Research: Abstract of the Napoleonic Era

Geography: British Ruled India: Population, Land, Trade, etc. Circa 1790s

Actual possessions in square miles
Bengal, Bahar, Orissa, and Benares ... 162,256
Circars ... 17,508
Coimbetore ... 10,150
Barramahal ... 7,400
Malabar and Coorg ... 6,600
Canara and part of Soonda ... 6,235
Dindegul ... 2,600
Jaghire in the Carnatic ... 2,436
Islands of Bombay and Salsette ... 2,000
Total ... 217,185
Allies and Tributaries.
Nizam ... 103,690
Oude ... 52,880
Carnatic, Tanjore, &c. ... 44,297
Mysore ... 25,250
Cochin and Travencore ... 9,350
Total ... 235,467
Total British interests in India in square miles ... 452,652
Total number of inhabitants in ditto ... 41,062,890
Revenues of ditto, about ... 19,000,000
Number of inhabitants in British India ... 23,057,300
Average number of people to a square mile ... 105
Population.
Bengal, Bahar, Orissa, and Benares ... 18,497,184
Circars, Coimbetore, Barramahal, and Dindegul ... 2,636,060
Malabar and Coorg ... 825,000
Canara and part of Soonda ... 749,066
Jaghire [not including "the black town of Madras", Seringapatam, or Madras] ... 170,000
Islands of Bombay and Salsette ... 180,000
Nizam ... 6,428,780
Oude ... 5,288,800
Carnatic ... 3,543,760
Mysore ... 1,565,500
Cochin and Travencore ... 1,168,750
Revenue of British India in pounds sterling ... 9,742,937
Charges ... 8,961,180
Net revenue ... 781,757
[ East India] Company's imports from India annually, to the amount of, in pounds sterling, about ... 2,000,000
Debt of the company ... 14,000,000
Interest of debt paid by the company ... 978,856
Interest of money, variable from 6 to 12 per cent
Extent of Bengal in square miles ... 97,244
Extent of Bahar, British Orissa, and Benares ... 65,012
Revenue of Bengal, Bahar, Orissa, and Benares ...6,504,738
Charges ... 4,332,991
Number of inhabitants in Bengal ... 11,000,000
Number of persons per square mile ... 114
Number of English acres in Bengal ...
Number of Acres to each person ...5 ¾
Revenue of Oude ... 2,500,000
Revenue of the presidency of Fort St. George ... 2,822,536
Charges ...3,132,919
Revenue of the Circars ... 430,000
In 1796 Bengal exported to the value of ... 3,778,704
Same year imported ... 381,568
In 1796 Fort St. George exported to the value of ... 802,457
Same year imported ... 381,568
Revenue of Bombay ...  415,663
Charges ...1,495,270
Number of square acres on the islands of Bombay and Salsette ... 1,280,000
Number of persons per square mile ... 90
Number of acres to each person ... 7
In 1796 Bombay imported to the value of ... 245,537
In the same year exported ... 143,925
Extent of territory obtained from Tippoo in 1792 in square miles including Coorg ... 16,600
Revenue obtained per annum ... 395,000
Extent of territory obtained in 1799 in square miles 16,385
Revenue obtained (including £280,000 sterling stipulated to be paid by the Rajah of Mysore to the company) ... 539,056
Total territory obtained ... 32,985
Total revenue ditto ... 934,050
Extent of seacoast in leagues, about ... 700
Course of navigable rivers in Bengal in British miles ... 1,640
Extent of seacoast to ditto in leagues ... 130
Number of persons to a square mile in Malabar, Cochin, and Travancore ... 125
Number of inhabitants ... 2,000,000
Total number of square miles ... 15,950
East India Company's Land Forces, including the King's troops serving in India .
Regiments of European cavalry, four ... 2,400
Regiments of native ditto, nine ... 5,400
Regiments of European infantry, twenty-four ... 24,000
Regiments of native ditto, forty-two ... 84,000
Battalions of artillery, six ... 3,000
Corps of engineers, pioneers, &c. ... 500
Total, independent of irregulars ... 119,3000
Number of Europeans residing in India under the protection of the Company not in their service ... 2,814
Military officers, including surgeons ... 2,869
Naval officers at Bombay ... 113
Company's Marine.
Ships 4, snows 3, ketches 4, brigs, schooners 2, besides cutters, packets, &c.
Total number of British in India , subject to the control of the East India Company ... 35,003

Price of labour in Hindoostan, equal to one-fourth of the price of labour in Great Britain , viz.

A common labourer per month of 30 days, calculating the rupee at two and sixpence, 12s
A person who carries burthens, 13s
A bricklayer, 18s 9d
A mason, 18s 9d
A Blacksmith, 22s 6d
A carpenter, 22s 6d
A native soldier's pay, 20s  

Source: Playfair, William. Statistical Breviary London: T. Bensley, 1801.

Provided by Tom Holmberg

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2007

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