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8th Hussars

9th Hussars

10th Hussars

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14th Hussars

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French Hussar Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1792 to 1815

Part II: 8th - 14th Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

While there are literally thousands of books on the Emperor and his marshals, generals, and the people who surrounded him very little as been written on the men who commanded his regiments.

It is my intention to list the colonels who commanded these regiments. Some of them became famous and others remain as statistics on Regimental rolls. Hopefully it will provide the reader with an insight as to these individuals.

Colonel Marulaz

Colonel Jacob-François Marulaz

8th Regiment of Hussars.

The 8th Regiment of Hussars was initially formed as the Eclaireurs de l'Armée in October 1792, renamed the 9th Regiment of Hussars on the 26th February 1793 and renumbered as the 8th Regiment of Hussars by the Decree of the 4th June 1793.

Colonels and Chefs de Brigade 1792-1815.

1792 Fabrefond (Joseph-Vincent-Dominique) - Chef de Brigade

1793 Donnadieu (Jean) - Chef de Brigade

1793 Thevenot-Danican (?) - Chef de Brigade

1794 Rollot (?) - Chef de Brigade

1798 Fournier (Nicolas-François) - Chef de Brigade

1798 Maruluz (Jacob-François) - Chef de Brigade

1803 Franceschi - Delosne (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

1805 Laborde (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

1809 Domon (Jean-Simon) - Colonel

1812 Du Coetlosquet (Charles-Yves-Cesar-Cyr) - Colonel

1813 Thurot (Nicolas) - Colonel

Of the above Colonels and Chef de Brigade no less than six attained the rank of General of Brigade and above.

Fabrefond (Joseph-Vincent-Dominique)

Born: 23 January 1752.

Chef de Brigade: 20 February 1793.

General de Brigade: 6 May 1793.

Died: 23 October 1823.

Marulaz (Jacob-François)

Born: 6 November 1769.

Chef de Brigade: 28 December 1798.

General de Brigade: 6 March 1805.

General de Division: 12 July 1809.

Awarded Sabre d'Honneur: 22 March 1801.

Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 24 September 1803.

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804.

Died: 10 June 1842.

Franceschi-Delonne (Jean-Baptiste)

Born: 4 September 1767.

Colonel: 1 February 1805.

General de Brigade: 24 December 1805.

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804.

Died: 23 October 1810 (Whilst being held prisoner by the Spanish)

Domon (Jean-Simon)

Born: 2 March 1774.

Colonel: 10 August 1809.

General de Brigade: 7 August 1812.

Baron of the Empire: 22 October 1810.

Died: 5 July 1830.

Du Coetlosquet (Charles-Yves-Cesar-Cyr )

Born: 21 July 1783.

Colonel: 11 August 1812.

General de Brigade: 15 October 1813.

Chevalier of the Empire: 11 July 1811.

Died: 24 January 1837.

Colonel Nicolas Thurot was provisionally promoted to the rank of General de Briade on the 5 March 1814, however the rank was never confirmed.

Colonels killed and wounded whilst in command of the 8th Regiment de Hussars.

Chef de Brigade Marulaz: 15th June 1799 (General Marulaz was wounded on four previous occasions whilst serving with the 8th Regiment - November 1793, 30 April 1794, 18 May 1794, and 25 October 1796)

Colonel Laborde: Wounded 14 October 1806; Killed 6 July 1809.

Colonel Colonel Du Coetlosquet: Wounded 7 September 1812.

Officers killed and wounded whilst serving with the 8th Hussars during the period 1805-1815.

Officers Killed: Nineteen

Officers died of wounds: Four

Officers wounded: Eighty Seven.

Regimental War record 1792-1815 (Battles and Combats)

1793: Angers.

1794: Boxtel

1795: Necherau, Oppenheim.

1796: Laufenbourg.

1797: Offenbourg.

1799: Zurich.

1800: Stochach, Buchloe, Landsberg, Lech, Passage du Danube, Indenfingen, Goltz, Augsbourg, and Salzbourg.

1805: Memmingen, Aicha, and Austerlitz.

1806: Jena.

1807: Eylau and Passage de la Passarge.

1809: Ratisbonne, Essling, Enzerdorf, Wagram and Znaim.

1812: Ostrowno, Vilna and Borodino.

1813: Magdebourg, Altenbourg, and Leipzig.

1814: Champaubert.

Battle Honours.

Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Wagram 1809, Champaubert 1814.

9th Regiment of Hussars

Created from from the 2ême Corps of the Hussards de la Liberté which were formed by the Decree of 2 September 1792. The Regimental title changed to the 10th Regiment of Hussars on 25 March 1793 and renumbered the 9th Regiment of Hussars by the Decree of 4 June 1793.

Colonels and Chef de Brigade.

1793: Morgan (Jacques-Polycarpe) - Chef de Brigade.

1794: Thierry (François-Gaspard) - Chef de Brigade.

1798: Ducheyron (Nicolas) - Chef de Brigade.

1801: Guyot (Etienne ) - Chef de Brigade.

1805: Barbanegre (Jean) - Colonel.

1806: Gauthrin (Pierre-Edme) - Colonel.

1809: Maignet (Louis-Charles-Gregoire) - Colonel.

1813: Montagnier (Etienne) - Colonel.

The 9th Regiment produced four officers who attained the rank of general, they are:

Morgan (Jaques-Polycarpe)

Born: 26 January 1759.

Chef de Brigade: 20 March 1793.

General de Brigade: 13 June 1795.

Died: 18 March 1793.

Ducheyron (Nicolas)

Born: 11 November 1770.

Chef de Brigade: 6 April 1798.

General de Brigade: 11 October 1794 (General Ducheyron however refused the promotion on the 22 June 1795).

Died: 16 December 1800 - Shot and Killed before Salzbourg.

Guyot (Etienne)

Born: 1 May 1767.

Chef de Brigade: 5 January 1801.

General de Brigade: 24 December 1805.

Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 December 1803.

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804.

Died: 8 June 1807 (killed during the combat at Kleinenfeld, Prussia).

Gauthrin (Pierre-Edme)

Born: 12 August 1770.

Colonel: 16 October 1806.

General de Brigade: 21 September 1809.

Baron of the Empire: 2 August 1809.

Died: 20 March 1851.

Colonels killed and wounded whilst in command of the 9th Regiment of Hussars.

Chef de Brigade Morgan: wounded 18 March 1793 whilst Chef de Brigade of the Hussards de la Liberté.

Chef de Brigade Thierry: Wounded 1796.

Chef de Brigade Ducheyron: Killed before Salzbourg 16 December 1800.

Colonel Barbangere: Killed 14 October 1806.

Colonel Gauthrin: Wounded 14 June 1807.

Colonel Montagnier: Wounded 16 October 1813.

Officers Killed and wounded whilst serving with the 9th Hussars during the period 1805-1815.

Officers Killed: Eight

Officers died of wounds: Six.

Officers wounded: Sixty five.

Regimental War record 1792-1815 (Battles and Combats)

1793: Mans, Lincelles, and Werwich

1794: Coutrai, Wahal, and Breda.

1795: Le Texel

1796: Rastadt, Ettlinghen, Neresheim, Passage du Lech, Freisingen, Biberach and Fribourg.

1799: Passage of the Limmath and Zurich.

1800: Engen, Moeskirch, Augsbourg, Memmingen, Neubourg, Salzbourg, and Vorai.

1805: Wertingen, Amstetten,Wischau, and Austerlitz.

1806: Saalfeld, Jena, Pultusk, and the capture of Stettin.

1807: Ostrolenka, Siege of Dantzig, Heilsberg, and Friedland.

1809: Eckmuhl, Essling, Raab, and Wagram.

1812: Barbastro, the siege of Valencia, Borodino, and Mojaisk.

1813: Bautzen, Reichenbach, Wachau, Leipzig, and Hanau.

1814: Schelstadt.

Battle Honours.

Zurich 1799, Jena 1806, Wagram 1809, La Moskowa 1812.

 

Colonel Curely

Colonel Jean-Nicholas Curely

10th Regiment of Hussars

Formed in 1792 as the Hussards Noire also known as the Hussards de la Mort and in 1793 became the 10th Regiment of Hussars.

Colonels and Chef de Brigade.

1793: Mairiau(?) - Chef de Brigade.

1794: Lemesle(?) - Chef de Brigade.

1796: Rigaud (Antione) - Chef de Brigade.

1797: Mermet (Julien-Auguste-Joseph) - Chef de Brigade.

1800: Lasalle (Antione-Charles-Louis) - Chef de Brigade.

1805: Beaumont (Louis-Chretian-Carriere) - Colonel.

1806: Briche (Andre-Louis-Elisabeth-Marie) - Colonel.

1809: De Laval (François-Marie) - Colonel.

1813: Curely (Jean-Nicolas) - Colonel.

1814: Monnier (François) - Colonel.

The 10th Regiment produced the following Generals:

Rigaud (Antoine)

Born: 14 May 1758.

Chef de Brigade: 16 August 1796.

General de Brigade: 12 January 1807.

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805.

Baron of the Empire: 2 February 1809.

Died: 4 September 1820.

Mermet (Julien-Auguste-Joseph)

Born: 9 May 1772.

Chef de Brigade: 5 March 1797.

General de Brigade: 1 January 1796.

General de Division: 1 February 1805.

Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 August 1813.

Baron of the Empire: 2 August 1811.

Died: 28 October 1837.

Lasalle (Antoine-Charles-Louis)

Born: 10 May 1775.

Chef de Brigade: 25 August 1800.

General de Brigade: 1 February 1805.

General de Division: 30 December 1806.

Awarded a Sabre d'Honneur and Pistols: 5 August 1800.

Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 24 September 1803.

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804.

Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 4 September 1808

Count of the Empire: 16 March 1808.

Died: 6 July 1808 (Killed in Action at the Battle of Wagram).

Beaumont (Louis-Chretian-Carriere)

Born: 14 April 1771.

Colonel: 1 February 1805.

General de Brigade: 24 December 1805.

General de Division: 4 December 1812.

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 May 1807.

Baron of the Empire: 26 October 1808.

Died: 16 December 1813.

Briche (Andre-Louis-Elisabeth-Marie)

Born: 12 August 1772.

Coounded whilst serving with the 10th Regiment during the period 1805-1815.

Officers killed: Ten.

Officers died of wounds: Six.

Officers wounded: Fifty Six.

Regimental War record. (Battles and Combats)

1793: Nerwinden, Siege of Cambrai.

1794: Juliers.

1799: Fossano and Pigneroi.

1800: Pont du Var, Acqui,and the Passage du Mincio.

1805: Wertingen, Elchingen, Ulm, Braunau, Amstettin, Vienne, Hollabrun, and Austerlitz.

1806: Saalfeld, Jena, Stettin, and Pultusk.

1809: Perdiguera, Licinera, Saragossa, and Ocana.

1811: Badajoz, La Gerboa, and Albuhera.

1813: Weissenfels, Lutzen, Bautzen, Dessau, Wachau, and Leipzig.

1814: La Rothiere, Montmirail, Craonne, and Laon.

Battle Honours.

Bautzen 1813.

11th Regiment of Hussars

Created on the 26 June 1793 with the Cuirassiers legers de l'Ancienne Legion Germanique which had been created in 1792 and various troopers from other Cavalry Regiments. In 1803 the 11th Regiment of Hussars were transformed into the 29th Regiment of Dragoons,reforming once again in 1810, with the inclusion of the 2nd Regiment of Hussars Hollandais as the 11th Regiment of Hussars.

Colonels and Chef de Brigade.

1793: Avice (Jacques-Phillippe) - Chef de Brigade.

1810: Collaert (Marie-Joseph-Ferdinand-Gerard) - Colonel.

1812: Liegeard (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel.

Of the above one attained the rank of General

Avice (Jacques-Phillipe)

Born: 27 November 1759.

Chef de Brigade: 26 June 1793.

General de Brigade: 6 August 1811.

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 August 1814.

Baron of the Empire: March 1808.

Died: 26th October 1835.

Upon the transformation of the 11th Hussars in 1803 into the 29th Dragoons, General Avice became Colonel of the 29th Dragoons.

Colonels killed and wounded whilst command of the 11th Regiment of Hussars.

Colonel Collaert: Wounded 7 September 1812.

Colonel Liegeard: Wounded 21 August 1813 and 26 August 1813.

Officers killed and wounded whilst serving with the 11th Hussars during the period 1805-1815.

Officers killed: Five.

Officers died of wounds: Five.

Officers wounded: Forty four.

Regimental War record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Berstheim, Ungwiller, Geisberg, and Turckheim.

1794: Pampelune.

1795: Vendee.

1796: Friedberg, Kehl, and Mainbourg.

1798: Guemins.

1799: Trebbia and Genes.

1800: Romano, Melegnano, Plaisance, Marengo, Arezzo, and Mozembano.

1812: La Moskowa, Krasnoe, and Beresina.

1813: Leipzig and Hanau.

Battle Honours.

Marengo 1800.

Colonel Fournier

Colonel François Fournier- Sarloveze

12th Regiment of Hussars.

Formed on 9 February 1794 as the 12th Regiment of Hussars, previously the Regiment's title had been the Hussards de la Montagne having originally been created in 1793. On 20 September 1803, the regiment became the 30th Regiment of Dragoons, reforming as the 12th Hussars on 17 February 1813. The regiment was reformed from the the 9th bis Regiment of Hussars which was formed on 8 January 1812 from three squadrons of the 9th Hussars detached in Spain.

Colonels and Chef de Brigade.

1795: Hay (?) - Chef de Brigade.

1795: La Rochelin (?) - Chef de Bigade.

1797: Joliet (?) - Chef de Brigade.

1799: Fournier-Sarloveze (Francois) - Chef de Brigade.

1802: Dupre (Jean-François) - Chef de Brigade.

1813: Colbert (Louis-Pierre-Alphonse) - Colonel.

1814: Galbois (Nicolas-Marie-Mathurin) - Colonel.

Two of the above Officers attained the rank of General

Fournier-Sarloveze (François)

Born: 6 September 1776.

Chef de Brigade: 22 May 1799.

General de Brigade: 25 June 1807.

General de Division: 11 November 1812.

Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 8th May 1807.

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur:

Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1808.

Colbert (Louis-Pierre-Alphonse)

Born: 29 June 1776.

Colonel of the 9th bis Regiment of Hussars: 15 January 1812.

Colonel: 17 February 1813.

General de Brigade: 3 April 1814.

Died: 2 June 1843.

Colonels killed and wounded whilst in command of the 12th Regiment of Hussars.

None.

Officers killed and wounded whilst serving with the 12th Hussars during the period 1813-1815.

Officers killed: Five.

Officers died of wounds: None.

Officers wounded: Twenty.

(These figures also include the 9th bis Regiment of Hussars serving in Spain)

Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)

1794: Bergara, Oloqueta.

1800: Chatillon, La Chiusella, Montebello, Marengo, and Pozzolo.

1801: Bassano.

1812: Barbastro (as 9th bis Regiment of Hussars in Spain)

1813: Diar, Borga, and Sausse (as 9th bis Regiment of Hussars in Spain)

1813: Gross-Beeren, Medergersdorf, Leipzig, and Hanau.

1814: Macon, Limonest, and Saint-Donat.

Battle Honours.

Marengo 1800 and Lyon 1814.

13th Regiment of Hussars.

Formed as the 13th Regiment of Hussars on 1 September 1795 from the Hussards des Alps this Regiment having been created on the 31 January 1795. The 13th Hussars were disbanded in 1796. They were reformed following an Imperial Decree dated 28 January 1813 only to be dissolved again on the 13 December 1813 and its troopers integrated into the 14th Regiment of Hussars. On 1 January 1814, the regiment was reformed from the Regiment de Hussards Jerome Napoleon, this Regiment having been created on 5 August 1813.

Colonels and Chef de Brigade.

1795: Guerin d'Etoquigny (François) - Chef de Brigade.

1795: Landrieux (?) - Chef de Brigade.

1813: De Rafelis de Saint-Sauveur (Aldonce-Charles-Joseph-François-Paule-Samaritan) - Colonel.

1813: Bureaux de Pusy (Adelaide-Joachim-Irenee) -- Colonel

1814: Brincard (Antoine) - Colonel. 

One of the above officers reached the rank of General.

Guerin d'Etoquigny (François).

Born: 28 April 1762.

Chef de Brigade: 1 February 1795.

General de Brigade: 19 October 1799.

Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804.

Died: 28 April 1831.

Colonels killed and wounded whilst in command of the 13th Regiment of Hussars.

None.

Officers killed and wounded whist serving with the 13th hussars during the period 1805-1815.

Officers Killed: Two.

Officers died of wounds: None.

Officers wounded: Twenty Eight.

Regimental War record (Battles and Combats)

1796: Fombio, Pizzighettone, Codogno, and Lodi.

1813: Belzig, Lubnitz, and Leipzig

1813: Viareggio and Livourne.

1814: Montereau, Arcis sur Aube, Saint-Dizier, Fere-Champenoise, and Grange-Leveque.

Battle Honours.

Lodi 1796 and Montereau 1814.

14th Regiment of Hussars.

Formed and raised in Turin by Imperial Decree of 28 January 1813, dissolved after the capitulation of Dresden 11 November 1813. Reformed 13 December 1813, with the remains of the 13th and 14th Hussar Regiments.

Colonels.

1813: Garavaque (Antoine-Laurent-Marie) - Colonel

1814: Bureaux de Pusy (Joachin-Irenee-Adelaide) - Colonel

None of the above reached the rank of General.

Colonels killed and wounded whilst in command of the 14th Regiment of Hussars.

None.

Officers killed and wounded whilst serving with the 14th Hussars during the period 1813-1814.

Officers Killed: One

Officers died of wounds: None.

Officers wounded: Thirteen.

Battle Honours.

Dresden 1813.

The 14th Regiment was the final regiment of Hussars to serve in the Napoleonic Wars, it can be seen that many famous names appear within the ranks of Napoleon's hussar regiments.

Bibliography

Charavay, J. and N. Les Generaux mort pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893-1908.

Depreaux, A. Le 8e Regiment de Hussards et ses Officiers, a l'Epoque du Consulat Paris: 1912.

Fallou, Louis. Nos Hussards 1692-1902 Paris; 1912.  

Lamotte, Lieutenant. Historique du 8e Regiment de HussardsValence; 1891

Lassus, Lieutenant. Historique du 11e Regiment de Hussards Valence; 1890.

La Tour Maubourg. Historique du 14e Regiment de Hussards Valence;1890.

Martinien, A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers Tues at Blesse pendant les Guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Ministere de la Guerrre. Historique des Corps de Troupe de l'Armée Français 1569-1900 Paris; 1900.

Ogier d'Ivry, Commandant. Historique du 9e Regiment de Hussards et de Guides de laGarde Valence; 1891.

Six, George. Dictionnaire biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Français de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1943.

Six, George. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1947.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2000

 

 

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