagram, and Znaim
1812: Smolensk, Valoutina, La Moskowa, Wiasma, and Krasnoe
1813: Kulm, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Brienne, La Rothiere, Montereau, and Bar-sur-Aube
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Zurich 1799, Austerlitz 1805, and La Moskowa 1812

47e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1644: Created and named Regiment de Carignan
1665: Renamed Regiment de Carignan-Sallieres
1677: Renamed Regiment de Soissons
1690: Renamed Regiment de Perche
1744: Renamed Gardes de Lorraine
1766: Renamed Regiment de Lorraine
1791: 47e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 47e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon 24e Regiment de Infanterie
9e bataillon Volontaires de la Cote-d'Or
4e bataillon Volontaires des Deux-Sevres

1796: 47e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

One bataillon 92e Regiment de Infanterie
2e bataillon Volontaires de l'Orne
6e bataillon Volontaires de Paris

1803: 47e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: D'Ollone (Pierre-Francois) - Colonel
1792: Colomb (Joseph-Antoine) - Colonlel
1795: Nerin (Claude) - Chef-de-Brigade
1798: O'Neil (Jean) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: La Chastre (Pierre-Denis) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1808: Donadieu (Gabriel) - Colonel
1811: Dein (Olivier-Constant) - Colonel
1814: Danlion (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Colomb (Joseph-Antoine)

Born: 26 September 1735
Colonel: 16 April 1792
General-de-Brigade: 8 April 1793
Died: 25 January 1811

O'Neil (Jean)

Born: 20 january 1737
Colonel: 15 July 1791 (88e Regiment d'Infanterie refused promotion)
Colonel: 8 January 1792 (92e Regiment d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 15 May 1793 (refused promotion)
Chef-de-Brigade: 19 February 1798 (47e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 13 February 1801
Died: ?

Donnadieu (Gabriel)

Born: 11 December 1777
Colonel: 13 November 1808
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 6 June 1815
Baron of the Empire: 26 March 1809
Died: 18 June 1848

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 47e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Dein: wounded 22 July 1812 and killed 27 February 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 47e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-two
Officers died of wounds: Nine
Officers wounded: One hundred and seventeen

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Siege of Namur
1793: Capture of Fort Villote, Siege of Maestricht, Conde, and Wattignies
1794: Fleurus
1796: Mannheim
1799: Capture of Pignerol, Stura, and Savigliano
1808: Evora, Vimeiro, Capture of Pampelune, Capture of Saragosse, and Medina-del-Rio-Seco
1809: La Corogne and Porto
1810: Siege of Astorga, Siege of Almeida, and Torres-Vedras
1812: Salamanque
1813: Vitoria and Bidassoa
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, and Leipzig
1814: Pampelune, Orthez, and Toulouse

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794 and La Corogne 1809

48e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History (Artois)

1610: Created
1673: Regiment d'Artois
1791: 48e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 48e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon 24e Regiment de Infanterie
1er bataillon Volontaires du Calvados
1er bataillon Volontaires des Bouches-du-Rhone

1796: 48e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

48e demi-brigade de bataille (see above)
2e Bataillon Volontaires du Nord
2e Bataillon Volontaires des Ardennes

1803: 48e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Tourette (Joseph-Alexandre) - Colonel
1791: De la Ferriere (Louis-Paul Dargeot) - Colonel
1793: Desfourneaux (Edme-Etienne Borne) - Colonel
1794: Arnaud (Antoine) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Cassine (Jean-Joseph-Henri) - Colonel
1805: Barbanegre (Joseph) - Colonel
1809: Groisne (Joseph) - Colonel
1812: Pelet-Clozeau(Jean-Jacque-Germain) - Colonel
1813: Warengheim (Adrien-Lamoral-jean-Marie) - Colonel
1814: Peraldi (Olivier-Antoine-Constantin) - Colonel

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Desfourneaux (Edme-Etienne Borne)

Born: 22 April 1767
Colonel: 8 February 1793
General-de-Brigade: 14 May 1793
General-de-Division: 11 December 1794
Baron of the Empire: 12 April 1813
Died: 20 February 1849

Arnaud (Antoine)

Born: 14 January 1749
Chef-de-Brigade: 18 August 1794
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
Died: 11 April 1806

Barbanegre (Joseph)

Born: 22 August 1772
Colonel: 29 August 1805
General-de-Brigade: 21 March 1809
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Baron of the Empire: 20 August 1809
Died: 7 November 1830

Groisne (Joseph)

Born: 31 October 1768
Colonel: 7 April 1809
General-de-Brigade: 8 October 1812
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 8 June 1809
Baron of the Empire: 4 June 1810
Died: 29 December 1812

Pelet-Clozeau (Jean-Jacques-Germain)

Born: 15 July 1777
Colonel: 11 October 1812
General-de-Brigade: 12 April 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 13 July 1813
Died: 20 December 1858

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 48e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Pelet-Clozeau: wounded 18 November 1812
Colonel Peraldi: wounded 2 July 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 48e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-even
Officers died of wounds: Seven
Officers wounded: One hundred and fifty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1791: Saint-Dominique
1794: Venlo and Amsterdam
1797: Mayennce and Dietz
1798: Bergen, Alkmaar, and Castricum
1800: Kirchberg and Hohenlinden
1805: Austerlitz
1806: Auerstadt
1807: Eylau
1809: Eckmuhl, Ratisbon, and Wagram
1812: La Moskowa, Krasnoe, and Beresina
1813: Hamburg
1814: Hamburg
1815: Ligny

Battle Honours

Hohenlinden 1800, Austerlitz 1805, and Auerstadt 1806

49e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1647: Created
1762: Regiment de Berry
1788: Renamed Regiment de Vintimille
1791: 49e Regiment d'Infanterie
1795: 49e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er Bataillon, 25e Regiment d'Infanterie
4e Bataillon Volontaires du Nord
5e Bataillon Volontaires de l'Oise

1796: 49e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

93e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 47e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de Seine-et-Marne and 6e Bat Vol du Haute-Rhine)
174e demi-brigade de bataile (2e Bat, 95e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de la Haute-Vienne and 6e Bat Vol de l'Yonne)

1803: There was no 49e Regiment during the Empire period

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Casabianca (Raphael) - Colonel
1792: Desperrieres (Gabriel-Adrien-Marie Poissonier) - Colonel
1793: De Boisragon () - Colonel
1795: Delegorgue (Francois-Joseph-Augustin) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Paradis (Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Bardet (Martial) - Chef-de-Brigade

All of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

De Casabianca (Raphael)

Born: 27 November 1738
Colonel: 25 July 1791
General-de-Brigade: 27 May 1792
General-de-Division: 19 march 1794
Count of the Empire: 5 October 1808
Died: 28 November 1828

Desperrieres (Gabriel-Adrien-Marie Poissonier)

Born: 12 January 1763
Colonel: 16 May 1792 (81e Regiment d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 27 May 1792 (49e Regiment d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 30 June 1793
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 13 May 1852

Delegorgue (Francois-Joseph-Augustin)

Born: 27 November 1757
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 September 1795
General-de-Brigade: 20 March 1800
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 17 June 1807 (decapitated in combat)

Paradis (Joseph)

Born: 23 December 1741
Chef-de-Brigade: 16 July 1794 (93e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: ? 1796 (49e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 6 October 1799
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 5 October 1824

Bardet (Martial)

Born: 22 may 1764
Chef-de-Brigade: 10 September 1799
General-de-Brigade: 12 March 1807
General-de-Division: 3 March 1814
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Baron of the Empire: 6 September 1811
Died: 3 May 1837

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 49e Regiment d'Infanterie

None

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Mons, Bavay, and Jemmapes
1793: Arlon and Hondschoote
1794: Maastricht
1795: Capture of Luxembourg
1796: Wurzburg, Nassau, and Weilberg
1799: Bergen
1801: Saint-Dominique

Battle Honours

Jemmapes 1792

50e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1651: Regiment de Vendome
1712: Renamed Regiment de Berry
1714: Renamed Regiment de Barrois
1716: Renamed Regiment de Vendome
1762: Renamed Regiment de Hainaut
1791: 50e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 50e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e Bataillon, 25e Regiment d'Infanterie
3e Bataillon Volontaires de l'Oise
6e Bataillon Volontaires de la Seine-Inferieure

1796: 50e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

25e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 13e Regt d'Inf, 4e Bat Vol de Jura and 4e Bat Vol de Doubs)
194e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat, 109e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de l'Yonne and 3e Bat Vol de la Loire-Inferieure)
2e bataillon, 204e demi-brigade de bataille

1803: 50e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Regnaud (Marie-Alexis-Francois-Regis) - Colonel
1791: Saint-Simon (Claude de) - Colonel
1792: Bordenave (Jean-Ignace de) - Colonel
1794: Azemar (Francois-Basile) - Chef de Brigde
1796: Hugues (Etienne) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1804: Lamartiniere (Thomas-Mignot de) - Colonel
1807: Frappart (Fiacre-Joseph) - Colonel
1811: La Caussade (Joseph-Honore-Celestin-Francois) - Colonel
1815: Lavigne (Francois-Marie-Joseph) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Azemar (Francois-Basile)

Born: 28 January 1770
Chef-de-Brigade: 21 March 1795
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 1 August 1813
Died: 13 September 1813 (killed at Combat of Gross-Debnitz)

Lamartiniere (Thomas-Mignot de) - Colonel

Born: 26 February 1768
Chef-de-Brigade: 22 December 1800 (77e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Colonel: 5 October 1803
General-de-Brigade: 10 February 1808
General-de-Division: 11 February 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Baron of the Empire: 24 June 1808
Died: 6 September 1813 (of wounds sustained at the Bidassoa)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Frappard: wounded 6 June 1807 and 11 March 181
Colonel Prevost Saint-Cyr: wounded 22 July 1812 and 13 November 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty
Officers died of wounds: Nine
Officers wounded: One hundred and sixty-four

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Conquest of Nice
1793: Sospello
1796: Maudach and Renchen
1797: Biberach
1799: Zurich
1800: Albebruck, Engen, Moeskirch, and Kirchberg
1805: Gunzburg, Elchingen, and Scharnitz
1806: Jena
1807: Waltersdorf and Guttstadt
1808: Tudela
1809: Tamames
1810: Cuidad-Rodrigo and Busaco
1811: Redhina, Casal-Novo, Foz-do-Arouce
1812: Salamanca
1813: Nivelle and Bayonne
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Gue-a-Tresmes and Fere-Champenois
1815: Ligny and Wavre

Battle Honours

Zurich 1799, Jena 1806, and Lutzen 1813

 

Bibliography 

Charavay J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two.

E-M de Lyden. Nos 144 Regiments de Ligne Paris; N.D.

Deprez E. Les Volontaires Nationaux (1791-1793) Paris; 1908.

Garcin M. La Patrie en danger (histoire des bataillons de Volontaires 1791-1794)
Rhone; 1991.

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.Quintin D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Six G. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1947.

Susane J. Histoire de l'Infanterie Francaise 5 Vols Paris; 1876.



Placed on the Napoleon Series: July 2001

 

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