Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


 

Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale

1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied

2e Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied

3e Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied

4e Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied

Regiment de Fusilier-Grenadiers

Regiment de Flanqueurs-Grenadiers

Bibliography

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 – 1815

The Infantry Regiments: Part One

By Tony Broughton, FINS


Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Colonels

1802: Hulin (Pierre-Auguste)
1808: Dorsenne (Jean-Marie-Pierre-Francois Lepaige)
1812: Friant (Louis)
1815: Friant (Louis)
1815: Roguet (Francois)

Hulin, (Pierre-Auguste)

Born : 6 September 1758
Chef-de-Brigade: 15 August 1796
Colonel: 15 September 1802 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de Garde des Consuls)
General-de-Brigade: 29 Auguste 1803
General-de-Division: 9 August 1807
Grand Cross of the Legion d’Honneur: 30 June 1811
Count of the Empire: 26 April 1808
Died: 9 January 1841

Dorsenne, (Jean-Marie-Pierre-Francois Lepaige)

General Dorsenne

Born: 30 April 1773
Chef-de-Brigade: 23 May 1800 (61e demi-brigade d’Infanterie de Ligne)
Major: 3 March 1805 (1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 18 October 1805 (1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel:  20 January 1808 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 25 December 1805
General-de-Division: 5 June 1809
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 30 June 1811
Count of the Empire: 10 March 1808
Died: 24 July 1812

Friant, (Louis)

General Friant

General Friant

Born: 18 September 1758
Colonel: 7 August 1812 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 18 July 1814 (Corps Royale des Grenadiers de France)
Colonel: 21 March 1815 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 3 August 1793
General-de-Division: 4 September 1799
Grand Eagle of the Legion d’Honneur: 27 December 1805
Count of the Empire: 5 October 1808
Died: 24 June 1829

Roguet, (Francois)

Born: 12 November 1770
Chef-de-Brigade: 11 June 1799 (33e demi-brigade d’Infanterie de Ligne)
Colonel en second: 5 April 1809 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel en second: 18 July 1814 (Corp Royale des Grenadiers de France)
Colonel en second: March 1815 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 29 June 1815 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 29 Auguste 1803
General-de-Division: 24 July 1811
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 26 February 1814
Died: 4 December 1846

Senior officers who  commanded the Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Hulin – wounded 18 March 1793
Dorsenne – wounded 29 April 1792, 24 May 1793, 12 February 1799, 13 March 1801, and 22 May 1809
Friant – wounded 16 December 1793, 8 February 1807, 6 July 1809, 17 August 1812, 7 September 1812, and 18 June 1815
Roguet – wounded 23 June 1795, 26 March 1799, and 26 August 1813

1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1799: Created, Grenadiers-à-Pied de Garde des Consuls
1804: Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Consulaire
1805: Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale
1806: 1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded and renamed Corp Royale des Grenadiers de France
1815: Reformed, 1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Major-Colonels, Colonel-Majors and Majors

1804: Higonet (Joseph)
1805: Dorsenne (Jean-Marie-Pierre-Francois Lepaige)
1807: Michel (Claude-Etienne)
1813: Petit (Jean-Martin)

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Higonet, (Joseph)

Born:  11 December 1771
Major: 21 January 1804 (Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Consulaire)
Colonel: 19 October 1804 (108e Regiment d’Infanterie de Ligne)
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 14 October 1806

Dorsenne, (Jean-Marie-Pierre-Francois Lepaige)

Born: 30 April 1773
Chef-de-Brigade: 23 May 1800 (61e demi-brigade d’Infanterie de Ligne)
Major: 3 March 1805 (Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 18 October 1805 (1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel:  20 January 1808 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 25 December 1805
General-de-Division: 5 June 1809
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 30 June 1811
Count of the Empire: 10 March 1808
Died: 24 July 1812

Michel, (Claude-Etienne)

General Michel

General Michel

Born: 3rd October 1772 (Pointre)
Colonel: 27th December 1805 (40e Regiment d’Infanterie de Ligne)
Major: 1 May 1806 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 16 February 1807 (1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Colonel: 26 December 1813 (1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel en second: 1 April 1815 (1er Regiment de Chasseurs a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 24th June 1811
General-de-Division: 20th November 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 6th April 1813
Baron of the Empire: May 1808
Count of the Empire: 23rd March 1814
Died: 18th June 1815 (killed at Waterloo)

Petit, (Jean-Martin)

Born: 22 July 1772
Colonel: 3 March 1808 (67e  Regiment d’Infanterie de Ligne)
Major: 20 November 1813 (1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major: 1 July 1814 (Corp Royale des Grenadiers de France)
Major-Colonel: 1 April 1815 (1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 28 June 1813
Baron of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 8 June 1856

Senior officers who served with the 1er  Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Higonet – wounded 16 April 1794, 20 February 1799, 19 March 1799, 20 March 1800, and killed 14 October 1806
Dorsenne – wounded 29 April 1792, 24 May 1793, 12 February 1799, 13 March 1801, and 22 May 1809
Michel – wounded 2 October 1799, 18 December 1800, 11 February 1814, and 29 March 1814
Petit – wounded 23 May 1793, 21 February 1799, April 1800, and 6 July 1809

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1804 - 1815

Officers killed: Four
Officers died of wounds: Two
Officers wounded: Thirty-seven

Regimental History (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1807: Eylau
1808: Madrid
1809: Essling and Wagram
1812: Krasnoe
1813: Lutzen, Reichenbach, Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Montmirail, Laon, Soissons, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Paris
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours (1815 model drapeaux)

Marengo 1800, Ulm 1805, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, Friedland 1807, Eggmuhl 1809, Essling 1809, Wagram 1809, Smolensk 1812, Moskowa 1812, Vienne, Berlin, Madrid, and Moscou

2e Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1806: Created, 2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale
1809: Disbanded and incorporated into the 1er Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale
1810: Reformed, 2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale (formed from) Regiment de Grenadiers de la Garde Royale Hollandaise
1811: Disbanded
1811: Reformed, 2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded and renamed Corp Royale des Grenadiers de France
1815: Reformed, 2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Major-Colonels, Colonel-Majors and Majors

1806: Michel (Claude-Etienne)
1808: Lonchamp (Louis)
1810: Tindal (Ralph-Dundas)
1811: Harlet (Louis)
1813: Christiani (Joseph)
1815: Christiani (Joseph)

All of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Michel, (Claude-Etienne)

Born: 3rd October 1772 (Pointre)
Colonel: 27th December 1805 (40e Regiment d’Infanterie de Ligne)
Major: 1 May 1806 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 16 February 1807 (1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Colonel: 26 December 1813 (1er Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 24th June 1811
General-de-Division: 20th November 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 6th April 1813
Baron of the Empire: May 1808
Count of the Empire: 23rd March 1814

Lonchamp, (Louis)

Born: 26 May 1770
Major: 20 January 1808
General-de-Brigade: 9 December 1811
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 5 June 1809
Baron of the Empire: 15 March 1810
Died: 19 January 1839

Tindal, (Ralph-Dundas)

General Tindal

Born: 24 February 1773
Colonel: ? (Regiment de Grenadiers de la Garde Royale Hollandaise)
Colonel-Major: 11 November 1810 (2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 15 February 1813
General-de-Division: 7 September 1813
Died: 4 August 1834

Harlet, (Louis)

Born: 15 August 1772
Major-Colonel: 24 June 1811
General-de-Brigade: 13 April 1813
Baron of the Empire: 15 March 1810
Died: 2 March 1853

Christiani, (Joseph)

Born: 27 February 1772
Colonel: 5 June 1809 (18e Regiment d’Infanterie Leger)
Major: 11 September 1809 (Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Colonel: 30 August 1813 (2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major en second: 1 July 1814 (Corp Royale des Grenadiers de France)
Major-Colonel: 1 April 1815 (2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 30 August 1813
Baron of the Empire: 14 February 1810
Died: 6 April 1840

Senior officers who served with the 2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Michel – wounded 2 October 1799, 18 December 1800, 11 February 1814, and 29 March 1814
Lonchamp – wounded 18 April 1800, 21 March 1801, 8 February 1807, and  22 May 1809,
Tindal – wounded 26 August 1813
Harlet – wounded 22 December 1793, 27 November 1798, and 18 June 1815
Christiani – wounded 17 June 1799

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1806 - 1815

Officers killed: Two
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Twenty-five

Regimental History (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1812: Krasnoe
1813: Koenigsberg, Dresde, and Leipzig
1814: Laon and Paris
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

3e Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1810: Created, 2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale (formed from) Regiment de Grenadiers de la Garde Royale Hollandaise
1811: Renamed, 3e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale
1813: Disbanded
1815: Reformed, 3e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Colonel-Majors

1811: Tindal (Ralph-Dundas)
1815: Poret de Morvan (Paul-Jean-Baptiste)
1815: Harlet (Louis)

All of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Tindal, (Ralph-Dundas)

Born: 24 February 1773
Colonel: ? (Regiment de Grenadiers de la Garde Royale Hollandaise)
Colonel-Major: 11 November 1810 (2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 2 January 1812 (3e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 15 February 1813
General-de-Division: 7 September 1813
Died: 4 August 1834

Poret de Morvan, (Paul-Jean-Baptiste)

 

General Poret de Morvan

Born: 14 April 1777
Colonel: 10 December 1811 (34e Regiment d’Infanterie Leger)
Colonel-Major: 24 January 1813 (3e Regiment de Tirailleurs-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 1 April 1815 (3e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade : 30 August 1813
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur : 26 May 1813
Baron of the Empire: 14 August 1813
Died: 17 February 1834

Harlet, (Louis)

Born: 15 August 1772
Major-Colonel: 24 June 1811(2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Colonel: 19 May 1815 (4e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Colonel: 1 August 1815 (3e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 13 April 1813
Baron of the Empire: 15 March 1810
Died: 2 March 1853

Senior officers who served with the 3e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Tindal – wounded 26 August 1813
Poret de Morvan – wounded 15 October 1802, 3 May 1812 and 9 March 1814
Harlet – wounded 22 December 1793, 27 November 1798 and 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1811 - 1815

Officers killed: Four
Officers died of wounds: Five
Officers wounded: Twenty-seven

Regimental History (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1812: Krasnoe, Wilna, and Kowno
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

4e Regiment de Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1815: Created, 4e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale
1815: Disbanded

Major-Colonel 

Harlet, (Louis)

Born: 15 August 1772
Major-Colonel: 24 June 1811(2e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Colonel: 19 May 1815 (4e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Colonel: 1 August 1815 (3e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 13 April 1813
Baron of the Empire: 15 March 1810
Wounds: 22 December 1793, 27 November 1798 and 18 June 1815
Died: 2 March 1853

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 4e Regiment Grenadiers-à-Pied de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1815

Officers killed: Four
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Fifteen

Regimental History (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Regiment de Fusilier-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1806: Regiment de Velites-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale
1806: 2e Regiment de Fusiliers de la Garde Imperiale
1809: Regiment de Fusilier-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded

Colonels, Major-Colonels, Colonel-Majors and Majors

1806: Friederichs (Jean-Parfait)
1809: Bodelin (Pierre)
1813: Flamand (Jean-Francois)
1813: Leglise (Pierre)

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Friederichs, (Jean-Parfait)

Born: 11 June 1773
Major: 1 May 1806 (Regiment de Velites-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 1 January 1807 (2e Regiment de Fusiliers de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 1 June 1809 (Regiment de Fusilier-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 2 July 1809
General-de-Division: 23 September 1812
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 5 June 1809
Baron of the Empire: 2 February 1809
Died: 20 October 1813

Bodelin, (Pierre)

Born: 9 June 1764
Major-Colonel: 9 July 1809
General-de-Brigade: 13 April 1813
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 16 November 1808
Baron of the Empire: 11 June 1810
Flamand, (Jean-Francois)
Born: 21 June 1766
Colonel-Major: 29 May 1809 (2e Regiment de Tirailleurs-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 13 April 1813 (Regiment de Fusilier-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 14 September 1813
Baron of the Empire: 23 October 1811
Died: 10 December 1830

Leglise, (Pierre)

Born: 4 October 1771
Major: 14 September 1813
Commander of the Legion d’Honneur: 25 February 1814
Baron of the Empire: 28 November 1813
Died: 9 June 1838

Senior officers who served with the Regiment de Fusilier-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the serviceof France during the years 1791-1815

Friederichs – wounded 18 December1800, 18 October 1813, and died of wounds 20 October 1813
Bodelin – wounded May 1794, 25 July 1799, and 21 March 1801
Flamand – wounded 18 October 1793, and 1 February 1814
Leglise – wounded 29 July 1793, 2 December 1805, 22 May 1809, and 2 August 1809

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment de Fusilier-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1806 - 1815

Officers killed: Thirteen
Officers died of wounds: Five
Officers wounded: Fifty-five

Regimental History (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1807: Heilsberg
1809: Essling
1812: Krasnoe, Beresina, Wilna, and Kowno
1813: Neumarck, Dresde, and Leipzig
1814: Bar-sur-Aube, la Rothiere, Montmirail, Lisy, Meaux, Frere-Champenoise, and Paris

Regiment de Flanqueurs-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1811: Created, Regiment de Flanqueurs-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded

Major

Desalons, (Leonard)

Born: 20 January 1770
Major: 6 April 1813
Colonel: 25 April 1815 (67e Regiment d’Infanterie de Ligne)
Officer of the Legion d’Honneur: 6 April 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Wounds: 12 January 1793, 25 November 1794, 16 April 1809, 8 May 1809, and 30 March 1814
Died: 30 September 1830

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment de Flanqueurs-Grenadiers de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1811 - 1814

Officers killed: Five
Officers died of wounds: Two
Officers wounded: Twenty-nine

Regimental History (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1812: Krasnoe, Beresina, and Kowno
1813: Dresde, Leipzig, Eisenbach, and Hanau
1814: Epinal, Brienne, Montmirail, Chateau-Thierry, Craonne, Laon, and Paris

Bibliography

Fallou, L. Le Garde Imperiale (1804-1815); Paris 1901.
Fieffe, E. Napoléon 1er et la Garde Imperiale; Paris 1859.
Fieffe, E. Histoire des Troupes Etranger au service de France; Paris 1854, 2 Vols.
Lachouque, H. Napoléon et la Garde Imperiale
Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des officiers tues et blesses pendant les guerres de l’Empire; Paris 1899, 2 Vols.     
Mir, J.P. La Garde Imperiale et la campagne de 1814; 2002.      
Mullie C. Biographies des Celebrites Militaire des Armees de terre et de mer de 1789-1850; Paris 1851, 2 Vols.
Quintin D. and B.  Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoléon; Paris 1996.
Sainte-Hilaire, Emile-Marco de. Histoire anecdotique,politique et militaire de la Garde Imperiale; Paris 1847.
Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Français de la Revolution et de l’Empire 1792-1814; Paris 1934, 2 Vols.

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: April 2003

 

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