Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



Greatcoats of the Minor German States: 1809 - 1812

By Robert Burnham

In general, overcoats were of a gray - shaded wool and either double or single breasted, with two rows of buttons for the double breasted coats and one row for the single breasted coats. Most coats had large cuffs that were turned backed on the sleeve, while some had high collars. Few had any facing colors on the collars, while many of the elite companies wore their epaulettes on the coat.

Nationality & Unit

Color of Coat

Type of Coat

Collar

Buttons

Elite Epaulettes

Baden Line Infantry

Mid Gray

Single Breasted

High

Cloth Covered

No

Baden Light Infantry

Mid Gray

Single Breasted

High

Cloth Covered

No

Baden Garde Grenadiers

Dark Blue

Single Breasted

High

White

No

Bavarian Line Infantry

Note [1]

Single Breasted

Note [2]

Brass

No

Bavarian Light Infantry

Note [1]

Single Breasted

High

Brass

No

Hesse-Darmstadt Line Infantry

Dark Gray

Double Breasted

High

White

Yes

Kleve-Berg Line Infantry

Mid Gray

Single Breasted

High

Brass

Yes

Mecklenberg-Strelitz Infantry

Mid Gray

Single Breasted

High

White

Yes

Mecklenberg-Schwerin Infantry

Mid Gray

Single Breasted

High

White

Yes

Nassau Infantry

Pepper Gray

Single Breasted

High

Brass

Yes

Saxon Line Infantry

Pepper Gray

Single Breasted

Note [3]

Brass

No

Saxon Leib Grenadiers

Pepper Gray

Single Breasted

Note [3]

Brass

No

Saxon Light Infantry

Mid Gray

Single Breasted

Note [4]

Brass

No

Saxon Jagers

Pepper Gray

Single Breasted

Note [4]

Brass

No

Westphalian Line Infantry

Pepper Gray

Single Breasted

High

Brass

Yes

Westphalian Light Infantry

Pepper Gray

Single Breasted

High

Brass

Yes

Westphalian Grenadier Garde

Dark Gray

Double Breasted

High

Brass

Yes

Westphalian Jager Garde

Dark Green

Double Breasted

High

White

Yes

Westphalian Jager Karabinier

Dark Green

Double Breasted

Note [5]

White

Yes

Westphalian Fusilier Garde

Dark Blue

Double Breasted

High

White

Yes

Wurttemberg Line Infantry

Mid Gray

Single Breasted

High

White

No

Wurttemberg Light Infantry

Mid Gray

Single Breasted

High

Brass

No

Wurttemberg Jager zu Fuss

Dark Green

Single Breasted

Note [6]

Note [6]

No

Wurttemberg Leib Garde

Dark Blue

Single Breasted

High

White

Yes

Wurzburg Infantry

Grey

Single Breasted

High

Brass

No

Notes

  1. Bavarian infantry wore a light gray coat until 1811, when the coats were changed to pepper-gray.
  2. Bavarian infantry greatcoats had a collar of the coat color except for the 1st Regiment, which had scarlet collars.
  3. Saxon line infantry greatcoats had a pepper-gray high collar. Line infantry grenadiers and Leib Grenadiers had scarlet patches on their collars. See illustration for example of this patch.
  4. Saxon light infantry and jagers wore black collar patches piped scarlet.
  5. Westphalian Jager Karabinier greatcoats had two scarlet lace battons on the collar; epaulettes were green with scarlet piping.
  6. Wurttemberg jager overcoats had black collars; the 1st Battalion had brass buttons; the 2nd Battalion had white buttons.

Saxon Jager collar patch

Saxon Jager collar patch


Bibliography

Giles, Howard. The Saxon Army: 1810 - 1813

Haythornthwaite, Philip. Uniforms of the Retreat from Moscow: 1812

Nafziger, George. Poles and Saxons of the Napoleonic Wars

Rawkins, W. The Armies of Baden and Wurttemberg: 1806 - 14

Rawkins, W. The Armies of Naples and Kleve - Berg: 1806 - 1814

Rawkins, W. The Armies of Westphalia & Wurzburg: 1806 - 14

Rawkins, W. The Army of Saxony: 1805 - 14

Rawkins, W. The Bavarian Army: 1805 - 14

Rawkins, W. The Confederation of the Rhine: Hesse - Darmstadt, Mecklenburg & Nassau

 

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