Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


The Saxon Army 1810 - 13

Part I: The Infantry (Continued)

By Howard Giles

Sketches by Geoff Gibbs

 

Light Infantry

Light Infantry Officer

Light Infantry Officer

In early 1810, the two Schützen Regiments were reorganised into the 1st and 2nd Light Infanty. The 1st Regiment was disbanded in May 1815 after a mutiny against the Prussians, although the 2nd was still in existence in 1914 as Regiment Nr. 108. Regimental staff was as follows;

Staff:

1 Colonel
1 Lieutenant-Colonel
2 Majors
2 Adjutants
1 Regimental Quartermaster
1 Auditor
1 Staff Surgeon
1 Staff Quartermaster
2 Staff Musicians
2 Clerks
1 Provost

 

Uniform

The cut of the uniform and rank distinctions were the same as the line;

Light Infantry Private

Light Infantry Private

Shako: Plain black, tall green plume and cords, white cockade with gold lace, brass plate and chin scales. On campaign a cloth cover was worn, featuring a bugle horn and Regimental number painted on the front. The flat pompom was black, edged green, witht the Regimental number inside.

Tunic: Dark green short-tailed Habit-veste with rounded cuffs and pointed shoulder straps. Black facings with red piping, dark green shoulder straps, piped red.

Trousers: Grey.

Gaiters: Short black gaiters, worn over or under the trousers.

Buttons: Brass.

Crossbelts: As for 'heavy' infantry, except the belts were blac. The handle of the sabre-briquet was white, held in place by 4 brass pins.

Pack: Calfskin, with black leather straps, and grey blanket roll. The blanket was sometimes worn slung over a shoulder.

Greatcoat: Grey.

Musket sling: Black leather.

Uniform Distinctions

Officers: Gold buttons, gold piped hessian boots, white shako cords, sabre on waistbelt, green breeches with gold Austrian Knots and stripe. On campaign, either green trousers with a black stripe piped red, or grey trousers with a gold stripe, were worn. NB: Shako plate rather than cipher only.

NCOs: Plain brass band around the top of the shako.

Musicians: Green epaulettes piped red. Brass horns and drums.

Jäger Private

Jäger Private

Jäger Corps

The Jäger Corps was formed in early 1810 with a strength of one company:

1 Captain
1 1st Lieutenant
2 2nd Lieutenants
1 Feldwebel
1 Sergeant
1 Surgeon
11 Senior Privates
3 Signalers
3 Musicians
100 Privates
2 Train Troops
4 Horses

The company was armed with rifled muskets. Based at Eckarsberg, they remained in Saxony during the Russian campaign, joining the VII Corps during 1813.

Uniforms

The uniform was very similar to that of the Light Infantry, causing considerable confusion amonst historians.

Jäger Collar

Jäger Collar

Shako: As for Light Infantry, but with a brass bugle horn replacing the shako plate.

Tunic: As for Light Infantry, but with pointed cuffs and square shoulder straps. Green collar with black pointed patches piped red sewn on. Brass bugle horns on turnbacks.

Trousers: Grey.

Gaiters: Short black gaiters.

Jäger Cuff

Jäger Cuff

Crossbelts: As for Light Infantry. In addition a calfskin haversack was worn over the right shoulder.

Pack: As for Light Infantry, worn slung. Grey blanket roll.

Rifle sling: Black leather.

Uniform Distinctions

Officers, NCOs and Musicians as for Light Infantry.

Signalers: Tall white over green plume, light green armbands piped red, worn above the elbow, light gren turnbacks piped red. Shoulder straps were not piped at the shoulder seam. Each Signaler carried a bugle horn, worn slung with a black leather strap.

Light Infantry Uniform Coat: Private

Light Infantry Uniform Coat: Private

 

Jäger Sutleress

Jäger Sutleress

Sutleress: Opitz shows this unofficial but no doubt essential addition to the company, wearing the following 'uniform':

Bonnet: Black with violet trimmings, white plume, white cockade witha brass button in the centre, white lace under the bonnet, violet scarf.

Jacket: Green, worn over a white apron with a violet sash.

Skirt: Light blue.

Stockings: White, worn with black civilian shoes.

Equipment: Green barrel containing refreshment, suspended from the shoulder on a brown leather belt.



 

 

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: July 2001

 

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