Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


Grenadiers-a-Pied

Chasseurs-a-Pied

Grenadiers-a-Cheval

Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Artillery Legere

Conclusion

Bibliography


Armes d'Honneur won at Marengo by the Gardes des Consuls

By Tony Broughton and J. F. Broughton

On the 18th April 1800, General Bessieres led the Garde des Consuls on their first Campaign, which culminated in the Battle of Marengo on 14th June 1800. The Garde covered itself in glory and a total of seventy-nine Armes d'Honneur were awarded. Below is a list of all recipients of this award.

Grenadiers-a-Pied

Denain (Jean-Pierre)

Tambour awarded a Pair de Baguettes d'Honneur, 6th August 1801.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct at the Battle of Marengo in beating the charge whilst under enemy fire.

Doubette (Joseph)

Grenadier awarded a Fusil d'Honneur, 20th December 1801

Citation reads: For the capture of an enemy Standard at the Battle of Marengo.

Megand (Claude-Jean)

Grenadier awarded a Fusil d'Honneur, 3th May 1803.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct during many Bayonet charges at the Battle of Marengo.

Mirabel (Magloire)

Sergeant awarded Fusil d'Honeur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his brilliant valour during the three days of Marengo.

Noel (Francois-Augustin)

Grenadier awarded a Fusil d'Honeur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct during numerous Bayonet charges at Marengo.

Noel (Pierre-Francois)

Caporal awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 8th August 1802.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct during the Battle of Marengo.

Ritell (?)

Caporal awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 9th July 1800.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct during numerous Bayonet Charges at the Battle of Marengo

Sayer (Jean)

Tambour awarded Pair de Baguettes d'Honneur, 27th July 1800.

Citation reads: For his valorous conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Soules (Jerome)

Chef de Bataillon awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 6th August 1801.

Citation reads: For his brilliant valour with the Army Gatto-Batave and in Italy,notably at the Battle of Marengo.

Wentin (Jean-Louis)

Tambour awarded Paire de Baguettes d'Honneur, 30th May 1803.

Citation reads: For his noticeable conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Chasseurs-a-Pied

Avoine (Catelin)

Tambour awarded Pair de Baguettes d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Baure ou Beaure (Bernard)

Sergeant awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 30th May 1803.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Boucher (Augustin)

Brigadier awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Cambon (Etienne)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 6th August 1801.

Citation reads: For his brilliant conduct during an engagement and at the Battle of Marengo.

Carlin (Jean)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his brilliant conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Couturier (Pierre)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 21st January 1802.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct during numerous Bayonet charges at Marengo.

Decres (Jean-Claude)

Chasseur awarded a Fusil d'Honneur, 11th October 1802.

Citation reads: For his conduct at the Battle of Marengo,although wounded at the commencement of the battle he remained on the battlefield amongst the combattants.

Delcloque (Louis)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 15th September 1802.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct and intrepidness during numerous Bayonet charges and having taken two prisoners at the Battle of Marengo.

Demangeon (Joseph)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 28th February 1802.

Citation reads: For notable conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Desgres (?)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 25th January 1801.

Citation reads: For taking five prisoners at the Battle of Marengo.

Emmanelly (Jean-Baptiste)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 7th September 1802.

Citation reads: For having charged the enemy with the Bayonet numerous times at Marengo.

Fillion (Claude)

Caporal awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 18th December 1802.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Geay (Blaise)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 19th March 1802.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Grand (?)

Sergeant awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 15th September 1802.

Citation reads: For notable conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Legrand (Gilbert)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 1st December 1802

Citation reads: For his singular conduct at the Batttle of Marengo.

Levy (?)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 30th May 1803.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct during numerous Bayonet charges at the Battle of Marengo.

Linage (Antione)

Caporal awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 18th December 1802.

Citation reads: For his singular conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Grenadiers-a-Cheval

Barbanegre (Jean-Baptiste)

Capitaine awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his distinguished servicefrom the first campaigns of the Revolution, Eygpt and Syria and his conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Blanchet (Toussaint)

Grenadier awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For the brilliant valour he displayed at the Battle of Marengo.

Carisch (Jean-Pierre)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his intrepid charge on an enemy square.

Chevay (Joseph-Bernard)

Sergeant awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 15th September 1802.

Citation reads: For his brilliant conduct during the Battle of Marengo.

Christen (Jean) dit Christian

Grenadier awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 24th January 1803.

Citation reads: For taking prisoner an enemy Officer and being grievously wounded at the Battle of Marengo.

Gency (?)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 15th September 1802.

Citation reads: For his signal conduct during a charge against an enemy battery at the Battle Marengo.

Grosselin (Robert)

Grenadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Guibert (Joseph)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 8th February 1803.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct at the Battle of Marengo and preceding Campaigns.

Hochard (Pierre-Phillipe)

Grenadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his contribution at Abou Kir and the removal of an enemy Cannon at the Battle of Marengo.

Jeancy (Paul)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his signal conduct during the Battle of Marengo, during a charge in which he killed three Austrians and took one Officer prisoner.

Lanceleur (Pierre)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Carbine d'Honeur, 20th October 1802.

Citation reads: For having taken seven enemy prisoners during the Battle of Marengo.

Langlade (Jean)

Grenadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th October 1802.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct during the Battle of Marengo.

Leroy (Charles)

Grenadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 18th April 1801.

Citation reads: During a cavalry charge captured five Austrian prisoners and took a Standard at the Battle of Marengo.

Mercier (Louis)

Brigadier awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 15th September 1802.

Citation reads: For his rare intrepidness during many cavalry charges, during the Battle of Marengo.

Millet (Jean-Francois)

Grenadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th October 1802.

Citation reads: For having taken three prisoners and removing an enemy standard at the Battle of Marengo.

Ochard (?)

Grenadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 30th May 1803.

Citation reads: For his bravery and intrepidness at the Battle of Marengo.

Picard (Louis)

Brigadier awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 27th July 1800.

Citation reads: For his contributions in Eygpt and the capture of an enemy battery at the Battle of Marengo.

Raulet (Jean)

Sous-Lieutenant awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th October 1801.

Citation reads: For his good conduct with the Army of the Orient and the Army of Italy, notably at the Battle of Marengo.

Rousseau (Jacques-Louis)

Grenadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For taking many prisoners and an enemy Cannon during a charge against enemy cavalry at the Battle of Marengo.

Roux (?)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 15th September 1802.

Citation reads: For taking many prisoners at Marengo during a charge against Austrian Cavalry.

Chasseurs-a-Cheval

Battu dit Vignot

Trompette awarded Trompette d'Honneur, 27th November 1802

Citation reads: Captured two Austrian prisoners at the Battle of Marengo.

Bocheux (Augustin)

Brigadier awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 12th November 1802.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Boutarel (Antione)

Fourrier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 18th July 1800.

Citation reads: Distinguished conduct during a cavalry charge at the Battle of Marengo.

Charel ( Mathurine)

Chasseur awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For charging Austrian battery at the Battle of Marengo.

Chretian (Claude)

Chasseur awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 3rd September 1801.

Citation reads: For taking many prisoners whilst gravely wounded at the Battle of Marengo.

Garnier (Jean-Joseph)

Chasseur awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 21st October 1800.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Gillet (Jean-Baptiste)

Brigadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th October 1802.

Citation reads: For charging a cannon single handed and killing three artillerymen at the Battle of Marengo.

Giradot (Jean)

Brigadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th October 1802.

Huguenin (Henri)

Brigadier awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 24th January 1803.

Citation reads: For taking three prisoners at the Battle of Marengo.

Jouane (Romaine)

Brigadier awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 18th July 1800.

Citation reads: Distinguished conduct during several cavalry charges at the Battle of Marengo.

Krettly (Elie)

Brigadier Trompette awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 18th April 1801.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct in Eygpt and at the Battle of Marengo.

Lacaze (Pierre)

Chasseur awarded Sabre d'Honneur, 30th May 1802.

Citation reads: Distinguished conduct during a cavalry charge against an enemy battery killing two Cannoniers.

Lafize-Monguinet (Pierre)

Brigadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th October 1802.

Citation reads: Distinguished conduct taking three men and one Officer prisoner at the Battle of Marengo.

Laroche (Francois-Augustin)

Brigadier awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th October 1802.

Citation reads: Distinguished conduct during many cavalry charges and taking many prisoners at the Battle of Marengo.

Legros (Nicolas)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his notable feats during the Battle of Marengo.

Louis (Joseph)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 30th April 1802.

Citation reads: For his brilliant conduct during a cavalry charge against an Infantry Square at the Battle of Marengo.

Luette (Dominique-Joseph)

Chasseur awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 15th September 1802.

Citation reads: for taking many prisoners during a cavalry charge at the Battle of Marengo.

Norberg dit Schmidt (?)

Trompette awarded Trompette d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For signal conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Pibout (Henri)

Sous-Lieutenant awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th September 1802.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct in Eygpt and at the Battle of Marengo.

Robert (Joseph)

Chasseur awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th October 1802.

Citation reads: For taking many prisoners during cavalry charges at the Battle of Marengo.

Roederer (George)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 20th October 1802.

Citation reads: For having charged with twelve of his men and defeating a squadron of one hundred and fifty enemy cavalry at the Battle of Marengo.

Simon (Jean-Marie)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Carbine d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For taking many prisoners during cavalry charges at the Battle of Marengo.

Souchon (Joseph)

Chasseur awarded Mousqeton d'Honneur, 24th January 1803.

Citation reads: For having great courage at the Battle of Marengo.

Artillerie Legere

Bizet (Antoine)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Grenade d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct at the battle of Marengo.

Habout(Michel)

Brigadier awarded Grenade d'Honneur, 27th November 1802.

Citation reads: For his distinguished manner during the campaignsin Italy 1799-1800.

Henry (Jean)

Brigadier awarded Grenade d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct during many engagements.

Lebrun (Joseph-Marie)

Cannonier awarded Fusil d'Honneur, 27th November 1800.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct at the Battle of Marengo by his bravery and the accuracy of his shooting.

Marchand (Denis-Jean)

Marechal-des-Logis awarded Grenade d'Honneur, 15th September 1802.

Citation reads: For his signal conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Marchand (Jean-Baptiste)

Cannonier awarded Grenade d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct,his bravery and the accuracy of his shooting at the Battle of Marengo.

Martin (Louis)

Cannonier awarded Grenade d'Honneur, 27th November 1800.

Citation reads: For his distinguished conduct and valour at the Battle of Marengo.

Numerot (?)

Brigadier awarded Grenade d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his notable conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Petit (?)

Brigadier awarded Grenade d'Honneur, 22nd July 1800.

Citation reads: For his signal conduct at the Battle of Marengo.

Conclusion

Please note: The above names, dates and citations come from the publication entitled -

Gazette Nationale ou le Moniteur Universal published in 1810.

There is conjecture as to whether the above recipients actually served in the Gardes des Consuls at the time of the Battle of Marengo. It is my firm belief that they were indeed in the Garde and at Marengo. The majority of publications only name the people who received their award on or before the 22nd July 1800. It can be seen from other publications, i.e. Regimental Histories that many awards were given at a later date. There are other members of the Garde des Consuls who won Armes d'Honneur, but I have only used those where it specifically states the Battle of Marengo. As a point of interest the number of awards on certain dates are as follow:

1800

9th July - 1 man

18th July - 2 men

22nd July - 21 men

27th July - 2 men

21st October - 1 man

27th November - 2 men

1801

 25th January - 1 man

18th April - 2 men

6th August - 3 men

3rd September - 1 man

20th October - 1 man

20th December - 1 man

1802

21st January - 1 man

28th February - 1 man

19th March - 1 man

30th April - 1 man

30th May - 1 man

8th August - 1 man

7th September - 1 man

15th September - 8 men

20th September - 1 man

11th October - 1 man

20th October - 8 men

12th Novmber - 1 man

20th November - 1 man

27th November - 2 men

1st December - 1 man

18th December - 2 men

 1803

24th January - 3 men

8th February - 1 man

3rd May - 1 man

30th May - 4 men

Bibliography

Brown, Anne S.K. The Anatomy of Glory London : Lund Humphries; 1962.

Brunon, Jean. Grenadiers de Napoleon, La Garde des Consuls, La Garde Imperiale du Premiere Empire, La Garde Imperiale du Second Empire Paris : Les Presses des Ateliers d'Impressins d'Art; 1955.

Dupont, Marcel: Guides de Bonaparte et Chasseur a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale Paris : Les Editions Militaire Illustree; 1946.

Fallou Louis. La Garde Imperial 1804-1815 Paris : La Giberne; 1902.

Fieffe, Eugene: Napoleon 1er et la Garde Imperiale Paris : Furne Fils;1859.

Gazette Nationale ou le Moniteur Universal published in 1810

Lachouque, Henry. Napoleon et la Garde Imperiale Paris : Bloud et Gay; 1957.

Saint-Hilaire, Marco de. Histoire, anecdotique,politique et militaire de la Garde Imperial Paris : Eugene et Victor Penaud Freres; 1847.

Nafziger, George. The Consular and Imperial Guard Privately published.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March, 2000

 

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