Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


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The Forgotten Army: Fencible Regiments of Great Britain 1793 - 1816                                            

Fencible Cavalry Regiments [of Light Dragoons] 1794-1799

By Ron McGuigan  

England:

Name

Strength

Date Raised

Commander

Location

Berkshire Regiment of Fencible Cavalry or 'Windsor Foresters' 6 troops 1 May 1794 Colonel Charles Rooke
Cambridge Troop of Fencible Cavalry 1 troop 25 April 1794 Captain Robert Adeane Ireland

Cinque Ports Regiment of  Fencible Cavalry

6 troops 1 May 1794 Colonel Robert B. Jenkinson
Cornwall Corps of Fencible Cavalry 4 troops [6 troops 14 April 1795] 14 April 1794 LCCmdt George Boscawen 3rd Viscount Falmouth
(Loyal) Essex Corps of Fencible Cavalry 6 troops 25 October 1794 - 1802 Colonel James E. Urquhart Ireland
New Romney Corps of Fencible Cavalry (or Duke of York's Own Fencible Cavalry) 2 troops 20 April 1794 Major Cmdt Cholmeley Dering Ireland
Hampshire Corps of Fencible Cavalry 2 troops 13 April 1794 Major Cmdt Thomas C. Everitt
Lancashire Regiment of Fencible Cavalry [first known as Thomas Peter Legh, his regiment of Fencible Cavalry] 6 troops 14 March 1794

Colonel Thomas P.  Legh

Norfolk Regiment of Fencible Cavalry [first known as Colonel Harbord, His Regiment of Fencible Cavalry) 6 troops 10 April 1794

LCCmdt W. Asheton  Harbord

Oxford Corps of Fencible Cavalry 2 troops 20 April 1794 Major Cmdt Thomas Parker
Princess of Wales's Fencible Cavalry 4 troops 14 April 1795 Colonel William Vane, 3rd Earl of Darlington
Rutland Regiment of Fencible Cavalry 6 troops 19 March 1794 Colonel Gerard Noel Edwards
Somerset Regiment of Fencible Cavalry 6 troops 28 March 1794 Colonel John Poulett, 4th Earl Poulett
Surrey Regiment of Fencible Cavalry 6 troops 1 May 1794 Colonel George Onslow, Earl of Onslow

Sussex  Corps of Fencible Cavalry

1 troop 13 April 1794 Major Cmdt Sir George Thomas, Bart
Warwick Regiment of Fencible Cavalry 6 troops 1 April 1794

LCCmdt  George Greville, 2nd Earl of Warwick

 

Provisional Cavalry Regiments

Raised under an Act of 11 November, 1796, to be Embodied  in case of emergency, for service in Great Britain only. On 13 August 1799, they were converted to Fencible Cavalry. In March 1800, they were ordered disbanded.

Name

Strength

Date Raised

Commander

Location

Berkshire 6 troops

Embodied  May 1798?

Lt Colonel Charles Dundas
Kent 6 troops

Embodied  16 July 1798

Lt Colonel G. K. H. Coussmaker
Northumberland 4 troops

Embodied  16 July 1798

Lt Colonel A. M. Lawson de Cardonnel
Somerset [also as 2nd Somerset Fencible Cavalry] 8 troops

Embodied  16 July 1798

Lt Colonel John Bourland
Suffolk 6 troops

Embodied  May 1798

Lt Colonel Sir William Rowley
Worcestershire 4 troops

Embodied  16 July 1798

Lt Colonel John Somers Cocks Ireland 1799

Scotland:

Name

Strength

Date Raised

Commander

Location

Ayr Corps of Fencible Cavalry [later Ayrshire Regiment of Fencible Cavalry] 2 troops [6 Troops 12 January 1796] 1 March 1794 Major Cmdt. Andrew Dunlop
Berwickshire Corps of Fencible Cavalry 2 Troops [4 troops 17 April 1795] 27 April 1794 Major Cmdt Sir Alexander Don, Bart
Dumbarton Troop of Fencible Cavalry 1 troop [2 troops in 20 June 1794] 27 May 1794 Captain Claud Hamilton Amalgamated with Lanark in 1795 as Lanark & Dumbarton
Dumfries Regiment of Fencible Cavalry 2 troops [4 troops 20 June 1794] 4 May 1794 Major Cmdt. Michael Stewart Maxwell Ireland
Fifeshire Corps of Fencible Cavalry troops [4 troops 3 August 1795] 29 May 1794 Major Cmdt. John Anstruther Thompson
Forfar Corps of Fencible Cavalry 2 troops? 1 June 1794 Major Cmdt. William Ramsey Maule
Lanarkshire Corps of Fencible Cavalry 2 troops [4 troops 7 July 1794] 9 May 1794 Major Cmdt. William Hamilton Amalgamated with Dumbarton in 1795 as Lanark & Dumbarton
Linlithgow Troop of Fencible Cavalry 1 troop 7 July 1794 Captain Sir Alexander Livingstone. Bart.
East & West Lothian Fencible Cavalry 2 troops 4 April 1794 Colonel John Hamilton
Mid-Lothian Corps of Fencible Cavalry 2 troops 4 April 1794

Major Cmdt. William Kerr, Earl of  Ancram

Ireland
Perthshire Fencible Cavalry 3 troops [6 troops 28 May 1795] 9 May 1794 Major Cmdt Charles Moray
Princess Royals Own Regiment of Fencible Cavalry 4 troops 1 May 1795 Colonel Andrew McDowall
Roxburgh Corps of Fencible Cavalry [later Roxburgh & Selkirk] 2 troops [4 troops 21 April 1795] 9 May 1794 Major Cmdt. Sir John Scott, Bart. Ireland

Wales:

Name

Strength

Date Raised

Commander

Location

Ancient British Fencible Cavalry (North Wales Regiment), [first known as Sir Watkins William Wynne, his regiment of Fencible Cavalry] 6 troops 14 March 1794 Colonel Sir Watkins Wynne, Bart. Ireland
Pembroke Troop of Fencible Cavalry 1 troop [3 troops 17 April 1795] 12 May 1794 Captain Henry Davis

Ireland:

Name

Date Raised

Commander

Location

1st Regiment of Fencible Cavalry Dragoons (Lord Jocelyn's) [and later also known as Lord Roden's] 21 July 1794 - 1802 LCCmdt Robert Jocelyn, Viscount Jocelyn Ireland
2nd Regiment of Fencible Cavalry Dragoons (Lord Glentworth's) 4 August 1794 - 1802 LCCmdt Edmund Pery, 2nd Lord Glentworth Ireland

Others:

Name

Strength

Date Raised

Commander

Location

Duke of Buccleuch's Corps of Fencible Cavalry 2 troops 7 April 1794 Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch [never formed? merged with Ancram's?]
Durham Regiment of Fencible Cavalry 19 April 1794 LCCmdt William Vane, 3rd Earl of Darlington [never completed? may have become Princess of Wales's Fencible Cavalry]
First Regiment of Fencible Cavalry [first known as Right Hon. John Charles Villiers, his regiment of Fencible Cavalry] 6 troops 14 March 1794 Colonel John Charles Villiers volunteered for General Service 1799
Haddington Corps of Fencible Cavalry 9 May 1794 Major Cmdt. J. Hamilton [never completed? may have  become the East and West Lothian Fencible Cavalry in 1795]
St. Leger's Fencible Cavalry 6 troops 31 March 1794 [never formed? a William St. Leger raised a regular regiment of Light Dragoons]


 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: June 2003; updated January 2011

 

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