Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

 

 

 

2 - 12 October 1800

23 October 1800

11 - 21 November 1800

22 November - 1 December 1800

22 December 1800

 

 

 

 


Les Italiens dans l'Armée napoléonienne: Des légions aux Armées de la République italienne et du Royaume d'Italie

Part IV: The Army of Italy in 1800

By Professor Francesco Frasca, Professeur à l'Université de Rome "La Sapienza"

 

 

Found in the Archives Nationales AF*IV 1356 Livret des Armees.

The Army of Italy: 10 - 20 Vendemiaire Year IX ( 2 - 12 October 1800)

Headquaters: Located in Milan

Brune Général en chef

Oudinot Général-de-division, chef de l'Etat-Major Général

Franceschi Général-de-brigade, sous chef de l'Etat-Major Général

Marmont Général-de-division Commandant l'artillerie

Chasseloup Général-de-division Commandant le Génie

Beaurevoir Général-de-brigade, Inspecteur de Cavalerie

Adjudant Commandant: Andrieu, Degiovanni, Servo, Gaultier, Nivet, Brassier, Campana, Agnel.

Commissaire Ordonnateur: Eyssautier

Left Wing Commanded by Lieutenant General Moncey

Gén. de B. Sériziat chef de l'Etat-Major. Quartier Général à Bergame.

Division Commanded by General D. Lapoype, Located at Bergame

Generals-de-Brigade: Mainoni & Digonnet

Adjutant-Commandant: Delort

Unit

Battalions

Squadrons

Men

Horses

Location

French Troops

13

8

8768

980

Italian Legion Infantry

6

2568

Como

Chasseurs-à-cheval

2

259

252

Como

1st Hussars

4

416

236

Como

4 Companies of Chasseurs Helvetiques

267

Como

1 Foot Artillery Company

100

Como

1 Horse Artilery Company

65

60

Como

Total

19

14

12443

1528

Division Commanded by General Boudet, Located at Brescia

Generals-de-Brigade: Merle & Schilt

Adjutants-Commandant:. Molari & Foix,

No Italian Troops were present in this division

Left Wing: Total of Cisalpine Troops

Men: 3675 (including 267 Helvetiques)

Battalions: 6 (including 4 Helvetiques).

Horses: 548

Squadrons: 6

Center: Commanded by Lieutenant General Suchet, Located at Cremone

Reserve commanded by General D. Michaud, Located at Creme

Divisions Stationnaires

Division de Lombardie Commanded by Général-de-Brigade Vignolle at Milan

Unit

Men

Location

1st Polish Legion

1748

Milan

1st Piedmontese Legion

1426

Milan

Total

4174

Division Piémont Commanded by Lieutenant General Soult

Soult commanded in Piédmont from September 1800 during the Babets Insurrection and fought the insurgents in the Alpine Valley with bands of gendarmes who pacified the countryside.

Unit

Battalions

Squadrons

Men

Horses

French Troops

7

2708

Infantry

3

2060

Artillery Piedmontese

377

Cavalry Piedmontese

4

481

365

Infantry Depot

1410

Cavalry Depot

2050

1328

Artillery & Engineer Depot

186

Total

10

4

9272

1693

Forces of the Army of Italy

Command

Unit

Men

Horses

Right Wing

Division Monnier

8632

856

Division Vatrin

9698

566

Center

Division Miollis

7599

504

Division Garan

6484

810

Left Wing

Division Boudet

6541

350

Division Lapoype

12443

1528

Reserve

Division Rochembau

4493

502

Division Loison

8558

313

Cavalry

Dragoon Division

2561

2713

Heavy Cavalry Division

2171

2461

General Officers & Adjudants-Commandants

72

Officers

3392

Total

72645

12317

Cisalpine Troops

Battalions:

Squadrons: 10

Independent Companies: 6 (4 Helvitique)

Men: 6766 (267 Helvitique)

Horses: 566

Division Stationnaires

Location

Men

Horses

Lombardie

4374

Piémont

9272

365

Ligurie

2014

1693

Alpes Maritimes

1088

General Officers & Adjutant Commandants

28

Officers

672

500

Artillery Park

5075

4772

Artillery Train

3659

Troops in Route or Returning to Italy

6550

Totals for the Army of Italy

Troop Type

Men

Horses

Infantry

67395

2292

Cavalry

11721

11105

Artillery & Engineers

7346

4772

Artillery Trains

3659

Total French Troops

90121

18169

Total Auxiliary Troops

15256

1113

Total Troops

105377

19282

Italian Troops in the Army of Italy: 1 Brumaire Year IX (23 October 1800)

Piedmont Troops

Type

Officers

Men

Location

1st Demi-Brigade

88

1255

Piedmont

2nd Demi-Brigade

62

1224

Piedmont

Garrison Battalion

23

600

Piedmont

Foot Artillery

39

341

Piedmont

Helvitique Company

12

182

Piedmont

Foot Gendarmes

6

197

Piedmont

Horse Gendarmes

35

270

Piedmont

Veterans

63

893

Piedmont

1st Dragoon Rgt

40

348

Piedmont

1st Hussar Rgt

36

348

Piedmont

Depot

33

222

Piedmont

Total

437

5880

Italian Legion (Left Wing)

Unit

Officers

Men

1st & 2nd Demi-Brigades

207

1858

1st Chasseur Battalion

24

274

1st Hussar Rgt

38

421

1st Chasseur Rgt

29

257

Foot Artillery

16

167

Total

313

2996

Cisalpine Troops (Right Wing)

Unit

Officers

Men

1st Demi-Brigade

98

655

2nd Demi-Brigade

97

843

Chasseur Battalion

27

297

Officer Battalion(?)

26

326

Foot Artillery

42

230

Total

335

2773

Total for the Army of Italy

Men

Horses

Total

112959

14243

The Army of Italy: 20 - 30 Brumaire Year IX (11 - 21 November 1800)

Cisalpine Troops

  Men Horses
Infantry

2335

 

Cavalry

466

123

Artillery

379

54

Italian Legion

  Men Horses
Infantry

2338

Cavalry

763

532

Artillery

183

60

Cavalry in Stationary Divisions

57

54

Piedmont Troops

  Men Horses
Infantry

2608

 

Cavalry

 

 

Artillery

 

 

Infantry in Stationary Divisions

1436

 

Cavalry in Stationary Divisions

861

360

Artillery in Stationary Divisions

555

89

Total in the Army of Italy

Men: 109794

Horses: 20114

The Army of Italy 1 - 10 Frimaire An IX (22 November - 1 December 1800)

Cisalpine Troops

  Men Horses Location
Infantry

2278

 

Note

Cavalry

464

136

 

Artillery

44

54

 

Note: 719 men of the 1st Demi-Brigade was in the Toscane Division of the Right Wing. At Reggio Emilia, also with the Right Wing was the wnd Demi-Brigade, 1 battalion of infantry, and the Battalion of Officers, for a total of 1559 men.

Italian Legion

  Men Horses Location
Infantry

1881

 

Milan

Cavalry

744

527

Milan

Artillery

125

62

Milan

Piedmont Troops

  Men Horses Location
Infantry

3827

 

Piedmont

Cavalry

850

216

Piedmont

Artillery

559

223

Piedmont

Brescian Troops

  Men Horses Location

Chasseur Battalion

450

 

Brescia

The Army of Italy 1 Nivose Year IX (22 December 1800)

Avant-Garde: General Delmas à Lonato (11788 Men and 1262 Horses)

Right Wing: (17569 Men and 1537 Horses)

1st Division: Monnier at Borzola

2nd Division: Waltrin at Azola

Brigade Jablowsky atModène

Corps de Toscane: Miollis at Florance

Centre: General Suchet (13490 Men and 1354 Horses)

1st Division: Loison at Castelgoffredo

2nd Diivision: Garrau at Carpénédolo

Left Wing: General Moncey (14612 Men and 1354 Horses)

1st Division: Boudet at San Vito

2nd Division: Rochembau at Iseo

Reserve: General Michaud (9937 Men and 355 Horses)

1st Division: Gardanne at Brescia

Polish Division: Danmbrowsky at Bresca

Cavalry Division: Davoust (3513 Men and 3712 Horses)

Headquarters Brigade: General. Serras at Brescia (2268 Men and 205 Horses)

Auxiliary Troops: Italians

Nationality Men Horses Location
Cisapline

3074

181

Right Wing

Italians

3118

581

Milan

Piedmont

4508

407

Piedmont

Brescian

432

 

Brescia

Stationary Divisions

  Men Horses  
Ligurie

3249

 

 
Piedmont

8742

1307

 
Cisalpine Republic

4827

581

 

Artillery and Engineers:

Men: 10843

Horses: 6474

Active Troops:

Men: 73206

Horses: 9551

Army of Italy Total:

Men: 100867

Horses: 17913

 

 

 

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: January 2001

Editor's Note: This article was first published in Etudes Napoleoniennes Vol. IV; 1988 and is used with the permission of the editor. 

Organization Index ]



Search the Series

© Copyright 1995-2004, The Napoleon Series, All Rights Reserved.

Top | Home ]