Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


Between Inspections and Corps:  The Russian Divisional Structure, 1806 - 1810

By Robert Goetz




Some excellent maps for identifying the various place names noted above can be found at the FEEFHS Map Room, specifically at the following URLs:

These maps are from later periods but show the cities and provinces referred to in the text. 


Anonymous, Narrative of the Conquest of Finland by the Russians in the Years 1808-9, ed. by General William Monteith.  London:  Lionel Booth, 1854.

Bennigsen, Leonty Leontyevich, count von, Mémoires du Général Bennigsen, Vol. 1.  Paris:  Henri Charles-Lavauzelle, 1908.

Bowden, Scott.  Napoleon and Austerlitz.  Chicago:  The Emperor’s Press, 1997.

Duffy, Christopher.  The Army of Frederick the Great.  New York:  Hippocrene Books, Inc., 1974.

_________.  The Army of Maria Theresa.  New York:  Hippocrene Books, Inc., 1977.

_________.  The Military Experience in the Age of Reason.  London:  Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987.

_________.  Russia’s Military Way to the West:  Origins and Nature of Russian Military Power, 1700-1800.  London:  Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981.

_________.  Austerlitz 1805.  London:  Seeley Service, 1977.

Foucart, Paul Jean, Campagne de Pologne, Vol. 1.  Paris:  Librairie Militaire Berger-Levrault & Cie, 1882.

Griffith, Paddy.  The Art of War of Revolutionary France, 1789-1802.  London:  Greenhill Books, 1998.

Höpfner, Eduard von, Der Krieg von 1806 und 1807, Vol. 3.  Berlin:  Simon Schropp & Comp., 1851.

Keep, John L. H.  Soldiers of the Tsar:  Army and Society in Russia, 1462-1874.  Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1985.

Furse, George Armand.  Campaigns of 1805 : Ulm, Trafalgar, & Austerlitz.  Felling:  Worley Publications, 1995.

Josselson, Michael and Diana Josselson, The Commander:  A Life of Barclay de Tolly.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1980.

Lechartier, G., La Manoeuvre de Pultusk.   Paris:  Librairie Militaire R. Chapelot et Cie, 1911.

Lettow-Vorbeck, Oscar von, Der Krieg von 1806 und 1807, Vol. 3.  Berlin:  Ernst Siegfried Miller und Sohn, 1893.

Longworth, Philip.  The Art of Victory: The Life and Achievements of Field Marshal Suvorov, 1729-1800.  New York:  Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1966.

Mikaberidze, Alexander.  “Duke Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis Richelieu” in “A Biographical Dictionary of Russian Generals during the Napoleonic Wars,”

Mikhailovski-Danilevski, A.  Relation de la Campagne de 1805.  Translated by Léon Narischkine.  Paris:  J. Dumaine, 1846.

Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky, A.  Russo-Turkish War of 1806-12.  Translated by Alexander Mikaberidze.  West Chester, Ohio:  George Nafziger, 2002.

Nafziger, George F., and Warren Worley.  The Imperial Russian Army (1763-1815), 2 vols.  Pisgah, Ohio:  George F. Nafziger, 1996.

Parkinson, Roger, The Fox of the North:  The Life of Kutuzov, General of War and Peace.  London:  P. Davies, 1976.

Petre, F. Loraine.  Napoleon’s Campaign in Poland, 1806-1807.  London:  Greenhill, 1989.

Plotho, Carl von. Tagebuch wahrend des Krieges Zwischen Russland und Preussen einerseits, und Frankreich andrerseits, in den Jahren 1806 und 1807.  Berlin:  Friedrich Braunes, 1811.

Rothenberg, Gunther E. The Art of Warfare in the Age of Napoleon.  Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 1978.

Smith, Digby.  The Greenhill Napoleonic Wars Data Book.  London:  Greenhill Books, 1987.

Soltyk, R.  Operations of the Polish Army durign the 1809 Campaign in Poland.  Paris:  Gaultier-Laguione, 1841.  Translated and edited by George F. Nafziger.  West Chester, Ohio:  George F. Nafziger, 2002.

Stein, F.  Geschichte des Russischen Heeres.  Hanover:  Helwingsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1885.

Viskovatov, A. V. Historical Description of the Clothing and Arms of the Russian Army:  Volume 10a, Organization 1801-1825.  St. Petersburg, 1851.  English translation by Mark Conrad.  Hopewell, NJ: On Military Matters, 1993.  Also, see the original Russian text at

_________.  Historical Description of the Clothing and Arms of the Russian Army:  The Organisation of Regiments during the Reign of Tsar Paul, 1796-1801.  St. Petersburg, 1851.  English translation extracted from Vol. 7 of the Russian edition by Laurence Spring.  Woking, Surrey, England: Spring Offensive, 1999.

Wilson, Sir Robert, Brief remarks on the character and composition of the Russian army, and a sketch of the campaigns in Poland in the years 1806 and 1807, London:  C. Roworth, 1810.

Zharynova, D.A. Pervye Voiny s Napoleonom i Russkoe Obtschestvo. “The First Wars with Napoleon and Russian Society” , in Sytina, I.D. Otechestvennaya Voina I Russkoe Obtschestvo, Tom I.  Moscow:  1911.

Unpublished materials (unpublished translations or excerpts from published works):

Conrad, Mark.  Various entries from Sytin's Voennaya Entsiklopediya and Russkii Biograficheskii Slovar', particularly:

“Aleksandr Mikhailovich Rimskii-Korsakov, 1753-1840.”

Nafziger, George.  Various Orders of Battle, particularly:

“Russian Army of Turkey, Russo-Turkish War, 16 October 1806.”
“Russian Army of Turkey, Russo-Turkish War, Late December 1806.”
“Russian Black Sea Fleet and Forces Being Transported, January 1807.” “Russian Army, 20 March 1808.”
“Russian Army under Wittgenstein, South Coast, 2 October 1808.”
“Russian Army under Wittgenstein, South Coast, 1 November 1808.”
“Russian Army under Bagration, West Coast, 11 November 1808.”

Smith, Steven H., Unpublished Order of Battle and biographical notes, particularly:

“Russian Army, Dec. 1806 - Jan. 1807.”
“Alesandr Mikhailovich Rimskii-Korsakov (1753 - 1840).”




Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2002


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