Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


51e R.I.L.
52e R.I.L.
53e R.I.L.
54e R.I.L.
55e R.I.L.
56e R.I.L.
57e R.I.L.
58e R.I.L.
59e R.I.L.
60e R.I.L.
Bibliography

French Infantry Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1791 to 1815

Part VI: 51e - 60e Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

51e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History
1651:    Created
1685:    Regiment de la Sarre
1791:    51e Regiment d'Infanterie
1794:    51e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)
1er bataillon, 26e Regiment d'Infanterie
3e bataillon, Volontaires des Hautes-Alpes
5e bataillon, Volontaires des Hautes-Alpes
1796:    51e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)
199e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat Vol de Lombards, 11e and 16e Bat Vol des Reserves)
3e Grenadier Company, 14e demi-brigade de bataille
13e bataillon, Provisoire
2e Grenadier Company, 26e demi-brigade de bataille
1803:    51e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade
1791:    Du Pont de Compiegne (Charles-Leopold-Joseph) - Colonel
1791:    D'Iversay (Joseph-Joulard) - Colonel
1792:    Vail d'Allais (Charles-Guillaume) - Colonel
1792:    Desperriers (Joseph-Marie Lavoine) - Colonel
1792:    Dagobert (Louis-Simon-Auguste) - Colonel
1793:    Dortoman (Jean-Jacque) - Colonel
1793:    Massena (Andre) - Colonel
1793:    Rivas (?) - Colonel
1794:    La Balguerie (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795:    Brenier (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:    Lafont (Elie) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:    Menizweig (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800:    Bonnet d'Honnieres (Joseph-Alphonse-Hyacinthe-Alexandre) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1805:    Baille (Louis-Paul) - Colonel
1812:    Taille (Francois-Nicolas) - Colonel
1813:    Douarche (Pierre) - Colonel
1814:    Rignon (Jean-Antoine) - Colonel

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above, one becoming Marechal

Dagobert (Luc-Simon-Auguste)

Born: 8 March 1736
Colonel: 27 May 1792
General-de-Brigade : 20 September 1792
General-de-Division: 15 May 1793
Died: 18 April 1794

Dortoman (Jean-Jacque)

Born: 27 October 1738
Colonel: 22 November 1792
General-de-Brigade : 17 June 1793
Died: 23 February 1794 (Guillotined by orders of the revolutionary Tribunal)

Massena (Andre)

Born: 6 May 1758
Chef-de-Brigade : 17 August 1793
General-de-Brigade : 22 August 1793
General-de-Division: 20 December 1793
Marachal de l'Empire: 10 May 1804
Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 December 1803
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Grand Cross of the legion d'Honneur: 2 February 1805
Duke de Rivoli: 10 March 1808
Prince d'Essling: 31 January 1810
Died: 4 April 1817

Lafont (Elie)

Born: 15 October 1740
Chef-de-Brigade : 4 November 1793 (99e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 30 May 1796 (51e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade : 21 December 1796
Died: 28 December 1810

Bonnet d'Honnieres (Joseph-Alphonse-Hyacinthe-Alexandre)

Born: 11 March 1764
Chef-de-Brigade : 30  April 1797 (9e demi-brigade legere)
Chef-de-Brigade : 24 July 1800 (51e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade : 24 December 1805
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 11 February 1807 (of wounds sustained at Eylau)
Baille (Louis-Paul)
Born: 1 July 1768
Colonel: 27 December 1807
General-de-Brigade : 6 August 1811
Baron of the Empire: 7 June 1808
Died: 2 October 1821

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 51e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
          

Colonel Taille: Killed 25 July 1813
Colonel Rignon: Killed 18 June 1815


Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 51e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty-one
Officers died of wounds: Nineteen
Officers wounded: Ninety-nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792:    Armee du Midi
1793:    Armee d'Italie
1794:    Armee d'Italie
1795:    Armee d'Italie
1796:    Voltri, Montenotte, Dego, Lodi, Borghetto, Castiglione, Governolo, and Arcole
1797:    Rivoli, Mantua, and Valvassone
1799:    Bergen and Castricum
1800:    Fribourg, Biberach, and Hohenlinden
1805:    Austerlitz
1806:    Auerstadt, Czarnonvo, and Golymin
1807:    Eylau, Ostrelenka, Dantzi,g and Friedland
1808:    Madrid, Valence, and Bilbao
1809:    Talevera-de-la-Reina, Almonacid, and Fuente-Ovejuna
1811:    Albuhera
1812:    Tarifa and Cadix
1813:    Vitoria and Maya
1813:    Borisov, Kulm, and Dresde
1814:    Orthez and Toulouse
1814:    Arnheim, Herg-op-Zoom, and Coutray
1815:    Waterloo

Battle Honours

Arcole 1797 and Eylau 1807

52e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1654:    Created
1661:    Regiment de la Fere
1791:    52e Regiment d'Infanterie
1794:    52e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 26e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon, Volontaires de Vaucluse
5e bataillon, Volontaires des Bouche-du-Rhone
2e bataillon, Volontaires des Requisitionnaires de la Montagne d'Aix

1796:    52e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

143e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 78e Regt d'Inf, 4e Bat Vol du Loiret and 6e Bat vol de la   Marne)
144e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 79e Regt d'Inf, 7e and 8e Bat Vol de la Formation de Orleans
1er and 2e Bataillons, 4e Regiment d'Infanterie
3e bataillon, Volontaires de Loir-et-Cher
3e bataillon, Volontaires d'Ille-et-Vilaine

1803:    52e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791:    Boyer (Francois-Raymond) - Colonel
1791:    Noinville (Alphonse-Louis-Bernard de Rey de) - Colonel
1791:    Rossi (Don Gratio) - Colonel
1793:    Sailly (Antoine-Joseph de) - Colonel
1794:    Gast (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:    Fery (Jean-Baptiste-Michel) - Chef-de-Brigade
1801:    Pastol (Yves-Marie) - Chef-de-Brigade
1809:    Grenier (Jean-George) - Colonel
1813:    Muller (Jean) - Colonel
1815:    Jaquet (Louis-Marion) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Rossi (Don Gratio)

            Born: 25 March 1726
            Colonel: 21 October 1791
            General-de-Brigade : 8 March 1793
            Died: ?
            Fery (Jean-Baptiste-Michel)
            Born: 18 June 1757
            Chef-de-Brigade : 17 September 1795 (143e demi-brigade de bataille)
            Chef-de-Brigade : 5 October 1796 (52e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
            General-de-Brigade : 20 September 1800
            Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
            Died: 3 February 1809

Pastol (Yves-Marie)

            Born: 5 march 1770
            Chef-de-Brigade : 19 September 1801
            General-de-Brigade : 30 May 1809
            Officer of the Legion d'Honnneur: 14 June 1804
            Baron of the Empire: 15 August 1809
            Died: 31 May 1813 (killed in combat at Neukirch)            

Grenier (Jean-George)

            Born: 11 November 1771
            Colonel: 30 May 1809
            General-de-Brigade : 25 December 1813
            Baron of the Empire: 15 August 1809
            Died: 6 November 1835

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 52e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Pastol: Wounded 18 October 1805 and 19 January 1807

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 52e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Nineteen
Officers died of wounds: Ten
Officers wounded: One hundred and nineteen

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793:    Toulon and Cagliari
1794:    Siege of Bastia
1795:    Armee d'Italie
1796:    Armee des Cotes de l'Ocean
1800:    Grandchamp and Valeggio
1805:    Verone and Caldiero
1808:    Capri
1809:    Sacile, Piave River, Malborghetto, and Wagram
1811:    Salinas-d'Anana
1813:    Bautzen and Hanau
1814:    Blockade of Genes
1815:    Corps d'occupation du Jura

Battle Honours

Valeggio 1800 and Wagram 1809

53e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1656:    Created Regiment d'Alsace
1791:    53e Regiment d'Infanterie
1794:    53e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following )

1er bataillon, 27e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er bataillon, Volontaires de la formation du Bas-Rhin
3e bataillon, Volontaires de la Moselle

1796:    53e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne ( formed from the following )

202e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat Vol de Puy-de-Dome, 6e Bat Vol de Rhone-et-Loire, 9e Bat  Vol de la formation d'Orleans and 10e Bat Vol de la Gironde)
2e bataillon, 176e demi-brigade de bataille
19e bis Legere

1803:    53e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791:    Neuwinger (Francois-Joseph de) - Colonel
1792:    Fladen (Charles-Louis de) - Colonel
1794:    Rivet (Jean-Baptiste) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:    Vandermaessen (Lubin-Martin) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799:    Camus (Louis) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1805:    Songeon (Jean-Marie) - Colonel
1809:    Joannis (Sebastien-Louis-Gabriel) - Colonel
1809:    Grobon (Pierre-Andre) - Colonel
1814:    Merdier (Jean-Etienne) - Colonel
1814:    Bochaton (Jean-Marie) - Colonel

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Rivet (Jean-Baptiste)

Born: 14 November 1748
Chef-de-Brigade : 31 December 1793 (53e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 5 April 1796 (53e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade : 9 February 1796 (refused promotion and retained his rank with the 53e)
Died: 1805

Vandermaessen (Lubin-Martin)

Born: 11 November 1766
Chef-de-Brigade : 28 June 1794 (140e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 30 September 1798 (53e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade : 5 February 1799
General-de-Division: 27 August 1803
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 March 1804
Died: 1 September 1813 (of wounds recieved at Saint-Jean-de-Luz)

Camus (Louis)

Born: 16 march 1760
Chef-de-Brigade : 10 May 1794 (61e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 7 September 1796 (76e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef-de-Brigade : 4 May 1799 (20e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef-de-Brigade : 29 August 1799 (53e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade : 1 February 1805
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 6 April 1813 ( while being held prisoner by the Russians)
Wounded: 1 October 1799

Songeon (Jean-Marie)

Born: 3 April 1771
Colonel: 1 February 1807
General-de-Brigade : 25 November 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 28 September 1834

Grobon (Pierre-Andre)

Born: 5 January 1767
Colonel: 27 July 1807
General-de-Brigade : 1 January 1814
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 12 February 1813
Baron of the Empire: 6 October 1810
Died: 7 June 1815 (of wounds received at Saint-Gilles-sur-Vie, Vendee)


Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 53e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Joannis: Wounded 6 July 1809
Colonel Grobon: Wounded 15 November 1813 and  8 December 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 53e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-four
Officers died of wounds: Eight
Officers wounded: One hundred and sixty five

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793:    Peyrestortes and Saint-Ferreol
  1794:    Montesquiou, Le Boulou, Collioure, and Capture of Figuieres
  1795:    Siege of Luxembourg
  1796:    Kaiserlautern and Deux-Ponts
  1799:    Ostrach, Stockach, Pastrengo, Zurich, and Muthenthal
  1800:    Engen, Moeskirch, Ampflingen, and Hohenlinden
  1805:    Caldiero and Passage of the Tagliamento
  1809:    Piave River, Tagliamento, San-Michele, Raab, Wagram, and Znaim
  1812:    Witepsk, La Moskowa, Winkovo, Malojaroslawetz, and Krasnoe
  1813:    Caldiero and San-Michele
  1814:    Mincio

Battle Honours            

Zurich 1799 and La Moskowa 1812

54e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1657:    Created Regiment Catalan-Mazarin
1661:    Renamed Royal-Catalan
1667:    Renamed Royal Roussillon
1791:    54e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793:    54e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 27e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er bataillon, Volontaires du Pay-de-Dome
1er bataillon, Volontaires de l'Indre

1796:    54e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

43e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat 22e Regt d'Inf, 4e Bat Vol de Seine-et-Oise and 3e Bat Vol du Lot)

1803:    54e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1792:    Dumesnil (Pierre-Michel-Joseph-Salomon) - Colonel
1794:    Glinec (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795:    Sauvat (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:    Vare (Louis-Prix) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803:    Philippon (Armand) - Colonel
1810:    Saint-Faust (Jacques) - Colonel
1814:    Charlet (Claude) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Vare (Louis-Prix)

Born: 21 January 1766
Chef-de-Brigade : 20 August 1794 (43e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 14 June 1796 (54e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade : 29 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 14 March 1807 (of wounds sustained at Thorn)

        Philippon (Armand)

Born: 28 August 1761
Chef-de-Brigade : 19 November 1800 (87e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 10 October 1803 (54e Regiment d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade : 21 June 1810
General-de-Division: 9 July 1811
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 11 July 1810
Died: 4 May 1836


Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 54e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Philippon: Wounded 28 July 1809
Colonel Saint-Faust: Wounded 27 February 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 54e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-three
Officers died of wounds: Fourteen
Officers wounded: Eighty-nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792:    Valmy and Jemmapes
1793:    Kaiserlautern
1794:    Mayence
1799:    Bergen and Alkmaer
1800:    Hohenlinden
1805:    Durnstein and Austerlitz
1806:    Crewitz and Lubeck
1807:    Ostrolenka and Friedland
1808:    Espinosa and Somo-Sierra
1809:    Essling, Wagram, and Talevera-de-la-Reyna
1810:    Saint-Louis
1811:    Chiclana, Fuentes-d'Onoro, and Zujar                             
1812:    Tarifa and Cadiz
1813:    Oignon, Vittoria, Col de Maya, Dresde, Leipzig, and Dantzig
1814:    Bar-sur-Aube, Fere-Champenoise, and Maestricht
1815:    Waterloo

Battle Honours

Alkmaer 1799, Austerlitz 1805, and Friedland 1807

55e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1644:    Created Regiment de Conde
1791:    55e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793:    55e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 28e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e and 3e bataillons, Volontaires de l'Ardeche

1796:    55e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 19e Regiment d'Infanterie
1er bataillon, 58e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon, Volontaires de la Haute-Vienne
6e bataillon, Volontaires de Seine-et-Oise
1er bataillon, Volontaires de la Moselle
2e bataillon, Volontaires des Reserve

1803:    55e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791:     Ligniville (Rene-Charles-Elisabeth de) - Colonel
1792:     Villionne (Pierre-Justin Marchand de) - Colonel
1793:     Serviez (Emmanuel) - Colonel
1793:     La Val (Anne-Gilbert) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795:     Marguerit (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795:     Ramand (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:     Argoubet (Jean d') - Chef-de-Brigade
1799:     Ledru des Essarts (Francois-Roche) - Chef-de-Brigade   and Colonel in 1803
1805:     Silberman (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel
1807:     Perier (Rene) - Colonel
1807:     Schwiter (Henry-Cesar-Auguste) - Colonel
1813     Morin de Louvigne (Francois) - Colonel
1815:    Monneret (Jean-Pierre) - Colonel

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Ligniville (Rene-Charles-Elisabeth de)

Born: 22 February 1760
Colonel: 21 October 1791
General-de-Brigade : 13 january 1792
General-de-Division: 10 October 1796
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 28 January 1809
Died: 14 September 1813

Villionne (Pierre-Justin Marchand de)

Born: 30 May 1740
Colonel: 5 February 1792
General-de-Brigade : 8 March 1793
Died: 29 June 1813

Serviez (Emmanuel-Gervais de Roergaz de)

Born: 27 February 1755
Chef-de-Brigade : 8 March 1793
General-de-Brigade : 29 August 1793
Died: 19 October 1804

Argoubet (Jean d')

Born: 26 December 1762
Chef-de-Brigade : 10 November 1795 ( 37e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef-de-Brigade : 15 August 1796 (55e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade : 30 June 1799
Died: 21 February 1844

Ledru des Essarts (Francois Roch)

Born: 25 April 1770
Chef-de-Brigade : 19 June 1799
General-de-Brigade : 24 December 1805
General-de-Division: 31 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 24 February 1809
Died: 23 April 1844

Schwiter (Henry-Cesar-Auguste)

Born: 8 January 1768
Colonel: 22 June 1807
General-de-Brigade : 4 September 1812
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1808
Died: 11 August 1839

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 55e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Silberman: Died of wounds 8 February 1807
Colonel Perier: Killed 10 June 1807
Colonel Schwiter: Wounded 16 May 1811
Colonel Morin de Louvigne: Wounded 28 July 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 55e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-six
Officers died of wounds: Ten
Officers wounded: One hundred

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792:    Valmy
1793:    Landau
1795:    Rosas
1796:    Mantua
1797:    Rivoli, Mantua, and Valvassone
1799:    La Trebbia and Novi
1800:    Genes
1805:    Austerlitz
1806:    Jena and Lubeck
1807:    Eylau and Heilsberg
1808:    Medina-del-Rio Seca
1809:    Almonacid and Ocana
1811:    Albuhera and Almandratero
1812:    Campillo, Coin, Borisow, and Wilna
1813:    Vittoria, Pampelune, Bautzen, Dresde, Culm and Arnheim
1814:    Orthez and Toulouse
1815:    Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Genes 1800, Austerlitz 1805, and Eylau 1807

56e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1635:    Created
1686:    Regiment de Bourbon
1791:    56e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793:    56e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

 2e bataillon, 28e Regiment d'Infanterie
 2e bataillon, Volontaires de l'Ariege
 2e bataillon, Volontaires de l'Aveyron

1796:    56e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

75e demi-brigade de bataille (1er bat,38e Regt d'Inf, 1er bat, Vol des Vosages and 17e bat, Vol de la Cote-d'Or)
208e demi-brigade de bataille (Bat, Vol de Paris, 2e bat, Vol du Rhone, 1er bat, Vol de la Montagne and 15e bat, Vol des Vosages)

1803:    56e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791:    Francval (Pierre-Louis-Simon de) - Colonel
1791:    Ruault de la Bonnerie (Jean-Baptiste-Andre-Isodore)
1793:    Saint Quentin (Claude-Marie de) - Colonel
1794:    Bugard (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1795:    Eberle (Gaspard) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:    Morel (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:    Vignes (Francois-Felix) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803:    Boutroue (Jules-Alexandre Leger) - Colonel
1806:    Gengoult (Louis-Thomas) - Colonel
1811:    Lejeune (Pierre) - Colonel
1812:    Delhaye (Louis-Francois-Joseph) - Colonel           

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Ruault de la Bonnerie (Jean-Baptiste-Andre-Isodore          

Born: 4 February 1744
Colonel: 21 October 1791
General-de-Brigade : 20 August 1792
Died: 13 April 1817

Eberle (Gaspard)

Born: 11 June 1764
Chef-de-Brigade : 4 November 1795
General-de-Brigade : 3 April 1802
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804
Chevalier of the Empire: 1 January 1814
Died: 16 February 1837

 Vignes (Francois-Felix)

Born: 5 October 1769
Chef-de-Brigade : 28 October 1795 (208e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 21 january 1797 (56e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade : 5 February 1799
Died: 26 March 1799 (killed at the battle of Legnano)

Gengoult (Louis-Thomas)

Born: 20 Dedember 1767
Colonel: 13 May 1806
General-de-Brigade : 6 August 1811
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 26 March 1804
Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1807
Died: 13 June 1846                                           

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 56e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Chef-de-Brigade Eberle: Wounded: 18 April 1796 and 21 November 1796
Colonel Boutroue: Died of wounds 24 November 1805
Colonel Gengoult: Wounded 7 July 1809, 22 May 1809 and 18 August 1812
Colonel Delhaye: Wounded 18 October 1813 and 29 January 1814

Oficers killed and wounded while serving with the 56e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty-six
Officers died of wounds Twelve:
Officers wounded: One hundred and forty-three

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792:    Valmy and Hondschoote
1793:    Wattignies and Maubeuge
1794:    Fleurus, Le Quesnoy, and Sprimont
1795:    Loano
1796:    Millesimo, Dego, Mondovi, and Saint-Georges
1797:    Kehl and Huningue
1799:    Pastrengo and Modena
1800:    Noirmoutier
1805:    Caldiero and Castel-Franco
1807:    Stettin and Straslund
1808:    Rosas and Girone
1809:    Capellades, Igualada,Ekmuhl, Essling, and Wagram
1810:    Molins-del-Rey and Hostalrich
1811:    Figueras
1812:    Dunabourg,Jacobowo, Drissa,  Polotsk, and La Beresina
1813:    Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814:    Brienne, La Rothiere, Meaux, and Magdeburg
1815:    Ligny and Wavre          

Battle Honours

            Valmy 1792, Caldiero 1805, and Essling 1809

57e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1667:    Created Regiment de Beauvoisis
1791:    57e Regiment d'Infanterie
1796:    57e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

83e demi-brigade de bataille (1er bat, 42e Regt d'Inf, 4e bat, Vol de la Drome and 2e bat, Vol de l'Isere)
122e demi-brigade de bataille (2e bat, 61e Regt d'Inf, 3e and 4e bat, Vol de la Haute-Marne)
3e bataillon, 209e demi-brigade de bataille
3e bataillon, 2e demi-brigade Provisoire
1er and 3e bataillons, 3e demi-brigade Provisoire
10e bataillon, Volontaires de l'Isere
1er bataillon, Volontaires de Loir-et-Cher

1803:    57e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1792:     De la Martelliere (Etienne-Mauffre) - Colonel
1792:     Chevalier (Pierre) - Colonel
1796:     Bruno (Francois-Xavier) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803:     Rey (Jean-Pierre-Antoine) - Colonel
1808:     Charrierre (Jean-Louis) - Colonel
1812:     Lejeune (Pierre) - Colonel
1812:     Duchesne (Alexandre) - Colonel
1813:     Laffont (Sernin) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade  

Chevalier (Pierre)

Born: 9th September 1730
Colonel: 12th July 1792
General-de-Brigade : 14th April 1793
Retired from service: 24th November 1793

Bruno (Francois-Xaviar)

Born: 11 February 1755
Chef-de-Brigade : 27 January 1794 (83e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 19 June 1796 ( 57e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade : 15 December 1803
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 28th May 1829

Rey (Jean-Pierre-Antoine)

Born: 21st December 1767
Colonel of the 57e: 11th November 1803
General-de-Brigade : 18th February 1808
Commandant of the Legion d'Honneur: 25th December 1805
Died: 12th January 1842

Charriere ( Jean-Louis)

Born: 3rd February 1765
Colonel 57e: 28th March 1808
General-de-Brigade : 21st September 1812
Commandant of the Legion d'Honneur: 10th August 1809
Baron of the Empire: 9th January 1809
Died: 11th August 1846

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 57e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne           

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 57e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815


Officers killed: Thirty-five
Officers died of wounds: Twenty-nine
Officers wounded: One hundred and eighty-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792:    Capture of Spire
1793:    Defence of Mayence
1794:    Capture of Fontarabie and Siege of Pampelune
1797:    La Favorite
1799:    Zurich and Diessenhofen
1800:    Engen, Moeskirch, Biberach, Hochstedt, Nordlingen, Oberhausen, Neubourg, Landshut, and Hohenlinden
1805:    Memmingen, Ulm, and Austerlitz
1806:    Jena and Lubeck
1807:    Bergfried, Deppen, Hoff, Eylau, Lomitten and Heilsberg
1809:    Thann, Abensberg, Eckmuhl, Ratisbonne, Essling, and Wagram.
1812:    Mohilov, La Moskowa, Malojaroslavetz, Viasma, and Krasnoe
1813:    Dresden, Pirna, Kulm and Rachnitz
1814:    Defence of Strasbourg  

Battle Honours            

La Favorite 1797, Austerlitz 1805, and La Moskowa 1812 s

58e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1667:    Created
1671:    Regiment de Rouergue
1791:    58e Regiment d'Infanterie
1796:    58e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

67e demi-brigade de bataille (1er bat, 34e Regt d'Inf, 2e bat, Vol de Paris and 11e  bat, Vol de la  Manche)
197e demi-brigade de bataille (1er bat, 56e Regt d'Inf, 1er bat, Vol de l'Orne and 2e bat, Vol de la  Meurthe)
2e bataillon, 92e Regiment d'Infanterie
2e bataillon, 111e Regiment d'Infanterie
4e bataillon, Volontaires de la Gironde
Bataillon provisoire des Cotes-de-Brest

1803:    58e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

            1791:    De la Roque (Jean-Alexandre Durand) - Colonel
            1792:    Fee (Francois de) - Colonel
            1795:    Colomb (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
            1800:    Dufour (Pierre-Charles-Antoine) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
            1804:    Arnaud (Jean)  - Colonel
            1808:    Legrand (Jean-Baptiste-Henri) - Colonel
            1812:    Donnat (Auguste-Etienne) - Colonel
            1813:    Tholozan (Laurent) - Colonel

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

            Arnaud (Jean)

            Born: 24 March 1754
            Colonel: 22 October 1804
            General-de-Brigade : 13 September 1808
            Officer of the Legion d'Honner: 21 January 1808
            Baron of the Empire: 28 May 1808
            Died: 19 April 1823

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 58e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

            Colonel Arnaud: Wounded 14 June 1807
            Colonel Legrand: Wounded 28 July 1809 and 16 May 1811
            Colonel Donnat: Killed 28 July 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 58e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

            Officers killed: Thirty-two
            Officers died of wounds: Sixteen
            Officers wounded: One hundred and twenty-seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

            1792:    Thionville and Jemmapes
            1793:    Juliers, Nerwinden, and Geisberg
            1797:    Rivoli, Mantua, and Valvassone
            1800:    Fort Bard, Cremone, and Pozzolo
            1805:    Hollabrunn
            1807:    Heilsberg and Friedland
            1808:    Vimeiro and Valmeida
            1809:    Talevera-de-la-Reyna, Almonacid, and Ocana
            1810:    Huescal and Marbella
            1811:    Roncevaux, Albuhera, and Stepona
            1812:    Cartania and Malaga
            1813:    Vittoria and Pampelune
            1813:    Wurschen, Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
            1814:    Sarre, Orthez, and Toulouse
            1814:    Nogent, Monterau, Troyes, and Paris

Battle Honours

            Rivoli 1797, Friedland 1807, and Ocana 1809

59e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1688:    Created
1791:    59e Regiment d'Infanterie
1794:    59e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon, 30e Regiment d'Infanterie
4e bataillon, Volontaires de Paris
7e bataillon, Volontaires de Rhone-et-Loire           

1796:    59e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

Detachments from the newly formed 20e and 28e Regiments
Various Conscripts

1803:    59e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne       

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1792:    d' Arcelin (Jean-Louis) - Colonel
1794:    Dumas (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1794:    Jalras (Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade
1798:    Bourdois de Champfort (Edme-Martin) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800:    Magnier (Jean-Baptiste-Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade
1805:    Lacuee (Gerard) - Colonel
1807:    D'Alton-Shee (Alexandre) - Colonel
1809:    Coste (Pierre) - Colonel
1812:    Loverdo (Nicolas) - Colonel
1813:    Laurain (Frederic-Alexandre) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Bourdois de Champfort (Edme-Martin)

Born: 11 March 1750
Chef-de-Brigade : 19 june 1795 (193e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 23 September 1795 (146e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 19 February 1796 (5e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
Chef-de-Brigade : 27 November 1798 (59e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade : 25 May 1800
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 24 December 1825

D'Alton-Shee (Alexandre)

Born: 20 April 1770
Colonel: 21 December 1805
General-de-Brigade : 21 March 1809
Baron of the Empire: 15 January 1810

Loverdo (Nicolas)

Born: 3 November 1773
Colonel: 7 January 1812
General-de-Brigade : 19 November 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 26 July 1837

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 59e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Lacuee: Killed 9 October 1805
Colonel Loverdo: Wounded 2 August 1813
Colonel Laurain: Wounded 16 June 1815 and 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 59e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-nine
Officers died of wounds: Twelve
Officers wounded: One hundred and twenty-seven

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792:    Jemmapes
1793:    Toulon
1794:    Fleurus
1800:    Marengo
1805:    Guntzbourg, Ulm and Austerlitz
1806:    Jena
1807:    Eylau, Wolfsdorf, and Friedland
1808:    Somo-Sierra
1809:    Essling, Wagram and Tamames
1810:    Cuidad-Rodrigo and Benavente
1811:    Miranda-del-Corvo and Fuentes-d'Onoro
1812:    Arapiles
1813:    Vittoria and Pampelune
1813:    Lutzen, Bautzen, Dresde, Leipzig and Dantzig
1814:    Orthez and Toulouse
1814:    Luxembourg
1815:    Ligny and Wavre

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800, Friedland 1807, Cuidad-Rodrigo 1810, and Fleurus 1815

60e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1669:    Created
1791:    60e Regiment d'Infanterie
1795:    60e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon, 30e Regiment d'Infanterie
8e bataillon, Volontaires de la Cote-d'Or
12e bataillon, Volontaires de la formation d'Angers

1796:    60e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

Demi-Brigade des Cotes-du-Nord (1er bat, Vol des Cotes-du-Nord, 6e bat, Vol des Federes and 9e  bat, Vol de la Meurthe)
Portion of the 4e bataillon, Volontaires du Pas-de-Calaise

1803:    60e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791:    Boulard (Etienne-Francois Morille de) - Colonel
1795:    Lucotte (Edme-Aime) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:    Musnier de la Converserie (Louis-Francois-Felix) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796:    Wouillemont de Vivier (Armand-Nicolas) - Chef-de-Brigade
1797:    Roussel (Francois-Xavier) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800:    Cossard (Etienne-Bernard) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1808:    Castellan (Noel) - Colonel
1812:    Lenud (Pierre-Augustin) - Colonel

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Boulard (Etienne-Francois Morille de)

Born: 25 November 1746
Colonel: 23 November 1791
General-de-Brigade : 21 March 1793
Died: 29 November 1793

Lucotte (Edme-Aime)

Born: 30 October 1770
Chef-de-Brigade : 29 June 1795
General-de-Brigade : 21 November 1798
General-de-Division: 8 January 1808 (in the service of King Joseph)
General-de-Division: 5 April 1814 (in the service of France)
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 5 April 1814
Died: 8 July 1825           

Musnier de la Converserie (Louis-Francois-Felix)

Born: 18 January 1766
Chef-de-Brigade : 5 September 1795(187e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade : 25 June 1796 (60e demi-brigade d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade : 17 December 1798
General-de-Division: 1 February 1805
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 28 August 1810
Baron of the Empire: 20 January 1811
Died: 16 November 1837

Wouillemont de Vivier (Armand-Nicolas)

Born: 19 December 1753
Chef-de-Brigade : 1 November 1796
General-de-Brigade : 21 May 1800
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 12 April 1813
Died:

Roussel (Francois-Xavier)

Born: 3 December 1770
Chef-de-Brigade : 18 April 1797
General-de-Brigade : 29 August 1799
General-de-Division: 26 January 1807
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 10 June 1807 (killed at the battle of Heilsberg)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 60e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne           

None killed or wounded

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 60e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Seven
Officers died of wounds: Three
Officers wounded: Seventy-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792:    Saint-Dominique
1793:    Saint-Fulgent
1796:    Wurtzbourg
1797:    Herborn
1799:    Bergen, Alkmaer, and Castricum
1800:    Marengo and Vallegio
1801:    Serravalle
1805:    Caldiero
1809:    Piave, Tarvis, Raab, and Wagram
1811:    Figueras
1812:    Roda and Guarigua
1813:    Banolas and Salud
1813:    Dresde
1814:    Garris and Toulouse

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800, Wagram 1809, and Valence 1812

Bibliography 

Bertemet, Capitaine. Historique du 57e Regiment d'Infanterie Paris; 1901.

Charavay J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two.

E-M de Lyden. Nos 144 Regiments de Ligne Paris; N.D.

Deprez E. Les Volontaires Nationaux (1791-1793) Paris; 1908.

Duval, Capitaine. Historique du 53e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Paris; 1892.

Garcin M. La Patrie en danger (histoire des bataillons de Volontaires 1791-1794)
Rhone; 1991.

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.

Quintin D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Six G. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1947.

Susane J. Histoire de l'Infanterie Francaise 5 Vols Paris; 1876.
 
           


Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2001
 

Organization Index | More on French Infantry Regiments ]



Search the Series

© Copyright 1995-2006, The Napoleon Series, All Rights Reserved.
Top | Home ]