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Bibliography

 

French Lancers and the Colonels Who Led Them 1811-1815:

 

By Tony Broughton, FINS

 

1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Created in 1811, from the 1er Regiment de Dragons.

Colonels

1811: Dermontcourt (Paul-Ferdinand-Stanislas) ,had previously been Colonel of the 1er Regiment de Dragons, 5 April 1807

1813: Jaquinot (Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas) - Colonel

1815: Dubessy (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

Of the above one Colonel became General-de-Brigade.

Dermontcourt, (Paul-Ferdinand-Stanislas)

Born: 3 March 1771

Colonel: 9 October 1811

General de Brigade: 22 July 1813

Commandant of the Legion d'Honneur: 4 December 1813

Baron of the Empire: 16 September 1808

Died: 10 May 1847

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment during the period 1811-1815

Officers killed: Eight

Officers died of wounds: Two

Officers wounded: Fifty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1812: Smolensk and La Moskowa

1813: Dresden, Leipzig, and Hanau.

1814: Reims and Paris

1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours: None given.

 

   

2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Created in 1811, from the 3e Regiment de Dragons.

Colonels

1812: Berruyer (Pierre-Marie-Auguste) - Colonel, had formerly been Colonel of the 3e Regiment de Dragons

1813: Joannes (Jean-Sylvestre) - Colonel

1814: Bouquerot des Essarts (Jean-Baptiste-Joseph) - Colonel

1814: Sourd (Jean-Baptiste-Joseph) - Colonel

Trumpeter 2e Regiment

Trumpeter
2e Regiment
Compagnie d'Elite

Of the above officers one became General-de-Brigade

Berruyer, (Pierre-Marie-Auguste)

Born: 19 November 1780

Colonel: 1 January 1812

General de Brigade: 18 January 1814

Chevalier de l'Empire: 4 January 1811

Died: Mortally wounded 16 June 1815, Ligny.

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 2e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Colonel Berruyer: Wounded 18 November 1812

Colonel Sourd: Wounded 17 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment during the period 1811-1815

Officers killed: Seven

Officers died of wounds: Five

Officers wounded: Fifty-one

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1812: Moskowa, Winkowo, Beresina, and Wilna

1813: Buntzlau, Katzbach, Bischoffswerda, Weimar, Francfort, Hanau, and Mayence

1814: Rothiere, Montmirail, Vauchamps, Bar-sur-Aube, Troyes, Craonne, Villenauxe, and Fere-Champenoise

1815: Genappes and Waterloo

Battle Honours: None given

   

3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Created in 1811, from the 8e Regiment de Dragons.

Colonels

1811: Lebrun (Alexandre-Louis-Jules)

1813: Hatry (Charles-Joseph)

1814: d'Hautefeuille (Eugene-Gabriel-Louis-Texier)

1815: Martique (Charles-Francois)

None of the 3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers Colonels went on to become Generals

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 3e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Colonel Lebrun: Killed 26 October 1812

Colonel Hatry: 14 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment during the period 1811-1815

Officers killed: Nine

Officers died of wounds: None

Officers wounded: Thirty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1812: Polotsk and La Beresina

1813: Bautzen, Reichenbach, Dresden, Leipzig, and Hanau

1814: Champaubert, Vauchamps, and Troyes

1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

Polotsk 1812, Bautzen 1813, Dresde 1813 and Champaubert 1814

   

4e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Created in 1811, from the 9e Regiment de Dragons.

Colonels

1811: Deschamps (Jean-Louis-Charles Guenon)

1815: Bro (Louis)

None of the above attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 4e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Colonel Bro: Wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment during the period 1811-1815

Officers Killed: Six

Officers died of wounds: Four

Officers wounded: Twenty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1812: La Moskowa, Mojaisk, and Winkowo

1813: Leipzig and Hanau

1814: Champaubert and Vauchamps

1815: Waterloo and Fleurus

Battle Honours

La Moskowa 1812, Hanau 1813, Vauchamps 1814, and Fleurus 1815

   

5e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Created in 1811, formed from the 10e Regiment de Dragons.

Colonels

1811: Chabert (Francois-Felicite)

None of the above attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Colonels killed and wounded while in command of the 5e Regiment de Chevau-Legers- Lanciers

None

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment during the period 1811-1815

Officers killed: Four

Officers died of wounds: None

Officers wounded: Thirty-nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1812: La Moskowa and Winkowo

1813: Wachau and Hanau.

1814: Montmirail

1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

La Moskowa 1812, Bautzen 1813, Dresde 1813, and Champaubert 1814

   

6e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Created in 1811, formed from the 29e Regiment de Dragons which itself had been formed from the 11e Regiment de Hussards by the decree of 21 September 1803.

Colonels

1811: Avice (Jacques-Phiippe) - Colonel Avice had the distinction of being Chef-de- Brigade of the 11e Regiment de Hussards, Colonel of the 29 Regiment de Dragons, and Colonel of the 6e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers.

1811: Marbeuf (Laurent-Francois-Marie)

1813: Perquit (?)

1813: De Galbois (Nicolas-Marie-Mathurin)

Trumpeter 6e Regiment

Trumpeter
6e Regiment

One of the above Colonels reached the rank of General-de-Brigade

Avice, (Jacques-Philippe)

Born: 27 November 1759

Colonel: Originaly Chef-de-Brigade of the 11e Regiment de Hussards, 26 June 1793. Upon the Regiment becoming the 29e Regiment de Dragons, on 24 October 1803, Avice carried on as its Colonel and became Colonel of the 6e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers in 1811.

General de Brigade: 6 August 1811

Commandant of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 August 1813

Baron of the Empire: March 1808

Died: 26 October 1835

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 6e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Colonel De Marbouf: Wounded 14 August 1812, died of wounds 25 November 1812

Colonel De Galbois: Wounded 16 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment during the period 1811-1815

Officers killed: Five

Officers died of wounds: Five

Officers wounded: Fifty-eight

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1812: Krasnoe, Smolensk, Valoutina, La Moskowa, Wiasma, and La Beresina

1813: Jauer, Leipzig, and Hanau

1814: Champaubert, Montmirail, Vauchamps, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Saint-Dizier

1815: Fleurus and Waterloo

Battle Honours

La Moskowa 1812, Hanau 1813, Champaubert 1814, and Fleurus 1815

   

7e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Created from the 1er Regiment de Vistula Lanciers in 1811, amalgamated with the 8e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers on 19 January 1814.

Trumpeter 7e Regiment

Trumpeter
7e Regiment

Colonels

1811: Stokowski (Ignace-Ferdinand)

1813: Tanski (Casimir-Alexandre)

None of the above attained the rank of General

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 7e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Colonel Stokowski: Wounded 9 June 1813

Colonel Tanski: Wounded 26 August 1813

Officer killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment during the period 1811 - 1815

Officers Killed: Five

Officers died of wounds: One

Officers wounded: Thirty-one

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1811: Spain

1812: No specific actions given

1813: Magdebourg, Dresden, Naumbourg, and Hanau

1814: Montereau, Neuilly-Saint-Front, Chalons, and Chartres

Battle Honours: None given

  

8e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Formed by decree of 18 June 1811 with the 2e Regiment de Vistula Lanciers which had been formed at Sedan on 27 May 1811. On 19 January 1814, the 8e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers were incorporated into the 7e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers.

Colonels

1811: Lubienski (Thomas) - Colonel

Colonel Lubienski had the distinction of reaching the rank of General

Lubienski, (Thomas)

Born: 24 November 1784

Colonel: 18 June 1811 and Colonel of the combined 7e and 8e Regiments de Chevau-Legers- Lanciers on the 19 January 1814

General-de-Brigade: 15 March 1814

Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 22 July 1807

Baron of the Empire: 13th February 1811

Died: 27 August 1870

Colonel Lubienski had the good fortune to recieve no wounds while in command of the Regiment.

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment during the period 1811-1815

Officers killed: Two

Officers died of wounds: One

Officers wounded: Thirty-three

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1812: Jakubowo, Polotsk, and La Beresina

1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Dresden, and Leipzig

1814: Champaubert

Battle Honours

Polostk 1812, Bautzen 1813, Dresde 1813, and Champaubert 1814

   

9e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Formed by decree of 18 June 1811 with the 30e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval, which had been formed at Hambourg by decree of 3 February 1811.

Colonels

1811: Gobrecht (Martin-Charles) - Colonel

1813: Fredro (Jean-Maximillien) - Colonel

One of the above attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Gobrecht, (Martin-Charles)

Born: 11 November 1772

Colonel: 14 March 1811

General-de-Brigade: 18 July 1813

Baron of the Empire: 3 July 1813

Died: 7 June 1845

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 9e Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers

Colonel Fredro: Wounded 30 August 1813, Kulm

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment during the period 1811-1814

Officers killed: Fourteen

Officers died of wounds: One

Officers wounded: Fifty-four

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1812: Witepsk, Ostrowno, La Moskowa, and La Beresina

1813: Mockern and Kulm

1814: Vauchamps

Battle Honours: None given.

 

 

Bibliography

Anon. Trophees des Armees Francaises Paris; 1839..

Bukhari, Emir. Napoleon's Cavalry London : Osprey; 1979.

Charavay, J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792 - 1871 Paris; 1893 & 1908.

Giguet, P. Histoire Militaire de la France1792 - 1815 Vol 2; Paris; 1849.

Historique des Corps de Troupe de l'Armee Francais 1569 - 1900 Paris; 1900.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers Tues et Blesse pendant les Guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie, M.C. Biographie des Celebrites Militaire des Armes de Terre et de Mer de 1789 - 1850 Paris;1854.

Quinton, D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris : S.P.M.; 1996.

Six, Georges. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Français de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Susane J. Histoire de la Cavalerie Francaise 3 vols. Paris; 1874.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: October 2000 

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