Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



X Corps de la Grande Armée in 1812

By Steven H. Smith

Editor's Note: Comprehensive orders-of-battle for any army during the Napoleonic Era are rare. Although the orders-of-battle for many units of the Grande Armée in 1812 are available, most do not provide much detail below the division or brigade level. (George Nafziger's Napoleon's Invasion of Russia is the exception.) In this article Steven Smith has provided a superb order-of-battle for the X Corps of the Grande Armée in 1812. This corps contained the Prussian contingent that went on to form the nucleus of the resurgent Prussian army of 1813.

Headquarters

Corps Commander: Marechal de France Jacques-Etienne Macdonald, duc de Tarente

Aides de camp:

  • C. d'esc. Seguier (14th Chas. ?)
  • Capt. Jules J.-G. de Tamney
  • M. de Bournouville

Chief of Staff: Adjudant-commandant Jacques Terrier.

Chief, Artillery : General de division Albert-L.-V. Taviel.

Chief, Engineers : General de division Jacques-D.-M. de Campredon.

Aide de camp: Capitain Garola.

C. d'bat. Jean Marion de Beaulieu (b. 18.vi.83 Nantes).

7th Division

Commander: General de division Charles Louis baron Grandjean.

Aides de Camp:

  • Chef d'bat. Theodore Meynier (b. 13.viii.74 Selliers (Meurthe)).
  • Capt. Perrin (Perin).
  • Lt. Maisonneuve.

Ordonnanzofficier: Ober-Lt. Ludwig v. Besserer (13th Bav.L.I.R.).

Chief, Div. gen. staff : Plk. Jozef Nowicki.

Adjutants :

  • Capt. Gillet.
  • Capt. Diamant (Diaman).
  • Capt. Delamare.

Chief, Artillery : Chef de bat. Farjon (fr.) (5th R. a ch.).

Adjutant: Capt. Louis Chapuis (fr. 5e R. a p.).

Chief, Enginers : Capt. 1er cl. Roger-P-M-A de Riencourt (fr.3e B. 3e c.).

 Inspecteur aux revues : S.-ins. aux r. Reybaud (Rayband).

S.-ins. aux r. Desnoyers.

Adjt. Ricard.

Commissaire des guerres :

  • Benecke.
  • Doney.

Gendarmerie: (CdE?) Andre (32 division militaire).

 

1st Brigade

Commander: General de brigade Etienne Pierre baron Ricard (to25.ix.1812 ).

Aides-de-Camp:

  • Lt. Devaux (Deveaux ?).
  • Lt. Malville.

Adjutant: Oblt. Wilhelm Assimont (13th Bav.L.I.R.).

 

 5th Polish Line Regt. Plk. Stefan Oskierko.

Mjr. Franciszk Zimirski. (not present) 

1st Battalion CdB Ludwik Kaminski.

2nd Battalion CdB Jan Godlewski.

3rd Battalion CdB Feliks Stokowski.

4th Battalion N. (not present)

Regt Artillery Kapt. Ignacy Kulesza.

 

 13th Bavarian Line Regt.: Obst. Franz Baron Schlossberg (to 30.vii.1812).

Obst._Cajetan_Graf_Buttler (5LIB) from 3.x.1812).

1st Battalion Major Caspar Poyk (Poeck).

 2nd Battalion Major Franz v. Pillement.

As regimental artillery: 1 Zug, 2nd Bavarian 6 lb. Battery: Untlt. Alois Escher(t) II.

 

2nd Brigade

Commander General brygady ksiaze Michal Radziwill.

Aide-de-Camp: Kpt. Antoni Niesiolowski.

 

10th Polish Line Regt. Plk. Henryk Kamienski.

Mjr. Stefan F. Koszarski. (not present)

 1st Battalion CdB Jan Krassin (Crassin, Krassyn).

 2nd Battalion CdB Franciszek Czyzewski.

 3rd Battalion Nicolas-Joseph (Mikolaj) Daine.

 4th Battalion N. (not present)

 Regt. Artillery: Kapt. Leneke.

 

3rd Brigade

Commander General_de brigade Gilbert baron Bachelu.

Aides de Camp:

  • Capt. Salentin.
  • Lt. Janault (Juault ?).

 

11th Polish Line Regt. Plk. Aleksander Chlebowski.

Mjr. Andrzej Deskur. (not present)

 1st Battalion CdB Piotr Tzembeck (Szembeck).

 2nd Battalion CdB Kazimierz Poniatowski.

 3rd Battalion CdB Karol Jon(n)emann.

 4th Battalion N. (not present)

 Regt. Artillery Kapt. Ostrowski.

 

1st Westphalian Line Regt. Col. Georg Ferdinand v. Plessmann (b. 1767 Braunschweig; d. 20.ii.17 Frankfurt/Oder)

 1st Battalion: C. de bat. Johann Philipp Bauer (b. 26.x.1777 Cassel (Hesse)).

2nd Battalion: Capt. (later c. de bat.) David v. Kruse (b. 31.i.73 Allendorf (Hesse)).

 Regt. Artillery: Kapt. v. Haustein.

 

 Division Cavalry (from the 27th Division): Commander Obst. Karl F. v. Hunerbein.

 1st Prussian Combined Hussar Regt.: Major Dietrich C. G. v. Cosel (1st sqrdn 2nd L-H R).

 1st Lieb-Hussaren Regt.:

 3rd Sqdrn. Rittm. Karl L. F. Dallmer (Major Landradt ?).

 4th Sqdrn. Rittm. Meyer.

 2 Lieb-Hussaren Regt.:

 2nd Sqdrn. Maj. v. Kurnatowsky.

3rd Sqdrn. Rittm. Karl L. Zastrow.

 

Division Artillery and Engineers:

6th Polish Foot Comp. Kpt. Turdeski (Leppige ?).

1st Polish Horse Comp. Kpt. Wladyslaw Tomasz Ostrowski.

 Garde d'Artie. Polonaise (detachment).

 4th Polish Sapper Company Kpt. Jozef Dobrzynski (? iewitz).

 

Equipages Militaires:

12th Battalion (a l'allemande):

6th Company S.-lieutenant Benoist (?).

27th Infantry Division (Prussian)

Division Commander: Gen. der Inf. Julius A. v. Grawert.

Chief of Staff : Oberst Friedrich E. v. Roeder (Gen. Adj., Kav.).

Quartermaster: Obstlt. Johann F. K. v. Lossau (Genstab.).

Adjutants:

  • Maj. Johann A. F. Frhr.
  • Maj. Hiller v. Gortringen
  • Maj Friedrich W. v. Lepel
  • Maj. Johann G. A. v. Brause
  • Capt. Diederich

General Staff : Pr.-Lieut. Friedrich Aug. Karl v. Brandenstein (Genstab.).

  • Stabs-Kapit. August Ferdinand v. Arnauld de la Periere (aggr. z. Genstab.).
  • Pr.-Lieut. v. Prittwitz (Genstab.).
  • Sec.-Lieut. v. Tuckermann (Genstab.).

Chief Engineer : Maj. Markoff.

 A la Suite :

  • Maj. u. Flug.-Adj. (Kav.) Friedrich Heinrich v. Wrangel.
  • Maj. u. Flug.-Adj. (Kav.) Graf Wilhelm L. V. Henckel v. Donnersmarck.
  • General-Kriegs-Kommissair : Statsrath Ribbentrop.
  • General-Chirugus : Dr. Baltzke.
  • Dr. Buttner.

Kriegs-Kommissair :

  • v. Reiche.
  • v. Altenstein.
  • von der Marck.
  • Prescher.

 Feldpostmeister: Buchner.

2nd in Command: Gen.-Lieut. Hans David Ludwig Graf Yorck ( later von Wartenburg).

Adjutant Maj. Anton F. F. v. Seydlitz.

General Staff:

  • Maj. Johann Alexander v. Traubenfeld (Genstab.)
  • Kapt. Wilhelm K. v. Schack (Genstab.)
  • Pr.-Lieut. Lollhofel v. Lowensprung (Genstab.)

A la Suite:

  • Maj. August L. T. v. Mollendorff
  • Ritmstr. Friedrich W. Graf v. Brandenburg

 

Infantry: Commander Gen.-Maj. Friedrich Emil Ferd. Graf Kleist v. Nollendorf.

General Staff: Maj. Ernest H. W. v. Perbandt (Genstab.).

Adjutant: Maj. Johann F. W. v. Schon.

General Staff:

  • Maj. Heinrich A. E. v. Thile II (Genstab.)
  • Sec.-Lt. v. Rudiger (aggr. zum Genstab.)

A la Suite:

  • Lt. v. Boss
  • Lt. v. Bojanowsky

 

1st Brigade

Commander Obst. Hans Franz v. Below.

Adjutant: Stabs-Kapit. v. Drygalski.

 

Inft. Regt. Nr. 1: Maj. Friedrich Wilhelm v. Sjoholm I (2nd O.P.).

Fus. Bat, 1st Opr Inft. Regt Maj. Christoph J. H. v. Erammon.

I Bat, 2nd. Opr. Inft. Regt Maj. Ludwig v. Krauthof.

II Bat, 1st Opr. Inft. Regt Maj. Carl v. Kurnatowsky.

 

Inft. Regt. Nr. 2 Maj. Ludwig F. v. Sjoholm II (3rd O. P.)

Fus. Bat, 4th Opr. Inft. Regt Maj. Johann F. v. Pfeiffer

I Bat, 4th Opr. Inft. Regt Maj. v. Lubtow

I Bat, 3rd Opr. Inft. Regt Maj. Karl R. W. v. Beckedorff

 

Fus. Bat. Nr. 7

Fus. Bat, 2nd Opr. Inft. Regt Maj. Friedrich W. v. Funck

 

 

2nd Brigade

Commander Obstlt. Heinrich Wilh. v. Horn

Adjutant St. Kapt. August W. Graf Kanitz

 

Inft. Regt. Nr. 3 Maj. Karl F. F. v. Steinmetz, Colberg Inft. Regt.

Fus. Bat, 1st Pom. Inft Regt Maj. August Ferdinand v. Borcke

I Bat, Colb. Inft. Regt. Maj. Friedrich W. v. Quednow

II Bat, 1st Pomm. Inft. Regt Maj. Carl Ludwig Frhr. v. Linsingen

 

Inft. Regt. Nr. 4 Maj. v. Tippelskirch

Fus. Bat, Lieb-Regt Maj. August Heinrich v. Reuss

I Bat, Lieb-Regt Maj. Konstantin G. L. v. Zepelin and Maj. Friedrich Christoph v. Oertzen

II Bat, Lieb-Regt. Maj. Julius Gustav Friedrich v. Both

 

 

3rd Brigade

Commander Oberst Eugen v. Raumer

Adjutant Maj. v. Collrepp

 

Inft. Regt. Nr. 5 Maj. Ludwig D. K. v. Schmalensee (1st W.P.)

Fus. Bat, 2nd Wpr. Inft. Regt Maj. Julius L. v. Rudolphi

Maj. Georg W. v Lettow

I Bat, 1st Wpr. Inft. Regt Maj. v. Imbrecht

I Bat, 2nd Wpr. Inft. Regt Maj. Friedrich E. v. Loebell

 

Inft. Regt. Nr. 6 Maj. Arwed K. v. Carnall

Fus. Bat, 2nd Sch. Inft. Regt Maj. Karl G. S. v. Lessel

II Bat, 2nd Sch. Inft. Regt Maj. Karl Heinriich v. Ziemietzi (Graf Reichenbach ?)

II Bat, 1st Sch. Inft. Regt Maj. v. Happe

 

Opr. Jager Bat. Maj. Vollmar K. F. v._Clausewitz

attached to Bat. 1st 3lb Bttr. Pr. Art. Brigade Uffz. Staffehl (one 3-lbr)

 

Cavalry Commander Gen.-Lt. Friedrich E. v. Massenbach

General Staff Maj. Ludwig E. C. v. Kyckpusch (Genstab.)

Adjutants

  • Rittm. Folgersberg
  • Pr. Lt. Dedenroth (Genstab.)
  • Pr. Lt. Kanitz (Genstab.)

 

1st Brigade

Commander Obst. Wilhelm Jeannert

 

1st Combined Dragoner-Regt. Maj. Karl A. W. v. Treskow (2.Wp D-Regt.)

 

Litth. Dragoner-Regt.

2nd Sqdrn. Maj. v. Kameke

4th Sqdrn. St. Rittm. Dresler

 

2nd Westpr. Dragoner-Regt Maj. Ernst T. v. Eicke

1st sqdrn. Maj. v. Manstein

2nd sqdrn Maj. Friedrich Frhr. v. Stiern

 

2nd Combined Dragoner-Regt.Obstlt. Alexander G. L. M. M. v. Wahlen-Jurgass (B. D. R.)

 

1st Westpr. Dragoner-Regt.

1st sqdrn. Rittm. Karl Weiss

3rd sqdrn. Rittm. Ernst L. B. v. Printz

 

3rd Combined Hussaren-Regt. Maj. Ernest T. v. Eicke (2 Wp. H. Regt.)

 

1st. Schles. Hussaren-Regt.

1st sqdrn. St. Rittm. Friedrich A. Kehler

3rd sqdrn. St. Rittm. Muller

 

2nd Schles. Hussaren-Regt

1st sqdrn Maj. Johann H. v. Schill

2nd sqdrn

 

Corps Artillery Commander Major Johann H. v. Schmidt

 

Foot Artillery: Commander Maj. Joh. Friedr. v. Fiebig (I)

6lb Foot Battery No. 1: Pr.-Kapit. Huet (9th Ft. Comp., Pr. Brig.)

6lb Foot Battery No. 2: Stabs-Kapit. Wegner (6th Ft. Comp., Pr. Brig.)

6lb Foot Battery No. 3: Stabs-Kapit. Ziegler (8th Ft. Comp., Pr. Brig.)

6lb Foot Battery No. 4: Pr.-Kapit. Ludwig (Brand.) (5th Ft. Comp., Pr. Brig.)

 12lb half Battery: Pr.-Kapit. v. Roszynski (12th Ft. Comp., Schl. Brig.)

 

Horse Artillery: Commander Maj. Gustav v. Feibig (II)

 1st Horse Battery: Stabs-Kapit. Johann K. L. v. Zincken (1st H. Comp., Pr. Brig.)

 2nd Horse Battery: Pr.-Kapit. Georg W. v. Rentzell (2nd H. Comp. Pr., Brig.)

 3rd Horse Battery: Pr.Kapit. v. Graumann (3rd H. Comp., Pr. Brig.)

 

Artillery Park:

 Park (Munitions) columns:

 No. 1 Sec.-Lieut. Schliew

 No. 2 Sec.-Lieut. Herrmann

 No. 3 Prem.-Lieut. Barenkampff

 No. 4 Pr.-Kapit. Meyer (4th Ft. Comp., Pr. Brig.)

 No. 5 Sec.-Lieut. v. Hertig I (Brand) (8th Ft. Comp., Brand. Brig.)

 

Bridging Column:

 Handwerk Columns:

from Pr. Art. Brigade: Sec.-Lieut. Lieben (2nd Ft. Btry.)

 No. 1:

No. 2:

 

60 cannon total artillery

 

Siege Train

 

Miners:

 1st Battalion:

3rd Company:

5th Company:

 

2nd Battalion:

1st Company:

 

Sappers:

 1st Battalion:

 5th Company (with II Corps)

 

Sapeurs de I'ile d'Elbe:

 1st Company

2nd Company

 

Polish:

 4th Company (with 7th Div.)

 

Prussian: (2 companies with X Corps)

 

Marine:

 Bataillion d'ouviers de l'Escaut:

 Company:

 Company:

 

17th equipage de flottille:

 

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